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Russian Defense Business Directory

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NEVYANSK

    NEVYANSK MECHANICAL PLANT

NIZHNIY NOVGOROD

    ALEKSEYEV CENTRAL HYDROFOIL DESIGN BUREAU

    ALL-RUSSIAN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS (VNIIEhF)

    BUREVESTNIK CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE

    DVIGATEL REVOLYUTSII DIESEL PLANT

    ERKON PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN BUREAU OF MACHINE-BUILDING

    FRUNZE PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    GIDROMASH STATE ENTERPRISE

    KORUND STATE ENTERPRISE

    KRASNOYE SORMOVO PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    KVARTS SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF MEASURING INSTRUMENTS AND SYSTEMS

    LAZURIT CENTRAL DESIGN BUREAU

    NITEL JOINT STOCK COMPANY

    NIZHNIY NOVGOROD ENTERPRISE OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND INFORMATION

    NIZHNIY NOVGOROD ERA ENTERPRISE

    NIZHNIY NOVGOROD MACHINE-BUILDING PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    NIZHNIY NOVGOROD RADIO-MEASURING EQUIPMENT PLANT

    NIZHNIY NOVGOROD SOKOL STATE AIRCRAFT PLANT

    NORMAL STATE ENTERPRISE

    PAVLOVO KADISHEV MECHANICAL PLANT

    POLET SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION ENTERPRISE

    POPOV PLANT JOINT STOCK COMPANY

    SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF MEASURING SYSTEMS (NIIS)

    SORMOVO LAZUR PLANT

    TEPLOOBMENNIK PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    ULYANOV PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    VOLGA SHIPBUILDING PLANT JOINT STOCK COMPANY

NIZHNIY TAGIL

    URALVAGONZAVOD STATE PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

NIZHNYAYA SALDA

    SCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF MACHINE-BUILDING (NIIM)

NOVOCHEBOKSARSK

    CHEBOKSARY KHIMPROM PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

NOVOSIBIRSK

    CHAPLYGIN SIBERIAN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF AVIATION (SIBNIA)

    ELEKTROSIGNAL PLANT

    NOVOSIBIRSK CHEMICAL CONCENTRATES PLANT

    NOVOSIBIRSK INSTRUMENT-BUILDING PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    SIBSELMASH PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION


NEVYANSK

ENTERPRISE NAME: NEVYANSK MECHANICAL PLANT

LAST UPDATE: November 1992

ALTERNATE NAMES: Nevyanskiy mekhanicheskiy zavod

ADDRESS:

624170, Nevyansk, Russia

Oktyabrskiy prospekt, 2

Nevyansk Mechanical Plant

Telephone: (01-7-34356) 2-26-46, 2-15-51, 2-82-01; Telex: 721522 STAN SU; Teletype: 348213, 348221 ZLAK; Fax: (01-7-34356) 2-24-90, 2-15-51, 2-42-30

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Nevyansk Mechanical Plant, one of the older plants in the Yekaterinburg area, produced artillery shells and aircraft bombs for the military. During World War II, it produced a peak of a million howitzer shells a month, or 50 percent of the Red Army's needs. Today it produces industrial equipment, including presses of various kinds, and domestic fixtures such as furnaces, electric stove burners, and waffle irons. The plant reportedly ended all its military production during 1992.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Ammunition; SIC Code: 2426, 2431, 2435, 3433, 3542, 3552, 3556, 3634

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 8,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Viktor Vasilyevich Khakhonov, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1701

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Artillery shells, aircraft bombs

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: N/A

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Computer-controlled machine tools, automatic steel presses. The plant produced many of its own machine tools.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Meat chopping presses, laminating presses, equipment for hermetically sealing products with plastic, home heating furnaces, cast iron electric stove burners, programmable flat knitting looms, waffle irons, punching machines, combing machines for linen and hemp, construction material, lumber.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The plant is manufacturing programmable knitting machines under license from an Italian firm. It recently exported a sheet metal press of its own manufacture to the Netherlands.

NIZHNIY NOVGOROD

ENTERPRISE NAME: ALEKSEYEV CENTRAL HYDROFOIL DESIGN BUREAU

LAST UPDATE: November 1992

ALTERNATE NAMES: Alekseyev Design Bureau, NPO imeni R.E. Alekseyeva, Tsentralnoye konstruktorskoye byuro sudov na podvodnykh krylyakh (TsKB SPK)

ADDRESS:

603602 Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Alekseyev Central Hydrofoil Design Bureau

Telephone: N/A, Telex: N/A; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: This design bureau has been designing hydrofoils, air cushion craft, and air cavity vessels for twenty years. It is marketing several designs for wing-in-ground effect (WIG) vehicles including the 400 ton "Lun," 140 ton "Orlenok," and 20 ton "Utka."

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 373

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Boris Chubikov, Director

Dmitriy Sinitsyn, Chief Designer

V. Markov, Chief Engineer

Igor Vasilevskiy, Deputy Chief Engineer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled. The enterprise is being privatized.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Hydrofoil designs; wing-in-ground effect vehicle designs.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Hydrofoil designs; wing-in-ground effect designs.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Building wing-in-ground effect vehicles for civil uses.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: This design bureau is collocated with the Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard, although it is organizationally distinct.

ENTERPRISE NAME: ALL-RUSSIAN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS (VNIIEhF)

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Vserossiyskiy nauchno-issledovatelskiy institut eksperimentalnoy fiziki; VNIIEF; Arzamas-16

ADDRESS:

607200, Kremlev, Russia

Prospekt Mira, 37

All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics

Telephone: (011-7-83130) 5-46-38, 5-69-51, 4-45-43, Commercial Director: 5-18-00, 5-38-08; Telex: 151109 ARSA SU; Fax: 651203 MIMOSA;

E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF) is the former Soviet Union's premier research and development center for nuclear weapons. The first Soviet atomic bomb was developed here in the late 1940s, after which it continued as a center for nuclear weapons research. Many of the Soviet Union's best physicists were associated with Arzamas-16: Academician Andrey D. Sakharov worked here for nearly 20 years, and Academician Yuliy B. Khariton still serves as the Center's scientific head.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Nuclear research; SIC Code: 2819, 2835, 2869, 3291, 3443, 3674, 3691, 3699, 3823, 3829, 3841, 3844, 3845

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Atomic Energy Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 25,000; Date: 1993

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

V. Belugin, Director, VNIIEF

Yuliy Borisovich Khariton, Chief Scientist

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1947

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Nuclear weapons research, design, and development; nuclear effects research; and advanced weapons research, including lasers.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: N/A

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Among the institute's facilities for advanced physics research are the Iskra-5 iodine laser with which laser fusion experiments have been performed; a six-kilometer-long testbed to study the effects of various physical phenomena on the trajectory of re-entry vehicles or other space vehicles; and a large capacity computer center for calculating complex physical problems.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Scientists at Arzamas-16 have developed a plan for using underground nuclear explosions for destruction of toxic and radioactive waste, nuclear ammunition,chemical weapons, and nuclear fuel elements. The institute is also participating in programs on environmental monitoring, including creation of an all-terrain mobile laboratory capable of analyzing water and land contamination. In the field of medicine, scientists at Arzamas-16 have developed what is described as the smallest X-ray machine in the world, a special bed for trauma and serious burn patients, and ophthalmological surgical instruments. Powerful high-endurance batteries have been developed for possible use in remote areas. The technology for producing industrial diamonds by explosion in sealed chambers is being developed.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: VNIIEF is located in the formerly secret, closed city of Kremlev, which serves as a support base for its operations. The city of Kremlev, formerly known as Arzamas-16, is located about 200 miles southeast of Moscow and has a total population of about 80,000 people. Among the scientific cadre employed at VNIIEF are two full members and two corresponding members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, about 50 Doctors of Sciences and 500 Candidates of Sciences (Ph. D. equivalent). In February 1992, Boris Yeltsin issued a decree designating Arzamas-16 one of several Russian Nuclear Centers. The proportion of civilian projects are planned to rise from 30 percent in 1992 to 50 percent in 1995.

ENTERPRISE NAME: BUREVESTNIK CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: TsNII "Burevestnik"

ADDRESS:

603603, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Sormovskoye Shosse, 1a

Burevestnik Central Scientific Research Institute

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 23-13-42; Telex: N/A; Fax: (011-7-8312) 41-55-50

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Burevestnik Central Scientific Research Institute is a major designer of artillery systems. Seventy percent of Burevestnik's work reportedly is now civil, with priority interest in the fields of ecology, agriculture, and the processing and preservation of agricultural produce.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Artillery design; SIC Code: 2034, 2048, 2844, 2899, 3493, 3545, 3589, 8999

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Nikolay Nikolayevich Khudkov, General Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Artillery designs

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Ion exchanger water treatment installations for food and beverage industries and medical establishments; equipment for production of cryopowders from vegetables, fruits, berries, and medicinal herbs; equipment for production of children's food from milk and non-milk sources for children's medical institutions; mini-brewery plants; and diamond-coated drills designed for machining and finishing hard and brittle materials such as glass, porcelain, ceramics, and rock materials.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Burevestnik is producing biomass separation processing equipment to produce livestock feed protein from plants grown on contaminated soil. It also reportedly is embarking on a water treatment program in Krasnodar Region. Specialists from Burevestnik and the Russian Central Aerological observatory are also proposing to use versions of existing guns to develop ballistic launchers capable of introducing reagents to restore the ozone layer in the atmosphere.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

ENTERPRISE NAME: DVIGATEL REVOLYUTSII DIESEL PLANT

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: "Engine of the Revolution" Diesel Plant, Dvigatel Revolyutsii Motor Works, Diesel Plant, RUMO

ADDRESS:

603061, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Ulitsa Admirala Nakhimova, 13

Dvigatel Revolyutsii Diesel Plant

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 55-03-81, 55-92-69, 55-21-05, 55-96-31; Telex: 151352 DVIG; Fax: (011-7-8312) 55-37-28

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Dvigatel Revolyutsii Diesel Plant manufactures large diesel engines for river cargo ship propulsion and diesel generator sets. It also manufactures reduction gears for cargo ships, integral-shaft diesel/gas compressors for pipeline boosting and for secondary oil extraction in petroleum fields, as well as metal products and household goods. Military orders were once 15 to 20 percent of total output, but have reportedly fallen to zero.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Large diesel engines; SIC Code: 3411, 3444, 3469, 3519, 3533, 3563, 3566, 3621

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of Transport and Heavy Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 6,000; Date: 1993

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Viktor Aleksandrovich Yegorov, Director

Vladimir A. Romanov, Foreign Trade Manager

Sergei Kuznetsov, Chief Engineer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled. The firm expects to privatize as a joint-stock company during 1993.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1916

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Diesel engines for ships.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Propulsion diesel engines and reduction gear sets for large river and sea-going vessels; diesel generating stations; integral-shaft diesel/gas compressors for use in the extraction, transportation and storage of natural gas; frame-mounted diesel engines; salvage and diving equipment; spare parts for livestock farming and fodder production machinery; components for tractor trailers; special-purpose gear boxes; hand-operated trolleys and barrows; garden and farming implements; sawn timber; toys; and Christmas tree ornaments.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: The plant is capable of metal-working with very large castings and forgings, and produces iron, steel, and non-ferrous castings. It uses an Austrian numerically-controlled machining center to produce 16 to 18 foot long crankshafts and a very large Skoda horizontal boring machine to produce very large crankcases, cylinders, blocks and crossheads. It also has a foundry and a weld shop which produce about 40% of its materials.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Powerless (pressure-fed) propane gas pumps, refrigeration for the meat packing and dairy industries and for trucks and ships.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The plant does not own any social service facilities and has instead paid others to provide services for its employees.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Dvigatel Revolyutsii plant manufactures reduction gears under a license from Citroen. It is designing a refrigeration system using a screw-type compressor and is negotiating with a UK firm (Holroyd) for the screw-cutting milling machine for this project.

ENTERPRISE NAME: ERKON PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Erkon." Key Facility: Orbita Plant.

ADDRESS:

603104 Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Ulitsa Nartova, 6

Erkon Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 65-81-50, 62-73-08, 62-72-04, 62-02-12 (General Director); Telex: N/A; Teletype: 151162 OM, 151162 MEGOM; Fax: (011-7-8312) 62-02-10

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Erkon Production Association is a long-time manufacturer of parts for the military and the electrical industry. The Orbita Works, lead plant of the association, specializes in the production of resistors and capacitors.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Electronics; SIC Code: 3429, 3465, 3634, 3651, 3675, 3676, 3825, 3914, 3931, 3944

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Electronics Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Anatoliy Fedorovich Ovchinnikov, General Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Constant resistors; fixed capacitors.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Constant resistors; fixed capacitors; electric air heaters; electronic equipment for the production of musical instruments; household loudspeakers; electronic desk clocks; toys; eating utensils; automobile spare parts.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

ENTERPRISE NAME: EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN BUREAU OF MACHINE-BUILDING

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Opytnoye konstruktorskoye byuro mashinostroyeniya (OKBM)

ADDRESS:

603603, Nizhniy Novogord, Russia

Burnakovsky Proyzed, 15

Experimental Design Bureau of Machine-Building

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 41-87-72, 41-89-02, 46-21-32, 46-23-12, 46-25-80, 46-32-86; Telex: 151108 BLOK SU; Teletype: 151243 KRAN; Fax: (011-7-8312) 41-87-72, 42-52-75

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Experimental Design Bureau of Machine-Building focuses on the design of nuclear reactors and related systems, controls, and equipment. It has conducted some limited production of nuclear technology.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Nuclear technology; SIC Code: 3443, 3556, 3561, 3563, 3679, 3829, 3842

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of Medium Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,500; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Fedor M. Mitenkov, General Director and

Designer

Oleg Borisovich Samoylov, First Deputy Director

and Chief Designer

Stanislav V. Sargin, Deputy Director

Yevgeniy Komorov, Chief Engineer

Vladimir I. Kalentyev, Chief of International

Cooperation

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1947

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Design, development, and prototyping of nuclear reactors and reactor vessels, control rods, main circulating pumps and systems, steam generating systems and controls, and automatic safety devices.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Pumps for the chemical, food, dairy, and pharmaceutical industries; gas compressors; medical sterilization equipment; thermal transducers; thermocouples; and small-scale civil nuclear power plants.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Stainless steel metalworking, pressure vessel design, fast breeder reactor research.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The design bureau is working on development of small reactors (between 10 and 180 megawatts) for remote communities, medium-size modular-designed reactors (up to 600 megawatts), and further development of pump technology.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The design bureau's experimental laboratories can undertake limited production. The design bureau is working on fast breeder reactors and has 2 in operation, one since 1971 and the other since 1980.

ENTERPRISE NAME: FRUNZE PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Zavod imeni Frunze," Frunze Radio Plant.

ADDRESS:

603009, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Prospekt Gagarina, 174

Frunze Plant Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 65-15-87, 65-18-55, 65-16-72, 65-15-89 (General Director); Telex: 151115 LUCH SU; Teletype: 151163 MAYAK; Fax: (011-7-8312) 64-06-15

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Frunze is an established producer of radio and electronic measuring equipment for both the military and civilian sectors. Frunze has been a pioneer in the development and production of radio technology since its founding in 1918.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Communications equipment; SIC Code: 3429, 3639, 3651, 3663, 3825, 3841, 7382

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Communications Equipment Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 4,000; Date: 1993

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Victor Kameshkov, General Director

Vladimir F. Dorofeychuk, Commercial Director

Vladimir Belyankin, Chief Engineer

Andrey Ostashkin, Deputy Director, Marketing

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled. A plan for privatization as a joint stock company is pending.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1918

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Radio measuring equipment including signal generators from .01 MHz to 17.85 GHz, modulation meters, and attenuation and phase shift meter sets for tuning and calibrating radio equipment; on-board satellite communication equipment.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Radio measuring equipment; security systems, walkie-talkies, low- and high-power meters, stereo receivers and amplifiers; hand sewing machines, door handles and locks; and non-traditional medical equipment for diagnostics and therapy.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: The plant has a foundry specializing in injection molding of aluminum alloys, and also has advanced capabilities in stamping and plastic molding, PC board production, and microelectronics production. Of the 500 metal working machines owned by Frunze, 100 are automatic and 100 are numerically controlled.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Frunze is planning future production of nine-inch black and white television sets and an expanded line of security systems. The current version of the home security system transmits via radio, not phone lines.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: Frunze operates many facilities including a tourist camp, two farms, clinics, a children's camp, a resort house, and limited employee housing.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Frunze's civil products do not yet have a dominant role either in the plant's overall sales or in the marketplace. The firm's planned future product mix is 20 percent radio-measuring equipment, 30 percent security systems, 30 percent televisions, and 20 percent miscellaneous. Frunze welcomes joint ventures with manufacturers in Western nations, particularly in its area of greatest strength, precision radio frequency technology.

ENTERPRISE NAME: GIDROMASH STATE ENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: November 1992

ALTERNATE NAMES: Nizhegorodskoye gosudarstvennoye predpriyatiye (NGP) "Gidromash," PO "Gidromash, "Hydromash Plant, Hydromash Association, Gidromash Plant

ADDRESS:

603022 Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Gagarin Prospekt

Gidromash State Enterprise

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 33-18-64; Telex: 224834 NEVA SU; Fax: (011-7-8312) 33-59-38; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: This plant is the leading Russian designer and manufacturer of military and civilian aircraft landing gear and other hydraulic parts. It has an extensive testing facilities for developing and proving landing gear.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Aircraft Parts; SIC Code: 3721

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 7,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Vladimir Ilyich Luzyanin, General Director

Yevgeniy A. Zhivulin, First Deputy General

Director

Lev Georgiyevich Kashcheyev, Deputy Director

Boris V. Prokrovskiy, Deputy Director for

Research

Yuriy Sergeyevich Vinokurov, Chief Designer

Aleksandr Nikolayevich Gorokhov, Deputy Chief

Designer

Leonid A. Valit, Chief Engineer

Nikolay P. Osipov, Deputy General Director of

Manufacturing

Vyacheslav P. Chebyshev, Deputy General

Director of Foreign Affairs

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1805

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Flight control actuators and landing gear, for the Su-25 Frogfoot ground attack aircraft, An-124 Condor and An-225 Cossack transports, the MiG-29 Fulcrum, Su-27 Flanker, and Yak-141 Freestyle fighters, the Mi-28 Havoc helicopter, and the Buran space shuttle; hydraulic systems; struts; and aircraft undercarriages.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Heat shrink equipment; portable washing machines, actuators for trucks and backhoes; landing gear for the Il-114, Tu-204, Tu-334, and Il-96 passenger jets; agricultural machines, consumer goods; textile production equipment; hydraulic equipment for a wide variety of uses; packaging equipment.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Gidromash uses technology in its landing gear design that results in a significant reduction in weight. The facility also has computer numerically controlled (CNC) lathes and employs advanced coating techniques and electron-beam welding of high-tensile steel and titanium.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Gidromash recently signed contracts with several Western companies in the US, UK, France and Germany to manufacture civil aircraft parts.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Has been negotiating to supply parts to the US company, Menasco Aerosystems Division. South Korean firm Daewoo Heavy Industries has acquired landing gear from Gidromash under a three-year co-development pact. Gidromash's General Director Luzyanin has expressed interest in becoming a subcontractor to Western landing gear manufacturers, and believes that his organizations low production costs should make it competitive in similar products produced by Western firms. Gidromash is one of the 59 local enterprises that founded the Nizhniy Novgorod Banking House.

ENTERPRISE NAME: KORUND STATE ENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Gosudarstvennoye predpriyatiye "Korund", G.P. "Korund", Corundum State Enterprise, Production Association "Korund", Chernorechenskoye PO "Korund"

ADDRESS:

603003, Dzerzhinsk, Russia (Nizhniy Oblast)

Ulitsa Pervogo Maya, 1

Korund State Enterprise

Telephone: (011-7-83140) 5-52-27, 4-67-77, 9-61-33, 9-66-71, 9-60-45, 9-61-58; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 651808 RUBIN; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Korund State Enterprise produces a variety of chemical products for military, industrial, agricultural, and household use. It also produces corundum and articles made of it, as well as an assortment of consumer goods.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Chemicals; SIC Code: 2816, 2819, 2821, 2842, 2851, 2865, 2899, 3083, 3291, 3999

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Chemical Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 10,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Aleksandr K. Merkin, General Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: World War II or earlier

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Chemical raw materials; ruby elements for laser equipment.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Chemicals such as liquid sulphurous anhydride, ammonium chloride, sulfuric acid ammonium, hydrazine sulfate, calcium carbide, trisodium phosphate, disodium phosphate, thionyl chloride, and red phosphor; fertilizers; PVC pressure pipes; polyurethane lacquer; articles made out of corundum including rubies, sapphires, and topazes.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Consumer goods including washing, cleaning, and disinfectant materials, enamels and paints, shoe polish, household candles, and children's plastic goods.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: In 1991 the Korund Production Association resumed construction of a complex for the production of polyurethane foam for use in the automobile, furniture, and construction industries.

ENTERPRISE NAME: KRASNOYE SORMOVO PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: November 1992

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Zavod 'Krasnoye Sormovo,'" Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard, Sormovo Works

ADDRESS:

603603 Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Ulitsa Barrikadnaya, 1

Krasnoye Sormovo Plant Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 25-31-03, 25-31-27; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 151323 BRIG; Fax: N/A; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Krasnoye Sormovo Plant Production Association includes both the Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard and the Volna Washing Machine Plant, both in Nizhniy Novgorod. The Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard is the most important inland shipyard in Russia; it builds both submarines and commercial ships.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 373

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 19,600; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Nikolay Sergeyevich Zharkov, General Director

Boris Kozmich Legostayev, Deputy Director

Vyacheslav Sergeyevich Grigoryev, Deputy

Director for External Economic Relations

V.M. Kerichev, Chief Designer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1849

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Submarines

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: "Sea River" merchant ships, washing machines, plastics and materials for use in consumer goods production; metal products, industrial fittings, power and electrical engineering equipment. washing machines are produced at the Volna Plant, where output was to expand from 20,000 units in 1991 to 240,000 in 1992.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: The shipyard has a foundry, a steel rolling mill, repair shops, and a machine tool plant.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Tankers (has capacity to build 12 per year); river and ocean-going barges; wing-in-ground effect vehicles for civil uses; home gas furnaces; washing machines.

HUMAN RESOURCES: Vegetable and cattle farms; clinics; social clubs; vacation and sport facilities; 24 daycare centers.

ENTERPRISE NAME: KVARTS SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF MEASURING INSTRUMENTS AND SYSTEMS

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: NPO "Kvarts," Kvarz Research & Development Institute of Measuring Instruments & Systems, Nizhegorodskiy nauchno-issledovatelskiy priborostroitelnyy institut (NNIPI), Gorkovskiy nauchno-issledovatelskiy priborostroitelnyy institut (GNIPI)

ADDRESS:

603009, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Prospekt Gagarina, 176

"Kvarts" Scientific Research Institute of Measuring Instruments and Systems

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 65-47-00, 65-16-24, 66-70-93, 69-81-25, 69-82-02, 69-81-80, 69-82-90; Telex: 151133 KVARZ SU, 224812 LUCH SU, 151115 LUCH SU; Teletype: 151164 CEL; Fax: (011-7-8312) 66-55-62

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kvarts Scientific Research Institute is a large instrument-building enterprise comprising two experimental plants (one in Nizhniy Novgorod, another in the nearby town of Bor). It develops and produces many different types of radio measuring equipment. Kvarts is also the commercial element of the Institute of Applied Physics in Nizhniy Novgorod. Formerly known as NPO "Kvarts" and GNIPI, it traces its origins back to one of the first radio laboratories in Russia, founded in Nizhniy Novgorod in 1918.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Electronics; SIC Code: 3663, 3679, 3825, 3827

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Radio Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 5,000; Date: 1993

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Adolf Ulyanov, General Director

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Serebryakov, Sector

Manager of the Department for Foreign Trade

Andrey Grigorevich Kochkin, Chief Engineer/

Department for Foreign Trade

Arkady M. Shchitov, Senior Scientist

L. A. Lubyantsev, Commercial Director

Valeriy V. Ruchkin, Technical Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1949

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Design of various types of radio and electronic measuring equipment for the military.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Frequency-time standards, metrological equipment for frequency measurements, instruments for precision frequency-time measurements and for time scale synchronization and comparison, frequency synthesizers, and metric-mm-wave signal generators. Digital data flow analyzers, logic and signature analyzers, equipment measuring microwave track parameters, S-parameter meters of microwave devices, phase meters, precision attenuation meters, and signal and spectrum analyzers. Oscilloscopes, measuring equipment for fiber-optic communication systems, meters for circuits and components, regulated secondary power supplies, and mobile systems for radio measuring instrument checking. Systems for checking communications facilities, including space-communications equipment, systems for checking integrated circuit parameters, debugging systems for microprocessor units, and electronic assemblies and components.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: In 1991 Kvarts had 600 specialists and engineers engaged in research.

ENTERPRISE NAME: LAZURIT CENTRAL DESIGN BUREAU

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Tsentralnoye konstruktorskoye byuro "Lazurit"

ADDRESS:

603040, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Ulitsa Svobody, 57

Lazurit Central Design Bureau

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 25-00-25, 25-00-69, 25-11-01, 25-17-26, 25-21-75, 25-23-85, 25-84-88; Telex: 151118 MORE; Teletype: 151136 KONUS; Fax: (011-7-8312) 25-13-29

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Lazurit Central Design Bureau is a leading design firm in the field of submarines and submersible technology.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Submarine design; SIC Code: 3443, 3463, 3533, 3711, 3731

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 900; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Stanislav Aleksandrovich Lavikovsky, Director and

General Designer

Yuri D. Korablyov, Deputy Director of Technical

Issues

Aleksander G. Leshchev, Chief Engineer

Grigoriy V. Vityogov, Chief Engineer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1953 (previously part of the Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard)

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Designs of submarines, including the Sierra and India classes, for the Soviet Navy. Also design of ballasting systems, fuel cells, manipulators, and pneumatic systems for submarines.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Lazurit has designed a truck-mounted decompression chamber, several of which were built by another Nizhniy Novgorod firm and are now in operation.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: As a designer of Soviet naval submarines, Lazurit has extensive experience in titanium metal properties and processing (forming and forging), nuclear propulsion, and submersible technologies.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Designs for a wide array of underwater vehicles, chambers, and complexes including nuclear powered deep water transport vehicles, submerged nuclear power generating stations, rescue submarines, maneuvering vehicles, towed vessels, tourist submarines, and equipment for the exploration and exploitation of offshore oil and gas fields.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Lazurit is associated with the Nizhniy Novgorod Corporation, a joint stock company, to market tourist and cargo submarines, and it is actively seeking technical liaison with Western firms.

ENTERPRISE NAME: NITEL JOINT-STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Aktsionernoye obshchestvo "Nizhegorodskiy televizionnyy zavod", AO "NITEL", Nizhniy Novgorod Television Plant Production Association. Key facility: Nizhegorodskiy televizionnyy zavod, Nizhegorodskiy televizionyy zavod imeni V.I. Lenina, Lenin TV Plant.

ADDRESS:

603009, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Prospekt Gagarina, 37

NITEL Joint Stock Company

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 66-30-23, 66-85-93, 65-19-84, 69-71-91, 65-51-41; Telex: 151278 UZOR SU; Teletype: 151295 UZOR; Fax: (011-7-8312) 65-50-19

GENERAL OVERVIEW: NITEL is probably the world's leading producer of VHF air surveillance and surface-to-air missile target acquisition radars; its radars have counter-stealth features. Also a major manufacturer of television receivers, NITEL produces about 300,000 sets annually, 90 percent of which are color TVs. NITEL's civil production reportedly now constitutes 70 percent of its total output.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Radars; SIC Code: 3625, 3651, 3661, 3679, 3812

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Radio Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 13,000; Date: 1994

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Viktor Seliverstovich Kopylov, General Director

Aleksandr V. Batyrev, General Engineer

Anatoliy Pakhomov, Foreign Trade Representative

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company (as of October 1992), 51% employee owned.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1915

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: VHF (metric wavelength) radars, including the 55Zh6, 1L13, and 5N84A.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Television receivers, both color and B/W; VCRs; satellite television receivers; radio equipment; telephone sets; tea/coffee makers; small woodworking equipment; acupuncture devices; small motor assemblies; plus other miscellaneous items, totaling about 30 products.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Printed circuit board assembly; electroplating. All of NITEL's product design is done internally.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: NITEL recognized the need for conversion early and took steps to design consumer products. It negotiated a license to assemble and market Sharp VCRs, with production beginning in February 1993. It has upgraded its TV designs, and newer models are completely cable-ready. It also began production of satellite dishes. NITEL has modified its radar designs to more closely meet civilian needs in contrast to the previous focus on military requirements. NITEL operates seven wholly-owned retail shops, with a sales force of 120 people.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: NITEL operates two collective farms, owns a number of housing units, and provides other services, such as a sanatorium, swimming pools, and rest camps. It has its own construction firm for erecting housing and other facilities.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: NITEL has joined with the Japanese firms Nichimen Corporation and Sharp in the production of VCRs. It has 30 percent ownership of a joint venture in Hungary and owns a bank which has correspondent relationships with banks in Bulgaria and Hungary. In addition to its main location, NITEL operates an Electromechanical Plant 20 km outside Nizhniy

Novgorod and an audio subassembly plant with 285 employees in Tonshayevo, 300 km from Nizhniy Novgorod. NITEL exports about 5 percent of its production.

ENTERPRISE NAME: NIZHNIY NOVGOROD ENTERPRISE OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND INFORMATION

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: NPVTI, Computer Systems and Informatics, Computer Systems and Information Organization, EVM Complex

ADDRESS:

603105, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Osharskaya ulitsa, 69

Nizhniy Novgorod Enterprise of Computer Systems and Information

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 35-13-80, 35-13-00, 35-12-02, 34-03-13; Telex: N/A; Fax: (011-7-8312) 35-02-85

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Nizhniy Novgorod Enterprise of Computer Systems and Information serviced Russian-made IBM-clone mainframe computers and other equipment for the military, but this portion of its work has reportedly dropped from 100% in 1990 to nearly zero in 1993. The enterprise now has over 150 contracts with customers in the Nizhniy Novgorod area for the servicing of a variety of computers and electronic office equipment.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Computer and business machine servicing; SIC Code: 5045, 7378

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Radio Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 175; Date: 1993

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Vladimir Ososkov, Director

Vladimir Uspenskiy, Chief Engineer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled. The enterprise is being converted to a joint stock company registered as EVM Complex.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1977

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Servicing of Russian-made IBM-clone computers and other equipment.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Servicing and repair of all types of computers and electronic equipment, including personal computers, mainframes, copiers, FAX machines, PABXs, and other office equipment.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: Discontinued due to economic constraints.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The enterprise is negotiating with Oki for the sale and servicing of printers and with Selex for the sale and servicing of printers and copiers. It is seeking additional equipment manufacturers to represent in the Russian market. The acronym EVM in its new name stands for Electronic Calculating Machines, or computers.

ENTERPRISE NAME: NIZHNIY NOVGOROD ERA ENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Nizhegorodskoye predpriyatiye "Era"

ADDRESS:

603603, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

GSP-698

Nizhniy Novgorod Era Enterprise

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 41-14-88, 41-24-54, 41-38-58; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 151133 AGRO; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Era produces shipboard electrical equipment.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Marine electrical equipment; SIC Code: 3523, 3541, 3625, 3634, 3663, 3825

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Anatoliy Utkin, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Shipboard electrical equipment

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Shipboard electrical equipment (control panels, distribution panels, engine telegraphs); domestic electrical articles (sanitary-hygienic electric heaters, spare parts for home electrical equipment) metal-cutting machine tools (boring machines); agricultural equipment (components, modules, and parts of machines for the care of plants).

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

ENTERPRISE NAME: NIZHNIY NOVGOROD MACHINE-BUILDING PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Nizhegorodskiy mashinostroitelnyy zavod." Key Facilities: Nizhniy Novgorod Machine-Building Plant, Experimental Design Bureau of Machine-Building

ADDRESS:

603052, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Sormovskoye Shosse, 21

Nizhniy Novgorod Machine-Building Plant Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 46-80-01, 46-82-54, 46-91-30, 24-46-47, 41-89-02; Telex: 151108 BLOK SU (Design Bureau); Teletype: 151165 DINA (Production Association), 151243 KRAN; Fax: (011-7-8312) 25-18-95, 41-87-72, Design Bureau; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Nizhniy Novgorod Machine-Building Plant Production Association produces artillery for the military, plus some civilian goods. It works with a nuclear reactor design bureau at the plant to produce reactors for submarines.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Nuclear reactors, land arms; SIC Code: 3443

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry; and Ministry of Medium Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 30,000; Date: June 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Yevgeniy Grigoryevich Voskresenskiy, General

Director

Aleksander G. Blokh, Deputy General Manager

Yuriy Dmitriyevich Kondranenkov, Deputy Chief

Engineer of Experimental Design Bureau

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Components for nuclear reactor assemblies; reactors for submarines; land arms, including artillery.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Vacuum cleaners, voltage regulators, metal book shelves, farm tractor parts, processing equipment for agricultural products, microwave ovens, battery chargers, special order construction tools, oil production equipment.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: The plant has a wide array of metallurgical equipment and some quality control test equipment from Germany and Denmark.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The percentage of output of the plant's civil products has risen from 20% to 60% over the past four years.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Nizhniy Novgorod Machine-Building Plant Production Association is considering joint ventures with Siemens of Germany for production of vacuum cleaners and freezers. It is also seeking foreign partners for production of microwaves and other home appliances.

ENTERPRISE NAME: NIZHNIY NOVGOROD RADIO-MEASURING EQUIPMENT PLANT

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Nizhegorodskiy radioizmeritelnyy apparaturnyy zavod, RIAP Plant; Key Facility: Radio-Measuring Equipment Special Design Bureau (SKB RIAP).

ADDRESS:

603057, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Ulitsa Beketova, 13

Nizhniy Novgorod Radio-Measuring Equipment Plant

603600, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

GSP-1535, GSP RIAP

Radio-Measuring Equipment Special Design Bureau

Telephone: RIAP Plant: (011-7-8312) 62-96-01, 62-96-02, 62-96-14, 62-96-18, 62-39-07, 65-89-32, 65-78-15 SKB RIAP: (011-7-8312) 62-96-32; Telex: RIAP Plant: 151175 VOLNA SKB RIAP: 151115 LUCH SU; Fax: RIAP Plant: (011-7-8312) 65-74-63

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Radio-Measuring Equipment (RIAP) Plant is a major supplier of electronic and electromagnetic devices. Its technology includes spectrum analyzers, gas-sensing meters, ultrasound gas- and liquid-metering, microwave applications, and special purpose computers. The plant has its own special design bureau, SKB RIAP.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Electronic measuring instruments; SIC Code: 3679, 3823, 3824, 3825

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Communications Equipment Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 2,700; Date: 1993

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Valeriy P. Pinyakov, Manager, RIAP Plant

Stanislav Ye. Sorokin, Chief Engineer, RIAP Plant

Vyacheslav V. Vinogradov, Deputy Chief

Engineer, RIAP Plant

Vladimir P. Khilov, Chief Engineer, SKB RIAP

Aleksandr K. Voronkov, Deputy Chief Engineer,

SKB RIAP

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled. Although privatization was prohibited in 1992, by spring 1993 clearance had been obtained and an application to form a joint stock company was being prepared.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Electronic power supplies; electronic rangefinders (ceased); special purpose computers (ceased).

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Measuring equipment (spectrum analyzers, gas analyzers, magnetic field density meters); electronic power supplies, including those for computer work stations.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Microelectronics; ultrasound; aluminum casting; metal plating; injection molding; printed circuit board assembly.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Glass coating machines and coated glass; medical equipment (blood cleansing machines); design of 5-disk CD player; small-screen color TV sets; walkie/talkie radios; PABX systems; amplifiers; automotive cruise controls; sonic rodent repellers; toys (plastic guns).

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The RIAP Plant maintains kindergartens (day care), two apartment buildings, an adult tourist camp, and a children's summer camp.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The RIAP Plant is seeking Western customers for its products and joint ventures for serving domestic and foreign markets. RIAP has a cooperative agreement to produce designs of EKO Plus, Ltd., (exclusive on gas analyzers and non-exclusive on glass coating machines and processes).

ENTERPRISE NAME: NIZHNIY NOVGOROD SOKOL STATE AIRCRAFT PLANT

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Nizhegorodskiy gosudarstvennyy aviastroitelnyy zavod "Sokol", Nizhegorodskiy GAZ "Sokol", Sergo Ordzhonikidze Aircraft Production Association

ADDRESS:

603035, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Ulitsa Chaadayeva

Nizhniy Novgorod Sokol State Aircraft Plant

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 46-75-01, 46-75-03, 46-75-22, 46-70-40, 46-18-89, 46-71-14, 29-35-40; Telex: 151101 ANGAR; Teletype: 151146 SILA; Fax: (011-7-8312) 24-79-66

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Historically, the Sokol plant has been Russia's primary MiG aircraft factory, having produced fighter aircraft since the Spanish Civil War. With a decline in state orders for fighters, Sokol is introducing production of civil aircraft.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Aircraft manufacturing; SIC Code: 2511, 2514, 3655, 3365, 3411, 3448, 3559, 3589, 3679, 3711, 3721, 3949

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Vladimir M. Pomolov, General Director

Viktor Andryunin, Deputy Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Prior to World War II

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: MiG-31 Foxhound fighter-interceptor; MiG-29 Fulcrum fighter (two-seat trainer version).

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Air-cushion amphibious craft; consumer goods (furniture, aluminum kitchen utensils, children's folding beds, hotbeds and hothouses, ski poles and slalom skis); radio-television antennas; equipment for the tanning and food processing industries.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Sokol and the Nizhniy Novgorod "AeroRIK" Scientific Production Enterprise are jointly developing the "Dingo" amphibious 7-seat commercial airplane, with the first flight scheduled for 1993. This airplane has an air cushion landing system, which allows it to operate from hard and soft ground surfaces, water, and marshes. Sokol is also planning to produce a Myasishchev-designed 7-seat business-class airplane, the "Gzhel."

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

ENTERPRISE NAME: NORMAL STATE ENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: November 1992

ALTERNATE NAMES: Nizhegorodskoye gosudarstvennoye predpriyatiye (GP) "Normal," PO "Normal," Gorkiy Fastener Production Enterprise

ADDRESS:

603600 Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Normal State Enterprise

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 49-76-04; Telex: 151102 REZEC, 151382 REZETS; Fax: N/A; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Normal Association, which is comprised of the Normal Production Plant and the collocated Design Bureau for Fasteners, produces high quality fasteners made of advanced materials for the aerospace industry.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Aircraft parts; SIC Code: 3721

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 3,500; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Vyacheslav Anatolyevich Volodin, General Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Before 1917

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Fasteners made from titanium alloys, aluminum, stainless and carbon steel for the aerospace industry.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Fasteners made from titanium alloys, aluminum and stainless and carbon steel for the aerospace, electrical, automotive industries.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Works with exotic metals and alloys, specifically titanium.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Three years ago Normal entered into a joint venture with Fairchild Corporation called NORMVEST. NORMVEST is currently exporting quality fasteners worldwide through Fairchild, mostly titanium and stainless steel bolts, nuts, rivets, and specialty fasteners.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Fairchild Industries has reached an agreement with Normal to use the Russian enterprise's ability to produce fasteners, mainly titanium alloys, and the U.S. firm's leading position in the production and sales of titanium fasteners in western markets. Fairchild will supply manufacturing equipment and measuring systems and will market the product outside Russia. Normal will provide manufacturing

facilities, part of the manufacturing equipment, and expertise.

ENTERPRISE NAME: PAVLOVO KADYSHEV MECHANICAL PLANT

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Pavlovskiy mekhanicheskiy zavod (PMZ) imeni S.I. Kadysheva, Pavlovo PO

ADDRESS:

606130, Pavlovo, Russia (Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast)

Pavlovo Kadyshev Mechanical Plant

Telephone: (011-7-83171) 6-15-16, 4-92-01, 4-92-50, 6-93-66; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 651688 BRONZA, 651943 BRONZA; Fax: (011-7-83171) 3-42-60

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Pavlovo Kadyshev Mechanical Plant specializes in the series manufacture of hydraulic drive units and control systems for airplanes, helicopters and other equipment. The military share of its production was 95 percent in 1991 but reportedly declined to 35 percent in 1992.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Aircraft components; SIC Code: 2426, 3511, 3061, 3089, 3469, 3492, 3531, 3592, 3593, 3714

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 8,000; Date: 1993

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Yevgeniy Ivanovich Belov, General Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled; in the process of privatizing

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1940

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Hydraulic devices and controls for aircraft, including plunger pumps, hydraulic drives, control valves, electrohydraulic actuators, bellows valves, and electroimpulse valves; aircraft propellers with all-metal blades.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Hydraulic drives, pumps, and cylinders for the construction industry; upholstered furniture; bookcases; kitchenware; rubber and plastic components.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Precision machining; stamping; casting; heat treating; electroplating; plastic molding; woodworking; custom-designed hydraulics; working with cast iron, steel, aluminum, and bronze.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The plant is doing sub-contract machining and is seeking new applications for its hydraulic technology. It is also negotiating with a US counterpart to supply parts.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The plant owns farms and about half the housing units in Pavlovo.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The plant management is restructuring the enterprise by subdividing it into separate entities, specialized by product, which are to form joint ventures or joint stock companies, where feasible. The enterprise is to act as a holding company over the separate businesses.

ENTERPRISE NAME: POLET SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION ENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: NPP "Polet," NPO "Polet," Radio Communications Research Institute

ADDRESS:

603600 Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

GSP 462

Polet Scientific Production Enterprise

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 42-21-50, 42-21-04, Telex: 151120 RTB SU, 151176 PRIMA; Fax: (011-7-8312) 42-19-76; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Polyot is a leading entity in the field of automatic communication and data transmission systems for aircraft.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Communications; SIC Code: 366

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Communications Equipment Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 3,800; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Yevgeniy L. Belousov, General Director/General

Designer

Stanislav T. Burtsev, Deputy Director For

Economic Relations and Marketing

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: On-board and ground-based equipment for military aircraft, including airborne radio communications; aircraft antennas; transmitters; and receivers.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Data processing and information centers; airborne radio communications installed in civil aircraft; has developed a waste treatment process.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Fiber optics; micro-electronics; a large anechoic chamber for radio test work.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Developing ground automated radio complexes for air traffic control; electronic castration device for cattle; ecological aids including processes for radio measurements of soil characteristics, oil spills, and flood levels; processes for disposal of industrial waste and utilization of residue; conversion of a Mi-24 Hind helicopter for use as an ecological laboratory; medical aids including early warning cancer devices; equipment for magneto therapy, eye treatment, psychological stress relief; walkie-talkies.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Polet was involved in joint research work with the Radiophysics Scientific Research Institute to develop the Mi-24 ecological laboratory. It also created a joint venture in 1990 with the Denver-based firm Ferrotherm International to do oncological work. Polet is seeking cooperation on

six projects: lightning-resistant aircraft antennas;

air and ground equipment to provide air passenger communication; cancer diagnosis and treatment products; data link systems for air traffic control; patrol helicopter long-distance equipment for emergency reporting; and ecological monitoring systems.

ENTERPRISE NAME: POPOV PLANT JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: September 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Popov Plant Scientific

Production Association; Arendnoye NPO "Zavod imeni Popova," LSPA Popov Plant, Popov Communications Equipment Plant

ADDRESS:

603600, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Ulitsa Internationalnaya, 100

Popov Plant Joint Stock Company

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 44-41-06, 42-03-59; Telex: 151113 ARS SU; Teletype: 151145 NEBO; Fax: (011-7-8312) 42-61-74; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Popov Plant has been engaged in radioelectronic work since 1952 and has particular expertise in aircraft-related systems and electronic medical equipment.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Aviation communications; SIC Code: 366

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Communications Equipment Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 4,500; Date: September 1994

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Stanislav I. Vopilkin, General Manager

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Gulyayev, Deputy

Director

Gennadiy F. Koshelev, Deputy General Manager,

Foreign Relations

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1916

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Ground and airborne aviation radio communications equipment and complexes, radio centers, MF and HF radio stations of various applications.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Medical equipment, including magnetic, laser, and short-wave therapy; consumer goods; speech synthesizers; various radio communications equipment.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Radio and telephone technology.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Civilian aircraft radios; medical equipment; electronic toys; television equipment; cellular telephones.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The plant maintains a tourist center, a sanatorium, children's camp.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Popov Plant is interested in organizing joint ventures for domestic and foreign markets. It employs some 500 engineering personnel and is capable of producing printed circuit boards, carrying out mechanical, thermal, galvanic and plasma treatment of metals and plastic materials. The plant also wishes to join an international consortium to modernize air traffic control systems.

ENTERPRISE NAME: SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF MEASURING SYSTEMS (NIIIS)

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: SRIMS, Nauchno-issledovatelskiy institut izmeritelnykh sistem (NIIIS), Research Institute of Measuring Systems, Measuring Systems Research Institute

ADDRESS:

603600, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Ulitsa Tropinina, 47

Scientific Research Institute of Measuring Systems

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 65-49-90, 66-14-80, 66-55-92, 66-62-02, 66-84-97, 66-13-91; Telex: 151124 NIIIS SU, 224846 UNISO SU; Fax: (011-7-8312) 66-87-52

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Scientific Research Institute of Measuring Systems (NIIIS) is a high-technology research and development center which develops and produces electronics to support atomic power stations and nuclear R&D. Formerly 100 percent of its work was military; this figure is reportedly now about 50 percent. NIIIS has a limited commercial production capacity for 8-bit personal computers, semiconductors, gas detection sensors, and automated safety/monitoring systems for gas and oil pipelines.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Electronics; SIC Code: 3571, 3625, 3674, 3823, 3825

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of Atomic Energy and Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 5,000; Date: 1993

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Yuliy Yevgenevich Sedakov, General Director

Valentin Kostyukov, Deputy Director

Lev A. Sinegubko, Deputy Chief Engineer

Nikolai Z. Tremasov, Director of Science

Valeriy A. Ryazantsev, Deputy Director of Science

Hamidulla K. Ibliaminov, Head of Marketing

Department

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1960s

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Theoretical and experimental research on information transmission, handling, and recording; development and production of radio communication equipment, computers, computer programs, and semiconductors; other military R&D.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Personal computers, radio transceivers, and satellite TV receivers.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Metal machining; flexible transfer/machining lines for metal assemblies; CAD/CAM development; circuit board and semiconductor manufacture. NIIIS has a CPU room equivalent to four IBM system 380s, which services over 100 terminals. NIIIS's interactive CAD/CAM designs are completely computer-based from layout to final production of the article.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: NIIIS is building a new facility for volume production of semiconductor microchips and gas sensors. The planned facility will have 13,000 square meters of clean rooms for production of silicon (Si) and gallium arsenide (GaAs) advanced integrated circuits (both LSI and VLSI). NIIIS is also refocusing its expertise gained in military work towards commercial applications in oil and gas exploration, transmission, and processing; compressor station controls; geological surveys; and sensors for environmental monitoring. It is also offering dual-frequency generators for use in medicine.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: NIIIS provides housing, out-of-town rest houses, dispensaries, tennis courts, gymnasiums, and a children's camp.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: NIIIS has had since 1990 a research joint venture with Concord Group (Denver) related to the institute's shallow hole geological radio imaging technology. The institute is also interested in deep hole technology up to 6000 meters, and uses all-Russian components when available. NIIIS also has a joint venture with IMR (Germany) and GAZPROM (Russia) to manufacture a gas analyzer of IMR design. The institute's new semiconductor facility is being built under a contract with IVO International of Finland, and a major portion of its output is committed to the Russian energy monopolies GAZPROM and ROSNEFTEGAZ.

ENTERPRISE NAME: SORMOVO LAZUR PLANT

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Sormovskiy zavod "Lazur," Lazur Sormovo Plant, Lazur Works

ADDRESS:

603603, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Torfyanaya Ulitsa, 30

Sormovo Lazur Plant

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 23-81-17, 23-23-17, 22-64-78, 22-57-94; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 151547 WATT; 151128 WATT; Fax: (011-7-8312) 22-66-90

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Lazur plant, located in the Sormovo district of Nizhniy Novgorod, is a medium size firm with expertise in radio frequency electronics and small screen TV set manufacturing. It has produced electronics associated with aircraft safety and guidance for the military. Its military work reportedly declined from 49 percent in 1990 to zero in 1992.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Radio electronics; SIC Code: 3443, 3651, 3661, 3663, 3829

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Radio Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 3,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Valeriy P. Nazarov, Managing Director

Vladimir Belov, Chief Engineer

Vladimir Mokhov, Deputy Chief Engineer

Vladimir Kainov, Deputy Director, Quality

Vladimir Viyunyshev, Chief of Planning

Department

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled, but in the privatization process

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1978, as part of the Electromash Production Association. Independent since 1982

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Aircraft safety and guidance systems

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: 12" monitors for educational, banking and medical applications; small black-and-white television sets; amplifiers; cable trunk couplers; Geiger counters.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: The plant is capable of stamping, galvanizing, machining, tool and die making, plastic molding, circuit board manufacturing (100,000/yr), metal plating, anodizing, and welding. Its equipment includes anechoic chambers, automatic soldering machines (capacity is 80 boards per hour), a tape-controlled circuit board printer, a 24-hour burn-in line for television monitors, and altitude and thermal chambers and a shock stand (for integrated circuit quality control). The plant is capable of plating with tin, copper, chrome, nickel, cadmium, silver, and zinc.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Lazur is planning to introduce new products into mass production including 14" color television sets, walkie-talkie radios, 10-line and 100+ line PABXs, CATV splitters, and micro-plasma arc welding machines.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Lazur is negotiating with a German firm to produce a new smaller version of their walkie-talkie, and they have concluded an agreement with Thomson CSF to supply critical components for a 14" color television set which will later be converted to Russian-origin components. Engineering design is 30 percent in-house and 70 percent by institutes and design bureaus outside the plant.

ENTERPRISE NAME: TEPLOOBMENNIK PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: November 1992

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Teploobmennik," Teploobmennik Industrial Association (TIA), Gorkiy Teploobmennik Production Association. Key Facility: Zavod "Teploobmennik"

ADDRESS:

603600, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Prospekt Lenina, 93

Teploobmennik Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 55-01-62, 55-34-17, 55-52-32; Telex: 151140 KORT SU; Teletype: 151125 BURYA; Fax: (011-7-8312) 55-06-82

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Teploobmennik Production Association is the leading Russian firm for developing and manufacturing environmental control systems (ECS) for aircraft and space vehicles. Functions provided by these systems include air conditioning, heating, and pressure regulation.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Aircraft and spacecraft components; SIC Code: 3491, 3496, 3497, 3499, 3631, 3679

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 10,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Viktor T. Tyatinkin, General Director

Vladimir S. Krinin, Chief Designer

Dmitriy E. Karpov, Chief Industrial Engineer

Andrey V. Bazhanov, Chief, Marketing and

Exports Department

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled; in process of privatizing.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1941, independent since 1973

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Air and oil coolers, cryogenic cooling, air turbine-compressor units, exhaust and safety valves, flow and pressure regulators, and control devices for use on board aircraft and space vehicles.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Non-military applications of heat exchangers, cooling turbines, cryogenics, valves, and regulators; consumer goods including gas ranges, portable propane stoves, aluminum step ladders, shopping carts, thermally insulated containers, and ironing boards.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: The plant uses process technologies including machining, hot and cold stamping, rubber and plastic molding, vacuum coating, electroplating, welding of all types, and non-ferrous metallurgy.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Teploobmennik has expanded and put more emphasis on production of their traditional consumer goods, as well as developing new consumer lines, such as aluminum stepladders and cryogenic medical devices.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The firm owns several housing units, day nurseries, farms, two leisure camps, a children's camp, and a leisure center.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Formerly the production facility for ECS designed by the Nauka Design Bureau, Teploobmennik is now designing and producing its own systems, and is expanding its facilities in the hope of designing and building ECS for sale to Western firms. It is conducting discussions with a consortium of U. S., German, and French firms concerning new applications for its aviation products. It is also searching out new markets for these products, such as the automotive and farm equipment sectors, and is looking at possible applications on board ships and in gas transmission and distribution systems. Teploobmennik has an agreement with an Italian firm to convert a gas-range plant in Balakhna to use an Italian, instead of a Russian, range design; productivity is expected to increase manyfold as a result of this modification. A third-party investor is being sought for this project.

ENTERPRISE NAME: ULYANOV PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Zavod imeni V.I. Ulyanova"

ADDRESS:

603000, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Prospekt Gagarina, 178

Ulyanov Plant Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 66-17-20, 66-36-74 (Director), 66-17-40 (Commercial Director), 66-10-80 (Commercial Director); Telex: N/A; Fax: (011-7-8312) 66-04-73

GENERAL OVERVIEW: A former closed defense facility, Ulyanov supplied the Soviet Navy with various parts for ships, including boilers and heating equipment. Today it is attempting to transfer its expertise to the manufacture of household products, notably cooking equipment and electric irons.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 2599, 3255, 3297, 3312, 3317, 3351, 3356, 3366, 3425, 3429, 3433, 3434, 3441, 3443, 3469, 3531, 3585, 3589, 3613, 3621, 3631, 3634, 3641 3822, 3823

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Sergey Gerasimovich Mitlin, Director

Yevgeniy Arkadyevich Golovin, Commercial Director

OWNERSHIP: Joint stock. The firm was scheduled to become a joint stock company in 1992.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1857

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Electric heating equipment and other components for naval ships.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Shipbuilding technology such as boilers, auxiliary power equipment, water pipelines, propellers, and electrical equipment; ship furniture; refractories and refractory metals; non-ferrous rolled metal; thin-walled seamless and corrosion-resistant piping; medical equipment; refrigeration and heating equipment; food processing equipment; household cooking equipment including small baking ovens, electric kettles, and electric samovars; household appliances such as electric irons, heaters, saws, and electric light bulbs.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: In 1991 Ulyanov acquired a license and assembly equipment from the Japanese firm Sanyo to produce electric irons.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

ENTERPRISE NAME: VOLGA SHIPBUILDING PLANT JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: November 1992

ALTERNATE NAMES: AO Sudostroitelnyy zavod "Volga," Opytnyy zavod "Volga," Volga

Experimental Plant of the Central Hydrofoil Design Bureau

ADDRESS:

603003, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Ulitsa Svobody, 61

Volga Shipbuilding Plant Joint Stock Company

Telephone: (011-7-8312) 25-08-23, 25-02-27; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 151348 KRYLO, 151348 ZARYA; Fax: (011-7-8312) 25-13-72

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Volga shipyard was until recently the prototype production facility of the Alekseyev Central Hydrofoil Design Bureau. Now a separate joint stock company, it is one of the leading entities in the field of construction of ships with dynamic support (wing-in-ground-effect vehicles, air cushion vehicles, and hydrofoils).

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 3411, 3731, 3732

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,500; Date: 1993

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Vitaliy G. Alekseyev, General Director

Aleksandr A. Kiselev, Chief Economist

Vyacheslav N. Naumov, Marketing and Sales

Manager

OWNERSHIP: Joint-stock company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1993 (as separate joint stock company)

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Seagoing wing-in-ground-effect (WIG) vehicles

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Seagoing hydrofoils, high-speed seagoing cargo-carrying air-cushion vehicles, lids for glass jars for home food preservation

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Manufacture of hulls out of aluminum alloy with the use of extruded and rolled sections, panels, and sheets fastened by rivets, argon-arc and resistance welding; use of gas turbines as main propulsion engines; manufacture of hydrofoils from stainless steel.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The Volga yard is promoting the construction of large and small seagoing passenger WIG vehicles, WIG vehicles for rescue and research in the open ocean, and hydrofoil vessels for passenger transportation.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Volga yard participated in the development of all types of WIG vehicles and the new technologies in them. It is now concentrating on the development of state-of-the-art dynamic support ships for river and sea use.

NIZHNIY TAGIL

ENTERPRISE NAME: URALVAGONZAVOD STATE PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: GPO "Uralvagonzavod," PO Uralvagonzavod." Key Facility: Ural Railroad Car Building Plant (Uralskiy vagonostroitelnyy zavod imeni F. E. Dzerzhinskogo)

ADDRESS:

622019, Nizhniy Tagil, Russia

Uralvagonzavod State Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-3435) 23-03-57,23-33-26; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 199111, 199311 KLEN; Fax: (011-7-3435) 23-17-74; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Uralvagonzavod produces two-thirds of Russia's freight cars and is also well known as a producer of T-72 tanks. It has the capacity to produce 20,000 railcars per year. The enterprise has a tank test facility near the plant and a design bureau.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Tanks, railroad cars; SIC Code: 3743, 3795

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 40,000; Date: 1970s

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Vladimir Sergeyevich Seryakov, Director

Valentin Maksimovich Snegirev, Deputy Director

for Commercial Affairs

Mikhail Tarasovich Shpak, Chief Engineer

Yuriy Ivanovich Ivashkevich, Chief of Marketing

and Sales Department

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1932

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: T-72 tanks

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Railroad cars, gondola railcars, cryogenic railcars, hydraulic tracked excavators, general-purpose loader trucks, brewery plants, and consumer goods such as kitchen furniture, hatstands, hot plates, electric rotisseries, blowlamps, gas containers, gasoline tanks, and food processors.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Uralvagonzavod utilizes a wide range of equipment in both its civilian and military goods manufacture, including boring machines, hydraulic presses, casting mills, casting-vibration machinery, and vertical lathes. The plant uses modern machine tools to weld steel, such as special equipment for contact welding and automatic and semi-automatic arc welders. It also has Western-designed numerically controlled machine tools and steel cutting machines. The plant has its own foundry.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Uralvagonzavod is attempting to shift some of its tank production capacity to manufacturing small general-purpose loader trucks. The plant is also about to begin the production of excavators, designated PUM-500, developed by its design bureau. The plant boasts of this new product's versatility; among its possible roles are well-drilling and street cleaning. Uralvagonzavod has developed in co-operation with Yekaterinburg's PO Uraltransmash new oil-well fire-fighting equipment and hopes to find both foreign and domestic buyers for this product. The plant is also expanding its production of consumer goods such as furniture, gasoline tanks, food processors, and bottle-gas equipment.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: Uralvagonzavod operates a collective farm and a hotel.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

NIZHNYAYA SALDA

ENTERPRISE NAME: SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF MACHINE- BUILDING (NIIM)

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: NII Mashinostroyeniya (NIIM), R&D Institute of Mechanical Engineering

ADDRESS:

624610, Nizhnyaya Salda, Russia

Ulitsa Stroiteley, 72

Scientific Research Institute of Machine-Building

Telephone: (011-7-34345) 2-22-58 add 4256, 2-17-03 add 4255 (Director), 2-17-03 add 4246 (Chief Designer), 2-17-03 add 4253 (Deputy Director); Telex: N/A; Teletype: 348172 OMUL; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Scientific Research Institute of Machine-Building designed and produced a wide range of propulsion systems for space launch vehicles, from small thrusters to the full size RD-120 Energiya upper stage. The facility also utilizes several rocket engine test stands and test cells for its work in space propulsion.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Rocket Propulsion; SIC Code: 3443, 3761, 3764, 3812

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of General Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 3,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Boris Alekseyevich Nekrasov, Director

Yevgeniy G. Lorin, Chief Designer

Aleksandr A. Yakovlev, Deputy Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Missile propulsion technology.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Space launch vehicle propulsion technology.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Precision equipment is utilized in the manufacture of small and large rocket engines, including multi-axis milling equipment and computer aided manufacturing equipment.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

NOVCHEBOKSARSK

ENTERPRISE NAME: CHEBOKSARY KHIMPROM PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Cheboksarskoye PO "Khimprom," Cheboksary Lenin Komsomol Khimprom Production Association, Khimprom Scientific Production Association.

ADDRESS:

428905, Novocheboksarsk, Russia (Republic of Chuvashia)

Ulitsa Promyshlennaya, 101

Cheboksary Khimprom Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-8350) 77-87-23, 77-10-03, 77-53-33; Telex: 224814 LIPA SU; Fax: N/A; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Novocheboksarsk Khimprom Production Association is a giant facility whose Production Facility No. 3 manufactured chemical agents between 1972 and 1987. It is located in the "factory city" of Novocheboksarsk which was founded in 1961 ten miles east-southeast of Cheboksary. It now has about 130,000 inhabitants and forms a single whole with Cheboksary. The plant is now making preparations to destroy chemical weapons and agents while continuing to produce household chemicals and fertilizers.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Chemicals; SIC Code: 5169

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: N/A

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Leonid Sergeyevich Shevnitsyn, Chief

A. Shkuro, Deputy General Director

Aleksandr Pavlovich Gorbunov, Deputy Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled. Has reportedly been privatized.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Early 1960's

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Chemical weapons

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Household chemicals and fertilizers including aniline dyes, caustic soda, chlorine, chlorine compounds, ammonia, ammonia sulphate, and sulfuric acid.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Novocheboksarsk already has technology for destroying conventional and rocket artillery rounds (shells, bombs, and missile warheads) filled with sarin, soman, and VX (organophosphorous toxic chemical agents). The weapons are first of all drilled through, then the toxic agent is "sucked up" through the hole and immediately detoxified. Materials which have undergone reactions are recycled or burned. Lewisite will be used as a raw material for producing pure arsenic for the radioelectronics industry.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Khimprom plans to convert from a producer and munitions filler for nerve agents to a CW destruction facility.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: Housing construction is underway and kindergartens and pioneer camps are operating.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The decision adopted by the Russian government in November 1992 to destroy chemical weapons at the sites where they are produced caused a storm of indignation in the Chuvash Republic where the Khimprom association is located. On the other hand, President Yeltsin said that Khimprom workers told him in September 1992 that they would invest their privatization vouchers in their enterprise, which was showing a 30% profit.

NOVOSIBIRSK

ENTERPRISE NAME: CHAPLYGIN SIBERIAN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF AVIATION (SIBNIA)

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Siberskiy NII aviatsii (SIBNIA) imeni S.A. Chaplygina

ADDRESS:

630051, Novosibirsk, Russia

Ulitsa Polzunova, 51

Chaplygin Siberian Scientific Research Institute of Aviation (SIBNIA)

Telephone: (011-7-3832) 79-78-05, 79-70-23; Telex: 113104 ASTR SU; FAX: (011-7-3832) 77-89-41

GENERAL OVERVIEW: SIBNIA is one of Russia's leading aviation research institutes, with departments devoted to aerodynamics, avionics testing, full-scale fatigue testing, thermal strength testing, fatigue and loading spectra, and dynamic strength testing. Researchers at SIBNIA have published work on topics such as localization of the sources of acoustic emissions in strength testing of aviation materials, fatigue and fracture in steel and concrete structures, piezotransducer amplification, strengths of materials, and metallurgy. Since 1943, over 180 aircraft and 200 aircraft components have been tested at SIBNIA's facilities. SIBNIA came into existence in 1941 when the Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute (TsAGI) was evacuated to Novosibirsk to escape from the German advance on Moscow. Sergei A. Chaplygin, the second director of TsAGI, died in Novosibirsk on 8 October 1942 and was buried in front of SIBNIA's main administration building. The bulk of TsAGI's personnel returned to Moscow in 1943, leaving behind a cadre of researchers and equipment at what then became the S.A. Chaplygin Siberian Scientific Research Institute of Aviation.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Aviation research and testing; SIC Code: 3443, 3728, 3829, 8734

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,000; Date: 1990

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Professor Aleksey N. Seryoznov, Director

Stanislav T. Kashafutdinov, Deputy Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1941

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Airframe and component testing for Su-25 Frogfoot and Su-27 Flanker.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Airframe and component testing for Il-62 Classic and Tu-154 Careless.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: SIBNIA's facilities include three wind tunnels.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: SIBNIA is prepared to perform structural and vibration testing on any type of large structure (eg. cranes, ship components, mining equipment).

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: SIBNIA is testing assemblies for the Buran space shuttle on behalf of the Energiya Scientific-Production Association. SIBNIA's aerodynamic facilities recently tested a newly developed amphibian aircraft created by local Siberian designers utilizing ideas formulated by aircraft designers Bartini and Kuzovkin earlier this century.

ENTERPRISE NAME: ELEKTROSIGNAL PLANT

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Zavod "Elektrosignal"

ADDRESS:

630009, Novosibirsk, Russia

Ulitsa Dobrolyubova, 31

Elektrosignal Plant

Telephone: (011-7-3832) 66-28-21, 69-87-37; Telex: 133261; Fax: (011-7-3832) 66-09-33

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Elektrosignal plant was moved to its current location during World War II. A producer of radio equipment for the military, it was also producing "Izumrud" television sets for the civil economy by 1966. The plant currently continues to produce television sets and also makes aircraft radio communications equipment.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Communications equipment; SIC Code: 3089, 3651, 3663, 3944

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Radio Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 4,000; Date: 1975

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Nikolay Nikolayevich Rychkov, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Pre-World War II

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Radio equipment

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Television sets; aircraft radio communications equipment, radio-telephones for railroad use, toys and plastic articles.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

ENTERPRISE NAME: NOVOSIBIRSK CHEMICAL CONCENTRATES PLANT

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Khimkontsentrat, Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Production Association

ADDRESS:

630038, Novosibirsk, Russia

Prospekt Bogdana Khmelnitskogo, 94

Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Plant

Telephone: (011-7-3832) 74-63-86; Telex: 133247 LIMON SU; Fax: (011-7-3832) 74-30-71

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Plant (Khimkontsentrat) is a nuclear-related facility involved in the processing of uranium and other materials, and in reactor fuel fabrication.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Nuclear; SIC Code: 3641, 3645, 3691, 3826

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of Medium Machine-Building.

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Aleksandr I. Belousov, General Director

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: After World War II

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Processing of uranium and other nuclear materials and fabrication of reactor fuel.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: N/A

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: In November 1992 Khimkontsentrat reportedly was using only between 34% and 45% of its production capacity. In August 1992 Khimkontsentrat and the U.S. BM Equities Corporation established a joint stock company, named Amsib, to make tomographs, chemical batteries, and energy-saving lamps.

ENTERPRISE NAME: NOVOSIBIRSK INSTRUMENT-BUILDING PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Novosibirskiy priborostroitelnyy zavod", PO "NPZ", Novosibirsk Lenin Instrument-Building Plant

ADDRESS:

630049, Novosibirsk, Russia

Ulitsa Dusi Kovalchuk, 179/2

Novosibirsk Instrument-Building Plant Production Association

Telephone: (001-7-3832) 26-17-82, 26-27-89, 28-30-33, 28-31-58; Telex: 133245 MIKRO SU; Teletype: 1097 MIKRON; Fax: (011-7-3832) 26-15-94

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Novosibirsk Instrument-Building Plant Production Association produces optical instruments, automation equipment for industry, miscellaneous equipment and spare parts for agriculture, and consumer products. The production association is part of the Concern "Optoprom".

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Optical instruments; SIC Code: 3523, 3625, 3634, 3824, 3825, 3827, 3944

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Boris Savelyevich Galushchak, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Early 1940's

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Optical instruments, such as sights and telescopes.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Agroindustrial equipment including spare parts for agricultural machines; automation systems and devices; control and measuring instruments; optical instruments including spectrometers, microscopes and telescopes; juice extractors; children's binoculars and toys.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

ENTERPRISE NAME: SIBSELMASH PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Novosibirskoye PO "Sibselmash." Key facility: Siberian Agricultural Machine-Building Plant

ADDRESS:

630031, Novosibirsk, Russia

Ulitsa Stantsionnaya

Sibselmash Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-3832) 41-55-01; Telex: N/A; Fax: N/A; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Novosibirsk Sibselmash Production Association has produced light ammunition and small rockets for the military. It also produces agricultural machinery for the civilian economy.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Ammunition; SIC Code: 3483

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 25,000; Date: 1990

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: N/A

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Light ammunition, artillery shell casings, small rockets.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Agricultural machinery such as combines, planters, and oil presses.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Casting shop for titanium and other rare metals.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A




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