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Coastal Missile-Artillery Forces (BRAV)

Coastal troops are designed to cover the forces of the fleets, troops, people and objects on the coast from the effects of enemy surface ships; defense of naval bases and other important fleet objects from land, including against naval and airborne assault forces; disembarkation and actions in marine, airborne assault forces; assisting ground forces in antiamphibious defense of amphibious areas of the coast; destruction of surface ships, boats and airborne vehicles in the zone of reach of weapons.

The coastal troops are military branch of the Russian Navy. The structure remained the same as in the years of the USSR. BV consists of two military branches: the Coastal Missile Forces and the Marine Corps, which are adapted for independently solving certain targets. Also, if necessary, they can interact with other parts and compounds. The main organizational units of the Fleet Coastal Forces are represented by brigades and battalions (divisions).

Coastal Forces (BV) - a branch of the forces of the Navy intended to cover the forces of fleets, troops, population and objects on the sea coast from the effects of enemy surface ships; defense of naval bases and other important naval facilities from land, including from sea and airborne assault forces; landings and operations in naval and airborne landings; assisting the ground forces in the anti-landing defense of airborne dangerous areas of the sea coast; the destruction of surface ships, boats and landing vehicles in the range of weapons.

Coastal troops include two types of troops: coastal missile and artillery troops and marines. Each branch of the army solves certain targets on its own and in collaboration with other branches of the BV and Navy forces, as well as with formations and units of other branches of the Armed Forces and military branches. The main organizational units of the BV are brigades, battalions (divisions). They are equipped with predominantly weapons and combined-arms type weapons. They are armed with coastal missile systems (DBK) anti-ship guided missiles, stationary and mobile artillery installations designed to destroy sea and ground targets, special (marine) reconnaissance equipment, etc.

Coastal Missile-Artillery Forces (BRAV - beregovye raketno artillerijskie vojska) is a branch of the coastal forces of the Navy. They include rocket units equipped with land stationary and mobile rocket complexes, as well as coastal artillery units. They are intended to destroy surface ships, airborne detachments and convoys of the enemy, cover base points, coastal fleet facilities, coastal sea lanes and groups of forces operating on coastal directions. In addition, they can be used to destroy enemy bases and ports.

The decision to form the Coastal Forces (BV) of the Navy as a new modern kind of force was taken in October 1989 on the basis of two separate types of forces existing in the Navy - coastal missile-artillery troops (BRAV) and marines (MP), with the transfer of naval forces parts of the land forces stationed on the coast. At the head of the newly created kind of forces in the fleet (flotilla, naval base) was the head of the Coastal Forces, and in the Main Command of the Navy - the head of the Coastal Forces of the Navy with the appropriate departments. In addition to coastal missile and artillery troops and marines in the BV included coast guard troops (UBO). Each branch of the military solves specific targets independently and in cooperation with other branches of the BV troops and naval forces, as well as formations and units of other branches of the Armed Forces. At that time, four motorized rifle divisions and four artillery formations, reorganized into coastal defense divisions, were transferred to the navy from the ground forces. But in the mid-1990s, these military units were disbanded.

By 2017 in the Russian Navy there was said to be only one active military unit of coastal defense - the 126th brigade deployed in the Crimea. It includes several motorized rifle and one tank battalion, artillery and anti-aircraft divisions, as well as reconnaissance and engineering-sapper units. The task of the 126th brigade was to defend the Black Sea Fleet and the Crimean coast bases from amphibious assault forces and the possible attack of a potential enemy from land. Also in August 2016, the Ministry of Defense announced the deployment of a new division, which will be engaged in the defense of Chukotka. It is noteworthy that its composition will include battalions, whose personnel will move on quad bikes.

The Russian military planned to deploy two new coastal defense units in the coastal areas of the Northern Sea Route (NSR). Their task is to ensure the safety of sections of the NSR route, as well as the adjacent coast. It is assumed that the new military units will not be lower than the level of the division, while one of the new units will be deployed on the Kola Peninsula on the basis of the coastal forces of the Northern Fleet.



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Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:21:23 ZULU