Il-96-400 / Il-96-400T
IL-96-400M/T is the further development of IL-96M that is characterized by Russian engines and avionics. The work on this version started after "Atlant-Soyuz" airline declared intentions to purchase 5 cargo aircraft. Aeroflot agreed to take three Ilyushin Il-96-400Ts this year after the widebody freighter's intended launch customer Atlant-Soyuz renegotiated its 2006.
The Il-96-400 is an Il-96M whose fuselage has been lengthened him of 9 m compared to the Il-96-300. It can carry 375 passengers in configuation three classes. The version It-96-400T (derivative of the Il-96T) is only dedicated to the transport of freight (cargo liner of 3,6 X carries 2,6 m in the front fuselage). Following the end of the project of westernization, the new prototype was modified and been driven by improved engines Aviadvigatel PS-90A1 with a thrust push of 171 kN.
The IL-96-400 aircraft designed by Ilyushin Aviation Complex (city of Moscow, Russia) and manufactured by Voronezh Aircraft Manufacturing Company (city of Voronezh, Russia). The IL-96-400 is a long-range wide-body aircraft, which successfully incorporates advanced achievements in Russian and foreign aerospace technology, experience of the designer's and producer's and highly qualified specialists. The aircraft is powered by four turbofan two-shaft PS-90A1 engines, produced by Perm Motors (city of Perm, Russia).
The IL-96-400 airplane is a modified well-reputed IL-96-300. The airplane was developed taking into account the air carriers' needs, and now it meets the national and international requirements. The up-to-date aerodynamics of the IL-96-400 airplane, its PS-90A low fuel consumption engines, impressive commercial load capacity, improved frame design, updated onboard avionics complex and highly reliable functional aircraft systems allow the airplane to operate with maximum effectiveness that is not inferior to the best foreign analogs.
The IL-96-400 airplane advantages are the following: high technical and economical characteristics; availability of the complete infrastructure within the aircraft and engine maintenance support, flight and technical personnel trained for this type of aircraft; competitive prices for the airplane and its engines in comparison with the foreign analogs.
The IL-96-400T airplane is a modified version of the well-reputed IL-96-300. The IL-96-400T was developed taking into account the air carriers' needs, and it complies with the national and international requirements. The IL-96-400T aircraft possesses the up to date aerodynamics, the PS-90A low fuel consumption engines, impressive commercial load capacity, improved frame design, updated onboard avionics complex and highly reliable aircraft functional systems, that allow to operate the aircraft with the maximum effectiveness that is not inferior to the best foreign analogs.
The IL-96-400T is a long-range wide-body aircraft, which successfully incorporates advanced achievements in Russian and foreign aerospace technology, experience of the designer's and producer's and highly qualified specialists. The IL-96-400T aircraft designed by Ilyushin Aviation Complex (city of Moscow, Russia) and manufactured by Voronezh Aircraft Manufacturing Company (city of Voronezh, Russia). The aircraft is powered by four turbofan two-shaft PS-90A1 engines, produced by Perm Motors (city of Perm, Russia). The IL-96-400T is designed on the basis of the IL-96T, which has been certified by FAA in accordance with FAR-25.
It was envisaged in 2001 to the specifications of the Il-96-400T the only Il-96T built and to deliver it at the beginning of 2002 in Atlant-Soyuz Airlines. This plan was not carried out. Confronted with problems of financing, the project underwent an almost fatal shock when Aeroflot decided to buy McDonnell Douglas MD-11 instead of It-96-400T. At the beginning of 2006 began the production of the first Il-96-400T which were to be delivered at the beginning of 2007 to the two customers of launching Atlant-Soyuz Airlines and AirBridge Cargo (the Volga-Dnepr Group off Companies) which had respectively ordered of them 2 and 10 specimens. The Chinese company Silk Way Airlines also emitted a letter of intention relating to 10 planes of the type Il-96-400T. The first orders for the passenger version were announced in August 2006 when the government of Zimbabwe stated a desire to buy five Il-96-400 for the national company Air Zimbabwe.
In August 2006, Ilyushin announced plans to stop the manufacture of the Il-96-300 as soon as the last ordered apparatuses would have been delivered and only to manufacture the Il-96-400 and Il-96-400T versions more. Ilyushin hoped to producing each year ten of the Il-96 and discussions were are in hand with Rolls-Royce to use Trent engines to increase the chances for exports. The Il-96 was approved for the production plan of the newly created United Aviation-Building Company. Il-96 really lags behind foreign matches in economic parameters and fuel consumption, however, the government intends to support its production in limited numbers. There are several reasons, all different but equally important. Strategically a country like Russia having global interests cannot remain without an aircraft of this type.
Furthermore, it is possible to create tanker aircraft on the basis of IL-400T. Such studies were carried out by Ilyushin Design Bureau.
The new Il-96-400M version of the Ilyushin Il-96, under development by 2017, was designed to replace foreign-leased long-haul wide-body passenger aircraft whose service life is nearing its end. Next week, the responsible ministries are expected to draw up a timetable for the withdrawal of these foreign aircraft from Russia's airlines, and their substitution with the new Ilyushin. The decision to revive production of the Il-96, an advanced, long-range version of the Soviet-era Ilyushin Il-86 wide-body airliner, was made in May 2016. At that time, Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov said that the government will be committing about 50 billion rubles to the program.
Aeroflot was believed to have between 8-10 Il-96s in their inventory. However, according to aviation expert and former Vnukovo Airlines flight director Yuri Sytnik, these planes have all been decommissioned after putting on 55,000 flight hours.
For a design from the late 1980s to really compete against modern foreign designs, nearly everything would be subject to upgrade or replacement, including parts of the fuselage. With the Il-96 effectively becoming a fundamentally new plane, all that would be left from the original design is the conceptual design. The main problem of the original Il-96, like many other Russian civilian passenger aircraft, was high fuel consumption. If the comparable Boeing or Airbus burn an average of about 17.5 grams of fuel per passenger kilometer, their Russian counterparts consume significantly more, from 21-28 grams.
Russia's newest generation of aircraft engines feature reduced fuel consumption, and others, with fuel use of as little as 15.5 grams of fuel per passenger kilometer, are under development. In the summer of 2016, during a visit to the Voronezh Aircraft Plant, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitri Rogozin said that Russian engineers had effectively resolved the fuel consumption issue with the new-generation PD-14 turbofan engine. The PD-14 and its variants had already found demand in the domestic civil aviation sector, and can be mounted aboard the Il-96-300, the Tupolev-214, and the MC-21 in its 200, 300 and 400 variants. Rogozin stressed that the new engine would help guarantee Russian passenger liners' competitiveness with Boeing and Airbus, decreasing not only fuel costs, but maintenance costs as well.
Air command posts, also called "doomsday" aircraft, are planned to be moved from the Il-80 to the Il-96-400M. This was reported to TASS 14 October 2020 by a source in the aircraft industry. "It is planned to replace it with the Il-96-400M aircraft. This will significantly increase the time of combat duty of the air command post in the air and increase the coverage area of ??command and control," he said.
The air command posts were called "doomsday planes" in the United States: they were supposed to be deployed in the event of a nuclear war if ground control structures were destroyed. The most famous models of such specialized aircraft are the American E-4B based on the Boeing 747 and the Russian Il-80, developed on the basis of the passenger Il-86. According to open sources, a total of four Il-80s were adopted by the Russian army.
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