Type 63 130mm rocket, 19-tube, truck
Type 70 130mm rocket, 19-tube, APC
Type 82 130mm rocket, 30-tube, truck
Type 85 130mm rocket, 30-tube, APC
The Type 63 and Type 70 Multi-Barrel Rocket Launchers (MBRL) has 19 tubes arranged in two lines of nine and ten tubes. The modernised and upgraded Type 82 and Type 85 Multi-Barrel Rocket Launchers have 30 tubes arranged in three lines of ten tubes. All the tubes are parallel to each other and mounted co-axially on a cradle. Ammunition used with the MBRL is in the form of Rocket which consists of one piece. Warhead is attached with rocket motor. A fixed amount of propellant is contained in the rocket motor. The rocket is stabilized with a slow spin.
The Type 63 high explosive rocket is olive drab with black markings. This 33.0 kilogram (72.8 pound) rocket contains a main charge of TNT weighing 3.0 kilograms (6.6 pounds). The warhead is made of metal. The spin stabilized, high explosive Type 82 rocket weighs 32.0 kilograms (70.6 pounds). The rocket is olive drab with black markings.In 1958, in order to make up for gaps in the series of artillery, superior to a rocket artillery factory issued a tactical and technical development tasks and related indicators from the real beginning of the history of design and manufacture of rockets.
Through the analysis of Soviet-made rockets, combined with the higher authorities of tactical and technical index, developed by staff to determine the overall scheme of rockets. Its overall structure and BM14-17G rockets similar directional control volume from the original sheet steel welded, machined from seamless to improve the directional tube stiffness strength, inner white chrome plated to improve the abrasion resistance and corrosion resistance. Latch Stop Mechanism increased stopper rod linkage, suitable for multi-tube manipulation, reduces operator time and improve safety march rocket. As the spiral of self-locking mechanism in the shooting was unreliable, according to the model developed by the 203 Institute when the accumulated experience in the level and direction of machine handwheel to increase machine locking pin. So the army adopted new rocket firing rockets BM-24 structure, with better performance and more advanced and reliable. Its automotive chassis using domestic NJ-230 chassis ensured localization. New rocket sight of factory mass production ensured quality.
Similarly scratch test, self-designed sensor, designed for mounting the sensor mounting bracket, designers and testers in the field trials defying the cold temperature to fight together, and finally in the test data based on scientific analysis to solve a rocket and directional control with the gap, the length of directional, multi-directional control tube parallelism between, latching force size, multi-barrel rocket firing order, rocket bursts interval shooting semi-rigid support and full body rigidity the difference between the support and the impact of key parts manufacturing and assembly accuracy, low Fangxiang Song momentum of a series of key issues. Through these efforts of exploration, development staff to develop an understanding of the ignorance of the law which, for some choice of parameters, from perceptual knowledge to gradually reach a rational understanding, summarizing the unguided rocket launcher key parts of structural strength design method, as well as unguided rocket launcher rocket intensity on some of the inherent laws affecting.
After a short period of three years, 130 mm rockets fully met the requirements of the tactical and technical indicators, in 1963 completed the design work stereotypes, from the end of military equipment did not homemade rockets history. 1963 Formula 130 mm rocket launchers state of war the whole weight of about 4900 kilograms, including 19 rounds and a gunner. Its diameter is 130.65 mm, when the elevation angle of 19 °, its length is 5.5 m (combat) and a width of 2.15 m and a height of 2.5 meters. Maximum range of 10,020 meters, the height of fire is 0 ° ~ 50 °, aiming high and low speed of 8.5 mils / turn, the direction of target velocity 53.7 mil / rev. Launch speed 19 rounds / 9.5 to 11.5 seconds, filled with 19 bullets in less than 1 minute and 30 seconds. Good on the roads in the rocket speed march 45 to 50 km / h.
Meanwhile, the 1963 Formula 130 mm rocket launchers of anti-burst grenades also successfully developed. Its 1.051 meters long bomb, bomb weighing 33 kg, the maximum flight speed of 437 m / s, the maximum trajectory up to 3091 meters and a maximum range of 10,115 meters, the minimum range is 3124 meters away. Warhead weight 14 kg, charge 3 kg, propellant weight 6.7 kg. The bombs kill radius of 22 meters intensive, fragment velocity of 1412 m / s, crater volume of 1.07 m 3.1963 model year 130 mm rocket grenade blast destruction or annihilation is mainly used for anti-exposed or concealed vital forces, eliminate march and river defenses and destroy and suppress artillery and armored forces. The missile has a simple structure, light weight, long range, easy to use features.
The Type 63 tracked armored vehicle, developed in 1958, was finalized in 1963 and equipped with a large number of the entire army. An armored group urgently needs a self-propelled artillery vehicle family that adopts a tracked chassis and carries artillery of various calibers. At that time, the 107MM caliber series rocket guns equipped by our army had disadvantages such as insufficient power and low anti-armor capability. However, because of its towed action structure, the ability to follow the armored force quickly was not strong, and the road passing performance was low. . Therefore, the Central Military Commission decided to develop a 130mm caliber rocket launcher and integrate it into a Type 63 tracked armored vehicle to form a new model with high mobility that can provide fire support for assault armored groups at any time.
The 63-1 wheeled self-propelled 130MM rocket launcher that was developed in 1956. This weapon system was finalized in 1963 and adopted the second automobile EQ245 off-road driving chassis. The early 63-wheeled self-propelled 130MM rocket launcher used the weaker Nanqi NJ230 off-road chassis. Whether it is a 63-wheeled self-propelled 130 rocket launcher system or a 63-1 wheeled self-propelled 130 rocket launcher system, its mobility and passability cannot meet the requirements of the armored force.
However, Sino-Soviet relations began to break after 1964, and with the outbreak of the Sino-Soviet conflict on Zhenbao Island, my country's Three Norths region was under tremendous assault pressure from the Soviet armored clusters. Therefore, the General Department of Armored Forces requested that a rocket launcher that can accompany the armored force counterattack be developed as soon as possible, and the 63 series of 130mm caliber rocket launchers should be improved. This tough project is undertaken by the Northern Vehicle Research Institute and is solely responsible for it.
The demonstration work was officially launched in the early 1970s. Two research and development plans are proposed: one is to integrate the 19-barrel rocket launcher assembly directly on the Type 63 tracked armored vehicle. The rear manned area is improved to be suitable for manual manual control, and the height and low angle of artillery launching and loading are adjusted. Another solution is to use the 19-tube 130mm caliber rocket launch assembly, and the artillery attitude adjustment adopts a hydraulic automatic structure for adjustment.
However, in the test, there were defects in the hydraulic lifting system of the 130mm caliber rocket launcher, the high and low pressure pipelines were not well-sealed, and even the missile body slipped from the barrel during a single maneuver march. Therefore, the Northern Vehicle Research Institute has made bold improvements to the 130 fire launching mechanism, adding a locking tenon at the bottom of the barrel, and adopting an automatic control unlocking and locking system. After solving the problem of unqualified seals, three prototypes were made to conduct a wide range of road tests and live fire tests. As the Type 63 tracked armored vehicle itself has good performance and room for improvement, the development process is relatively smooth. After conducting a live fire demonstration for Deputy Prime Minister Wang Zhen in 1977, he entered the stage of finalizing weapons and equipment.
In October 1977, it passed the finalized appraisal of the armored force headquarters and the general assembly, and was named the 1970-style 130MM self-propelled rocket launcher. The 18 tracked 130 rocket launcher systems previously installed in the 1st Division of the Tank were standardized and improved on the return journey, and they went to the front line of Yunnan with the army to participate in the heroic self-defense counterattack against Vietnam! After experiencing the test of war and the baptism of time, as an extremely excellent and mature precision firepower projection weapon, it has received unanimous praise from officers and soldiers at all levels participating in the war. It has given full support for our army to conquer Langshan and raid Hanoi's surrounding areas. Maintaining a high posture of service and combat readiness, as long as the frontline needs fire support, they can quickly and timely give precise strikes. On October 1, 1984, at the 35th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, a military parade consisting of 70 and 130 rockets was inspected by the leaders of the party, government and army.
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