Afghanistan - Urban Areas

As of 2004 the urban population of about 6.4 million, i.e., 30% of the total population, is estimated to double by 2015 at a growth rate twice the average growth rate in the country. More than 70 percent of the urban population is concentrated in six cities: Kabul, Kandahar, Herat, Mazar-ISharif, Jalalabad and Kunduz. Refugees choose to return to cities for the benefits offered by urban life; the population of Kabul has increased from 1.7 million in 2000 to at least 2.4 million in 2003.

About 77,000 urban houses, of which 63,000 in Kabul alone, have to be rebuilt and an additional 63,000 have to be built for the internally displaced people (IDP). 60% or Kabul urban roads have been destroyed; access to piped water is only about 20% in Kabul (10 to 30% in the other major provincial cities); more than 20 provincial capitals do not have any functioning piped water system and no more than 50% of solid waste is collected.

Almost half of Kabul's residents are under the threat of relocation, as a result of the combination of IDPs settling on land outside of the Master Plan and the disruption of the land administration process during the war years.

City Province Abbr. population
Aqchah Jowzjan JOW 13,000
Andkhvoy Faryab FYB 20,000
Asadabad Konarha KNR 3,000
Aybak Samangan SAM 8,000
Baghlan Baghlan BGL 47,000
Balkh Balkh BAL 11,000
Bamian Bamian BAM 11,000
Chagcharan Ghowr GHO 5,000
Chah Ab Takhar TAK 16,000
Charikar Parvan PAR 34,000
Emam Saheb Konduz KDZ 19,000
Farah Farah FRA 29,000
Faizabad Badakhshan BDS 14,000
Gardiz Paktia PIA 15,000
Ghurian Herat HER 19,000
Ghazni Ghazni GHA 46,000
Herat Herat HER 249,000
Jalalabad Nangarhar NAN 96,000
Kabol [Kabul] Kabol KAB 2,678,000
Khanabad Konduz KDZ 41,000
Kholm Samangan SAM 43,000
Khowst Khowst KHO 3,000
Konduz Konduz KDZ 95,000
Lashkar Gah Helmand HEL 33,000
Mahmud-e Raqi Kapisa KAP 2,000
Maydan Shahr Vardak WAR 3,000
Mazar-e Sharif Balkh BAL 183,000
Mehtar Lam Laghman LAG 6,000
Meymaneh Faryab FYB 58,000
Nurestan Nurestan NUR ...
Paghman Kabol KAB 29,000
Pol-e 'Alam Lowgar LOW 6,000
Pol-e Khomri Baghlan BGL 60,000
Qalat Zabol ZAB 9,000
Qal'eh-ye Now Badghis BDG 8,000
Qal'eh-ye Zal Konduz KDZ 18,000
Qandahar [Kandahar] Qandahar KAN 316,000
Rostaq Takhar TAK 10,000
Sang-e Charak Sar-e Pol SAR 12,000
Sar-e Pol Sar-e Pol SAR 24,000
Sheberghan Jowzjan JOW 29,000
Taloqan Takhar TAK 30,000
Tarin Kowt Oruzgan ORU 5,000
Zaranj Nimruz NIM 10,000
Zareh Sharan Paktika PKA 2,000

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