2nd Signal Brigade
The mission of the 2nd Signal Brigade was to maintain a forward deployed, trained and ready, signal force providing superior, robust, secure, and responsive strategic and operational base command and control communications in support of Army, Joint and Coalition Operations throughout the US European Command (USEUCOM) area of responsibility. Specific tasks included: Deploying and redeploying communications forces; commanding and controlling regional Army TIG networks less (Italy) through the employment of the NETOPS concept in support of Warfighters and critical network users; providing designated regional Army TIG network services to EUCOM and US elements in support of NATO IOM regional Army networks in Europe (less Italy) as part of the TIG; providing information mission support to include visual information, mail, records management and publications; providing theater COMSEC logistical support; developing a highly trained and skilled workforce; taking care of the workforce and families; and protecting the force.
Previously the mission of the 2nd Signal Brigade had been to provide strategic and power projection communications support to warfighters in the European Theater. Specific tasks included: Providing trained and ready forces; operating and maintaining strategic and power projection systems and services for US Forces and Allied Forces when directed; providing support to deploying forces; deploying personnel as required; providing contingency, special operations, and commander in chief Support; providing command and control; and sustaining and protecting the Force.
The 2nd Signal Brigade was first constituted on 24 October 1944 in the Army of the United States as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 3348th Signal Service Group, and activated in France. It served during the Second World War recieving participation credit for the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater campaign. After the end of the Second World War the unit was inactivated on 13 March 1946 in France.
The unit was reactivated on 9 May 1946 at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey. It was redesignated on 14 March 1947 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 2nd Signal Service Group. The Group was allotted on 1 March 1949 to the Regular Army. It was reorganized and redesignated on 16 December 1949 as Headquarters, 2nd Signal Service Group. The Group was reorganized and redesignated on 25 March 1953 as Headquarters, 2nd Signal Group. It was inactivated 4 April 1955 at Camp Gordon, Georgia.
While inactive, the unit was redesignated on 27 April 1961 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 2nd Signal Group. It was reactivated on 21 June 1961 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Deploying to Vietnam, the unit participated in 13 campaigns: Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase II, Counteroffensive Phase III, Tet Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive, Phase IV, Counteroffensive Phase V, Counteroffensive Phase VI, Tet 69/Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive, Phase VII, and Consolidation I. After returning from Vietnam the unit was inactivated on 27 October 1971 at Fort Lewis, Washington.
The Group was reactivated on 1 June 1974 in Germany. The 2nd Signal Group, along with the 160th Signal Group, were from resources of inactivated units from the 22nd and 4th Signal Groups. It was redesignated on 1 October 1979 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Signal Brigade.
The collapse of communism, dismantlement of the Warsaw Pact, and disintegration of the Soviet Union prompted an Army-wide drawdown. This resulted in changes to military policy during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Warming superpower relations induced a period of adjustment and 5th Signal Command adjusted accordingly by inactivating the 160th Signal Brigade and consolidating its units into the 2nd Signal Brigade. Afterwards, the 2nd Signal Brigade consisted of the 39th, 43rd, 52nd, 69th, 102nd, and 509th Signal Battalions.
The ability to establish satellite connectivity in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom 1 between 2003 and 2004 leveraged 2nd Signal Brigade's regional bandwidth, switching capabilities, and satellite downlinks into strategic satellite tactical and commercial entry points. This reachback extended the GIG and enabled the commander on the ground to: see friendly and enemy movements; disperse forces and conduct split-based operations; reduce the operational footprint; provide in-transit visibility of supplies, personnel, and equipment; and exploit information dominance.
Throughout 2006, 2nd Signal Brigade and USAREUR G6 continued their transformation throughout the strategic Europe base. Upon installation of I3MP and DWDM, a fiber optic backbone that provides increased bandwidth capabilities for the theater, 21 Network Service Centers were consolidated into 4 processing centers and one enterprise service desk, in accordance with Army Knowledge Management Goals.
As part of continuing restructuring of US forces in Europe, it was announced on 1 March 2013 that the 69th Signal Battalion would be inactivated during 2016.
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