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History - 76th Guards Red Banner Chernihiv Airborne Division

The 76th guards red banner Chernihiv Airborne Division was formed on 01 September 1939. The first Division Commander was Colonel Vasily Glagolev. The basis for the establishment of the 157th Infantry Division (her first name) was a rifle regiment of the Taman Division, established in 1925, based on the 22nd Krasnodar Railway Division. By the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the Division was part of the troops of the North Caucasus military district, and with the outbreak of hostilities the unit received the task to prepare a defensive line on the Black Sea coast.

On September 15, 1941, the Division was sent to aid the heroic defenders of Odessa, and by 22 September units had replaced the defenders and by dawn, took the starting positions for the offensive. During this offensive, the Division completed the task and captured the State farm and village Ilichevka Gil'dendorf. The military Council of the Odessa defense region praised the military activities of the Division in its first battle outside the city. For courage and bravery, the Commander of the defence area announced personnel connection. This was the baptism of fire.

In November 20, 1941, the Division returned to the Novorossiysk and Feodosia and took part in the operation, which was conducted jointly with the Transcaucasian front and the Black Sea fleet. As a result of this operation the Kerch peninsula was cleared of enemy and provided great support to besieged Sevastopol. On July 30, 1942, the Division conducted intensive fighting to destroy the Nazis on the left bank of the Don. For successful fighting, the Commander of the North Caucasus front, Marshal of the Soviet Union, S. M. Budyonny commended the staff.

To August 4, 1942 year connection sailing on the Northern Bank of the river. From 6 to 10 August this unit fought continuous battles, trying to knock down the enemy from captured their bridgeheads and preventing offensive. In these battles was a machine gunner PFC Ermakov. The battle account for over 300 Nazis. The name of Afanasiy Ermakova, humble and fearless gunner, was opened in a nice list of heroes of the Soviet Union. This title was given to Ermakova and the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of November 5, 1942.

In September 1942, the Division of the 5th Army held 64 defenses at the turn of the Mountain Meadow-Elhi. From January 10, 1943 onwards connection within the forces of the Stalingrad front was to attack to destroy the enemy. In the battles at Stalingrad the Division destroyed more than 10 thousand soldiers and officers of the enemy, and more than 10 thousand Germans taken prisoner. By NCBS of the USSR of March 1, 1943 No. 107157, for courage and heroism, shown during the battle of Stalingrad, the rifle Division became the 76th Guards Rifle Division.

Until July 3, 1943, units of the Division were part of the Bryansk front near the town of Belev in Tula region. On 12 July the connecting on improvised means began forcing the Oka River. By the end of the day the guards captured the outposts and destroyed more than 1,500 soldiers and officers of the enemy. Among the other members of the 76th Division was marked by the gratitude of the Commander-in-Chief.

On 8 September, the Division supported the Aquila in Chernigov. Over three days of continuous attack it progressed to 70 kilometers and at dawn on 20 September reached the village of Tovstoles, three kilometers northeast of Chernigov, and then, having mastered the city continued its offensive in the West. By order of the Supreme Commander of no. 20 September 21, 1943 the Division was given a commendation and was awarded the honorary title of Chernigov.

Guardsmen honored carried their banners from the Stalingrad of the Dnieper in Belarus. Birthplace of acknowledged the prowess and bravery of the guards by 47 of them the title Hero of the Soviet Union, hundreds were awarded orders and medals.In the 1 St July 17, 1944 Belorussian Front launched an offensive Division, North-West of Kovel. On 21 July the avance guard connected with violent fighting began to move to the North, to Brest. By 26 July, troops advancing from the North and from the South, joined in the 20-25 kilometers west of Brest. Grouping the enemy got into the environment. The next day, the Division moved to action to destroy the enemy surrounded. For access to the State border of the USSR and the liberation of the city of Brest, the Division was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.

By January 25, 1945 on the Belarusian front the rapidly marching Division blocked the exit from the city of Torun. Grouping of enemy, a powerful stronghold on the Vistula, ceased to exist. On 23 March the Division by storm overwhelmed the city Zoppot, went to the Baltic Sea and deployed to the South. By the morning of March 25, consisting of Corps Division captures the town of Oliva and Danzig. By March of Danzig to Germany, 24 April the Division was concentrated in the area of Kortenhaten, 20 km south of Štettina. At the dawn of the April 26 connection on a broad front forced the channel Rondov, and break through the enemy's defensive line by the end of the day, cleared the city of Preclavu from the Nazis. On 2 May the Division had captured the town of Güstrow, and on May 3, after about 40 kilometers, cleared of the enemy city Cars and Bützow.

On the outskirts of the city of Wismar met up with parts of the American 101st Airborne Division. The 76 Division finished combat operations against German forces and began to patrol the coast. During the war years 50 fighters of the Division received the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union, and more than 12,000 were awarded orders and medals. Immediately after the war, the 76th Division was relocated from Germany to the Soviet Union, in the same period, converted to airborne.

In the spring of 1947, the Division was relocated to the city of Pskov. Thus began a new era in the history of the division. Year-on-year the skill paratroopers-commandos rose. The main task became a training for parachute jumps, and actions on the battlefield scenarios without landing, by the start of the year 1948 tactical exerciseswere conducted with landings. In the summer of that year the first battalion conduced tactical exercises with landings. They were led by the Division Commander, later the legendary Commander of the Airborne Troops, General V.f. Margelov.

The Division participated in exercises "Dnepr". The guards demonstrated high skills, earning the gratitude of command. With each subsequent year Division increased his martial skill. In March 1970, the Division took part in a major combined arms doctrine "Dvina". The paratroopers were highly appreciated by the command. The guards showed high skill as paratroopers in exercise "autumn-88".

In the period from 1988 to 1992 year the paratrooper Division had to "put out" ethnic conflicts in Armenia and Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Republic of Transdniestria, North and South Ossetia. In 1991, 104-234-th guards parachute landing regiments were awarded the USSR MOD Pennant "for Courage and Military Prowess".

A black page in the history of Division events in Chechnya in 1994-1995. Over 120 soldiers, non-commissioned officers, warrant officers and officers were killed, before the end of performing their military duty. For courage and heroism shown during the special task to restore constitutional order in Chechnya, many Guardsmen and Marines were awarded by awards and medals, and 10 officers were awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation. Two guards reconnaissance company Commander Captain Yuri Nikitich guard battalion commander Lieutenant Colonel and Sergei Pyatnytska were awarded the high title posthumously.

On November 17, 1998, one of the oldest regiments of the Division and in the armed forces of the Russian Federation - 1140-10th twice Red-Bannered artillery regiment celebrated its 80th anniversary. Formed on the basis of the 22th artillery battalion 22nd Krasnodar Railway Division, leading its history since 1918, the artillery regiment had a nice battle path, in the ranks of the educated more 7 Heroes of the Soviet Union. Its anniversary warriors-Gunners were high in the battle, the regiment was named the best in the airborne troops.

On August 18, 1999, the members of the Union participated in the elimination of illegal armed formations on the territory of the Republic of Dagestan and the Chechen Republic as a part of the regimental tactical group. During this period of time the soldiers of the paratroopers had to join to participate in many operations, including the release of settlements Karamakhi, a Gudermes, Argun, Vedeno gorges blocking. In most operations personnel was commended by the joint command of the armed forces in the North Caucasus, with courage and heroism.

On February 29, 2000, the Russian General Gennady Trishev announced that the counter-terrorism operation in Chechnya was over, predicting that it would take just a few weeks to mop up the remaining “splinter groups.” The same day the sixth company of the 104th Parachute Regiment of the 76th Pskov Airborne Division found itself cut off and surrounded by rebel fighters on a hill near the southern Chechen village of Ulas-Kert.

The battle for height 776, as the encounter became known, was a military disaster. Almost the entire company – 84 out of 90 men – were killed, including all of the unit’s officers. But in the popular imagination it became a symbol of military heroism, and especially of the valor of the Russian airborne. A television series and a four-part film were spawned, and then-President Vladimir Putin later unveiled a monument to the doomed company. The cost of their lives, the troops prevented the breakout of the Argun Gorge more than 2.5 thousand fighters. For this feat Trooper 22 (21 of them posthumously) have been awarded the title of the hero of Russia, 63 were awarded the order of courage (posthumously).

Mother of Vadim Chugunov, a Russian trooper, who perished in the battle near Ulus-Kert in 2000, believes that the failure of the Russian party to pay her the due compensation for the death of her son in Chechnya is a violation of the provisions of the European Convention of Human Rights. Vadim, Dina Chugunova's son, was recruited in summer of 1999. In early 2000, with his sixth squadron of the 104th paraborne regiment of the 76th Pskov Division of Airborne Forces (known as "VDV") he was sent to Chechnya. The fight, in which 84 troopers were lost, took place at night on March 1, 2000, at the entrance to the Argun Gorge, near Ulus-Kert village. Mother was informed about his son's death on March 8. Vadim Chugunov was posthumously decorated with the Order of Courage.

The woman addressed her claim to the European Court on Human Rights in Strasbourg and asked to collect one million euros from Russia as moral and material compensation. Her application runs that, in her opinion, Russia had breached Article 1 of Appendix 2 to the Convention: every person shall have the right to freely use his or her property, and nobody can be deprived of one's property. The state paid about 700 thousand roubles to every mother of the lost troopers. However, Dina Chugunova states that the state had not paid her a lump sum of 100 thousand roubles according to the Law "On Combating Terrorism". At the same time, the mother had not moved her claims earlier, as she learnt about her right to receive the payment only in 2005. She then addressed the Russian Ministry of Defence, but they refused to pay.

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Page last modified: 17-04-2014 18:18:51 ZULU