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Military


Chinese Artillery Rockets

Pre-19801980~2000Post-2000
  • Type 63 107mm
  • Type 63 130mm
  • Type 70 130mm
  • Type 81 122mm
  • Type 81 107mm
  • Type 82 130mm
  • Type 83 273mm
  • Type 85 130mm
  • Type 89 122mm
  • Type 90 122mm
  • Type ?? 122mm
  • WM-80 273mm
  • WM120 273mm
  • WS-1 302mm
  • WS-1B 302mm
  • WS-1E 122mm
  • WS-2 400mm
  • WS-3 400mm


  • A100 300mm
  • A200 300mm
  • A300 300mm
  • AR1 300mm 10-tube
  • AR1A 300mm 10-tube
  • AR2 300mm 12-tube
  • AR3 370mm 8-tube
  • B-611 600mm
  • BP-12A 600mm
  • M-1B 350mm
  • PHL-03 300mm
  • SR-4 122mm
  • SR-5 122mm
  • SR-5 300mm
  • SY300
  • SY400
  • The history of using rockets in China is not short. In September 1951, the PLA used the "Katyusha" rockets to participate in the first actual combat. In the Battle of Shangganling one year later, Chinese military rockets played a key role. Since then, the PLA has been deeply in love with this kind of weapon that dumps firepower.

    To be precise, the rocket was invented by the Chinese, and China is the hometown of ancient rockets. The rocket created by the ancient Chinese scientists using the principle of gunpowder gas reaction force has developed into the Hercules carrying the spacecraft in the hands of the contemporary scientific elite. This is a brilliant achievement of which every descendant of the Yellow Emperor is proud.

    The word "rocket" appeared in the Three Kingdoms era in the third century AD. In the Three Kingdoms period of 228 AD, Wei Guo first put a torch on the arrow that was shot. At that time, when Zhuge Liang led the army to attack Chen Cang (now Baoji East of Shaanxi), Wei Guoshou Hao Zhao used the rocket to burn the army. The siege of the ladder, holding Chen Cang. The word "rocket" has appeared since then. However, the rocket at that time was only attached to the back of the arrow with flammable materials such as burlap impregnated with grease. After igniting, the bow was shot to the enemy to achieve the weapon for arson.

    The military officers of the Northern Song Dynasty, Feng Jisheng, Yue Yifang, Tang Fu, etc. (late 10th century AD), presented the rocket and rocket manufacturing methods to the court. At that time, the rocket had used gunpowder with better burning efficiency, but it was still shot by the bow. Thus, the earliest and most primitive "gunpowder arrow" in human history appeared. It uses a paper paste into a tube, compacts the gunpowder in a cylinder, attaches it to the arrow shaft, and launches it with a bow. Later, on the basis of the original rocket, the rocket was directly installed in the middle of the pole, and the sound was loud when it exploded, so as to intimidate the enemy.

    After the establishment of the Southern Song regime in 1128, the Southern Song Dynasty, Jin and Mongolia fought frequently, and all parties used firearms. In November 1161, when the Golden State invaded the Central Plains, the Southern Song army used the rocket weapon for the first time - "The Cannon" fell back to the Golden Army. This is the first time human history has used rocket weapons on the battlefield.

    After the 12th century AD, the original rocket was improved and used extensively in the military. In the Yuan and Ming dynasties, the rocket weapon developed greatly in the war, and invented many rockets similar to the modern rocket type. There were two rockets, such as the second tiger chasing the arrow, the Kowloon arrow, and the swarm of bees. These all used the rocket. Multi-stage series or parallel (bundled) technology. A variety of rocket weapons were recorded in the history books of the Ming Dynasty. The important ones are the Earthquake Thunderbolt, the Fire Dragon Water, the Shenhuo Flying Cray, the Flying Sand Dish, and the Enemy.

    The Ming Dynasty was a period of rapid development of China's rocket technology. Military technicians made a variety of rockets that were propelled by gunpowder reaction forces for military warfare. At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhangs fourth son, Yan Wang Zhu Xi, was shot in the Jing Difficult Campaign of the regime, when he was fighting with the troops of the Emperor Wendi in Hebeis Baigou River. This was the earliest in China. "Jet rocket" is used in the record of war.

    Although the ancient rockets and gunpowder were invented by the Chinese, due to the long-term lack of attention to the development of science and technology, the ancient rocket technology failed to develop into modern rocket technology in China, and ultimately only stayed in the fireworks.

    The rocket developed by Congreve has improved in range, accuracy and stability, and its performance has almost reached the limit of the gunpowder rocket. Due to its huge lethality, countries have begun to pay attention to the research and use of rockets. Since then, another major advancement in the war rocket has been the improvement in stability. In the mid-19th century, the British inventor William Hale installed three tilting stable spiral plates at the end of the rocket. When the rocket was launched, the rocket itself rotated due to aerodynamic forces to stabilize. By the time of the Second World War, the development of gunpowder rockets had been perfected. Its basic structure consists of a rocket-cylinder with gunpowder, a propellant in the middle as a propellant, a high explosive charge and a fuze on the head, a spout at the end, and a stabilizing wing to stabilize the launch. More famous is the Soviet rocket gun - Katyusha.

    China's development of rockets is much later than the former Soviet Union, but it is also earlier than the Western forecast. In 1948, the People's Liberation Army expert Zhong Lin set up a rocket technology room in Hebei, and began to develop the A3 type 6 tube 102 mm field rocket launcher, and then transferred to the Wu 2 factory to continue development. On the third day of the birth of New China, the gun was reported and shot in the Lugouqiao area of Beijing.

    After the outbreak of the Korean War, science and technology personnel accelerated the development of rocket launchers. At the end of 1950, the A3 6-tube 102mm field rocket launcher was successfully developed with a maximum range of 5,000 meters. At the same time, China's army formed a rocket artillery. China's own rockets were quickly used on the battlefield of the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid. The Chinese People's Volunteers used this type of trailer-type rocket launcher to achieve certain effects and caused deterrence to the enemy.

    Commander Zhu De was greatly appreciated. In 1951, China successfully developed the 427 and 488 102mm rockets with a maximum range of 5 kilometers. Since China later adopted the Soviet-made equipment, the so-called "standardization", the field rocket was not included in the equipment sequence and was handed over to the Vietnam Army, but it made the Chinese rocket launcher a good start.

    Many of the artillery of Chinese artillery were influenced by the Soviet Union, but the early artillery also had many characteristics of its own, such as rockets. During the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, China introduced the Soviet Union's World War II gun BM-13 rocket launcher. However, this kind of weapon was not equipped for a long time in China. It was quickly replaced by a domestic rocket launcher. China's arsenal had begun to develop rockets before the founding of the People's Republic of China. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the first product, the 102mm 6-barrel rocket launcher, was launched. The rockets participated in the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea and achieved good results.

    The 107mm rocket launcher was developed by experts such as Ji Songying and Yang Yintong in the late 1950s. At the end of the 1950s, Jisongqiu, the 487th factory, began trial production of 8km field rockets, and the unit of the 803th factory, Yang Yintong, presided over the development of rockets used in rocket launchers. In the absence of experience, overcoming many difficulties, after repeated experiments, the 1963-type 107mm rocket was designed in 1963. The gun has 12 launch tubes, which can be completed in 7-9 seconds, and the firepower is extremely fierce.

    After the end of the Korean War, the research on rocket launchers in China has made great progress. It has developed 63-type 130mm, 63-type 107mm, 70-type 130mm, 71-type 180mm, 81-type 122mm, 82-type 130mm, 90-type 122mm long-range rocket launchers. And the "Guardian" remote multi-barrel rocket system, etc., formed a huge rocket family.

    In the 1960s, Chinas military industrial enterprises carefully designed and manufactured a kind of weapon, the 63-type 107-mm 12-barrel rocket launcher, which became one of the "star" weapons made in China, and it is still in the airborne troops and side. The coastal defense forces are still equipped and are popular in many countries, such as the Middle East and Africa. Later, the 63-type 130mm self-propelled rocket (19-tube wheel type) and the 70-type 130mm self-propelled rocket (19-tube track type) were successfully developed. Both of these artillery guns were used in the counter-attack against Vietnam.

    In 2015, China Ordnance Industry Corporation announced a number of new weapons developed. The multi-type rocket launcher weapon system is compatible with launching uncontrolled, guided rockets and tactical missiles, equipped with fire control and unmanned reconnaissance functions.



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    Page last modified: 09-07-2019 18:01:12 ZULU