Politics in Romania
|Ion Iliescu||26 Dec 1989||29 Nov 1996||FSN|
|Emil Ion Constantinescu||29 Nov 1996||20 Dec 2000||PNT-CD|
|Ion Iliescu||20 Dec 2000||20 Dec 2004||PSD|
|Traian Dumitru Basescu||20 Dec 2004||06 Dec 2009||PD|
|Traian Dumitru Basescu||06 Dec 2009||20 Dec 2014||PD|
|Klaus Iohannis||21 Dec 2009||20 Dec 2019||PNL|
|Petre Roman||26 Dec 1989||01 Oct 1991||FSN|
|Theodor Stolojan||01 Oct 1991||04 Nov 1992||Non-party|
|Nicolae Vacaroiu||04 Nov 1992||12 Dec 1996||PDSR|
|Victor Ciorbea||12 Dec 1996||30 Mar 1998||PNT-CD|
|Radu Vasile||15 Apr 1998||14 Dec 1999||PNT-CD|
|Constantin Mugur Isarescu||22 Dec 1999||28 Dec 2000||Non-party|
|Election November 26, 2000|
|Adrian Nastase||28 Dec 2000||21 Dec 2004||PSD|
|Election November 28, 2004|
|Calin Popescu-Tariceanu||29 Dec 2004||22 Dec 2008||PNL|
|Election November 30, 2008|
|Emil Boc||22 Dec 2008||06 Feb 2012||PD-L|
|Mihai-Razvan Ungureanu||09 Feb 2012||07 May 2012||PNL|
|Election November 2012|
|Victor Ponta||07 May 2012||22 Jun 2015||PSD|
|Gabriel Oprea||22 Jun 2015||09 Jul 2015||UNPR|
|Victor Ponta||09 Jul 2015||04 Nov 2015||PSD|
|Dacian Ciolos||10 Nov 2015||04 Jan 2017||UNPR|
|Election 11 December 2016|
|Sorin Grindeanu||04 Jan 2017||21 Jun 2017||NONE|
|Mihai Tudose||21 Jun 2017||15 Jan 2018||PSD|
|Mihai-Viorel Fifor||16 Jan 2018||29 Jan 2018||PSD|
|Vasilica Viorica Dancila||15 Jan 2018||04 Nov 2019||PSD|
|Ludovic Orban||04 Nov 2019||PNL|
Romania remains one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the EU. Authoritarian populism is an emerging force among voters across Europe and could be the defining political phenomenon of the next decade, according to a November 2016 survey conducted by YouGov. Romania topped the list with at least 82 percent of voters holding an authoritarian populist viewpoint. One of the biggest drivers for an increasing authoritarian populist viewpoint has to be the economic consequences of globalization. The concern is that mainstream political parties no longer offer a realistic prospect to people and their power, as well as influence, are declining.
In the 1980s, the use of a new academic term “authoritarian populism” (AP) became common among some political scientists when describing the politics of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. This term was based on the theory that they and their supporters shared a core set of attitudes: cynicism over human rights, anti-immigration, an anti-EU position in Britain, and favoring a strong emphasis on defence as part of wider foreign policy. Those with authoritarian populist views tend to be less well-educated and older.
Since the fall of communism in 1990, Romania has made decisive strides in developing a competitive multiparty system and an active civil society. In recognition of its strong performance, particularly in this decade, Romania achieved membership to the European Union in 2007. There remained the task of building political neutrality into Romania’s public administration and judiciary. Romania’s political system was initially characterized by three critical factors: a viable and durable system of governance, enshrining individual liberty and other fundamental political and human rights; political moderation, anchored in well-organized political parties and strong civil society, among which fundamental consensus on Romania’s geopolitical orientation exists; and interethnic cooperation that has prevented the type of devastating conflicts seen next door in the former Yugoslavia.
Romania’s political system was not sufficiently healthy to merit the confidence among citizens that theirs is a democracy in good working order. For many of the democracy ills on display — corruption, questionable judicial independence, the use of urgent procedure to pass significant legislation without substantive review — the political establishment is viewed as the primary culprit, as well as the beneficiary, since there appears little in the way of widespread public scrutiny that can make political misconduct too costly when it comes time to be re-elected.
No one has ever accused Romania of being a tidy place politically. This is a rough-and-tumble political environment. Ideally, power is shared between the President and the Prime Minister, with the latter being chosen by the former.
The Social Democratic Party [PSD] government, led by Prime Minister Adrian Nastase [200-2004], forged a de facto governing coalition with the ethnic Hungarian UDMR, ushering in four years of relatively stable government. The PSD guided Romania toward greater macro-economic stability, although endemic corruption remained a major problem. In September 2003, the center-right National Liberal Party (PNL) and centrist Democratic Party (PD) formed an alliance at a national and local level, in anticipation of 2004 local and national elections. Romania then moved closer toward a political system dominated by two large political blocs.
Since then, the political scene has unravelled. The Romanian political system was designed in response to the Ceausescu dictatorship. Among other features, the powers of the President and Prime Minister are divided so as to precluded a return to dictatorship. But in recent years the result has been an unending struggle by each to over throw the other. This political churn is set against a background of pervasive corruption, and massive public protests against this corruption.
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