An-12 CUB - Program
In the summer of 1955, Khrushchev made his first visit to the Antonov Design Bureau. In those years, the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU made many trips around the country in order to "get acquainted with the work collectives," but the visit to Antonov, whom Khrushchev had long known and sympathized with, was not the most usual for him. Back in 1947, when launching the serial production of the famous An-2 aircraft at the Kiev aircraft factory, Nikita Sergeyevich personally persuaded Oleg Antonov to move from Novosibirsk to Kiev, promising him all-round support in organizing the work of the OKB in a new location. Antonov did not hesitate to take this decision at that time, now Khrushchev wanted to see how things were going in his new place.
At that time, the design bureau affairs were on the rise. The design work for the An-8 was proceeding satisfactorily, the young design team grew and gained the necessary experience, and Antonov himself was full of new creative ideas. Arrived on a visit Khrushchev thoroughly acquainted with the progress of work on the creation of the An-8. Of particular interest to the secretary general was the passenger version of the aircraft, the full-size model of which was already made of wood. The wings, the twin-engine power unit, the tail, the landing gear of the aircraft that received the "H" index at the plant were the corresponding units of the transport aircraft, the new one was only the fuselage of the round cross section. It was made airtight and was designed to carry passengers.
Nikita Sergeyevich asked about the availability of foreign analogues of this development, and he was told that all cars of this class have four engines. Obviously, this was due to the desire to ensure greater security in the implementation of passenger traffic. After that, Khrushchev spoke in the vein that Antonov's new aircraft would also have to have four engines. Probably, it was then that Oleg Konstantinovich expounded to him the idea, thanks to which the light saw a very successful military transport aircraft An-12.
According to Antonov, a four-engine passenger aircraft had to be created in such a way that it would be possible to build a transport variant on its basis relatively easily. It was supposed to create one project of the aircraft, but in two versions, which would differ only in the equipment and tail section of the fuselage. This approach made it possible to significantly accelerate and reduce the cost of designing, preparing for production and serial production of aircraft, to accelerate the operation of machines and to facilitate their development by technical composition. In addition, passenger airliners from the chassis of a military transport aircraft could be operated from a very wide network of airfields, including ground and unequipped airfields. This would bring comfort to peripheral air lines, which was already available on the central airways.
The design of the new machine took place in record time and took only 11 months. A year and a half later the first prototype aircraft was built. The new car made its first flight on December 16, 1957 with a crew headed by test pilot Ya. I. Vernikov. After passing through a series of factory and state tests, the new An-12 was recommended for serial production. The beginning of operation of the aircraft - 1959 year. The basic version - the medium-haul passenger An-10 plane took off even earlier than March 7, 1957.
The first prototype flew in March of 1957, the same month as the An-10 prototype, which indicates the close relationship between the aircraft. The civilian version, the An-12B, first flew in 1961 and went in production in 1962. Over 900 An-12 Cubs were built before production ended in 1973. In total, the USSR has built more than 1200 copies. Since 1980, the variant of the An-12 under the name Y-8 is being built in China (up to 1995, 50 copies were produced). A total of about 40 modifications of this aircraft were developed, the main ones of which are An-12A, An-12B (BP), An-12BK, the AN-12PPS jamming aircraft.
But in the passenger version only 108 aircraft were produced, which already in 1973 were decommissioned.
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