Peng Shilu was the first chief designer of the first Chinese nuclear submarine. He once served as deputy minister and chief engineer of the shipbuilding industry. In the 1960s, he presided over the demonstration, design, test and operation of the submarine nuclear power plant, and participated in the commissioning and trialing of the first generation of nuclear submarines. He was the scientific advisor of China National Nuclear Corporation [CNNC] and the academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
In 1978, he won the National Science Conference Award; in 1985, he was awarded the "National Science and Technology Progress Award" special award as the first person in succession; in 1988, he was awarded the "Outstanding Chief Designer" by the National Defense Science and Technology Commission. Peng Shilu won the highest award in 2017, He Liang He Li Science and Technology Achievement Award, and was the second nuclear industry person to receive the award after Academician Wang Yichang in 1994.
Peng Shilu, a famous nuclear power expert in China, is the first chief designer of China's nuclear submarine. The industry is known as the "father of nuclear submarines" and one of the pioneers and founders of China's nuclear power industry. He presided over the demonstration, design, equipment, testing and operation of the submarine nuclear power plant, and participated in the commissioning and trialing of the first generation of nuclear submarines. In 1971, the nuclear submarine was inaugurated. In 1979, Peng Shilu was jointly appointed by the Defense Science and Technology Commission of the National Defense Science and Technology Commission as the first chief designer of nuclear submarines in China. Huang Xuhua, Zhao Renqi and Huang Weilu are deputy chief designers.
Academician Peng Shilu won this honor not only for his full recognition of his outstanding achievements in the nuclear career of the motherland, but also for the full recognition of the development of nuclear power and nuclear power technology for China's submarines, and for the promotion of scientific and technological innovation in the nuclear industry under the new situation. CNNC established the “Peng Shilu Nuclear Power Innovation Award”.
He is the chief designer of China's first nuclear submarine, the main designer of China's first nuclear power plant, and the main technical leader of China's first nuclear power plant. He is a senior academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and a nuclear power expert. "I have only done two things in my life: one is to build a nuclear submarine, and the other is to build a nuclear power plant." People say that Peng Shilu is "the father of Chinese nuclear submarines" and "China's Rickover", but he does not like these high hats. "As a member of the Communist Party, the task assigned to me by the state is only to do its best to do it well. There is no such thing as a 'father'. I am at best a screw on a nuclear submarine" Peng Shilu said very seriously.
Formerly known as Peng Baolu, on November 18, 1925, Peng Shilu was born in Haifeng County, Guangdong Province, . Every time something goes on, Peng Shilu always thinks about his parents. When he was the age of 3, his mother Cai Suping, the director of the Soviet Women’s Committee of Haifeng County, was killed by the Kuomintang. His father Peng Yu, born in a landlord's home, at the age of 26 betrayed his family and launched the workers and peasants movement. He led the creation of the country's first Soviet regime, and Mao Zedong praised him as the "Chinese peasant movement king." After being betrayed by traitors, he was only 33 years old when he died. In the year when his father Peng Yu sacrificed, Peng Shilu was only 4 years old.
Peng Baolu, a young man, became an orphan. Fortunately, the nurse, Wang Hao, adopted him. In order to avoid the enemy's pursuit, Wang Hao asked Peng Baolu to call her "mother" and repeatedly told him not to admit that he was called Peng Baolu. The fierce enemy heard that Peng Yu’s son was still alive, and sent his minions around to inquire. Wang Hao took Peng Baolu around. In this way, Peng Baolu turned around one after another and began to eat a hundred homes and wear a hundred clothes - "walking life".
It was not until the summer of 1932 that Peng Baolu embarked on a journey to the Central Soviet Area with the people sent by the organization. Unfortunately, the slippery enemies arrested two comrades who escorted Peng Baolu. When the enemy saw that Peng Baolu was a child who was not sensible, he released him, and the two comrades never returned. After going to the Soviet Union, Peng Baolu returned to the country and lived in a red army home.
Perhaps because of the blood flowing through the revolution, he thought that reading was important but not urgent. It was urgent and important to resist the Japanese. So at the age of 12, he put down his book for two years, fled Hong Kong with his cousin, and found the Dongjiang Anti-Japanese Guerrilla column alone, becoming a small guerrilla.
The organization decided to send him to Yanan, and said that Vice President Zhou Enlai sent someone to meet him in Guilin. In this way, Peng Shilu and the orphans and family members of more than a dozen martyrs came to Chongqing in the autumn of 1940. In Chongqing, Peng Shilu first met Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao. Zhou Enlai took the attention of his former comrades and his son, and looked at it for a while. He said with a solemn expression: "I finally found you! You look like your father. You know, I came back from France 15 years ago, it is your father. I arrived at the dock." After that, Zhou Enlai touched Peng Shilu’s head and said kindly: "Children, I will send you to Yanan now. In the future, you must inherit the legacy of the martyrs, study hard, and work hard to participate in the revolutionary struggle."
In Yan'an, he first read books for more than a year, then went to Yan'an Central Hospital for a year and a half as a nurse, and then went to the Yan'an Academy of Natural Sciences. A year later, he entered the Academy of Natural Sciences with excellent results, and as a model of study and a model of labor, he joined the Communist Party of China gloriously. During his school days, he served as the squad leader. Later, Li Peng, who became the prime minister of the Republic, Huang Yicheng, the minister of the National Energy Department, and Qi Yuanjing, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, were all his classmates. At that time, these students all liked to call him the "old squad leader."
In the winter of 1948, the organization decided to send Peng Shilu to study in the Soviet Union. Unexpectedly, when he arrived in Harbin, the plane had taken off, and Peng Shilu went to Dalian Institute of Technology to study. It was not until July 1951 that Peng Shilu came to the Kazan Institute of Chemical Engineering in the Soviet Union to study, where he and his classmates shared a common ideal—learning skills to build a new socialist China. ! He listened to classes during the day, sorted out the study materials at night, and learned late at night every night. He eventually won the title of outstanding chemical mechanical engineer with excellent results.
He graduated from the Moscow Institute of Chemical Engineering in 1956, and later went on to study nuclear power at the Moscow Power Institute. One day in 1956, he was summoned to the Chinese Embassy by the Deputy Minister of Defense, Chen Hao, who was visiting the Soviet Union. Chen Yu told him that both the United States and the Soviet Union have produced atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs, and the United States has nuclear submarines. We must be bullied by others and have these things. "The central government has decided to choose a group of international students to switch to a nuclear energy nuclear power major. Are you willing to change course?" Peng Shilu replied affirmatively: "As long as it is the needs of the motherland, I certainly want it." Since then, Peng Shilu and nuclear power have been puzzled. The edge. In April 1958, Peng Shilu learned to return to China and opened his life for decades of "nuclear power."
In July 1958, the nuclear submarine development project codenamed "09" was officially launched under the direct leadership of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. Unexpectedly, shortly after the beginning of the work, Sino-Soviet relations deteriorated, and then three years of natural disasters followed. Under careful consideration, the central government finally decided to concentrate on the development of the atomic bomb, while retaining a nuclear power research room composed of more than 50 people. By Peng Shilu as deputy director (no director at the time), he continued to work on related research and experiments on nuclear submarines.
On July 1, 1971, China’s nuclear submarines successfully produced nuclear power for the first time. In August, China’s nuclear submarines entered the rough sea with the Chinese’s dream. On August 1, 1974, the Central Military Commission named China's first nuclear submarine "Long March No. 1" and officially incorporated into the battle sequence of the People's Navy.
In 1979, Peng Shilu was appointed as the chief designer of China's first nuclear submarine. The use of nuclear energy not only for the military, but also for serving the society and achieving the peaceful use of nuclear energy is the lifelong wish of a generation of nuclear dynamics such as Peng Shilu. In early 1983, Peng Shilu became the deputy minister and chief engineer of the Ministry of Water and Electricity, responsible for the preparatory work for the construction of the Guangdong Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station.
In 1994, Peng Shilu was elected as the first academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. After the heroic, Peng Shilu did not give an unusual feeling. "I have never carried this burden, and I will not use it myself. I am just an ordinary party member. I must be able to do things for the people and the party."
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