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Mizoram - Elections

Mizoram witnessed the first General Election to the State Legislative Assembly which was held on 18.4.1972, three months after Mizoram became a Union Territory on 21.1.1972. A total of 125 candidates contested for the 30 seats of Assembly constituencies. Congress (INC) and Socialist Party, both recognized parties contested 29 and 18 seats respectively. Two unrecognized parties – Mizo Union (MU) and Mizo Labour Party (MLP) contested 25 and 27 seats respectively. While 56 Independents contested. MU won 21 of the 30 seats and formed the first Ministry headed by Shri Ch. Chhunga on 3.5.1972. On 1.2.1975, MU merged with the Pradesh Congress Committee which captured 6 seats, later joined by 3 successful Independent candidates.

In the second General Election 1978, 154 candidates contested out of which Peoples’ Conference (PC) a recognized state party won 22 seats and Mizoram Congress Committee (MCC) and Independents shared the remaining 4 seats each. Brig. T. Sailo was sworn in as the second Chief Minister. However, his Ministry was toppled in a no-confidence motion moved by dissident PC MLAs and the 3rd General Election was held in 1979. A total of 150 candidates contested. The seats won were : PC-18, PC(B)-4, Janata Party-2, INC-5. Brig. T. Sailo was sworn in again for the second time as the 3rd Chief Minister and lasted full term of five years.

A total of 138 candidates contested the Fourth General Election held in 1984. The seats won are INC-20, PC-8, Mizo Convention (Ind)- and Independent one each. Shri Lal Thanhawla was sworn in as the Chief Minister on 4.5.1984.

With the signing of the peace accord between the underground MNF and the Government of India on 30.6.1986. Shri Lal Thanhawla stepped down from Office to make way for an MNF-Congress (I) coalition Government on 2.1.1986. Shri Laldenga was sworn in as Chief Minister and Shri Lal Thanhawla as Deputy Chief Minister.

Mizoram became 23rd State of India on 20.2.1987 and 10 Assembly seats was increased making the total number of seats to 40. The first General Election to the Mizoram State Legislative Assembly was held on 16.2.1987. 145 candidates contested the election and the seats won are – IND-13, PC-3, MNF-24, Shri Laldenga successfully contested two constituencies (34-Aizawl North and 29-Sateek). MNF Leader Shri Laldenga was sworn in as the first Chief Minister of Mizoram State. In the second General Election to the Mizoram State Legislative Assembly held in 1989, 162 candidates contested. The seats won are INC-23, PC-1, MNF-14, MNF (Democratic)-2, Congress-I Ministry headed by Shri Lal Thanhawla was sworn in on 24.1.1989.

General Election scheduled to be held in 1994 had to be preponed owing to Gospel Centenary Celebration and was held in 30th November 1993. In 1993 general election , election scenario was rather interesting. For the first time, the congress formed an electoral alliance with a local party – the Peoples’ Conference (PC) led by Brig. T. Sailo. PC has joined Janata Dal after the 1989 election. However, prior to the 1993 election, it withdrew affiliation and named itself Mizoram Janata Dal (MJD) consequently forming an electoral alliance with the Congress-I. In this election, 121 candidates were in the fray. The seats secured are INC-16, MNF-14, PC(B)(Ind)-8, Independent-2. MJD led by Brig. T. Sailo and Congress-I led by Shri Lal Thanhawla formed a coalition government headed by Lal Thanhawla as Chief Minister.

The 4th General Election to the Mizoram State Legislative Assembly was held on 25th November 1998. This time the MNF-MPC combine captured 32 seats (MNF 21, MPC 11) while the INC secured 6 seats. The coalition Ministry headed by Zoramthanga was sworn in on 3rd December 1998. Lalhmingthanga, Working President of MPC became Deputy Chief Minister. The coalition Ministry came to an end on 9th December 1999. With the exit of the MPC MLA’s, the strength of the MNF member became 22 with one Independent supporter.

The 5th General Assembly was held on 20 November 2003. MNF 21, INC 12, MPC 3, ZNP 2, Mara Democratic Front 1, Hmar People’s Convention 1. Zoramthanga was sworn in as Chief Minister for the second time on 4th December 2003. For the first time, Elector Voting Machine (EVM) was used in this election.

Mizoram, which has only 40 Assembly seats, went to poll on 02 December 2008. This was the 6th general election in the State since it became a Union Territory in 1972. Land of the highlanders, Mizoram became the 23rd State of India on February 20, 1987 , after the signing of peace accord between the underground Mizo National Front (MNF) leader Shri Laldenga and the Government of India on June 30, 1986. This year there were 206 contestants, which included 71 for 14 seats in Aizawl district, 30 for 7 seats in Lunglei district, 11 for 2 seats in Saiha district, 16 for 3 seats in Lawngtlai district, 24 for 5 seats in Champhai district, 14 for 3 seats in Serchhip district, 22 for 3 seats in Mamit district and 18 for 3 seats in Kolasib district. A total of 9 women candidates are in the fray. All major political parties have fielded women candidates. Only one seat – Aizawl East-I constituency is unreserved and the remaining are all ST reserved seats.

The peculiar feature of this election in Mizoram was that all the political parties have agreed not to put up election posters and instead only banners/flags would be used. This had been strictly adhered to by all parties including independents. The influential Mizoram People Forum (MPF) appeals to the public and political parties – to exercise rightful franchise and to ensure free and fair poll, etc. The Election Commission had earlier appreciated Mizoram for the good work done in conducting elections peacefully. In every constituencies throughout the State, the Mizoram People Forum (MPF) is arranging public platform to express their views, interaction, etc. for contestant in most of the localities (Vengs) irrespective of the political affiliations.

In the state election in 2008, Congress won 32 out of 40 seats in the Assembly while the MNF won only three.

In the state election in 2013, Congress won 34 out of 40 seats in the Assembly while the MNF won only five.

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Page last modified: 20-02-2018 18:42:52 ZULU