Il-76 CANDID VARIANTSThe IL-76MD military transport aircraft was developed based on a mass manufactured IL-76M military transport aircraft. By virtue of strengthening the airplane main structural elements (e.g. frame, landing gear) the maximum take-off weight and commercial payload were increased. The aircraft is designed for air-mission landing (transportation) of personnel, weapons and military equipment, cargo, fuel and containers; air drop of personnel, weapons and military equipment and cargo. In order to provide for the INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION newly issued requirements for the noise and harmful substances emission levels the D 30KP engines are now being replaced with the more powerful and fuel-efficient PS-90A-76 engines. All these measures will increase the airplane economical efficiency.
The IL-76MD-90 military cargo aircraft is based on the IL-76MD and is meant for air landing and paradropping of personnel, military equipment as well as different goods. PC-90A-76 engines with higher capacity and efficiency are installed on the aircraft and meet all ICAO noise and emission requirements. The installation of the new engines raised considerably aircraft operating cost efficiency by: reducing cruise CFC by 12%; increasing range by 18%; reducing direct operating costs; and increasing payload while operating in hot-and-high airfields.
IL-76-MD-90 transport aircraft air-delivery capacity is 48 tons: it holds three air assault vehicles or 128 paratroopers, and in the two-level configuration - 225 persons with arms. Compared to its American analogue C-141, IL-76MD-90 benefits when used at shortened and unpaved airfields, and is capable of continuous standalone operation. During two months the aircraft is capable of performing combat missions far away of the base airfield being maintained by the crew only. With the fuel tank full, IL-76MD-90 may cross the territory of Russia without intermediate landing. Installation of a new PS-90A-76 engine allows not only increasing aircraft load-carrying capacity and flight range, but "updating" aircraft cockpit as well. Numerous pointer instruments are replaced with liquid crystal displays meeting the requirement of today to ergonomics and cockpit design.
In August 2004 Vladimir Mikhailov, Commander-in-Chief of RF Air Force said that at present, IL-76MD re-engining is the key direction of military-transport air fleet modernization. V.Mikhailov said that installation of Perm PS-90A-76 engines and new airborne equipment at IL-76MD aircraft will make the aircraft meet ICAO Stage 4 noise standards, improve its performance and enhance its combat readiness. Flight tests of IL-76MD-90 military-transport aircraft with Perm PS-90A-76 engines are scheduled for the beginning of 2005. Serial modernization of aircraft in use is scheduled for 2006.
The Russian air force unveiled its Ilyushin Il-76MD-90 strategic airlifter at the Moscow air show in August 2007. It is a refurbished standard Il-76MD. The new plane has Perm PS-90A76 turbofan engines, replacing the old version's NPO Saturn D-30KPs. The aircraft also features improved Leninets Kupol-76M avionics. Cruise speed is increased to 445 knots (825 kmph), maximum take-off weight is up to 210,000kg (460,000lb) and payload to 60,000kg, while fuel efficiency is up by 8 to 10 per cent. The aircraft also meets International Civil Aviation Organisation Chapter 4 requirements.
The IL-76MF aircraft is a modification of a mass manufactured IL-76MD military transport aircraft, and it is designed for the same tasks as the basic model of the aircraft. The IL-76MF provides for the following operations: transportation of personnel; transportation of wounded and sick personnel; transportation of weapons and military equipment; airdrop of personnel, weapons and military equipment and cargo; Unlike IL-76MD, the IL-76MF the length of the aircraft fuselage was enlarged by 6.6m; more powerful and efficient PS-90A-76 engines replaced the previously installed models; the integrated piloting and navigation equipment and aircraft systems were modified and updated; a new auxiliary power unit replaced the originally installed unit. Developed in the 1990s, the first flight of the prototype Il-76MF came in August 1995. Ten years later, in August 2005, this aircraft was signed the first contract: the construction of two IL-76MF with a lifetime supply in 2008-2009, ordered Jordan. TAPO has already produced several such aircraft.
The Il-76MF(TF) is the latest development of the popular cargo aircraft and features a 6.6 meter fuselage extension which increases the size of the cargo compartment by 1.3 to 1.5 times, while new PS-90A-76 turbofans each provide 16 tons of thrust. The lower fuel consumption of the new engines increase fuel efficiency by 30%, permitting a 25% increase in range. Furthermore, the additional power increases the maximum take-off weight to 210 tonnes and the payload to 52 ton. Noise and emission levels meet ICAO standard. The Il-76MD and Il-76TD are unique in their class and they can carry cargo weighing up to 50 tonnes over ranges of up to 4000 km.
In early 2003 the Ilyushin aviation complex completed the tests of the military transport plane Il-76MF with a prolonged cockpit and an enlarged cargo cabin. Since 1995, the single existing MF prototype had performed 1,500 test flights. Beginning with 01 May 2003, the Il-76MF was authorized for series production to be supplied to the Russian Air Force. VASO, which was previously selected for refitting a first batch of four Il-76MDs with PS-90A76 engines, will start building the Il-76MFs in 2005. The Russian air force has signed for 10 aircraft for delivery by 2010, while planning to take up to 100 units eventually. The Il-76MF fuselage is extended by 21.65 feet and its PS-90A engines replace older D-30KPs.
On 28 May 2003 Colonel O.V. Barmin, Chairman of RF Ministry of Defense Governmental Commission for the PS-90A-76 engine testing, presented AVIADVIGATEL leaders with a preliminary conclusion on the PS-90A-76 engine conformity to the requirements of the Ministry of Defense. The document is signed by Colonel-General V.S. Mikhailov, Air Forces Commander-in-Chief, and accords the right for engine mass-production. The PS-90A-76 will power new IL-76MF and IL-76TF aircraft; besides, it will be used to re-engine mass-produced IL-76MD and IL-76TD. At that time re-engining of two aircraft at Tashkent factory and one aircraft at Voronezh factory was underway.
- Il-76 'Candid-A' Prototype and pre-production cargo transport model
- Il-76T 'Candid-A' First production model with increased fuel capacity, built primarily for domestic and foreign civil operators
- Il-76TD 'Candid-A' Similar to the Il-76T but with uprated engines for improved takeoff performance at higher altitude and high temperature locations
- Il-76TD-90 Proposal to upgrade Il-76TD models with PS-90A12 turbofan engines
- Il-76M 'Candid-B' Military transport model able to carry tracked and wheeled vehicles, freight containers, or armed troops
- Il-76MD 'Candid-B' Improved military transport with uprated engines for improved takeoff performance at higher altitude and temperature locations [Indian designation: Galaraj ]
- Il-76MF Improved military transport with a lengthened fuselage for increased cargo capacity and more efficient engines to improve range by 25%
- Il-76CFM Proposal to re-engine older models with CFM56-5C2 turbofan engines to increase range
- Il-76MF-100 Variant of the Il-76MF equipped with CFM56-5C2 turbofan engines
- Il-76DMP, Il-76P or Il-76TP Firefighting model able to carry over 40 tons of water or fire retardant
- Il-76K/MDK/MDK-2 Il-76M airframes modified for zero-gravity cosmonaut training
- Il-76LL Test aircraft used for evaluating new engines; 6 converted
- Il-76MA Il-76M models rebuilt for various test purposes
- Il-76PP Electronic warfare model fitted with ECM and jamming equipment to serve as an escort for the A-50
- Il-76PS or Il-84 Search and rescue model; 1 built but cancelled in 1989
- Il-76PSD Proposal for an improved search and rescue model
- Il-76 Scalpel-MT Medical version equipped with three modules holding a surgical room and recovery room for a crew of 12 medical personnel, used as an emergency airborne hospital to evacuate injured troops from Afghanistan; 2 built
- Il-76TD-S Civilian version of the Il-76 Scalpel-MT
- Il-76SK Command post used for airborne tracking during flight testing
- Il-76VPK or Il-82 Former Aeroflot planes modified as airborne command posts with satellite communications gear as well as various fairings, strakes, and antennae; 2 converted
- Il-78 'Midas' In-flight refueling tanker based on the Il-76M and fitted with a refueling drogue on the left side of the rear fuselage
- Il-78M Improved version of the Il-78 with two additional refueling drogues located one under each wing
- Il-78MK Export version of the Il-78M
- Il-78V Il-78 model with modified refueling pods
- Il-476 New production model under development with a full digital flight control system, improved engines, and glass cockpit displays
- A-50 'Mainstay' Airborne early warning model based on the Il-76 and equipped with a rotating radome mounted atop the aft fuselage and a lengthened nose, built by Ilyushin and Beriev
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