People's Liberation Army Navy Air Force - Modernization
The Chinese naval aviation has been the focus of equipment development since the establishment of the Navy. After half a century of construction, it has been very strong. However, most of the aircraft of Naval Aviation are the same as the Air Force model. The special aircraft that meet the actual needs of the naval operations are inadequately equipped. In fact, it is the Air Force within the Navy. With the adjustment of the naval strategy and the development of joint operations, Naval Aviation must change.
As the Air Force has equipped a large number of new fighters, its combat effectiveness has been significantly enhanced. It not only captures the air superiority at sea, but also strikes against maritime targets. Naval Aviation and the Air Force have already duplicated some of their combat forces. Naval Aviation could reduce the number of duplicates with the Air Force, focusing on the development of maritime aviation anti-submarine, reconnaissance, command and early warning equipment to meet the special needs of the Navy; at the same time, it must strengthen the synergy with the Air Force and obtain a stronger overall operational capability. Of course, only a ship-based aviation force can have a true ocean-going navy.
Reconnaissance aircraft, can be equipped with large unmanned reconnaissance aircraft, which can save money, but also avoid long-term implementation of the task is the pilot fatigue; early warning aircraft, can be equipped with transport-8 balance beam, although its function is not Air Police-2000 is powerful, but in view of its low price, the sea situation is relatively simple, and it is suitable for China's independent research and development production, it is suitable for Naval Aviation; anti-submarine aircraft, China needs at least 50 equipment, but currently had the not very suitable Yun-8. There is a type of warning machine, but the Yun-8 is not suitable for conversion to an anti-submarine machine. The H-6 has the potential to be modified. If it can be modified for its electronic equipment and engine, it can meet the needs in the future, but its production. The ability is doubtful; on the tanker, it can be equipped with a small amount or simply use the Air Force, and work directly with the Air Force tanker when performing tasks. Of course, when the domestic large-scale aircraft is successfully developed, it can be used as a platform to refit anti-submarine aircraft, tankers and other models and a large number of equipment.
For shore-based combat aircraft, all J-7 and Q-5 fleets could be eliminated as soon as possible, and the third-generation multi-purpose fighters could be equipped to enhance combat effectiveness. Specifically, two-seats such as JH-7A and J-11BS could be used. Dual-speed remote fighters improve long-range combat capabilities. Although the air combat performance is not good, the J-7A has a large combat radius, a large amount of bombs, good combat capability against the sea, and low price (may only be half of the Sukhoi fighter), suitable for large-scale equipment; J-11BS is the Su-27 domestic two-seat type is equipped with a new domestic avionics system, equipped with domestic weapons, and possibly a WS-10A engine, which is more powerful than the prototype. At present, Naval Aviation is also equipped with a small amount of Su-30MKK. As for the J-10, it is not suitable for naval operations because it is a single-engine fighter.
As for the carrier-based aircraft, the carrier-based aircraft could be equipped with a medium-sized general-purpose helicopter that can be converted into an anti-submarine helicopter to replace the current domestically produced Z-9 and Russian-made Mi-28 aircraft, but Light anti-submarine helicopters have very limited combat capabilities, while Ka-28 needs to be imported and technically behind the West; of course, it can also be used as a transport helicopter to supplement the Z-8. The direct cooperation of China-EU cooperation can meet this need, but because China does not have high-end core technology, it is restricted in military use. China has successfully developed a 13-ton AC313 civilian helicopter. If it is changed to military, it can be used to replace the Z-8. For the fixed-wing aircraft, it may be equipped with the Su-33 (or the J-11 carrier type) as the main fighter. The L-15 advanced trainer can be used as the carrier trainer and light attack aircraft. As for the J-10 and FC- 1, their single release board decided that it is not the first choice.
According to the needs of the Chinese naval island chain operations and the possible military crisis in the South China Sea, naval aviation could focus on the development of the East China Sea and the South China Sea.
In the South China Sea, because the Nansha Islands were occupied by neighboring countries, the main operational scope of Naval Aviation is the waters of the Nansha Islands. The distance between Nansha and Hainan Island is far away, which shortens the operational time of shore-based aviation. Therefore, three measures must be taken: By equipped with long-range fighters, using tankers and early warning aircraft for air support, and the Air Force to coordinate operations to improve long-range combat capabilities; expand airport facilities on the island of Yongxing in Xisha, deploy anti-aircraft missiles, and turn the Xisha Islands into a frontier base in Taiwan. After the reunification, the airport facilities on the Taiping Taiping Island can be used to effectively monitor the Nansha Islands. The formation of the aircraft carrier battle group, the carrier carrier and the shore-based aviation support each other will greatly enhance the scope of operations and ocean combat capability.
In the East China Sea, due to being surrounded by Taiwan and the Japanese archipelago, Naval Aviation focused on the development of shore-based aviation. The East China Sea Fleet has already been equipped with the Su-30MKK. In the future, it could be equipped with two-seat double-range long-range fighters such as the JH-7A and the J-11BS. At the same time, it can also be equipped with some J-10s as a weapon to seize the accusation, in the early warning aircraft and the tanker. With the support of the team, the fleet can be effectively supported within a radius of 1,000 kilometers. At the same time, Japan has a large number of advanced submarines, so the East China Sea Fleet could give priority to anti-submarine aircraft. After the return of Taiwan, Naval Aviation can extend its operations to the second island chain.
In the North Sea, because the region is the intensive defense focus of the Chinese Air Force, the combat burden is minimal, and the main force of maritime aviation operations can be undertaken by the Air Force. Naval Aviation only needs to maintain a moderate scale to cooperate with the fleet operations. The equipment construction of the Beihai Fleet aviation could focus on the construction of logistics and reserve forces, with a focus on establishing a training system for carrier aviation.
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