Mig-19 vs F-100
Late in 1951 in the United States, John Stack of the Langley laboratory, one of the world's leading authorities on high speed research and twice recipient of the Collier trophy, prepared a VIP briefing on "NACA research potential and current and future needs." Relying on intelligence reports from Korea and the Soviet Union, Stack extrapolated the observed performance of the Russian MIG-15 (about mach 1) and the reported performance of the MiG-19 (at least mach 1.5) and concluded that the Soviets had aircraft capable of operating at still higher speeds.
"We are lagging," he concluded, partly "because of the common but erroneous concept of the Russians as a backward peasantry deficient to the extreme in the industrial arts." He thanked "the Providence of the Korean 'Police Action" for revealing to the U.S. that the Soviets after World War II had engaged in an enormous aeronautical research effort far outstripping that of the United State. One NACA staff member counseled that Stack depict this as the "same story as mid-thirties Hitler effort," which in fact it did resemble.
Stack used speed, "the prime requisite for military superiority over the enemy's airplanes," to demonstrate how far the United States was behind. He divided-the modern history of flight into three periods. In the subsonic period (from 1925 to 1945) speeds increased from about 150 miles per hour to 500 miles per hour, or about 16.5 miles per hour per year. In the transonic era (from 1946 to 1951) speeds of U.S. planes rose to 680 miles per hour, increasing at an annual rate of almost twice the subsonic era. But this was slow by a third to match the MiG-15, less than half the rate necessary to match the MiG-19. Stack's case was riddled with dubious assumptions and specious logic, but it clearly revealed the thinking of the NACA: the Korean War would lead to renewed expansion.
The debut flight of the first batch of domestic supersonic MiG-19 took place January 5, 1954. It was intended for the air defense forces. In the year before was the first American serial supersonic fighter, the F-100. However, the in service dates for these two fighters were taken almost simultaneously.
With specific regard to air combat MiG-19 fighters with the US, that came in the mid 1960s. And those taking part were not Soviet-made machines and their replicas of the Chinese J-6. And they have fought with aircraft of later development - Phantoms F-4. The score was a draw - 7: 7.
The same age as the MiG-19, the first American serial supersonic fighter F-100 Super Sabre entered service with the US Air Force in 1954 For the most part, it was used as a fighter-bomber. But it is also used as a scout and interceptor, attack and "pure" fighter. Strictly speaking, the operation of the F-100 has begun in line units in 1953. However, due to the vast number of accidents due to technical failure car was removed from the flight for the whole year for significant improvement. And only a year later the aircraft has resumed operation.
The most intensive aircraft was used as a bomber in Vietnam. By coincidence, unknown to the Comunists, the F-100 did not take part in air battles with either the MiG-19, or with J-6. There was only one case where the F-100 victory over the MiG-17. At the same time, the Americans lost in Vietnam more than two dozen of these aircraft. They were easy targets for Soviet SAMs. Several aircraft were lost due to engine failures.
The F-100 featured a good maneuverability. But the American plane was somewhat inferior to the MIG-19 in maneuverability - both vertical (thrust-bearing lower) and in a horizontal plane. The MiG-19 had a higher ceiling and rate of climb, and maximum speed. But the Mig-19 was inferior in range and in the missile and bomb load.
The MiG-19 is probably the better interceptor, although the AAM selection wasn't very good and the AA-1 was certainly not a dogfighting weapon. The AIM-9's on the F-100 were relatively decent in a dogfight, especially compared to the AA-1. The F-100 was never a slouch and was a fairly good dogfighter until airplanes like the MiG-21 completely outclassed it.
Apparently the F-100 and the MiG-19 (in its J-6 form) never actually met one another in combat. The MiG-19 did score some kills against more modern USAF and USN fighters, but most of the F-100 operations stayed down south. The F-100 only had one air-to-air kill during the entire Vietnam War which was a MiG-17, which reflectrf the entrance of the F-4 and F-105 into the conflict.
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