Project 1155.1 Udaloy - Modernization
Under a December 1996 agreement China purchased two Russian Sovremenny-class destroyers. With the Russian Navy's consent, Severnaya Verf used some of the money to repair the Large ASW ship Admiral Levchenko ($98 million), Large ASW ship Severomorsk ($33 million), and cruiser Marshal Ustinov ($54 million) for the Northern Fleet. Severnaya Verf is now repairing the big ASW ship Vice Admiral Kulakov, which has spent a decade moored, on a similar basis.
Refits of Udaloy-class destroyers was delayed pending the completion of a production capability for large marine gas turbines in Russia. The Admiral Levchenko arrived at St. Petersburg for a refit in February 2000. The Vitse-Admiral Kulakov, which had been laid up at Kronshtadt since 1990, arrived at Severny Werf in June 2000 for a refit to be completed in 2002. Previously, Western observers had doubted whether the Kulakov would return to service. Indeed, as of January 2004 Kulakov remained in the repair yard. The Severomorsk completed refit on 30 August 2000.
During the period 16-19 February 2004, Russia conducted its largest military exercise in two decades. Naval units that participated in the exercise included the heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov, large anti-sub ships Admiral Levchenko and Admiral Chabanenko, and the heavy nuclear-powered missile cruiser Pyotr Veliky.
As of 2007, there were 8 operational Udaloy-class destroyers in the Russian Navy. The Admiral Kulakov and Admiral Levchenko were slated to undergo repairs sometime during the year. The remaining ships had each undergone repairs at some point since entering service, but most still possessed outdated systems and had not yet received upgrades. As of 2008, there were 7 operational Udaloy-I class destroyers in the Russian Navy, and a single Udaloy-II. The International Institute of Strategic Studies repored 8 operational Udaloy-I, but this is not widely attested.
A nominal 35 year operating life for these ships would see them in service through around the year 2020, but all but the single Udaloy-II would be withdrawn from service soon thereafter. The Vitse-Admiral Kulakov has been in refit since 1992, and had not returned to service as of mid-2008. The Marshal Vasil'yevsky had been expected by some observers to decommission as early as 2004 or 2005, but by mid 2008 this unit remained in service. It may be that Vitse-Admiral Kulakov will conclude refit and resume active service when Marshal Vasil'yevsky is finally retired. The Admiral Spiridonov and Admiral Tributs remained in reserve, but as of 2008 it was not apparent what contribution they might make to future force structure.
In connection with the absence of destroyers in the fleet in the mid-1990s, it was decided to subject the best-preserved ships to cardinal modernization. The result of the improvements being made was the emergence of practically new ships, more similar in combat potential to destroyers. Respectively changed and combat missions that performed the updated ships.
By 2018 the situation with the modernization of the large anti-submarine ship Admiral Chabanenko, the only representative of the project 1155.1, may be cause for concern. In the spring of 2014, the 35th Shipyard took over this ship for medium repairs. Soon it was decided to carry out a major upgrade with the replacement of a significant part of the on-board equipment. According to the news, all works and tests will be completed only in 2022-23, and only after that the Northern Fleet would continue to operate the ship.
The ship of the type project 1155 "Admiral Panteleyev" is the last 12 ships in the series. The upcoming modernization of the ships will significantly extend their service life, turning it into full-fledged combat units of the modern Russian Navy.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|