2nd Brigade, 75th Division (Mission Command Training)
2nd Brigade, 75th Division (Training Support)
2nd Brigade, 75th Division (Exercise)
The 2nd Brigade, 75th Division (Mission Command Training) conducts pre- and post-mobilization Battle Command Staff Training for Reserve Component battalion, group, and brigade headquarters units within the area of operations and as tasked by First US Army in accordance with existing doctrine, Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) Regulation 350-2, and First Army Regulation 350-5 to improve battle staff readiness and to meet supported combatant commander and FORSCOM pre-deployment validation requirements.
The 2nd Brigade, 75th Division (Mission Command Training) was first constituted on 24 December 1942 in the Army of the United States as the 899th Field Artillery Battalion and assigned to the 75th Infantry Division. The Battalion was activated on 15 April 1943 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. During the Second World War the Battalion participated in 3 campaigns in the European Theater of Operations: Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, and Central Europe. Following the end of the Second World War the Battalion was inactivated on 26 November 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey.
The Battalion was allotted on 21 February 1952 to the Organized Reserve Corps and activated on 1 March 1952 with Headquarters at New Orleans, Louisiana. The Organized Reserve Corps was redesignated on 9 July 1952 as the Army Reserve, which the Battalion remained a part of. The Battalion was inactivated on 31 January 1955 at New Orleans, Louisiana.
Headquarters, 899th Field Artillery Battalion was consolidated 17 October 1999 with Headquarters, 2nd Brigade, 75th Division (Exercise), which had been activated on 1 October 1993 at Houston, Texas. The consolidated unit was reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters, 2nd Brigade, 75th Division (Training Support) and allotted to the Regular Army at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. The remainder of 899th Field Artillery Battalion was concurrently disbanded.
As a training support brigade, the mission of the 2nd Brigade, 75th Division was to provide training assistance, evaluation and mobilization support to assigned units of the Reserve Components, focusing on the training management and collective training of priority units. When directed, the Brigade would provide mobilization assistance to alerted units. Upon notification, the Brigade would also provide a Defense Coordinating Officer and Element to support civil authorities during federally declared disasters.
The 2nd Brigade, 75th Division Headquarters was located at Fort Sam Houston, Texas in the heart of San Antonio, Texas. It had 13 subordinate Battalions located in 4 different states. Within Texas, units were based at Fort Sam Houston, Fort Hood, Beaumont, Grand Prairie, and Waco. Units were also located in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Fort Chaffee and Little Rock, Arkansas; and La Fayette, Louisiana. A detachment of one of the subordinate battalions was based at Fort Polk Louisiana and a forward element of the Brigade's Headquarters was located at Fort Chaffee, Arkansas. The 3rd Battalion (Infantry), 291st Regiment was affiliated with the 45th Infantry Brigade (Separate) (Enhanced) of the Oklahoma Army National Guard. The 1st Battalion (Infantry), 381st Regiment was affiliated with the 39th Infantry Brigade (Separate) (Enhanced) of the Arkansas Army National Guard. The 1st Battalion (Infantry), 394th Regiment was affiliated with the 256th Infantry Brigade (Separate) (Enhanced) of the Louisiana Army National Guard.
In 2000 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Brigades, 75th Division provided training support and mobilization assistance for a client base composed of 298 Priority and 643 Traditional units throughout the US Army Reserve and Army National Guard.
The Army's transformation in the 2000s necessitated restructuring the roles and missions of First US Army and Fifth US Army to support reserve component modularity and the Army Force Generation process known as Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN). First US Army's training mission expanded on 16 January 2006 to include training, readiness oversight and mobilization for US Army Reserve and National Guard units throughout the continental United States and two US territories. The transition of the expanded geographic mission began in mid-December 2005 with the transfer of authority between First US Army and Fifth US Army for the Western United States. Previously, First Army trained, mobilized and deployed US Army Reserve and National Guard units in the eastern United States, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. The 75th Division was assigned directly to US Army Reserve Command as a training command.
Though its subordinate units were reassigned to elements of First US Army, 2nd Brigade, 75th Division remained active, reorienting along with the rest of the Division to the Mission Command Training role. The Brigade was subsequently relocated to Fort Dix, New Jersey.
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