Tu-106 - Variants
The aircraft was designed as a deep modernization of the Tu-22. The basic variant of the plane was the project "106" (TU-106) with two engines NK-6, which is projected on the basis of a whole family of heavy supersonic reconnaissance aircraft, submarines, and so on.
For almost five years of work on the project was the development of three main types of layouts "106" aircraft, namely the aircraft "106" (TU-106), the plane "106b" (Tu-106B) and the plane "106A" (Tu 106A). Each of the proposed layout options had several modifications, differing or power plants, or the nuances of wind and constructive schemes of the wing and fuselage, or the composition of the equipment and weapons associated with the direct purpose of the proposed modification of the target. Total unit SM Jaeger was proposed, discussed, and in varying degrees, worked out a few dozen "106" aircraft variants. Below, on the basis of the preserved materials, provides a brief overview of some of the proposed "106" aircraft projects for the period from 1960 to 1965. These projects were for EDB as a stepping stone would be preceded by some work on the creation of supersonic combat aircraft, particularly, the design world known multi-mode long-submarine bomber Tu-22M.
The base version of the draft has been taken deep modernization of the Tu-22, the main difference from the original aircraft was in a power plant, consisting of two engines NK-B. Engines arranged in a single packet nacelle large in cross section close to a rectangle. Gondola, as in the case of the Tu-22, installed on the rear part of the fuselage. Each engine has its own self-contained air intake and the air channel, optimized for long supersonic flight speeds. Air intakes mixed compression with vertical wedge. In the first stage on the plane should have been installed engines NK-6 with a maximum take-off thrust of 20,000 kg, the second phase - a takeoff thrust of 22,000 kg. To reduce the negative influence of moment generated thrust engines, installations have their axes a small negative angle relative to the horizontal. The first version of the aircraft was carried out under the scheme, like the Tu-22, with a wing with a relative thickness of 6%, which in terms of shape and the area is almost entirely consistent with the basic wing Tu-22.
The reconnaissance aircraft "106R" (Tu-106R), on the basis of the aircraft "106" to the wing of the Tu-22 aircraft, project was carried out under the scheme sredneplana and layout, composition and placement of equipment of aircraft systems is almost fully in line with TU-22P. The composition of the special reconnaissance equipment is also consistent with the Tu-22P. The aircraft was supposed to set the radio engineering intelligence "Cube 3" system. Driving and constructive performance of the chassis are identical TU-22. The aircraft provided for the refueling system in the "Cone" flight. The location and structure of the equipment were close to an appropriate modification of the Tu-22P. Radar "Ru-bin-1A" is replaced by a station "Mo" in common with the missile-carrying variants of the aircraft. Unlike the Tu-22P, on an airplane, "106" and its variants initially refused defensive cannon armament, all the active defense of the aircraft was based on the developed system of REB: instead KDU installed tail section with blocks equipment REP ATP type-YUOA ( "Reseda-A "), and the antenna units of the system were also installed in the vicinity of the front cover technical, further anticipated move to the use of the RAP sets of equipment "Lilac". In connection with the installation of equipment systems being finalized nozyh SCR system of the aircraft.
Project-aircraft missile "106K" (Tu-106K) was completely identical to the project "106R" and differs from it only just system associated with its weapons-aircraft missiles X-22. Provided in field alterations aircraft missile bomber conditions, including a nuclear carrier (caliber bombs 250 to 9000 kg, mines weight from 500 to 1500 kg). The long-range system (ARC) K-106-based aircraft carrier Tu-YU6K and aircraft-missile Kh-22 (Kh-22P) should have: the radius of action at the speed of 950 km / h - 3500 km; the radius of action at the speed of 1500-1800 km / h - 1750-2000 km.
The aircraft-missile "106K" (Tu-10bK) was developed on the basis of "106" aircraft wing project with the relative thickness of 3.5% and 200 m2. In connection with the installation of a new wing and a change in its position relative to the fuselage, in this embodiment, the fuselage was slightly recomposed: Part gruzootseke placed under the center section, decompression part of the wing, the building height is decreased, and increased chord. The weapons system was completely identical TU-22KP (aircraft missile Kh-22 (Kh-22P). control system K-22U, which included part of the aircraft radar "PN", reconnaissance and target designation station "Kurs-N"). In the project "106K" changed the location of the refueling boom "cone" of the system: the rod was drowned in the forward fuselage and create less drag. In the future, a similar setting rod used on serial Tu-22M-3.
The long-range system (ARC) K-106-based aircraft carrier Tu-106K aircraft and missile Kh-22 (Kh-22P) should be: the radius of action at the speed of 950 km / h - 4000 km; radius of action at the speed of 1800-2100 km / h - 2600 km.
In the first half of the 1950s, the Tupolev Design Bureau started designing heavy new-generation jet combat aircraft capable of developing supersonic speeds. The result was the creation and transfer to the series in the late 1950s of the long-range supersonic Tu-22 bomber and interceptor Tu-128, as well as the development of promising projects of supersonic long-distance and intercontinental strike aircraft "106", "108", "109" and "135". These works on combat aircraft became the basis for the OKB to find the best ways and approaches for creating the future Tu-144 - the world's first supersonic passenger aircraft.
The work proceeded according to the usual scheme for Tupolev: the project of a combat vehicle was used as a basis and the passenger variant was worked out on its basis. These works received the code "134" (Tu-134). At the initial stage, the development was carried out on the basis of the 105A bomber (Tu-22) project, and then the "106" aircraft were taken for the base model.
On the basis of the work on the aircraft, "106A" OKB Tupolev were prepositional projects short- and medium range [srednemagistral] of supersonic passenger planes such as "134" project (Tu-134), designed to carry 50 ~ 70 passengers at a distance of 4000-4500 km subsonic and at a distance of 3000-3500 km at supersonic speed, while ensuring the cruising supersonic speed 2100 km / h. This is also a project that had not been implemented.
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