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BMD-2 Airborne Infantry Fighting Vehicle

The BMD-2 is a variant of the BMD-1 with a new one-man turret with the gunner seated on the left and a single piece circular front-opening hatch cover. Armament consists of a 30 mm 2A42 stabilized cannon, used for ground engagements and in the anti-aircraft/anti-helicopter role, and a 7.62 mm PKT machine gun mounted coaxial to the right. A launcher for an AT-4 Spigot or the longer-range AT-5 Spandrel ATGM mounted on the right side of the turret roof. The BMD-2 has a single 7.62 mm bow-mounted machine gun on the right side, with the machine gun port in the left side of the BMD-1 being eliminated.

The BMD-2 armored caterpillar floating landing vehicle is designed to conduct combat operations with armored vehicles and live enemy forces by airborne troops in all terrain and climatic conditions. They are transported by aircraft of military transport aviation (IL-76, AN-22 with landing altitude of 500-1500 m) and landing ships, as well as landing on parachute-reactive system PRSM 925 (916) by landing methods, the method of "tightening" from an extremely low height to the ground or water.

In 1983, the design bureau of the Volgograd Tractor Plant was tasked with creating an amphibious vehicle, with a 30-mm automatic cannon and the PTOG Fagot and Contest missile launcher. The new machine received the factory designation "object 916". A new single turret was developed. It installed a new automatic cannon 2A42 and a PKT machine gun coupled with it. Initially, two machine guns were installed. Later, already on the serial machines left only one (right) installation. The hull, the chassis and the power plant remained the same as on the BMD-1. The first machines were provided for military testing in 1984. The tests were successful and in 1985 BMD-2 was adopted.

BMD-2 has a welded body made of aluminum armor alloy, which protects the crew from 12.7 mm armor-piercing bullets in the frontal projection and provides circular protection from 7.62-mm bullets. The crew is 3 people and 4 people for landing. Above the hatch, installed above the driver, there are three observation devices TNPO-170A. Outside the body of the vehicle there are lights, a sound signal, parking lights, a wave shield, front and rear mudguards, water jet propellers, a radio station antenna, attachments for landing equipment, towing hooks, a towing device for the carriage of goods on a trailer and two boxes with spare parts. In addition, outside of the BMD are fixed: tarpaulin, pack equipment PU 9P135M, scrap, shovel and emergency buoy.

The turret mounts a 30 mm. automatic gun 2A42 with shooting modes of single and two automatic (at least 550 rounds / min or 200-300 rounds / min.). Recharge manually or with the help of PPL pyroclambers. The weapon stabilizer 2E36 was developed for BMP-2 and adapted for BMD-2, is also installed. For aiming at the target, the combined sight of BKK-1-42 (from March 1986 replaced to BOD-2-42), the day Sight of the PZU-8 and manual guidance drives is used.

For shooting cannon cartridges with armor-piercing-tracer (BT), fragmentation-tracer (OT) and fragmentation-futazo-incendiary (OFZ) shells are used. Cartridges with BT-projectiles are designed to fight lightly armored targets such as BMPs or BTRs and firing points at ranges up to 2000 m. Cartridges with OFZ- and OT-shells are designed to engage manpower, unarmored land targets at a range of 4000 m and low-flying air targets, flying at a subsonic speed, at an altitude of up to 2000 m and an inclined distance of 2500 m. The power of the gun is two-tape. The tapes are made up of individual links and fit into the food system store. In the front compartment of the store there is a tape for 100 rounds with armor-piercing tracer projectiles, in the rear compartment there is a belt for 200 cartridges with fragmentation-tracer and fragmentation-futazol incendiary shells. Also on the BMD-2 are two PKT machine guns. One is paired with a gun, and the other in a course installation on the starboard side.

The BMD-2 is equipped with a complex of guided missile weapons 9K111, which is designed to hit tanks and other mobile armored objects moving at a speed of up to 60 km / h, fixed targets such as DOS (long-term fire facilities), and also suspended helicopters under condition of their optical visibility on range up to 4000 m. The complex consists of a 9P135M launcher and anti-tank guided missiles of the type 9M1 IM (9M111-2) "Fagot" and 9M113 "Competition".

The ammunition of the BMD-2 includes two missiles 9M HIM (9M111-2) and one missile 9M113. All three missiles are placed in the laying of the port side. To guide the ATGM on the wireline, ground control equipment 9?451? is used, consisting of the 9?474 hardware unit and the 9?119?1 guidance device entering the 9P135M launcher. In the marching position, the 9P135M launcher without a tripod is mounted on a special bracket near the seat of the BMD commander. The tripod is fixed on the roof of the middle compartment to the right of the turret. In the fighting position of PU 9P135M without a tripod and with a corner stop of vertical guidance is installed on a special bracket to the right of the hatch of the gunner-operator.

The working angles of the launcher of the launcher in the vertical plane are from -5 to +10 ", in the horizontal direction - 15 to the left and 37 to the right of the longitudinal axis of the turret. When the turret is rotated, the angle of the horizontal aiming of the PU reaches 360. If necessary, the PU 9P135M can be deployed on a separate firing position outside the BMD. In the fighting position of PU 9P135M without a tripod and with a corner stop of vertical guidance is installed on a special bracket to the right of the hatch of the gunner-operator.

BMD-2 uses a radio station R-173 ("Passage", communication range up to 20 km) with a whip antenna up to 3 m high, a radio receiver R-173P and TPU R-174. The first series of cars installed radio station R-123M and TPUR-124. On the machines of the last years of production, instead of the R-173 radio station, a radio station R-163-50PU (Arbalet complex) was installed, ensuring stable exchange of analog and digital information at a range of up to 20 km in the frequency range 30-80 mHz, with sintering antenna digital control, automated transition to a standby frequency.

The BMD-2K armored caterpillar floating combat commander's landing vehicle is designed to provide control of paratroopers and assault and assault units in all conditions of their combat use, communication with the superior commander (headquarters), as well as conducting combat operations within the unit. BMD-2K are transported by military transport aircraft and amphibious ships, parachute and landing methods are parachuted, and water barriers are overcome without preparation.

In contrast to the BMD-2, an additional radio station R-173, an AB-0.5-P / 30 gasoline unit, a GPC-59 heading indicator, a heater and an exhaust fan of the middle compartment, a device for radiation and chemical reconnaissance of RP-GO-27 ( instead of a GD-1M gamma sensor) and two removable tables. To improve the working conditions of the commander, the complex guided missile weapons was removed from the vehicle.

Command BMD-2K ("object 916K") was adopted in 1986. It is designed to ensure the reliability and timeliness of unit management. Unlike BMD-2, the second commander's vehicle was equipped with a second radio station R-173 with a radio receiver R-173P and a second antenna input for them, an apparatus VV36 of the intercom device P-174. In addition, the benzo-electric unit AB-0.5-P / 30, the pointer of GPK-59, the heater and the exhaust fan of the middle compartment, the device for radiation and chemical reconnaissance of RP-GO-27 (instead of gamma-ray sensor GD-1M) and two removable tables . To improve the working conditions of the commander, a complex of guided missile weapons was withdrawn from the car. In order to ensure the placement in the vehicle of the charging unit (on-march), the middle rear seat of the gunner is removed.

On 29 September 2017, State Corporation Rostek and the RF Ministry of Defense signed a contract for the modernization of 540 BMP-2 and BMD-2 in the framework of the new state armament program for 2018-2025. This was announced on Friday by the head of Rostekh Sergei Chemezov. On the part of the state corporation, the agreement was signed by the Deputy General Director of the Holding "High Precision Complexes" (part of Rostech), the Managing Director of the PCU Dmitry Konoplev, and from the Ministry of Defense - Deputy Minister Yuri Borisov.

"Today we signed an agreement on the modernization of 540 combat vehicles BMP-2 and BMD-2," Chemezov said. According to him, the contract implies the modernization of military vehicles under the state defense order for the needs of the Russian Defense Ministry in the framework of the state program of armaments for 2018-2025. The contract is concluded for 10 years, said Borisov. "We signed today a ten-year contract that will determine your [PCP] production activities for the production of light armored vehicles for the entire period of the new state program," he said.



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