Project 1914 Zodiac - Marshal Nedelin class
Marshal Nedelin class space event ships could also perform the functions of electronic surveillance ships. Tracking ship Project 1914 (code "Zodiac", in the codification of NATO : English. Marshal Nedelin class) - Ship Measuring Complex type of tracking ship (KIK - korablya izmeritelnogo kompleksa) in the Soviet Navy. The project was designed to expand the range of problems solved by the Navy. It added to the existing problem areas the survey splashdown of spacecraft and warheads for their search and evacuation or destruction. And, very importantly, significantly increased the capacity of ships for the maritime search and rescue operations. New progress has been reconnaissance capabilities ships.
Measuring the parameters of space and rocket vehicles produced in an unstable environment, the ocean, so the design of the ship there was a very important deformation measuring system housing "Radian" and gyrostabilization system "Alpha". Channels measuring "Radian" pass along the sides and across the body - the longitudinal and transverse strain and bending the body. In the form of amendments, these parameters are linked to the coordinate center of the ship, the so-called central control point and all of it is carried out coordinate calculation for antenna systems.
The ship is well equipped with modern navigational aids. Etc. 1914 is equipped with a satellite navigation system, with on "Marshall Nedelina" it was done for the first time for the surface ships of the USSR. In the transition in 1984 to Kamchatka it has been tested a unique navigation system "Scandium", developed by Research Navigation and Hydrography Institute in Leningrad . It provides navigation radar "Volga" and "Vaigach".
The Navy received the first twin-screw ship of this purpose. Pretty powerful surveillance tool enables additional and various tasks. There was a radar "Topaz" (in the "Marshal Krylov" - " Frigate "), NRS "Volga", two sets of NRS "Vaigach". In addition, the ship was equipped with a regular means of sonar: sonar complex MGK-335 "Platinum", descends to the foot CEO of MG-349 "Oh," and the two sets of detection stations divers MG-7 "Bracelet". The ship has three masts: foresail, mainsail and mizzen. If foremast was small, the grot- and mizzen-mast had interior. There are two pools for the crew: one on the upper deck, or rather on the superstructure deck of the third tier, and the other - in the gym. After one of the ship's repairs at "Dalzavod" there was another pool - officers in the bath in the medical unit. The hull consists of 281 frames with the frame spacing of 600-800 mm, 14 compartments.
Tracking ship historically stood at the forefront of the use of naval aviation. Project 1914 had two helicopters Ka-27 (with telemetry equipment) with the possibility of their storage and maintenance in separate hangars, which were equipped with all the safety and convenience of use of helicopters. All operations with helicopters are fully automated, and on helicopter deck housed the emergency command post, where he was head of the fly. For the first time appeared on Kickaha automated navigation and landing system for "Drive-In" helicopters.
The ship had a staff of rocket and artillery armament: on the tank were two units TCB-12 with ammunition 120 shells lighting "Light". In addition, the designers have provided the ability to install six 30 mm gun mounts AK-630M - 4 at the rear and 2 in the nose with two fire "Vimpel-A" control radars. In addition to the two main propellers of controllable pitch diameter of 4 900 mm "Marshal Nedelin" had two retractable rudder propeller (Unified Deep- Water System 500, the diameter of the screw 1 500 mm) and two thrusters PU-500A (diameter of the screw 1 500 mm). Moreover, with the help Unified Deep- Water System ship could travel at speeds up to 6 knots. The bow of the ship was located bulb with sonar resonator. Initially, the ship had three anchors weighing 11 tons: left, right and aft. But during the trial the anchor device incident occurred: this damage bulbs and designers have decided to shift the anchor fairlead left in the nose. "Marshal Krylov" this design feature was already beginning.
Boats were four enclosed lifeboats, a special boat for towing lander (in the "Marshal Krylov" this is not), a commander and a work boat. It is a unique board was lifting device for the evacuation of the descent capsule. That it was in 1992 used "Marshal Krylov" when working on the program "Europe-America-500" during a visit to Seattle for lifting the container, launched from the cosmodrome Plesetsk. The standard tools, Project 1914 was also part of the car ZIL-131 , fitted on the superstructure deck of Stage 1 of the left side.
In the first tier superstructure, its bow was a complex of buildings called "Medblok". It is composed of operating room, X-ray room, dental office, procedural, two astronauts cabin. This allowed almost entirely to provide the necessary medical care of the crew in the ocean. There was a club with a balcony and a stage, a gym with swimming pool and showers, sauna personnel, library, Lenin's cabin, Office, hairdresser, ship shop, dining room and two mess. In the future, one of the premises of the superstructure tier 1 was converted into a hall of weightlifting. Slightly different set of premises, etc. 1914.1 -. His near wardroom officers located billiard room. On "Marshall Nedelina" billiard table stood in the salon wardroom officers.
The crew had a very good living conditions. Sleeping places: for 104 officers, 86 warrant officers and 252 sailors and petty conscripts. The sailors and petty officers were placed in a 4-bed cabins with separate sink and cabinets for personal belongings. Along the bulkheads there was a table and a sofa. Midshipman lived in double cabins with wash basin, junior officers in double cabins with shower, and the commanders of combat units in the superstructure of the 2nd tier - in single cabins. Command the ship was located in the block cabins: a room with a bedroom, a toilet and a conference room. In addition, the captain had his own salon, where he could invite guests to the ship for special occasions.
Tracking ship project in 1914 (project code number - "Zodiac") was designed by the famous Soviet designer Dmitry G. Sokolova in CDB "Baltsudoproekt" and built on the Leningrad Admiralty Association. The appearance of a ship of this class was quite a logical continuation of the development of military space forces and imposed by the arms race. Designers and main customer rightly took into account the experience of two decades of work tracking ship (KIK) and provided a significant expansion of the functional capabilities of the ship. It was the world's first tracking ship built on a special project, and the first test point, not ordered Strategic Missile Forces (RVSN), and the General Directorate of space assets (GUKOS).
The pr. 1914 technical capabilities of search and rescue astronauts were first developed. The search and rescue function of the ship as a whole was significantly redesigned. Initially, the ship's logbook was recorded - the big search-meter ship. On the board is written Measuring and Search Ship. This classification is not caught, but the essence of the destination of the ship identified accurately. The ship was very advanced reconnaissance.
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