Project 1143.5 - Kuznetsov Ops
In January 1991, the cruiser was adopted in the Northern Fleet. In December, he went on the periphery of Europe to reach the scene based in the Murmansk region. In 1992-1994. continued testing of a variety of ship and its air groups and weapons. Three to four times a month is also the ship went to sea and took part in the exercises.
The change in political and economic conditions of recent years significantly complicated and delayed the development of Russian TAKR (in the Russian Navy - TAVKR) "Admiral Kuznetsov," the manning of his air group with Su-27K serial fighters (after the adoption in 1994 of Su-33) and training of flight crews for them. Only in 1993 the aircraft destined for this ship began to arrive on the Northern Fleet, and in the following it was possible to prepare (the leased, located in Ukraine, the Nitka complex) the first group of naval pilots. In September 1994, TAVKR took part for the first time in the fleet exercises, During which the practical development of its aviation armament began.
In late 1995, he went on combat duty in the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Tunisia rose up two weeks after leaving the port, where there was 10 days. They exchanged visits with the US Navy.
The beginning of 1996, in which the 300th anniversary of the Russian Navy was celebrated, was marked by a significant event in its history. Despite the difficult financial situation in which the Russian fleet found itself, its command successfully conducted the first long march to the Mediterranean of the Russian Navy detachment consisting of twelve warships and auxiliary vessels of three fleets led by the Admiral Kuznetsov as an aircraft carrier multipurpose group. The air carrier of the TAVKR consisted of 15 Su-33 aircraft, one Su-25 UTG and 11 Ka-27 helicopters.
On March 2 cruiser took part in air defense exercises multipurpose air group, where Su-33 worked interception of cruise missiles and aircraft. At the end of the campaign the ship participated in the SF command post exercises. The airplanes of the TAVKR for three months of the campaign more than four hundred flights were carried out, helicopters - about seven hundred. This campaign greatly increased the international authority of Russia as a maritime power, Served the revival of traditional friendly relations with the Mediterranean navies. The first combat service of TAVKR "Admiral Kuznetsov" confirmed that Russia can and should enter the fourth century of its regular fleet, remaining a great maritime power.
The Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kuznetsov returned from a brief Mediterranean training cruise early in March 1996. In the Fall of 2000 Admiral Kuznetsov took part in operations off the Kola Peninsula after the loss of the submarine Kursk, delaying a planned return of the Russian Navy to the Mediterranean. The sortie by a small flotilla of escorting warships was postponed until 2001 or 2002, and then cancelled.
In early 2001 there were reports that the dozen Su-33 Flanker fighters assigned to the ship were slated to be supplemented by another dozen modified to the attack role, capable of carrying air-to-ground ordnance. But the Admiral Kuznetsov did not have catapults, and its Su-33 fighters proved incapable of taking off with heavy payloads or full fuel levels. Instead, the aircraft carried primarily light air-to-air missiles. Naval officials reported that the principal reason for keeping the Admiral Kuznetsov operational was to preserve its school of deck aircraft pilots.
On 24 July 2004 RIA Novosti reported that the Admiral Kuznetsov would begin performing missions after it emerged from preventative maintenance, and the headquarters of the Northern Fleet stated that the ship would be released from repair on 06 August 2004. The emergence from scheduled repair coincided with the 100th anniversary of Admiral Kuznetsov's birth. Its equipment and armaments were reportedly in a good state, and after some careful preparations the Admiral Kuznetsov was approved to perform missions. The ship's carrier-based aircraft began their training shortly thereafter.
Following repairs, the ship participated in exercises in the Atlantic Ocean together with its deck based aviation and other ships. This was only the vessels's second mission in a decade. In October 2004 the Admiral Kuznetsov participated in the most ambitious naval exercise performed by the Russian Navy to date. It sailed with the Navy's flagship nuclear-powered heavy cruiser, the Pyotr Veliky, the cruiser Marshal Ustinov, the destroyer Admiral Ushakov, a tanker and two support ships. The group arrived at an area approximately 20 nautical miles off Iceland on 05 October and returned home on 01 November.
On 23 February 2005 Rear Admiral Vladimir Dobroskochenko, the Deputy Commander of the Northern Fleet, announced that the Admiral Kuznetsov would embark on a voyage around the oceans that summer.
A significant increase in funds allotted to the Russian Navy within the defense and military budgets allowed further repairs and upgrades to be initiated in 2007. At that time the ship's naval aviation component was comprised of elements of the 279th Ship borne Fighter Air Regiment. The carrier was equipped with more than 20 Su-33 fighters and 16-18 Ka-27 and Ka-31 helicopters. Upgrades in the aircraft's detection and weapons systems supposedly enhanced the ship's overall attack capabilities.
The aircraft carrier performed a long-distance voyage in May 2014, mostly sailing in the Mediterranean Sea.
The naval group led by the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier carried out a two-month-long deployment to the eastern Mediterranean where it took part in Moscow's anti-Daesh operation. Russia's sole aircraft carrier, accompanied by the Pyotr Veliky battle cruiser, the Severomorsk and Admiral Kulakov anti-submarine destroyer and support vessels, was sent to the eastern Mediterranean to conduct military exercises and take part in the Moscow-led counterterrorism operation in Syria. The group reached its destination on November 8 and took part in its first battle on November 15.
The Russian Northern Fleet's carrier battle group, which includes Admiral Kuznetsov and battlecruiser Pyotr Velikiy, returned to the northern port city of Severomorsk on 08 February 2017 after deployment to the east Mediterranean to take part in the Russian intervention in Syria's civil war. The return was ordered by Putin on 06 January just a week after the latest Syrian ceasefire came into effect.
The crew of Russia's Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier is prepared for further missions after completing the tour to Syria, ship commander Sergey Artamonov said 23 February 2017. "All military objectives have been fully accomplished, the entire crew has returned, the service personnel is in full health as is ready for accomplishing further tasks," Artamonov said during a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin marking the Defender of the Fatherland Day.
The loss of two fighter jets from the aircraft wing of Russia's Admiral Kuznetsov cruiser during the operation in Syria in 2016 was caused by the break of the carrier's arresting wire, a defense industry source told Sputnik on 10 March 2017. On November 14 and December 4, a MiG-29K jet and a Su-33 fighter respectively rolled off the deck and drowned in the sea. "In the case of the MiG-29K, the wire broke because of the critical angle of landing, while the Su-33's landing was conducted in a normal mode and in this case it is evident that the wire's quality was a problem. In both cases there could be no complaints about the jets," the source said.
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