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Project 949 Granit / Oscar I
Project 949A Antey / Oscar II

References

  • Pr. #949A 'Antey' NATO Code 'Oscar II' @ warships1.com
  • Project 949 (Granit) - Oscar-I @ bellona
  • Project 949 A (Antey) - Oscar-II @ bellona [unit list seems somewhat unreliable]
  • SSGN Oscar II Class (Project 949.A); (Kursk) - Cruise Missile Submarine @ naval-technology.com
  • Russian Submarines @ World Navies Today [unit list seems rather unreliable]
  • Oscar I and II classes @ USNI Military Database
  • Russian Submarine List @ Steel in the Deep Submarine Site

  • Sunken Russian Submarine Yahoo Full News Coverage
  • Crippled Nuclear Sub @ Excite News Tracker
  • RUSSIAN SUBMARINE K-141 (KURSK) DISASTER @ Central Naval Museum
  • Accidents and incidents @ Bellona Foundation
  • The Scramble to Save a Sunken Russian Crew @ ABC News
  • Race to save stricken sub @ BBC
  • Kursk SSGN Accident @ Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies
  • The Kursk Accident @ Center for Nonproliferation Studies
  • Russian Submarine Page @ Russia Today
  • Latest Headlines from ITAR-TASS
  • Seismic records from the explosion onboard the Russian sub Kursk by Terry Wallace, University of Arizona - The explosion on the Kursk was approximately .25 to .75 tons.

  • Russia / Kursk Letter, Voice of America, 10 November 2000 -- The mission to recover the remains of crewmen who died aboard the sunken nuclear submarine "Kursk" has uncovered a log book and two notes written by Russian submariners - notes that have helped revive public criticism over the military's slow response to the August 12th disaster.
  • Klebanov Says Divers Found Sub's Log Book, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 4, No. 219, Part I, 10 November 2000 -- Deputy Prime Minister Ilya Klebanov, who heads the government commission investigating the causes of the sinking of the "Kursk" nuclear submarine, said officials are studying the vessel's log book that divers found in the fourth compartment while seeking to recover bodies of the crew
  • Klebanov Says New Evidence Supports 'Kursk' Collision Theory...As Second Note Found On Submariner's Body, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 4, No. 218, Part I, 9 November 2000 -- Deputy Prime Minister Ilya Klebanov, who heads the government commission investigating the causes of the sinking of the "Kursk" nuclear submarine, told journalists on 8 November that pictures taken of the vessel during the recent recovery operation support the theory that the "Kursk" collided with another vessel.
  • Russia / Kursk, Voice of America, 07 November 2000 -- The Russian Navy has halted recovery operations on the sunken nuclear submarine, the Kursk.
  • Divers Enter Sunken Sub's Fourth Compartment...As Navy Commander Sticks To Foreign Sub Theory, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 4, No. 215, Part I, 6 November 2000 -- Vladimir Kuroedov told Interfax on 3 November he is "certain" that the "Kursk" disaster was caused by a collision with a foreign submarine.
  • Divers Begin Work On Entering Sub's Fourth Compartment, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 4, No. 214, Part I, 3 November 2000 -- Russian Navy Commander Vladimir Kuroedov on 2 November halted work on the third compartment of the sunken "Kursk" nuclear submarine, deeming it too dangerous for divers to enter, Interfax reported.
  • Divers Complete Cutting Hole Into 'Kursk' Third Compartment, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 4, No. 213, Part I, 2 November 2000 -- Russian and Norwegian divers have finished cutting a hole into the third compartment of the "Kursk" nuclear submarine, which sank during maneuvers in the Barents Sea in August, a Northern Fleet spokesman told Russian Television on 2 November.
  • Russia Sub, Voice of America, 30 October 2000 -- 12 bodies have been removed from the wreck so far.
  • Russia - Sub, Voice of America, 27 October 2000 -- In Russia, details are beginning to emerge about what the final moments were like for sailors aboard the nuclear submarine Kursk, which sank in the Barents Sea two months ago. The Russian navy says fire swept through the vessel, and at least some of the (118) victims died of burns and other injuries.
  • Russia sub, Voice of America, 28 October 2000 -- Russian and Norwegian divers resumed work Saturday at the wreck of the sunken nuclear submarine Kursk after more than a day's delay due to bad weather.
  • Divers Recover Four Bodies From 'Kursk' Wreck...As Note Reported Found On One Crew Member, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 4, No. 208, Part I, 26 October 2000 -- Following the cutting of a hole in the hull of the "Kursk" nuclear submarine (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 25 October 2000), Russian divers recovered four bodies from the vessel before worsening weather conditions forced them to suspend the recovery operation on the morning of 26 October.
  • Russia Sub, Voice of America, 26 October 2000 -- A note found on one of four bodies recovered from the sunken nuclear submarine Kursk confirms that some crew members survived the blast that sent the vessel to the bottom of the Barents Sea last August.
  • Divers Complete Entry Hole In 'Kursk' Submarine, RFE/RL Newsline Vol. 4, No. 207, Part I, 25 October 2000 -- Russian and Norwegian divers have completed a hole in the hull of the sunken "Kursk" nuclear submarine that will allow Russian divers to enter the vessel in search of bodies of the 118 crew members.
  • Russia / Sub, Voice of America, 25 October 2000 -- Three bodies have been recovered from the wreck of the sunken nuclear submarine Kursk. A Russian diver entered the vessel after a laborious process of cutting through the double hull.
  • 'Kursk' Recovery Operation Resumes Following Storm , RFE/RL Newsline Vol. 4, No. 206, Part I, 24 October 2000 -- The operation to recover at least some of the bodies of the sunken "Kursk" nuclear submarine was halted in the evening of 23 October as weather conditions at the disaster site worsened.
  • Divers Begin Work To Retrieve 'Kursk' Crew Bodies , RFE/RL Newsline Vol. 4, No. 205, Part I, 23 October 2000 -- Russian and Norwegian divers, working in shifts over the past weekend, have cut through the outer hull of the sunken "Kursk" nuclear submarine and removed an industrial rubber coating between the outer and inner hulls.
  • Russia - Sub, Voice of America, 21 October 2000 -- Divers have descended to the wreck of the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk, which sank in the Barents Sea in August. They are preparing the way for a larger operation to recover the bodies of crewmen who died.
  • Navy Commander Warns 'Kursk' Recovery Operation May Be Called Off...As Captain's Widow Resigns From Commission Helping Victims' Families, RFE/RL Newsline Vol. 4, No. 204, Part I, 20 October 2000 -- Following contradictory comments by Russian officials over the prospects for recovering at least some of the bodies of the 118-strong crew of the sunken "Kursk" nuclear submarine (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 19 October 2000), the Navy commander has suggested that the recovery operation may not take place.
  • IS GOVERNMENT STALLING OVER 'KURSK' RESCUE OPERATION? , RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 4, No. 203, Part I, 19 October 2000 -- Colonel General Valerii Manilov, first deputy chief of the Russian General Staff, was quoted by Interfax on 18 October as suggesting the government may reverse its decision to recover the bodies of at least some of the 118 crew members of the "Kursk" nuclear submarine, which sank in the Barents Sea in August during maneuvers.
  • RUSSIA / PARLIAMENT / KURSK, Voice of America, 15 September 2000 -- The Russian official in charge of the investigation into the sinking of the nuclear submarine Kursk faced a barrage of criticism Friday as he addressed Russia's lower house of parliament, the Duma.
  • RUSSIA / NUCLEAR, Voice of America, 12 September 2000 -- The Russian government says that next month deep sea divers will begin recovering the bodies of the 118-crewmen who died aboard the sunken nuclear submarine Kursk.
  • PUTIN/KURSK, Voice of America, 09 September 2000 -- Russian President Vladimir Putin acknowledges he made a mistake last month by failing to rush back to the Kremlin from his southern vacation to deal with the "Kursk" nuclear submarine disaster.
  • RUSSIA SUB, Voice of America, 08 September 2000 -- A German newspaper is reporting that a missile fired by a Russian warship hit and sank the Russian submarine Kursk last month.
  • RUSSIA / SUB, Voice of America, 30 August 2000 -- Russian officials say efforts to recover the remains of 118-seamen who died aboard the nuclear submarine Kursk will begin by the end of September.
  • RUSSIA SUB Voice of America 24 August 2000 -- Russia's top prosecutor says he is opening a criminal investigation into the sinking of the Kursk submarine
  • RUSSIA SUB / MEDIA ROLE Voice of America 24 August 2000 -- The Kursk nuclear submarine disaster has widened the gap between the government's reliance on secrecy and society's push for openness.
  • RUSSIA SUB Voice of America 23 August 2000 -- Russian President Vladimir Putin has promised compensation to relatives of the 118 sailors who died aboard the Kursk nuclear submarine more than a week ago.
  • RUSSIA SUB / PUTIN Voice of America 23 August 2000 -- President Vladimir Putin says his defense minister and two senior naval officials are offering to step down to atone for the loss of the submarine.
  • RUSSIA SUB Voice of America 22 August 2000 -- Russian President Vladimir Putin is visiting the home base of the navy's Northern Fleet to pay tribute to 118 sailors who died aboard the nuclear submarine Kursk.
  • RUSSIA SUB / IMPACT Voice of America 22 August 2000 -- Only a few weeks ago, President Putin hailed the nuclear fleet as the symbol of Russia's power. Navy officials want to blame the Kursk accident on a collision, but independent experts suspect an explosion in the submarine's torpedo compartment.
  • SECRETARY-GENERAL FOLLOWING WITH SORROW TRAGIC DEVELOPMENTS IN BARENTS SEA AFTER SINKING OF SUBMARINE KURSK , UN Press Release, 21 August 2000 -- The Secretary-General has been following with sorrow the tragic developments in the Barents Sea following the sinking of the submarine Kursk...
  • Russia's Handling of Sub Accident, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING, 21 August 2000 -- ...has the State Department got any reflections on how the Russian government handled the matter and will it have any effect on US-Russian relations?
  • RUSSIA SUB Voice of America 21 August 2000 -- Russia's attempts to rescue sailors aboard a cripple submarine are over. Norwegian divers say there are no survivors on the sunken Kursk nuclear submarine.
  • RUSSIA SUB Voice of America 21 August 2000 -- Norwegian divers have forced open the outside hatch and found the escape compartment inside flooded, with no signs of life. The next step is to pry open the inner hatch to let rescuers get inside the main part of the submarine.
  • RUSSIA SUB Voice of America 20 August 2000 -- A spokesman for the Norwegian military denied Russian reports that a man had been found inside the air lock below the hatch.
  • RUSSIAN SUB Voice of America 20 August 2000 -- Russian T-V reported Sunday that divers suspect a crew member of the damaged Russian submarine Kursk may be trapped in the air lock inside the rear escape hatch.
  • RUSSIAN SUB UPDATE Voice of America 20 August 2000 -- Norwegian reconnaissance team confirms earlier reports that the rear cargo hatch is badly damaged and so is much of the rest of the submarine.
  • RUSSIAN SUBMARINE Voice of America 20 August 2000 -- British and Norwegian teams have joined Russian rescue operations around a damaged submarine. Surveillance cameras were lowered to the wrecked submarine first.
  • RUSSIAN SUB Voice of America 20 August 2000 -- British and Norwegian teams have joined Russian rescue operations around a damaged submarine. Surveillance cameras were lowered to the wrecked submarine first.
  • RUSSIAN SUB Voice of America 19 August 2000 -- Russia's navy now says there is little hope of finding any survivors on the nuclear submarine Kursk. The absence of any more S-O-S tappings since Monday probably means they had crossed the critical survival threshold.
  • RUSSIAN SUB Voice of America 19 August 2000 -- British and Norwegian rescue teams are racing toward the accident site in the Barents Sea.
  • Defense Secretary Cohen's comments on the Kursk accident, DoD News Briefing, 18 August 2000
  • Kursk Submarine Disaster: Russian Elite Scored, Democracy Tested, U.S. Department of State Foreign Media Reaction Reports, 18 August 2000 -- Commentary from around the world on the Russian submarine accident.
  • Giant blast may have killed half of doomed sub's crew Ian Thomas DAILY MAIL (London) August 18, 2000 - The biggest threat to them would have been carbon dioxide poisoning or exposure. 'Any survivors will not run out of oxygen, they will suffocate due to a build up of excessive levels of carbon dioxide,' said John Pike, of the Federation of American Scientists.
  • Submarine rescue offer extended, says SACLANT, Navy Wire Service, 18 August 2000 -- Officials from NATO have extended an offer of assistance to the Russian government regarding the submarine rescue operation ongoing in the Barents Sea.
  • DSRVs and SRCs spell "rescue" for stranded submariners, Navy Wire Service, 18 August 2000 -- Report on the US Navy's submarine rescue equipment.
  • The Russian submarine situation: A statement by Vice Adm. Grossenbacher, Navy Wire Service, 18 August 2000 -- A statement by the commander of the US Navy's Submarine Force Atlantic
  • Two or More Explosions By David Ruppe ABCNews.Com 18 August 2000 -- The first, smaller reading "certainly would be consistent with what you might expect from either a torpedo or cruise missile warhead exploding," says John Pike, of the Federation of American Scientists, adding, "it would not exclude bumping in to an old WWII sea mine."
  • RUSSIAN SUB Voice of America 17 August 2000 -- Russian officials now say it was a collision that sank the ship in the northern Barents Sea. Russian officials at first said the oxygen supply aboard the Kursk would run out by now (Friday). Then they estimated it could last another five days.
  • U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING, Philip T. Reeker, Deputy Spokesman, 17 August 2000 -- QUESTION: Do you have any requests from the Russians regarding the sub yet? Where do things stand?
  • DoD News Briefing, 17 August 2000 -- United States, heard no form of communication. Our source of information on that has come from Russian officials and Russian press reporting that have discussed and alluded to the tapping over the past couple of days.
  • RUSSIA / SUB Voice of America 17 August 2000 -- A Navy spokesman says film taken of the wrecked submarine shows extensive damage from the top to the back fin. The periscope was also still up, indicating the ship sank so fast the crew did not have time to react.
  • RUSSIA / SUB Voice of America 17 August 2000 -- Overnight attempts to save the crew and submarine failed because of strong currents and poor visibility. British equipment and Norwegian deep-sea divers are not expected to reach the accident site before late Friday or Saturday.
  • RUSSIA SUB - SURVIVORS TALK Voice of America 17 August 2000 -- John Pike, a defense analyst at the Federation of American Scientists, thinks all this talk about surviving cold temperatures and little oxygen may be beside the point.
  • Sub's reactors not viewed as threat to environment By DALE EISMAN The Virginian-Pilot August 17, 2000 - Assuming that the reactor containment mechanisms of the Kursk remain intact, the possibility of radioactive release ``is a long-term object for study rather than a near-term object of fear,'' said John Pike of the Federation of American Scientists.
  • RUSSIAN / SUB Voice of America 16 August 2000 -- Russian officials say there has been no sign of life on board the submarine for several hours, but that did not mean there were no survivors.
  • RUSSIAN SUB / MILITARY Voice of America 16 August 2000 -- Less than one-month ago, President Vladimir Putin proclaimed Russia's navy as the symbol of a strong Russian state and a pillar of its defense capabilities. The untimely Kursk disaster has seriously tarnished that image.
  • JANES / RUSSIAN SUB Voice of America 16 August 2000 -- Military expert Paul Beaver of "Jane's Defense Weekly" believes the chances of saving the lives of the sailors on board the crippled Russian submarine at the bottom of the Barents Sea are slim at best.
  • RUSSIAN SUBMARINE: BRITISH RESCUE TEAM LEAVE UK FOR NORWAY 16 August 2000 - The Rescue Vehicle, LR5 and a Remote Operated Vehicle - Scorpio, together with crews and support staff numbering over 20 personnel, have been loaded onto a chartered Antonov transport aircraft.
  • CLINTON-PUTIN, Voice of America, 16 August 2000 -- President Clinton - in a 25-minute telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin - has reiterated the United States' readiness to help in the rescue of crewmen aboard the sunken Russian submarine in the Barents Sea.
  • CLINTON AGAIN OFFERS U.S. HELP IN RUSSIAN SUBMARINE RESCUE EFFORT, USIA Washington File, 16 August 2000 -- President Clinton has again offered U.S. assistance to help Russia rescue its sailors trapped in a submarine in the Barents Sea northeast of Finland.
  • Pentagon Says U.S. Not Asked For Help By Ward Sanderson, European Stars and Stripes August 16, 2000 -- The Pentagon on Tuesday said Russians have not asked for help in rescuing the more than 100 crew members stranded inside their sunken submarine, the Kursk.
  • Rescue Attempts Fail as Russia Calls for Aid By Daniel Williams Washington Post Wednesday, August 16, 2000 - At least three attempts by mini-submarines to dock with a rear escape hatch failed overnight and today. A fourth reportedly was underway.
  • Russia: U.S. Offers Help To Rescue Submarine By Frank T. Csongos (RFE/RL) 16 August 2000 - U.S. experts said whatever sank the submarine Kursk, which was designed to withstand a torpedo attack with its double-layer hall, had to be massive. John Pike of the Federation of American Scientists said the 13,900-ton submarine was designed to be hard to sink.
  • Plight of Russian vessel Kursk brings memories of horror to the surface for long-retired sailors By Bill Nichols and Andrea Stone USA TODAY 16 August 2000 - ''It's kind of like the Apollo 13 of submarines. Spaceships and subs have one thing in common: Either everything's working OK, or everyone's dead, and there's not that much in between,'' says John Pike, a defense analyst at the Federation of American Scientists.
  • Time running out for 116 men By STEVEN MUFSON Syndey Morning Herald 16/08/2000 - Mr John Pike, of the Federation of American Scientists, said: "Obviously something seriously is wrong, because this is a big, robust sub that was designed to be hard to sink."
  • Russian Sub Stranded on Sea Bottom By Daniel Williams Washington Post August 15, 2000 - The submarine Kursk sank about 100 miles from the Russian port of Murmansk during a naval exercise that involved about 30 vessels. Two U.S. Navy submarines were operating in the area at the time of the accident, and one reported hearing an explosion at the site Saturday. The Kursk reportedly shut down its two nuclear reactors after it was crippled. Crewmen appeared to be alive and were communicating through rhythmic tapping on the hull. Small rescue submarines circling the Kursk found it damaged but sitting straight on the seabed.
  • Aboard Kursk, 'Submariner's Worst Nightmare'; by Steven Mufson and Kathy Sawyer, Washington Post August 15, 2000 - "Obviously something seriously is wrong, because this is a big, robust sub that was designed to be hard to sink," said John Pike of the Federation of American Scientists. "They didn't just stub their toe."
  • 116 Russians trapped in submarine By Marcus Warren in Moscow, Ben Fenton in Los Angeles and Michael Smith, Defence Correspondent, [London] Telegraph Tuesday 15 August 2000 -- John Pike, of the Federation of American Scientists, an independent group, said: "It sounds as if it suffered a combination of human error and mechanical failure. Russian subs are poorly maintained and rarely go to sea. Most of their units have spent most of the past decade in port."
  • RUSSIA / SUB Voice of America 15 August 2000 -- Bad weather is hindering efforts to rescue 116 Russian sailors trapped aboard a crippled nuclear submarine in the Russian Arctic.
  • RUSSIA / SUB Voice of America 15 August 2000 -- Russia's Itar-Tass news agency says a first attempt to lower a diving bell to the submarine failed. A second attempt was launched soon after.
  • RUSSIA / SUB Voice of America 15 August 2000 -- A special British rescue team is getting ready to aid in efforts to save the crew of a stricken Russian submarine.
  • DoD News Briefing Tuesday, August 15, 2000 - 1:35 p.m. EDT Presenter: Rear Adm. Craig Quigley, DASD PA Q: And one other sort of operating question. If the submarine is in fact at a 60-degree angle off level, which the Russians say it is, is that not beyond the operating parameters of this recovery vehicle? Quigley: It is beyond the design parameters of the United States deep submergence rescue vehicles. I have seen reports that say that the submarine is sitting upright or 45 degrees or 60 degrees. I don't know if any of them are accurate. I have personally seen water depths involved here from about 330 feet all the way to about 510 feet. So again, I have no confidence that we here have a good understanding of the depth involved. The Russians may not yet be in a position to know with certainty what the cause of the accident was.
  • U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING, 15 August 2000 -- Q: Is there any US angle to the saga about the stranded Russian submarine?
  • Secretary Cohen Offers DOD Help in Submarine Crew Rescue Attempt , USIS Washington File, 15 August 2000 -- U.S. military and White House officials have been quick to offer assistance to Russia in the effort to rescue more than 100 sailors trapped on the submarine Kursk.
  • SUBMARINE RESCUE, JIM RANDLE, Voice of America, 8/14/2000 -- Pentagon Officials say they have special underwater rescue vehicles but have not been asked to help the stricken Russian submarine missing in the Barents Sea.
  • U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING, Philip Reeker, Department of State, 8/14/2000 -- Sunken Russian Submarine
  • RUSSIA / SUB Voice of America 14 August 2000 -- A Russian nuclear submarine is lying crippled on the sea bottom in Arctic waters. Officials say the submarine's engine failed and it sank during a routine exercise.
  • RUSSIA SUB Voice of America 14 August 2000 -- Russia's senior navy commander says he is not optimistic about the prospects for a rescue.
  • U.S-RUSSIAN SUB Voice of America 14 August 2000 -- President Clinton has been briefed on the plight of the sunken Russian submarine, and the United States is offering help in the recovery effort.
  • RUSSIA / SUB Voice of America 14 August 2000 -- Officials at the Pentagon say there is no information to suggest that a U-S submarine or surface vessel had been involved in a collision with the Russian submarine.



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