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Luyang III / Type 052D - Design - VLS

With the first Chinese vertical launch system, some analysts compare the Type 52D to the Aegis-equipped Arleigh Burke class destroyers of the US Navy. But the Chinese vessel is smaller than the DDG-51, featuring a smaller missile launching capability. The Type 52D also has a much less extensive superstructure than the DDG-51, a curiously subdued single exhaust stack, and shorter main mast than seen on the Arleigh Burke.

Since the launch of the 052D guided missile destroyer at the end of August 2012, domestic and foreign media payed close attention to some new technologies adopted by this type of destroyer. Among them, the vertical launch system of China’s new naval ship, which has been confusing, has attracted wide attention.

Shipborne missiles are the main weapon of ship air defense, anti-ship and anti-submarine. They were all launched obliquely in the early days. The main shortcomings of this type of launching method are: in combat, the launching device usually turns to the direction of the target, and the reaction time is long; second, the launching device occupies a large area, the large ship has a maximum of 2 to 3, and the small ship has only one. The number of missiles on each launching device is one less, and the maximum is eight. After the launch, the reloading takes more time and affects the firepower of the ship. Third, the launching device is exposed on the deck and can be easily destroyed during combat. In response to the above problems, the United States developed two vertical launch systems MK41 and MK48 for ship-borne missiles in the 1980s, of which MK41 can launch a variety of missiles, and MK48 is only used to launch ship-to-air missiles. The MK41 has a modular structure. The standard module is a missile module with eight launch tubes, each equipped with a missile. The missile bay is installed under the deck of the warship and the upper end is substantially level with the deck. The number of missile bays installed in each warship depends on the available space on the deck.

For example, on the "Ticonderoga" class cruiser, there are 8 missile bays at the beginning and the end. In the "Arleigh Burke" class destroyer, there are 4 missile bays at the head and 8 at the stern. In the missile bay of the bow and the stern, each has a position to replace three launch tubes, and a retractable arm crane is installed for reloading or hoisting the replacement missile. In this way, each of these ships has a missile load of 122 and 90 respectively, including Standard ship-to-air missiles, ASROC anti-submarine missiles and Tomahawk cruise missiles. According to the target to be struck, the launch control system selects the missile and commands a missile to launch. The reaction time is only 4 seconds, and it can strike targets from any direction.

The general requirements for GJB5860-2006 [GJB = Guo-jia Jun-yong Biao-zhun,"National Military Standard"] surface ship missile generalized vertical launcher are a number of national military standards that have been published. This standard document is used to guide the specification documents of national surface warship tactical missiles and missile-related technologies. It is a missile of China's surface warships. Development guide for general vertical launch systems. This standard method was developed in 2006, which is the possible development time of the 052D destroyer. That is to say, this standard has been applied to the design and construction process of the 052D guided missile destroyer. It can be said that the 052D is the first in China to be built according to the GJB5860-2006 standard.

This universal vertical launch system has three sizes of modules to accommodate different sizes of ships, of which the large launch unit is astonishing 9 meters, which has surpassed the US MK41 and French seats. The Erwa system, which created the world's best, combined with the specification, shows that the diameter of a single launch unit of this vertical launch system has reached an unprecedented 850 mm, and also exceeds the US MK41, which means that China's new universal vertical launch system can launch large-size missiles, even in the future, including anti-satellite and large-scale anti-missile missile systems.

The ability to launch missiles of larger diameter and larger length has been a development direction for the development of vertical missile launch systems in the world. The MK57 "CCL" concentric new vertical launch system developed by the United States can launch larger-sized missiles, but with me. Compared to the Army's new universal vertical launch system, our new system performs better.

In fact, the direct result of the implementation of this technical specification is the generalized vertical launch system on the 052D destroyer. The 052D should be a medium-sized module for missile generalized vertical launchers. The significance of the 052D's use of missile generalized vertical launchers is mainly in the future expansion. It can launch almost all vertically launched missiles developed for the Navy, cold/hot. The launch method is included. In the standard, we can find that the standard requires that one control unit should be able to control the launch of four different types of missiles at the same time. That is to say, in the future, Chinese warships will also use a new short-range air defense missile similar to ESSM, which will adopt a launch. The unit fires a pattern of four missiles.

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Page last modified: 31-12-2019 16:03:22 ZULU