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Huang Xuhua

Huang XuhuaIn March 2018, Huang Xuhua, one of the chief designers for China’s first generation of nuclear submarines, won the Life Time Award at the “2017-2018 You Bring Charm to the World” awards ceremony held at Tsinghua University. In June of the same year, he was presented the “Lifetime Achievement Award” in “The People of the Year 2017” by Scientific Chinese.

Huang Xuhua, director emeritus of the Nuclear Submarine Institute of China Shipbuilding Industry Corp, led research and development on the nation's first nuclear submarines - the Type 09I nuclear-powered attack submarine and the Type 09II nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine - from the 1950s to the 1980s. He took over the position as chief designer of the Type 091 submarine from Peng Shilu in 1983. His name remained classified until 1987 when a magazine in Shanghai was allowed to publish a report about him using only his family name - Huang. As the Chinese Navy has gradually declassified its first-generation nuclear subs, the stories of Huang and his fellow designers have become widely known and their reputations have been burnished.

Originally from Jieyang City, Guangdong Province, he was born in Shanwei City, Guangdong Province. Graduated from Shanghai Jiaotong University in 1949. Huang Xuhua, who is one of the chief designers for China’s first generation of nuclear submarines and Honorary Director of the CSIC No.719 Research Institute, is considered “the father of China’s nuclear submarines”. For decades, he led his team to carry out research and development of a series of key models, and trained a large number of outstanding scientific and technological talents, including one academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, two masters of ship design, two CSIC chief technicians, one chief designer of nuclear submarine engineering as well as 7 chief designers and more than 30 deputy chief designers of submarine models.

After Huang argued that the linear-shape design is no longer suitable for nuclear-powered submarines which operate at high speeds and at depths of up to 300 meters. Since each tangent plane of the hull is round in a streamlined water-drop shape, Huang believes the boat will be subject to minimum friction or drag while maintaining stability at great depths.

During this period of time, China was unable to get any foreign assistance since it was under a technology blockade imposed by both the United States and Soviet Union. Huang said that the United States took three steps to develop its own water-drop shaped nuclear-powered submarine. First, they installed a nuclear reactor into linear-shape submarines; then the American designed a conventional submarine with a water-drop shape and finally they put a nuclear reactor into the water-drop shaped submarine.

China decided to complete the three steps in one because it did not have enough time according to Huang. Eventually, they brought two US-made toy submarines back to China from Hong Kong and the United States. With those two toy submarines in different sizes, the Chinese researchers were able to learn the design of American water-drop shaped submarine through disassembling them. Huang said this is the reason why China was able to design its first water-drop shaped submarine.

Huang’s wife and three daughters followed him on his postings but his highly classified mission meant he was able to maintain only sporadic contact with his parents in Guangdong province. “Given the job I did, [I had] to make family ties less of a priority,” Huang recalled in the Xinhua Daily Telegraph report. “They always asked me what I did, but how could I tell them?” In 1987, a Chinese magazine published a long report about the unknown names behind China’s development and referred to Huang as the chief designer of China’s nuclear submarine project. His mother read the report and soon understood why her son had rarely made it home in the previous 30 years.

Some writers like to use the "father" to recognize those who have made outstanding contributions in a certain field. For example, the "father of nuclear submarines" in the United States is called Rickover, who was the director of the US nuclear submarine engineering office, which is equivalent to the China Nuclear Submarine Engineering Office. The role of director Chen Miming. Some writers like to use the "father" to recognize those who have made outstanding contributions in a certain field. For example, the "father of nuclear submarines" in the United States is called Rickover, who was the director of the US nuclear submarine engineering office, which is equivalent to the China Nuclear Submarine Engineering Office. The role of director Chen Miming.

Reporters or writers, whoever write articles, like to summarize the characteristics of the characters written in the refining, and then put on various "tags" such as "Iron Man", "Iron Girl", "Prodigy", "School" The purpose is to make this character more vivid and leave a deeper impression on people. This kind of "labeling" approach is nothing wrong, but in the press there is a bad habit, that regardless of the facts, regardless of history, regardless of national conditions, random labeling and wearing high hats, the results often have a bad impact, It not only damages the authority of the news media, but also damages the authenticity of typical characters.

For example, on February 11, 2014, the awarding ceremony of “Impressed People in China 2013” was announced. Huang Xuhua, the second chief designer of China’s nuclear submarine, was on the list and was hailed as “the father of Chinese nuclear submarines”. The nuclear submarine project was first established in 1958, and it has been 55 years since 2013. During this period, thousands of technicians, naval officers and workers made a huge contribution to it, and elected a representative.

In September 1979, in order to strengthen the technical summation and coordination of the nuclear submarine project, the National Defense Science and Technology Commission and the National Defense Office appointed Peng Shilu as the chief designer of the nuclear submarine engineering, Huang Weilu, Zhao Renxuan and Huang Xuhua as deputy chief designers. On March 19, 1983, Huang Xuhua took over as the chief designer of nuclear submarines, and the first chief designer, Peng Shilu, became a consultant.

From the history, it can be clearly seen that the Chinese nuclear submarine project was first proposed by Marshal Nie Rongzhen, and the entire project was under the leadership of Premier Zhou Enlai. Premier Zhou is the director of the Central Committee. Under the Central Committee, there is a nuclear submarine project leading group. Under the leading group, there is a nuclear submarine engineering office. There are four professional groups under the office. The professional group is the following professional units: overall, power, equipment, Electronic department. Huang Xuhua was only a deputy chief engineer of the overall department.

It is very necessary to do some propaganda, to strengthen the country and to strengthen the military. However, it is a bit too much to inexplicably give Huang Xuhua the title of "the father of Chinese nuclear submarines". This incident caused very bad influence among the older generation of personnel involved in the nuclear submarine project, and even related to the evaluation of Huang Xuhua's character.




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Page last modified: 24-08-2019 18:42:49 ZULU