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MiG-19 FARMER - Program

The pace of development of a series of new aircraft in the 1950s corresponded to that of wartime. The first flight of the "true" prototype of the MiG-19, SM-9/1, was carried out in January 1954, and July 3, 1955 on the air parade in Tushino was attended by a group MiG-19s.

In the USSR, the fighter regiment armed with the MiG-19 were in the Air Force, Air Defense Aviation [PVO] and Naval Aviation. In total, MiG-19 of various modifications received a total of about 60 regiments.

The history of the MiG-19 began with a meeting in the Kremlin, July 30, 1950, in which Stalin raised the question of creating a fighter with a range greater than that of the MiG-15 and MiG-17. It was decided to develop two twin-engine airplanes: all-weather interceptor with a powerful onboard radar (the Yak-25) and maneuverable tactical fighter with a high rate of climb and flight range. The development of the latter was assigned to OKB-155 Mikoyan. By this time in EDO AA Mikulin was finalizing a new turbojet AM-5 with an axial compressor, which was decided to set in the prospective fighter.

The flying laboratory SM-1 (I-340) was created to accelerate the engine refinement on the basis of the MiG-17F in 1951. On August 10, 1951 a decree of the USSR was issued to develop a supersonic fighter SM-2 (I-360). The work was headed by deputy chief designer A.G.Brunov. SM-2 differed swept wing (55 to 45) and a smaller extension with a lengthened fuselage. In 1952, the two aircraft SM-2 were built. SM-2/1 first took to the sky May 24, 1952 (test pilot G.A.Sedov). On it the speed of 1192 km / h was achieved. September 28, 1952 made the first flight of the SM-2/2.

Tests in 1952-1953 revealed a lack of capacity of the AM-5F engine. On August 15, 1953 a decree was issued on the establishment of the USSR #2181-887 tactical fighter with AM-9 engines. The AM-9 with afterburner and ejectors (in a series of RD-9B) was similar to AM-5 in size, which allowed the release of the documentation on the prototype of the SM-9 in a short time. At the end of 1953, three prototypes were built, differing from the SM-2 form and area of the vertical stabilizer.

On January 5, 1954 G.A.Sedov first raised the SM-9/1 to the sky. In the second flight, he exceeded the speed of sound in it. In September 1954, SM-9/1 was submitted to the state tests.

Even before the end of the test there began preparation for mass production (Order of MAP from 17 February 1954, the Decree of the USSR #2139-1010 from 15 October 1954) at two plants: #21 in Gorky and #153 Novosibirsk. In March 1955 the first MiG-19 began arriving in Kubinka.

By 1956, the MiG-19 aircraft began arriving in the forces of the frontline aviation, naval air defense and air force (about 60 regiments). Initially they were deployed only on the territory of the USSR. At the end of the 1950s the first MiG-19 appeared in the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany [GSVG].

The MiG-19 began mass-production in 1955 and became one of the main planes of the Soviet air force and air defense forces. After the MiG-21, it was by some estimates the most widely mass produced jet aircraft in the world. A total of approximately 8,500 MiG-19s [by one estimate] were produced, mainly in the USSR, but also in the Peoples Republic of China as the Shenyang J-6 and in Czechoslovakia as the Avia S-105. At least 2069 aircraft were built in Russia, 103 in Czechoslovakia and a large number in China.

The Shenyang J-6 remained a staple of the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army Air Force, and was also developed into the Nanchang Q-5 (NATO reporting name Fantan) attack aircraft.

MiG-19 variants of front-line fighter and interceptor European were widely supplied to allies of the USSR: Afganistan, Albania, Bulgaria, China, Cuba, Czechoslovakia (in addition to the licensed S-105), Egypt, Germany, Hungary, Indonesia, Iraq, North Korea, North Vietnam, Pakistan, Poland, Romania and Syria.

All Soviet-built MiG-19 variants are single-seaters only. Although the Chinese developed the JJ-6 trainer version of the Shenyang J-6, the Soviets believed that the MiG-19s handling was easy enough that no special conversion trainer was needed (other than the MiG-15UTI). The combat F-6 doubles as the FT-6 trainer, which was widely supplied to export - Pakistan, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Cambodia, North Korea, Iraq, Tanzania, Zambia, Sudan, Somalia, Albania.

In production, the aircraft design was constantly improved. In addition, there are many series of modifications experienced for testing of various systems and weapons.

Albania 15 MiG-19PM, 70 F-6
Afghanistan 18 MiG-19C
Bangladesh 40 F-6
Bulgaria 24 MiG-19C, 12 MiG-19P, 13 MiG-19PM
Cambodia 16 F-6
China 5 MiG-19P, 5 MiG-19PM
Cuba 40 MiG-19C
Czechoslovakia 12 MiG-19C, 27 MiG-19P, 33 MiG-19PM
East Germany 12 MiG-19C, 12 MiG-19PM
Egypt 160 MiG-19C, 100 F-6
Hungary 12 MiG-19PM
Indonesia 40 MiG-19F
Iraq 15 MiG-19C, 40 F-6
Iran 24 F-6
Korea 15 MiG-19C, 100 F-6
Pakistan 260 F-6
Poland 12 MiG-19P, 13 MiG-19PM
Romania 15 MiG-19P 45 MiG-19PM
Somalia 50 F-6
Sudan 9 F-6
Syria 40 MiG-19C
Tanzania 12 F-6
Vietnam 78 F-6
Zambia 12 F-6

The career of the MiG-19 in Soviet national aviation was short. In the USSR, the MiG-19 was superseded by the MiG-21. Rearming with more modern types, interceptors Yak-25 and MiG-21 began in the first half of 1960 and in early 1970 of the combat units of the MiG-19 had disappeared everywhere. In the early 1970s in the Soviet Air Force began a massive replacement of the MiG-19 to more modern Su-15 and MiG-25, but in some parts, they continued to operate until 1989.

Most countries removed the MiG-19 weapons in the mid-1970s. Pakistan Air Force organized a solemn farewell of his F-6 in March 2002. Air China officially removed from service J-6 in 2010. Bangladesh Air Force continue to operated the double-seat FT-6.

The FT / F-6 continued to serve in the North Korean Air Force. The Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK) [aka North Korea], had one of the worlds largest standing military forces. The dominant airframes in its air force are derivatives of the Mig-17 and Mig-19, which first entered Soviet service in the 1950s. Yonhap agency reported 30 July 2014 that the North Korean Defense Ministry had decided to retire the entire line of MiG-19s, the oldest generation in the country's military.




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Page last modified: 14-02-2016 20:07:24 ZULU