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Russian Maritime Doctrine - 2015

Moscow introduced a new naval doctrine in July 2015. The Arctic, the Atlantic and Crimea as well as cooperation with China in the Pacific are now among the most important interests of Russia. According to the document, Crimea, the Arctic and the Atlantic and as well as cooperation between Russia and China in the Pacific are becoming main priorities for Russia. Russia has been gradually expanding its military and economic presence in the mineral-rich region for many years. Moscow is interested in the oil and gas reserves that are said to lie in the depths of the Arctic ice. Russia is also planning to build a fleet of nuclear-powered icebreakers. According to Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, the first new icebreaker will be launched in 2017.

The document was drafted in 2014 and approved by Russian President Vladimir Putin. The new naval doctrine has become Russia's response to the conflict with the West. The fundamental principles of the document are based on the military doctrine, which Russia adopted in December 2014. The conflict in Ukraine and NATO's eastward expansion were indicated as major "threats to Russia's security," the magazine recalled. The new naval doctrine also reflects the reunification of Crimea with Russia. Moreover, the document stresses the importance of friendly relations between Russia and China and their cooperation in the Pacific region. As stated by Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, the new naval strategy will help the Kremlin create an effective counterbalance to US hegemony in the world, the magazine wrote.

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said that the reasons for the adoption of the new maritime doctrine were changes in the international political situation and the objective strengthening of Russia as a great naval power. Russias new maritime doctrine will lay the legal foundation for maritime activities, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said 26 July 2015 We expect work to roll out in the near future to draft legislation on public administration of maritime activity on the basis of the maritime doctrine, Rogozin said.

Russia's Maritime Doctrine was adopted by Russian President Vladimir Putin. "The president announced today that he approved the Maritime Doctrine," Rogozin said. According to the deputy prime minister, the amendments to the doctrine are the result of the changes in the political situation in the world. "The reasons for the adoption of the new doctrine are changes in the international political situation and the objective strengthening of Russia as a great naval power," Rogozin said He added that the new law will coordinate and consolidate works between the Russian federal governments Marine Board and local maritime councils. The newly amended version of the doctrine calls for the "provision of sufficient Russian naval presence in the Atlantic Ocean."

"The determining factor in relations with NATO remains the alliances unacceptable to Russia plans to advance its military infrastructure to [Russian] borders," the doctrine reads. In the Black and Azov seas, the bases of national maritime policy are the accelerated recovery and comprehensive strengthening of Russias strategic positions, [as well as] the maintenance of peace and stability in the region, according to the doctrine. The regional section of Russias national maritime policy calls for ensuring sufficient naval presence of the Russian Federation in the [Mediterranean] region on a permanent basis. As part of the strategic framework, the doctrine also calls for the improvement of the Black Sea Fleet and its infrastructure in Crimea and coastal Krasnodar Territory.

Independent shipbuilding made its first appearance in the new Maritime Doctrine as part of Russias national marine policy. It calls for long-term technological independence in the fields of shipbuilding and naval equipment in accordance with the state armament program. Rogozin linked the new shipbuilding section to the growth of this industry in Russia over the past 10-15 years on a par with the Soviet era. Russia has been pressing ahead with efforts to develop its Arctic territories, including hydrocarbon production and development of the Northern Sea Route, which is gaining importance as an alternative to traditional routes from Europe to Asia. The country has also boosted its military presence in the area. Dmitry Rogozin said in April 2015 that Russia was going to invest 222 billion rubles ($4.3 billion) in its Arctic development program in 2015-2020.




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