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Type 052 Luyang-class Multirole Destroyer

China built 10 destroyers in the year 2019 - 8 Type 052 class @ 8,000 tons and 2 larger Type 055 class @ 12,800 tons. This is twice the current American build cadence for the insanely prolific DDG-51 Arleigh Burkes, @ 10,000 tons. China built more destroyers in a single year than most navies have in their entire inventory.

There does not appear to be any self evident constraint on the final number of units of this class. China was projected by DOD as of 2013 to build more than a dozen of the Luyang III ships to replace the dozen aging LUDA-class destroyers (DD). By 2016 most of the LUDAs seem to have been withdrawn from service, and surely by 2019 all were out of service. There were at least a dozen LUYANG III in service by 2019, with at least this many more in the pipeline. Maintaining a constant number of destroyers / destroyer crews does not seem to be the floor/ceiling, as this number has steadily grown from about 15 in 1985 to more than twice this number by 2020. China might clean up its untidy mixed fleet of older destroyers [2 Luhu, 1 Luhai, 2 Luzhou, and 4 Sovremenny], if only to free up crews for new LUYANG III. Even if no further LUYANG III were forthcoming, the DDG fleet would stabilize at 31 units, and approach 60 units by 2030 adding in the larger Type 055.

But there is no reason to assume that 2019 was the finale year for the LUYANG III, and even a "sedate" pace of 5 per year would place the LUYANG III inventory at about 70 by 2030 and the DDG/CG combined inventory at about 100, rather North of the 80 or so DDG-51s the Americans might deploy in that timeframe. China might aspire to a major surface combatant fleet to equal that of all plausible opponents combined. This would need to match Japan [8 Aegis DDGs], South Korea [12 Aegis DDGs], and Australian [4 Aegis DDGs], for a total of about 110 vessels. India's four Project 15B Visakhapatnam Class destroyers are not quite in the same league, and really in the rounding error. So a building rate of 5 LUYANG III for the decade of the 2020s would yield the requsite 110 major surface combatants by 2030.

As of mid-2016, Chinese sources reported there were four 052D destroyers in service, the shipyard had seven in outfitting and sea test, and had confirmed the construction of at least two ships, with the total number of construction from 18 to 24 units [ie, 2 Type 052B, 6 Type 052C, and 13 Type 052D]. As of 2015 Beijing planned to build at least 10 warships of the Kunming class. As of early 2017, there were more than ten 052D vessel systems, either commissioned or to be commissioned soon. The 2019 DIA China Military Power report, with a November 2018 data cutoff date, stated " ... six Luyang III (Type 052D) class guided-missile destroyers are now operational, with several more under construction." This clearly mis-underestimates the situation, since nearly twice that number appeared to be in service at that time. The Luyyang III class initially saw a building rate of two units launched per year at Jiangnan from 2012 through 2014, which increased to three in 2015 when Dalian came on line, back to 2 per year in 2016 and 2017, up to 3 in 2018, then a blistering 7 vessels in 2019 at both yards.

The list over at navepedia seems to be stuck at 2019. As of mid-2020, shipshub.com appeared to have the best granularity on this topic, although his chronology appears to have a dateline offset, as many milestones are reported one day off from other reports.

Ships

#PennantNameBuilderFleetLaunchComplete
Type 052B Luyang I
1168Guangzhou JiangnanSouth Sea
Fleet
25 May
2002
2003?
15 Jul
2004
2169Wuhan JiangnanSouth Sea
Fleet
Oct
2002
15 Jul
2004
Type 052C Luyang II
1170LanzhouJiangnanSouth Sea
Fleet
29 Apr
2003
18 Jul
2004
2171HaikouJiangnanSouth Sea
Fleet
30 Oct
2003
01 Dec
2005
3150ChangchunHudong
Zhonghua
Shipyard
28 Nov
2010
31 Jan
2013
4151ZhengzhouHudong
Zhonghua
Shipyard
20 Jul
2011
26 Dec
2013
5152Ji'nanHudong
Zhonghua
Shipyard
01 Dec
2011
22 Dec
2014
6153Xi'anHudong
Zhonghua
Shipyard
16 Jun
2012
2014
Type 052D Luyang III
1 DDG-172 Kunming Changxingdao
Jiangnan
South Sea
Fleet
28 Aug
2012
21 Mar
2014
2 DDG-173 Changsha Changxingdao
Jiangnan
South Sea
Fleet
28 Dec
2012
16 Jul
12 Aug
2015
3 DDG-174 Hefei Changxingdao
Jiangnan
South Sea
Fleet
1 July
2013
12 Dec
2015
4 DDG-175 Yinchuan
Guiyang
Changxingdao
Jiangnan
South Sea
Fleet
20 Jul
2013
or
30 Mar
2014 ??
12 July
2016
176ChengduChangxingdao
Jiangnan
21 Nov
2013

2015
erroneous report??
5 DDG-117 Xining
Yinchuan
Changxingdao
Jiangnan

Dalian ??
North Sea
Fleet
26 Aug
2014
22 Jan
2017
6 DDG-154 Xiamen Changxingdao
Jiangnan
East Sea
Fleet
30 Dec
2014
10 Jun
2017
2018-Nov = DIA 6 operational
7 DDG-118 rmqi Changxingdao
Jiangnan
North Sea
Fleet
7 Jul
2015
Jan
2018
8 DDG-155 Nanjing Changxingdao
Jiangnan
East Sea
Fleet
28 Dec
2015
April
2018
9 DDG-119 Guiyang Dalian North Sea
Fleet
28 Nov
2015
15 Jun
2018
10 DDG-161 Hohhot Changxingdao
Jiangnan
South Sea
Fleet
26 Dec
2016
12 Jan
2019
Comm : 30 Jun 2018
11 DDG-131 Taiyuan Changxingdao
Jiangnan
East Sea
Fleet
28 July
2016
Nov
2018
12 DDG-120 Chengdu Dalian North Sea
Fleet
26 Jun
2017
22 Nov
2019
2019 : Sea trials
13 DDG-121 Qiqihar Dalian East Sea
Fleet
3 Aug
2017
08 Aug
2019
2019 : Sea trials
Type 052D Batch II Luyang III
14 DDG-156
DDG-132
Zibo Changxingdao
Jiangnan
29 Jun
2018
12 Jan
2020
2019 : Fitting out
15 DDG-162 Huainan Changxingdao
Jiangnan
14 Aug
2018

2021
2019 : Fitting out
2021 in service
16 DDG 132 Suzhou Dalian 18 Dec
2018
25 Nov
2020
third elongated type
2019 : Building
17 DDG- Nanning Dalian 23 Feb
2019

2021
2019 : Building
2021 : in service
18 DDG 157 Baotou Changxingdao
Jiangnan
15 Apr
2019

2021
2019 : Building
19 DDG 124 Kaifeng Dalian 10 May
2019
04 Jul
2021
2019 : Building
20 DDG 163 Guiling Dalian 10 May
2019

2021
2019 : Building
21 DDG 133 Changxingdao
Jiangnan
29 Aug
2019

2021
2019 : Building
22 DDG-164 Changxingdao
Jiangnan
26 Sep
2019

2021
23 DDG 134 Changxingdao
Jiangnan

Dalian
27 Dec
2019

2021
24 DDG-123 Changxingdao
Jiangnan
28 Dec
2019

2022
2019 : 7 total for year
25 DDG 125 Changxingdao
Jiangnan
30 Aug
2020

2022
2019 : maybe 5/yr
26 Dalian
2020

2022
2019 : maybe 5/yr
27 Dalian
2020

2022
2018 : 14 Batch II Luyang III
Type 052E Luyang IV
28 Dalian
2020

2022
2018 : first Type 052E Luyang IV
2019 : maybe 5/yr
USA = 28 DDG51 Flight I+II
29-33 Dalian+Jiangnan 2021 2023 2019 : maybe 5/yr
34-38 Dalian+Jiangnan 2022 2024 2019 : maybe 5/yr
39-43 Dalian+Jiangnan 2023 2025 2019 : maybe 5/yr
44-48 Dalian+Jiangnan 2024 2027 2019 : maybe 5/yr
49-53 Dalian+Jiangnan 2025 2028 2019 : maybe 5/yr
54-58 Dalian+Jiangnan 2026 2029 2019 : maybe 5/yr
59-63 Dalian+Jiangnan 2027 2030 2019 : maybe 5/yr
64-68 Dalian+Jiangnan 2028 2031 2019 : maybe 5/yr
69-73 Dalian+Jiangnan 2029 2032 2019 : maybe 5/yr
USA = 71 DDG51 Flight I+II+IIA




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Page last modified: 19-07-2021 18:26:48 ZULU