Social Democratic Party
After the Revolution of 1989, the period of transition from communism to democracy was managed largely by social democratic parties. Chronologically speaking, the first social democratic party that appeared on the Romanian political scene after the fall of the old regime was the Romanian Social Democratic Party (January 17, 1990). The PSDR declared itself as a continuation of the Romanian inter-war social democracy. With historical legitimacy, PSDR failed, however, to obtain an electoral legitimacy and make it able to exert significant influence over the governing act. After a temporary alliance with CDR, PSDR allied with PD to participate in parliamentary elections in 1996. New Alliance, the Social Democratic Union, participated in the coalition government CDR-USD-UDMR, but its existence was short lived. After the failure of the government, disappointed in collaboration with PD and faced with the risk of not getting into Parliament, PSDR decided in 2001 to merge with PSD and form the Social Democratic Party (PSD).
On February 6, 1990 the National Salvation Front was entered in the register of political parties, a result of the provisional body of state power in the popular movement.In April 1990 saw the first National Conference of NSF, which elected president Ion Iliescu. Although it won elections in May 20, 1990, NSF was on the threshold of disintegration. NSF National Convention of 16-17 martie 1991 was the first attempt at settlement on the basis of party doctrine. The motion "A Future for Romania", NSF was defined as a "center-left party which is inspired by modern European values of social democracy."
NSF Convention of March 27-29, 1992 was when the differences of view led the division NSF. Supporters of the motion "The Future - Today" won in a vote and Petre Roman became president NSF. The group which lost elections within NSF broke away and formed a new party, the Democratic Front of National Salvation. The first National Conference of the new party, held on 27-28 June 1992, decided to support Ion Iliescu's presidential election. Supporters of the motion "Future-Today", although they managed to impose within the NSF, lost parliamentary elections in 1992. Subsequently, NSF changed its name to Democratic Party (PD). On September 27, 1992 parliamentary elections DNSF, newly established after the merger NSF won first place and Ion Iliescu became President of Romania with 61.5% of the vote.
One year after its establishment, DNSF reaffirmed its social democratic orientation, during the National Conference of 9-10 July 1993, when it was renamed the Party of Social Democracy in Romania. Acquisition and merger with the Social Solidarity Party, Republican Party, Co-operative Party and Democratic Socialist Party of Romania was also achieved. While the government in the 1992-1996 legislature, PSD has undergone a process accentuated by erosion and lost elections in autumn 1996. Between 1996-2000, PSD was in opposition, during which gained crucial experience and has built a realistic and pragmatic strategy to return to power.
In 2000, together with PSDR PSD and PUR, targeting social-liberal party, were the Social Democratic Pole of Romania (September 7, 2000). The electoral bloc won legislative elections in November 2000. One of the terms of the contract between the PSD and PSDR policy was the provision that, after the elections, will make the merger of the two Social Democratic Party. Thus, in June 2001 the political scene there is a significant clarification of the area of the center-left, setting up the Social Democratic Party, resulting from the unification of the two parties.
The Congress for the formation of PSD, Adrian Nastase said the political will of the new formations of modern social democracy to be dynamic, connected to timeliness issues and priorities. Concern for the PSD consolidation doctrine to new circumstances has triggered the 2002 document "Towards normality - a modern social democratic vision for the future of Romania", material that suggests the main strands of post-transition period.
The meeting in Snagov in February 2003, PSD president Adrian Nastase said the recovery unit was devoted to such social democratic ideological bases clear and non-confrontational, and to reconcile tradition and modernity in the Romanian Democratic Left. The process of unification and modernization of the Romanian Democratic Left favored near PSD international social democratic structures - and Socialist International Party of European Socialists. In June 2005 PSD became a full member of the Party of European Socialists. PSD has developed collaborative relationships consistent with social democratic European in this respect is significant parliamentary working group meetings between Romania - German (PSD-SPD). PSD has signed agreements of cooperation and partnership with member parties of the social democratic family, having a consistent agenda of bilateral meetings with the leaderships of the main formations of the Socialist International.
The period 2000-2004 was extremely important for the affirmation and strengthening of the PSD as the sole representative of social democracy in Romania. On the other hand, undergo a process of erosion inherent in the act because the government, the opposition Social Democratic Party came after the elections in November 2004. The Congress of April 2005 appointed the new leadership of the party and the new president, Mircea Geoana said PSD desired to strengthen the doctrinal and make a constructive opposition in the next period.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|