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Parliamentary goups 2004 2008 2012 2016 2020
PSDSocial Democrat105..-154..
PSD+PC Social-Liberal Union
Uniunea Social Liberala (USL)*
.. 94 122-..
PNLNational Liberal Party 6054 -69..
PCConservative19 .. --..
Save Romania Union---30..
UDMRDemocratic Alliance of Hungarians 2222921..
PD-LRight Romanian Alliance
Alianta Romnia Dreapta (ARD)**
--24-..
PD-LDemocrat-Liberal Party67127-20..
PRMGreat Romania21 .. -0..
United Romania Party-- -0..
PP-DDPeople's Party [Dan Diaconescu]--2118..
Minoritiesnational minorities18 18-.....
Indep.non affiliated MPs ..16-.....
no parliamentary group 133-.....

* Alliance of the Social Democratic Party, the Conservative Party,
and National Liberal Party [in 2012].
** Alliance of the Democratic Liberal Party,
National Peasant Christian-Demoncratic Party, Civic Force, and
the Centre-Right Civic Initiative.

The structures of the Communist Party could not evaporate overnight. Two, even three electoral cycles had to unfold so as the Romanian political mentality to accept the newly created situation consequential to the fall of communism. Additionally, a further aspect is manifest: political opportunism. Few are those who rise above times, and times unfortunately lie above most, leveling and middling them.

The National Salvation Front [FSN] won the 1990 elections with a 77% majority. It was split in two after the September 1991 Minoriad. It was perceived as a neo-communist party by the West. In 1992, it won the elections with a very feeble majority and formed the government together with three neo-communist parties (the red quadrilateral). The National Peasant Christian-Democrat Party (PNTCD) was the main opposition party until 1996, when it tookes power. It did not pass the electoral threshold in 2000 and 2004. Paradoxically, its voters are not the peasants, but the highly educated middle class. The National Liberal Party (PNL), from the point of view of doctrine and membership, was one of the most stable parties after 1989.

These two parties made a coalition, the Democratic Convention (CDR), that won the 1996 elections. The capital of sympathy of the Convention, both internally and externally, was huge at the beginning. By the disastrous economic results of the government, it disappointed both voters and external supporters.

After the disastrous results of the CDR government, the Party of Romanian Social Democracy (PDSR) of Ion Iliescu won the elections once again. Although it did not have the parliamentary majority, it decided to form the government by itself, with the support of other parties. The government proved very stable, but there were important suspicions of corruption in the party.

After the 2004 local elections, two great political forces were shaped within the Romanian society, which were to confront themselves in the fall of 2004: the Social Democrat Party and the Romanian Humanist Party National Union (PSD+PUR) and the Justice and Truth Alliance (PNL-PD). Along with them, two other important parties (yet not as relevant to the collective Romanian mentality) are the Grater Romanian Party and the Democratic Union of Magyars in Romania. The growth of a new party ruled by Gigi Becali is to be noted. This party was initially named New Generation Party (PNG) but then its name was changed into the New Generation Party - Christian Democratic (PNG-CD). The year 2004 drew the public attention towards a bipolar system comprising of two great political alliances (National Union PSD+PUR and Justice and Truth Alliance), which, alongside all the others political parties were struggling to survive.



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