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Western Military District

Western Military District (WEST - ZVO) was established in September 2010 in accordance with the presidential decree of 20 September 2010 on the basis of two military regions - Moscow and Leningrad. The structure also includes WEST Northern and Baltic Fleets and the 1st Air Force and Air Defense Command.

Currently, the army and the cooling zone are deployed in the administrative borders of the three federal regions (North-West, Central and parts of the Volga) in the 29 subjects of the Russian Federation. District headquarters is located in St. Petersburg, in a historic complex of the General Staff at the Palace Square. Western Military District - the first county formed in the new system of military-administrative division of the Russian Federation.

As part of the troops WEST are units and formations totaling over 400 thousand soldiers, representing about 40% of the total population of the Armed Forces. WEST subordinate to the commander of all deployed in the district military formations of species and genera of the RF Armed Forces, with the exception of the Strategic Missile Forces and the Forces Aerospace Defense. In addition, the operational control of its military forces are the Interior Ministry, the FSB Border Troops, as well as part of the MOE and other ministries and departments, performing tasks within the county.

A number of military units and formations of the Western Military District were reformed to divisions. In particular, the decision of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation on the basis of military units stationed in Moscow, recreated Taman Guards Order of the October Revolution Red Banner Order of Suvorov and motorized infantry Kantemyrivs'ka Order of Lenin Red Banner Tank Division. The basis for their formation are, respectively, the 5th Separate Motorized Infantry and the 4th Independent Tank Brigade, which will include a number of other military units. Divisions returned to their historical names, and calculations of compounds gala will take part in the upcoming Victory Day parade on Red Square has a new militant banner.

The personnel of these compounds are actively taking their armament of new weapons and military equipment. Combat training in the summertime training of military units of the Taman motorized rifle and tank divisions Kantemirovsky will be held for the new staff structure and staffing of new types of weapons and military equipment.

In addition, the Defense Ministry is currently underway to revive the names of the most famous regiments, military units, previous eras in the Russian Defense Ministry is carried out in the framework of the orders of the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin, in the annual message of the President of the Federal Assembly December 12, 2012. Thus, the decree of the President of the Russian army in two military units - 154-th separate commandant regiment and the 130th Motorized Rifle Brigade - honorary names, respectively, Preobrazhensky [Transfiguration] and Semenov regiment.

In 2015 the Russian Defense Ministry was in the process of creating new, expanded armies. In the Western Military District (created in 2010 on the basis of the Moscow and Leningrad military districts and the Northern and Baltic Fleets with headquarters in St. Petersburg) there has been created the 6th Leningrad Air Force and Air Defense Army. Its area of responsibility includes 2 million square kilometers of airspace and 3,000 kilometers of the state border. It is armed with Sukhoi Su-34, Su-35S and Su-30MS jets, Kamov Ka-52, Mil Mi-28N, Mi-35, and Mi-MTV5 helicopters, and S-300, S-400 and Pantsir-S air defense systems.

As the Defense Ministrys press-service and information department said on 10 August 2015, the 6th air force and air defense army "incorporates units subordinate to the 1st Air Force and Air Defense command stationed in the 28th territories of the northwestern and central federal districts. Among them there are fighter, bomber, military transport and army aviation units and also radio-technical and air defense missile units."

Also, the Western Military District has formed the 14th Air Force and Air Defense Army, with its area of responsibility consisting of 29 territories of Russia and more than 3,000 kilometers of the state border. It is armed with MiG-31BM interceptor fighters, Sukhoi Su-24M frontline bombers, Mil Mi-8AMTSH, Mi-24 and Mi-26 helicopters and S-300 PS air defense systems. As assistant to the districts commander, Yaroslav Roshchupkin, told TASS earlier, "the army includes units of the 2nd Air Force and Air Defence Command stationed in the Volga River area, the Urals and Siberia.

In the Western Military District the Defense Ministry planned to create a new tank army by December 1 and another, 20th combined army, would in fact be formed anew.

Leningrad Military District - History

The history of the Leningrad Military District (Leningrad Military District) began March 20, 1918, when it was formed the Petrograd Military District. In 1924 it was renamed in Leningrad. In 1922, the troops of the county took part in the defeat of White Finnish troops who invaded in Karelia, and in 1939-1940. - In the Soviet-Finnish War. Moreover, in the first stage (before the North-Western Front) leadership in the war fighting headquarters of the Leningrad Military District exercised.

Since the beginning of the Great Patriotic War LenVO management was reorganized in the field command of the northern front, which is August 23, 1941 has been divided into Karelia and Leningrad fronts. Field management of the North, and then Leningrad fronts at the same time continued to serve the military district administration. The fronts were bloody battles with German troops defended Leningrad and participated in the removal of its blockade.

After the end of World War II has been re-established Leningrad Military District. In the formation of his administration involved field command of the Leningrad front. The troops in the short term have been translated into peace establishment, then proceeded to the systematic combat training. In 1968, for his contribution to strengthening the power of the state and its armed defense for success in combat training and in connection with the 50th anniversary of the Armed Forces of the USSR, Leningrad Military District was awarded the Order of Lenin. Since May 1992, the troops of the Leningrad Military District were included in the set up of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (Armed Forces).

Moscow Military District (MVO) was founded May 4, 1918 During the Civil War and military intervention in Russia (1917-1922). Preparing personnel for all fronts, supplied the Red Army with various types of weapons and materiel. On the territory of the Moscow Military District there were a large number of military academies, schools, courses and schools that only in 1918-1919. prepared and sent to the fronts of about 11 thousand commanders.

With the start of World War II on the basis of MBO was formed field command of the Southern Front, led by Commander-in-Chief Gen. IV Tyulenev. Order of the Supreme High Command of 18 July 1941 at the same time became the headquarters of the Moscow Military District headquarters created Mozhaiskaya front line of defense. Along with this, CVM carried out extensive work on the formation and training of reserve units and units for active fronts. Also in Moscow, was formed 16 divisions militia, entered into by 160 thousand volunteers. After the defeat of the German troops near Moscow CVM continued shaping and fitting of units and formations of all arms, the supply of the army weapons, military equipment and other supplies.

All the years of the Great Patriotic War in Moscow Military District was formed by front-line 3, 23 and 11 army corps offices, 128 divisions, 197 teams and sent 4,190 troops to the existing propulsion units totaling about 4.5 million people.

After the war, stationed in the territory of the Moscow Military District elite military units, most of which were honorable names Guards. District retained its importance as a major source of mobilization of resources, is the largest base of military command personnel. In 1968, for his contribution to strengthening the defense capability of the state and progress in combat training district was awarded the Order of Lenin. After the collapse of the Soviet Union joined the CVM formed the Armed Forces.

Exercises

2013

  • May 11-15, in the waters of the Barents and Norwegian Seas held a joint Russian-Norwegian exercise "Pomor-2013." From the Russian Navy took part in it a large anti-submarine ship of the Northern Fleet, "Vice-Admiral Kulakov".
  • June 5-6 - joint Russian-Norwegian naval exercise "Barents 2013" on working search and rescue of persons in distress at sea. From the Northern Fleet of Russia on the teachings brought rescue tug SB-523 ship, IL-38 and Mi-8 helicopter.
  • September 20-26 - a joint Russian-Belarusian strategic exercise "West 2013". On the territory of the Russian troops practiced joint operations on polygons and Khmelevka Pravdinsky in the Kaliningrad region, and in Belarus -. At landfills Brest, Gozhsky and Obuz-Lesnaya. Total in Russia in the teaching was attended by about 9.4 thousand. Russian military personnel and more than 200 Belarusian servicemen. It involved about 180 pieces of equipment, including 10 tanks, 40 aircraft and 10 ships of the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Navy.

2014

  • February 26 - March 3 passed a sudden comprehensive inspection of combat readiness and operational-tactical exercises of the Western Military District, the 2nd Army of the Central Military District, command of the troops aerospace defense, the Airborne Troops, distant and military transport aircraft. They were attended by about 150 thousand. Soldiers, more than 1,200 pieces of military equipment, up to 90 aircraft, more than 120 helicopters, 880 tanks and up to 80 ships. March 3 the progress of bilateral tactical exercise with the 138th separate motorized rifle brigade of the 6th Army ZVO and the 104th Airborne Assault Regiment of the 76th Guards Air Assault Airborne Division at Training Ground Kirillov watched Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.
  • 22 May in the Northern Fleet of the Russian Navy conducted a sudden inspection of combat readiness of naval aviation anti-submarine forces. Steps sudden introductory tasks crews worked 4 anti-IL-38 and Tu-142 SF naval aviation. It also involved the teaching of 3 supersonic all-weather fighter-interceptor MiG-31 Air Base Command of the 1st Air Force and air defense, anti-submarine forces carried out the cover in the area of ??tasks.
  • June - teaching groups of troops (forces) on the operational direction of Kaliningrad. Held simultaneously with the teachings of the NATO Saber Strike 2014 and BALTOPS 2014. According to the Defense Ministry, the number of draws to the teachings in the Kaliningrad region. manpower and resources was comparable to the number of personnel, weapons and military equipment involved in border exercises conducted by NATO countries.

2015

  • 16-21 March - spot checks of combat readiness of the Northern Fleet of the Russian Navy, the individual compounds of the Western Military District, and the Airborne Troops. By checking the 38 thousand. Soldiers, 3,360 units of armaments and military equipment, 41 warship, 15 submarines, 110 aircraft and helicopters were involved. The main task of a sudden inspection was to assess the readiness capabilities of forces (troops) of the Northern Fleet to perform tasks of ensuring military security of the Russian Federation in the Arctic region.
  • 23-28 August at the site and the airport Struga Red Crosses in the Pskov region. Joint exercises of the Collective Rapid Response Forces (CRRF) of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) "Cooperation". It was attended by 2 thousand. Members of national military contingents of the Russian armed forces of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, more than 200 pieces of weapons were involved, military and special equipment, as well as up to 40 aircraft and helicopters.
  • 10-16 September at the military firing ranges of the Western Military District of Kirillov (. Leningrad region) and Struga Red (. Pskov region) passed a Russian-Belarussian operational exercise "Shield of the Union - 2015". During the active phase of the exercises more than 8 thousand. Soldiers of both countries have fulfilled the task of keeping the joint mobile defense with the transition to the offensive. It involved more than 400 weapons and military vehicles, 80 combat aircraft and helicopters.
  • October 29 - a sudden check the combat readiness of the Black Sea Fleet naval aviation. It involved 15 aircraft and helicopters, which are more than 20 missions carried out during the day.
  • 29 October - 5 November - sudden readiness test compounds naval aviation and air defense forces of the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Navy.

2016

  • February 8-12 - spot checks YUVO readiness of troops and command and control systems CVO. It was carried out on the territory of the Southern Military District and the CVO, in the waters of the Black and Caspian Seas. Just maneuvers within the boundaries YUVO attended to 8.5 thousand. Soldiers, 900 pieces of military equipment were involved in 50 combat ships, 200 aircraft and helicopters.
  • 14-22 June - spot checks of combat and mobilization readiness of military control bodies and the individual depots of weapons and military equipment of all military districts.
  • August 16-19 - the teachings of the CSTO Collective Rapid Response "Interaction" in the Pskov region. The maneuvers attended by about 6 thousand. Soldiers, more than 50 aircraft and helicopters.
  • August 25-31 - spot checks of combat readiness of the Russian Federation Armed Forces . Participated troops of the Southern, Central and Western military districts, as well as the Northern Fleet, the Black Sea Fleet and the Caspian Flotilla, Aerospace forces and airborne troops.
  • 5-10 September - strategic command-staff exercises "Caucasus-2016" . Gone in the Southern Military District. At different stages of the exercise was attended by about 120 thousand people, but at the same time in the exercises in the southern regions of Russia not more than 12.5 thousand were employed.




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