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Russian Aircraft Corporation "MiG"
Military Industrial Complex "Moscow Aviation Production Assn." (VPK MAPO)
Voenno-promyshlennyy kompleks "Moskovskoe aviatsionnoe proizvodstvennoe ob'edinenie" (VPK MAPO)

The Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Russian Aircraft Corporation "MiG" is the first national aircraft manufacturer, incorporating within the framework of legal single entity profile organizations involved in the support of aircraft life cycle - from design concept, drawing and engineering design, production of prototypes and their tests to marketing, series production and in-service technical support, as well as training of pilots, engineers and technicians.

The RAC "MiG" is a state full-cycle enterprise combining all aspects of production, sales, post-sale support and overhaul of MiG family aircraft. From now on the developer, producer and seller of MiG aircraft come out in a single entity, pursue the single marketing policy and solve common problems. The MiG Corporation currently employs more than 14.5 thousand specialists. The RAC "MiG" owns up-to-date design and production facilities and is capable of manufacturing dozens of aircraft every month. MiG's Voronin production center includes the "Znamya Truda" (Banner of Labor) plant in Moscow and Lapik in Lukhovitsy.

The Russian Government has granted the RAC "MiG" general licenses for development, production and product support of civil and military aircraft. The RAC "MiG" is an official main contractor to the Russian Ministry of Defense. The Russian Government allocates funds for purpose-oriented financing of separate projects of the Corporation from the state budget. The Russian Government also has granted the RAC "MiG" the right for independent full-scale foreign economic activities in accordance with the Russian Law. The MiG Corporation is able to serve any market worldwide owing to its long-standing effective marketing agreements and multi-year cooperation with the major Russian weapon exporter - state company "Rosoboronexport".

Established by the presidential decree of January 25, 1996, the MAPO Military-Industrial Complex (MAPO MIC) was opened on May 27, 1996. This unitary state enterprise incorporates all leading civilian and military aircraft manufacturers of the country. MAPO MIC employed over 100,000 people. Its main products are MiG-29, MiG-AT airplanes, Ka-50, Ka-32 helicopters and other general-purpose aircraft, as well as aircraft engines, accessories and airborne equipment. MAPO MIC comprised:

  1. MiG Moscow Aircraft Production Organization - developer and producer of MiG-29 fighters, MiG-AT trainers and light-weight planes.
  2. Kamov JSC (Lyubertsy, Moscow Region) - developer of Ka-50, Ka-52, Ka-32, Ka-62 and other helicopters.
  3. Ryazan State Instrument Making Factory - producer of avionics systems.
  4. Elektroavtomatika Experimental Design Bureau (St. Petersburg) - developer of avionics systems.
  5. Perm Instrument Making Company JSC - developer of avionics systems.
  6. Klimov Research and Production Enterprise (St. Petersburg) - developer of aircraft engines.
  7. Chernyshev Machine Building Enterprise JSC (Moscow) - producer of aircraft engines.
  8. Tushino Engineering Design Bureau Soyuz - the company involved in engineering development of aircraft engines.
  9. Pribor Association JSC (Kursk) - developer and producer of airborne computers.
  10. Krasny Oktyabr Machine Building Enterprise JSC (St. Petersburg) - producer of aircraft components.
  11. Aviatest Research and Engineering Enterprise (Rostov-on-Don) - developer and producer of ground monitors for airborne systems.
  12. Aircraft Overhaul Plant No. 121 (Kubinka, Moscow Region) - the enterprise involved in repair, modernization and servicing of airframes, engines and accessories.
  13. Aviabank Incorporated Commercial Bank - one of the leading Russian industrial banks catering for over 200 enterprises and organization of Russia's aircraft industry.

The Russian Aircraft Corporation "MiG" was granted the right for independent foreign economic activity within the number of the first Russian enterprises in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 25 January, 1996, Resolution of the Government of 2 February, 1999 and Disposition No.2040-p of 8 December, 1999. A large work was carried out for updating the enterprise management structure and its reorientation for products sales. Following a government decree (No. 14) of 2 February 1999, MAPO was reorganised with members below:

Full members:

  1. A I Mikayan Design Bureau, Moscow (design of new aircraft and upgrades)
  2. P A Voronin Production Centre, Moscow (development and manufacture of prototypes; aircraft upgrades)
  3. Lukhovitsy Machine-Building Plant, Lukhovitsy (series production)
  4. V Ya Klimov Plant, St Petersburg (engines, gearboxes, accessories)
  5. Soyuz Machine-Building Plant, Tushino (engines, gearboxes, accessories)
  6. State Ryazan Instrument Plant, Ryazan (airborne and ground test equipment)
  7. Electroavtomatika Design Bureau, St Petersburg (airborne and ground test equipment)

Associate members:

  1. Kamov Company, Lyubertsy (helicopter design and manufacture)
  2. V V Chernyshov Machine-Building Enterprise, Moscow
  3. Krasny Octybar Machine-Building Enterprise, St Petersburg
  4. Pribor, Kursk
  5. Aviatest, Rostov-on-Don
  6. Instrument-Making Company, Perm

From 2000, the organisation has been known as RSK `MiG'. On 10 November 2000, it formed MiG Light Civil Aviation company to manage assembly of Aeroprogress T-101 Grach and to design and develop new lightplanes.

The workforce in late 2000 was 13,000.

Nowadays, the RAC "MiG" actively surveys the aircraft market, searches for business partners and participates in the exhibitions and air shows. New approaches to aircraft maintenance and operation are being mastered. Great attention is paid to the development of upgrading programs for earlier-produced aircraft with an aim to enhance their combat effectiveness.

New trends in the Corporation activity are the production of civil aircraft and helicopters, such as the Tu-334 short-haul airliner, IL-103 light utility aircraft, "Aviatika" ultralight aircraft and the Ka-60/62 helicopters, and the development of the MiG-110 passenger aircraft and MiG-201 light two-engine aircraft.

The RAC "MiG" is a fully integrated company in which all the processes of aircraft development, production, product support and upgrading are combined within a single entity. The "MiG" Corporation is a shareholder in several companies, and has subsidiary design and manufacturing companies specializing in aircraft engines and avionics.

The "MiG" Corporation brings together the resources of the Engineering Center ("A.I. Mikoyan Design Bureau"), P.A. Voronin Production Center including three manufacturing plants based in Moscow, Lukhovitsy and Kalyazin, Aircraft Logistic Support Center, Marketing and Sales Center, Economic and Financial Center, Strategic Development and Planning Center, and A.V. Fedotov Flight-Test Center.Unique for the Russian aircraft industry incorporation of design bureau and manufacturer into a full-cycle aircraft corporation demanded the development of a new concept of the RAC "MiG" organizational structure.

The Corporation management is based upon a division-matrix architecture that involves vertical integration of each product activity as well as horizontal links at each level of management structure, i.e. development, production, marketing or financing.

The up-to-date Corporation management structure provides logical and efficient solutions of tasks in new economic realities in Russia and under conditions of competition aggravation in the international markets of military and civil aircraft.

History

The history of Russian Aircraft Corporation "MiG" goes back to the end of the 19th century. The enterprises involved in the production of the "MiG" products wrote glorious pages in the history of the Russian and world aviation.

In December 1939 the Experimental Design Bureau headed by Artem Mikoyan was set up by the Decree of the Government and made up of the Polikarpov design bureau and plant No.1 personnel.

The first aircraft - MiG-1 and its modification - MiG-3 developed by the Mikoyan design bureau were produced in series at the plant till October 1941 when, owing to the threat of Moscow capture by nazis, GAZ No.1 plant and its design division headed by A.I. Mikoyan were moved to the city of Samara (Kuybishev). In 1942 the design bureau dissociated from the plant and returned to Moscow as independent experimental design bureau OKB-155. At the same time, state aircraft-building plant No.1 (GAZ No.1) was reorganized into plant No.30 (later it was named "Znamya Truda" (Red Banner), MAPO (Moscow Aircraft Production Organization) and at present - P.A. Voronin Production Center of the Russian Aircraft Corporation "MiG".

The developer of the "MiG" family aircraft - Mikoyan Design Bureau which is now an integral part of the RAC "MiG" celebrated its 60th anniversary in December, 1999. During six decades this famous Russian design bureau has developed about 450 projects of combat aircraft, of which 170 were built in prototype form and 94 types of vehicles were produced in series. During these years the Soviet and Russian aircraft manufacturing plants have produced 60,000 "MiG" family aircraft, of which 11,000 aircraft have been exported to more than 40 countries all over the world.

Military Industrial Complex "Moscow Aviation Production Assn." (VPK MAPO) was established in January of 1996 by the Edict of the President of Russia. At that time MAPO MIC employed over 100,000 people. This company consolidated all enterprises, involved in development and serial production of MiG combat aircraft. This was the first practical step in uniting Russian combat aircraft developers and manufacturers. For some reason Kamov company, which designed helicopters, was also included into VPK MAPO.

However, after their first success, the top managers drew themselves into a fight with each other. In October 1997 the Ministry of State Property validated a decree about the transformation of VPK MAPO into VPK MAPO-M with the simultaneous inclusion of the Myasistchev design bureau. On February 1, 1999, Prime Minister Yevgeniy Primakov appointed Nikolay Nikitin a new General Director and General Designer of VPK MAPO. This move confirms reports about upcoming merger of VPK MAPO with its main competitor, Sukhoy Aviation Military Industrial Complex (AVPK). (Nikitin spent his career at Sukhoy and most recently was Deputy General Director of Sukhoy AVPK.)

In late 1999 it appeared that the Russian Government was considering merging VPK/MAPO MiG and AVPK Sukhoi into a single concern, in order to consolidate Russia's troubled aerospace industry. The new company would be responsible for all Russian military aircraft programs. However, by the end of 1999 it appeared that this scheme had been abandoned.

VPK MAPO consisted of 12 enterprises, involved in development and production of MiG combat aircraft and Kamov helicopters. Most important is the Moscow Aviation Production Assn. "MiG" (MAPO MiG), which consists of MiG ANPK (a design bureau) and Lukhovitsy Aviation Plant (the main production facility for advanced MiG aircraft).

It appeared, for a time, that MAPO MiG did not in fact join the Complex or left it later. In August of 1997 it was mentioned as a "subsidiary" of VPK MAPO. Yet on February 2, 1999, a special Directive of the Government specifically stipulated, that MAPo MiG should become a subsidiary of VPK MAPO.

The major manufacturers and developers of one of the most famous types of the Russian military aircraft merged to establish the first fully integrated aircraft company which was named the "Russian Aircraft Corporation "MiG" (RAC "MiG") in 1999.

On 08 December 1999 FGUP Defence Industry Complex MAPO was renamed, by Russian Government's provision, the FGUP 'Russian Aviation Corporation MiG'. By the same provision Nikolai Nikitin was appointed the corporation's general director and general designer. A number of companies and design agencies were excluded from the aviation holding. The base of the corporation consists of AKB named after Mikoyan, Industrial centre named after Voronin, Lukhovitsy mechanical engineering plant (Moscow Region), Kalyazin mechanical engineering plant (Tver Region). 'Krasny Oktyabr' joint-stock company (Saint-Petersburg), 'Aviatest' research enterprise and 'Pribor' joint-stock companies (both from Rostov-na Donu), Perm instrumental engineering firm joint-stock company and Ryazan instrumental engineering plant will stay in the corporation.

Until the adoption of a decision on the formation of 'Kamov Helicopters' Association, the helicopter OKB named after Kamov will also stay in the corporation. The Kamov company is likely to form an independent helicopter-building corporation, specifically capable of competing with the US Sikorsky company.

Employment: 12 companies of VPK MAPO employed a total of 60,000 people

Other participants included:

  • Kamov firm (development and production of helicopters)
  • V.Ya.Klimov Plant (develpment and production of engines)
  • Tushino Machine-building Design Bureau 'Soyuz'
  • Moscow Machine-building Enterprise named after V.V.Chernyshyov
  • Machine-building Enterprise "Krasnyy Oktyabr"
  • State Ryazan' Instrument Plant
  • Perm' Instrument-building Company
  • OKB 'Elektroavtomatika'
  • 'Pribor' Association
  • 'Aviatest' Scientific and Technical Enterprise



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