1799 - 4th Mysore War
The fourth and last Mysore war, when it came, was short and sharp. General Harris took command on February 3, 1799, and on the 5th of the following month his troops entered Mysore. On the 4th of April Tipu lay dead inside the breach in the walls of Seringapatam, which had been stormed by General Baird and his men in seven minutes. Thus was fulfilled the saying that Haidar Ali was born to win, and Tipu to lose a kingdom. This one exploit practically ended the war, which had carried the Governor-General farther than he had anticipated. He had planned to bridle the power of Mysore, and found that he had utterly destroyed it. The sultan's territory was divided. The Company took Kanara, the entire sea-coast, and other districts which gave them an uninterrupted territory from sea to sea.
The Nizam received Chitaldrog and some other lands to the north, while the Marathas were offered, on conditions which they declined, certain smaller areas adjoining their dominions. On their refusal, those lands were divided between the Nizam and the British. The rest of the kingdom was assigned to a youthful representative of the old dynasty of Hindu Rajas, dispossessed by Haidar Ali. The new State thus constituted was placed under the control of a Resident. The young chief, Krishna Raja Wodeyar, did well at first, but lapsed into evil ways, and in 1831 the Government of India was obliged to deprive him of all authority, and to confide the administration directly to British officers.
In the fourth Mysore war, Tippoo Sultaun lost his life, and his family was ruined. Lord Wellesley placed the Raja of Mysore on the throne of his ancestors, but he took for the company all the conquests made by Tippoo, and his father. By this arrangement a long line of sea coast was secured.
This arrangement, with various changes of form, lasted until 1881, when Lord Ripon felt justified in again making over the State to a native government. This event, known as the Rendition of Mysore, took place on the 25th of March, 1881, when Maharaja Chama Rajendra Wodeyar, adopted son of Krishna Raja, was installed with befitting ceremony, and the disinterested good faith of the British Government was triumphantly vindicated.
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