An-74TK-300, a new generation cargo/passenger aircraft, was built by Kharkov State Aircraft Manufacturing Company, ASTC Antonov, Motor Sich company (Zaporozhye), Progress (Zaporozhye), and InterAMI Corporation (Kharkov) in 2001. Though AN-74TK-300 was initially conceived as an updated version of AN-74, this modification has become a virtually new highly efficient Antonov airplane with the improved aerodynamic characteristics and modern comfortable passenger cabin.
The most distinctive feature of An-74TK-300 is installation of double-flow turbojet engines under the wings on aircraft pylons. This new configuration helped to significantly increase the cruising speed, flight range and economic efficiency of the aircraft.
The first flight of An-74TK-300 took place on April 20, 2001, and was witnessed by the President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma, member of the Ukrainian government and several thousands of spectators. In June 2001, after a series of brief but very intensive tests conducted at ASTC Antonov premises, An-74TK-300 made its international debut. The aircraft was presented at the 44th Paris International Airspace Salon in Le Bourget. The daily review of Le Bourget-2001 mentioned the high level of comfort of An-74TK-300, which exceeded the existing international standards for regional airliners at that time. This was very much so because An-74TK-300 designers aspired to satisfy the growing demands of passengers and aircraft operators to aircraft safety and comfort which until recently was provided only at transcontinental airliners.
AN-74TK-300 is equipped with modern radio, communication, piloting and navigating systems in conformity with ICAO 2015 regulations, which enable it to fly during day and night under any weather conditions. Apart from the basic passenger modification, the aircraft also has ambulance and VIP modifications. Aircraft certification is based on the existing airworthiness standards of AP-25 category and international noise-regulating convention for civil aviation AP-36. An-74TK-300 has type certification of ARMAK #CT208-An-74TK-300 and type certificated #TL-0025 issued by Ukraviatrans. An-74TK-300 meets world requirements to aircraft avionics and low noise and emission level.
For the moment An-74TK-300 is the only modern jet airplane developed in the CIS and certified to AP-25 rules. Soon aircraft avionics and equipment will be replaced with digital equipment, thus making the work of pilots much easier. An-74TK-300 can be efficiently operated at local and middle range routes.
Designers have developed several new modifications of An-74TK-300. Among them are An-74TK-300P - the passenger aircraft for transporting 70 passengers, and An-74TK-300UT - a cargo aircraft with the payload increased by 2 tons as compared to the basic model of AN-74TK-300.
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