Lashkar Gah is the capital of the southern Afghan province of Helmand. It is located between the Helmand and Arghandab rivers. Helmand is one of Afghanistan's more arid climates despite its proximity to water. It is linked by highway to Kandahar, Zaranj, and Herat. Temperatures range from 55 degrees Celsius in the summer to minus 40 degrees in the winter.
The United Kingdom is responsible for the Lashkar Gah PRT. Camp Bastion, the main British outpost in Afghanistan and the headquaters of the PRT, is located in the middle of Helmand province. The camp, two other smaller bases and an airfield capable of handling C-130 Hercules, CH-47 Chinooks, and AH-64 Apaches were built at a cost of 50 million pounds. British Royal Engineers have built hangars, temporary portable aircraft arrestor equipment, oxygen and nitrogen production plants and an environmental conditioning, design, installation, and maintenance facility. Bastion's Role 2 Enhanced, 50-bed field hospital has facilities for the seriouly ill and injured, intensive care, high-dependency patients, surgery, physiotherapy, and dental, mental health, x-ray and laboratory provisions. The camp is home to 2000 troops and an adjacent base is occupied by 2000 Afghan National Army troops. Perimeter surveillance and protection is provided by radars that can detect human movement out to a distance of 20 miles.
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