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Military


"Tam Gde My, Tam Pobeda"
"Where we are, there is victory!"

Naval Infantry [Morskoy Pekhoty]
Land and Coastal Troops of the Navy

The Marine Corps (MP) is a highly mobile branch of the coastal forces of the Russian Navy, designed and specially prepared for combat operations as part of sea, air-sea, airborne assault forces; defense of naval bases, bases, important sections of the coast and coastal facilities. Marines landed on the shore with the landing ships and boats , including - in armored personnel carriers afloat or desantiruyutsya aircraft ship and land-based fire support at sea and air.

The naval infantry of Russia - "Black Berets" - is an elite of the Armed Forces. Naval infantry includes the division of the Pacific Fleet, the detached brigades of the Northern and Baltic Fleets and of the Caspian Military Flotilla, and the detached regiment of the Black Sea Fleet. SPUTNIK is the name of the Arctic Ocean Northern Fleet Marine Main Naval Base.

Although similar in mission to the United States Marine Corps, which numbers approximately 240,000 active and reserve Marines, the Russian Naval Infantry is much smaller, numbering 12,000-men, the tenth largest Marine Corps in the world. There is one naval infantry regiment attached to each of the major Russian fleets. Russian military doctrine calls for the naval infantry to be used as shock troops spearheading an assault that would be followed up by ground forces.

The modest size of this force itself presents serious limitations. The naval infantry regiment possesses neither the combat power nor the support necessary to sustain itself in a major conflict. The strength of a naval infantry regiment approximates that of a US Marine amphibious unit which has a reinforced infantry battalion as the ground component. The size of the total naval infantry force, is approximately less than a US Marine infantry division. The Russian Naval Infantry has very little organic firepower or support, and if committed to combat it would require reinforcement within less than a week. Without reinforcement the naval infantry appears limited to conducting small-scale spoiling attacks, limited objective attacks, or World War II-type commando raids.

The marines are universal in terms of landing methods. The nature of the actions of subunits during operations in airborne assault forces determines their preparation for use in three environments: on land, on water and in the air. At the end of 2020, there has been a significant increase in the number of amphibious training classes, the marines practiced landing on an unequipped sea coast, in port areas, including along the water area of ??the Northern Sea Route.

The training of marine specialists is carried out at the Marine Corps Faculties at the Far Eastern Higher Combined Arms Command School (where platoon commanders are trained) and the Ryazan Guards Higher Airborne Command School named after I. General of the Army V.F. Margelova (training personnel for service in airborne assault battalions and reconnaissance units).

In addition, the Marine units are trained at the Marine Corps Training Center, which is structurally part of the 907th Joint Training Center of the Russian Navy in the Leningrad Region. More than 750 people from all formations and units of the marines of the fleets are trained there annually - more than 40 groups for various purposes. In 2020, the training center trained about 600 marines to perform tasks as part of anti-terror groups on board ships and vessels of the Russian Navy.

The winding paths of the fate of the Russian marines ran between the riflemen of the ship "Orel", the firstborn of the Russian fleet, and individual naval battalions during the First World War. During its existence, it has known both triumphs and oblivion. Victorious naval landings during the Northern and Russian-Turkish wars of the 18th century. were replaced by the dull garrison everyday life after the Patriotic War of 1812 and the foreign campaign of 18131814, then - the take-off to the Sevastopol land and rest until the victorious 18771878. The failed campaign of 19041905. in no way diminished the glory of the heroes of Port Arthur, but then - complete dissolution in the army and navy mass until the Great War of 19141917, when the marines for the last time, but loudly declared themselves on the eve of the October days.

Being a universal military, the marines at different times and due to a number of circumstances, or rather thanks to them, performed the functions of sailors, fought in the trenches together with "land" personnel, established crossings, were engaged in mines. The number of the Marine Corps has always been small, but this has not diminished its importance as a special kind of troops in Russian military history. Despite the fact that it was at times underestimated and simply abolished, in the course of wars, regardless of their scale, the marines were reborn and honorably manifested themselves in hostilities.

In 1956, the Marine Corps was disbanded. And, as they later admitted, it was a wrong decision. The revival of the marines began in the early 60s. In 1963, the Marine Guards Regiment was formed in the Baltic Fleet, then in the Pacific Fleet, in 1966 - in the Northern Fleet, and in 1967 - in the Black Sea Fleet. The Marines are a special unified type of troops not only for the Navy, but also for the Russian Armed Forces. Its main purpose is amphibious assault. "Black Berets" protect naval bases both from land and sea. They know how to fight both in the city and in the area of ??quays and port facilities.

Currently, Russian Marine Corps units perform special tasks as part of the operation of the Russian Armed Forces in Syria. So, in 2015, they guarded the Syrian airfield Khmeimim, where the air group of the Russian Aerospace Forces is based. During the existence of the Marine Corps, 113 people became Heroes of the Soviet Union and full holders of the Order of Glory and 22 - Heroes of Russia.




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Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:23:17 ZULU