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Nanjing Military Region Air Force
Nanjing Military Area Air Force Command

The Nanjing Military Region Air Force was originally established in 1950 as the Huadong (East China) MRAF and was redesignated as the Nanjing MRAF in May 1955. The Nanjing Military Region Air Force adheres to the absolute leadership of the Chinese Communist Party over the military, inherits and carries forward the fine traditions and style of the People's Liberation Army, strengthens ideological and political work and grassroots construction, and maintains a high degree of stability and centralization of the military. With the development of the national defense industry, weapons and equipment have been improved, and more advanced aircraft and surface-to-air missiles have been successively equipped with troops. Persist in taking combat effectiveness as the standard, conduct extensive and in-depth mass scientific and technological training activities, strengthen synthetic training and tactical and technical training, and raise the combat effectiveness of the troops to a new level.

The Nanjing Military Region Air Force has long been responsible for air defense operations in East China. The military regions air force agencies and some units have participated in the War to Resist US Aid Korea and cooperate with the Army and the Navy to liberate Yijiangshan Island. They have made important contributions to safeguarding the national airspace security. In July 1951, Nie Fengzhi, commander of the Air Force of the Military Region, led the staff to Dongfeng in Liaodong Province (now Dongfeng, Jilin) ??to form the Sino-Korean Air Force Joint Bomber Command Post, which was cancelled in December of the same year. In July 1952, Commander Nie Fengzhi led 558 people from the agency to Andong, Liaoning Province (now Dandong, Liaoning), to take over the operational command of the Air Force Command Organization of the Chinese Peoples Volunteers, and returned to its establishment in December 1953.

The Air Force's 2nd, 10th, 12th, and 16th divisions participated in the war to resist US aggression and aid Korea, shooting down 62 "United Nations" aircraft headed by the US military and wounding 18 of them. The captain of the 2nd Air Force Division Xu Huaitang and the deputy captain Wang Tianbao each shot down a U.S. Air Force F-86 aircraft, setting a precedent for the Volunteer Air Force to shoot down a jet aircraft with a piston aircraft. From August 1954 to January 1955, during the liberation of Yijiangshan Island, the military area air force was ordered to form an air force front-line command post to unify command of the air force and naval aviation units participating in the war, sinking and wounding 5 warships of the Taiwan authorities and destroying one. Jiangshan Islands artillery positions, firepower points, and command structures created favorable conditions for ground troops to cross the sea and land.

In the homeland air defense operations, the air force of the Nanjing Military Region has repeatedly shot down and wounded aircraft that were invaded by the United States and the Taiwan authorities invaded and spied on the mainland. On September 20, 1952, He Zhongdao and Li Yongnian, the pilots of the 2nd Division of the Air Force, shot down a U.S. Air Force B-29 aircraft in the Shanghai area, and achieved the first result of the Air Forces air defense mission. On June 23, 1956, Lu Min, commander of the 12th Division of the Air Force, shot down a B-17 aircraft of the Taiwanese air force entering the mainland, setting the first record for air defense combat aviation to shoot down an enemy aircraft at night. From January to March 1968, the combat detachment of the 3rd Air Force Division in the Mengzi area of ??Yunnan Province shot down 3 unmanned high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft in a row. In addition, the Nanjing Military Region Air Force participated in the National Day military parade in the capital, scientific research flight test, military exercises, etc., and successfully completed their tasks. Perform tasks such as flood fighting and emergency rescue, and make contributions to protecting the life and property of the country and people.

On May 30, 1950, the Central Military Commission approved the expansion of the Aviation Division of the East China Military Region Command into the Air Force Command of the East China Military Region of the People's Liberation Army. On August 1, it was established in Nanjing. The agency has a headquarters, a political department, a logistics department, an engineering department, and a cadre management department. In September, moved to Shanghai and merged with the Shanghai Air Defense Command, which was called the East China Military Region Air Force Command and Shanghai Air Defense Command. In December, it was merged with the Shanghai Air Defense Command and moved back to Nanjing, still known as the Air Force Command of the East China Military Region. On May 15, 1954, it was renamed the East China Military Region Air Force Department. On May 6, 1955, it was renamed the Nanjing Military Region Air Force Command. On September 5, 1957, it merged with the Nanjing Military Region Air Defense Air Force into the Nanjing Military Region Air Force. In February 1970, the military area air force agencies were reorganized into the headquarters, the political department, and the logistics department. In February 1976, the Aeronautical Engineering Department was added. In September 1993, it was renamed the Equipment Technology Department. In December 1998, it was reorganized as the Equipment Department. In September 1985, the Nanjing Military Region Air Force and the Fuzhou Military Region Air Force merged into the Nanjing Military Region Air Force.

After the establishment of the East China Military Region, the air force organization first took over and led the Jianqiao Aviation Preparatory Corps originally led by the East China Military Region and the Peoples Air Forces first aviation unitthe 4th Air Force Mixed Brigade. From October 1950 to October 1951, 8 aviation divisions were formed, stationed in 5 provinces and cities in Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, and Shanghai. In August 1952 and March 1953, two air force headquarters were established. In March 1955, with the re-division of the national military regions, the air force stationed in Shandong Province was placed under the North China Military Region Air Force Organization, and the air force stationed in Jiangxi Province was assigned to the East China Military Region Air Force Organization from the Central South Military Region Air Force. In June 1957, the air defense forces stationed in Fujian Province were placed under the Nanjing Military Region Air Force Organization. In August, the Nanjing Military Region Air Defense Forces and schools were placed under the Nanjing Military Region Air Force Organizational System. In May 1959, the air force stationed in Jiangxi Province was placed under the Fuzhou Military Region Air Force Organization.

In February 1975, the air force academies under the jurisdiction of the Nanjing Military Region Air Force were reorganized directly under the Air Force into the Nanjing Military Region Air Force. In January 1976, 1 Air Force headquarters was abolished. In the second half of 1985, the Fuzhou Military Region air force organs were reorganized into the Air Force Headquarters and returned to the Nanjing Military Region Air Force Organization; some units were adjusted, cancelled, and merged. By the end of the 20th century, the Nanjing Military Region Air Force had developed into a combined army consisting of aviation, ground-to-air missiles, anti-aircraft artillery, radar, electronic countermeasures, signal and other specialized forces.

In defending and building the motherland and strengthening army building in the Nanjing Military Region Air Force, a number of advanced units and heroes and models have emerged. From March 1983 to March 1993, the 3rd Air Force Aviation Division of the Air Force eliminated grade flight accidents for 10 consecutive years and was recorded as a collective first-class merit by the Central Military Commission. The honorary titles awarded by the Air Force are: "Wang Hai Squadron", "Heroic Artillery Group 4", "Spiritual Civilization Model Company", "Model Flying Brigade", "Courageous Brigade", "Pioneer Strike Brigade", and "Secondary Fighting Hero" "Wang Tianbao, Zheng Changhua, Zhang Weiliang, Song Zongzhou, Liu Jianhan, "Bombing and Shooting Pioneer" Wang Yonggui, "Model Mechanic" Xu Yadong, "Model Flying Captain" Tong Tianyun, "Model Pilot" Cui Wenge, etc.



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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:07:33 ZULU