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Russian Defense Business Directory

Geographical List - K

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KALUGA

    KALUGA ELECTROMECHANICAL PLANT

    KALUGA MOTOR-BUILDING PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    KALUGA TURBINE PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

KASPIYSK

    KASPIYSK DAGDIZEL PLANT

KATAV-IVANOVSK

    KATAV-IVANOVSK INSTRUMENT-BUILDING PLANT

KAZAN

    KAZAN HELICOPTER PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    KAZAN OPTICAL-MECHANICAL PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    KAZAN SOYUZ EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN BUREAU

    STATE INSTITUTE OF APPLIED OPTICS SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION

    ASSOCIATION

KEMEROVO

    PROGRESS PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

KIROV

    KIROV LEPSE ELECTRIC MACHINE-BUILDING ENTERPRISE

    SELMASH PLANT

KLIMOVSK

    KLIMOVSK STAMPING PLANT

KOLOMNA

    KOLOMNA MACHINERY DESIGN BUREAU

KOVROV

    DEGTYAREV STATE ENTERPRISE

KRASNOYARSK

    KRASNOYARSK MACHINE-BUILDING PLANT STATE ENTERPRISE

    YENISEY CHEMICAL COMBINE

KRASNOYARSK-26

    KRASNOYARSK MINING AND CHEMICAL COMBINE

    SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION FOR APPLIED MECHANICS

KREMLEV

    ALL-RUSSIAN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF EXPERIMENTAL

    PHYSICS (VNIIEhF)

KULEBAKI

    KULEBAKI METALLURGICAL PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

KURGAN

    KORVET PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    KURGAN MACHINE-BUILDING PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

    KURGAN "RUSICH" WHEELED TRACTOR PLANT JOINT STOCK COMPANY


KALUGA

ENTERPRISE NAME: KALUGA ELECTROMECHANICAL PLANT

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Kaluzhskiy elektromekhanicheskyy zavod

ADDRESS:

248002, Kaluga, Russia

Ulitsa Saltikova-Shchedrina, 121

Kaluga Electromechanical Plant

Telephone: (011-7-08422) 99-32-01, 7-28-40; Telex: N/A; Teletype: N/A; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kaluga Electromechanical Plant produces electronic equipment for military and civilian uses.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Electronics; SIC Code: 3651, 3671, 3812, 3825

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: N/A

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Yuriy Ivanovich Telenkov, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Military electronic systems.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Television sets.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The factory started a conversion program in 1992, concentrating on the production of television sets that comply with international standards. The first prototype models were expected to be produced in that year and it was hoped that production would reach 250,000 television sets by 1996 and 500,000 by 1998.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The plant was part of the Telekom Concern.

ENTERPRISE NAME: KALUGA MOTOR-BUILDING PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Kaluzhskiy motorostroitelnyy zavod"

ADDRESS:

248633, Kaluga, Russia

Ulitsa Moskovskaya, 24

Kaluga Motor-Building Plant Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-08422) 7-67-70; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 183180 SIREN; Fax: N/A; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kaluga Motor-Building Plant produces Klimov-designed gas-turbine engines for tanks and engines for civilian aircraft. It also incorporates a design bureau, the Kaluga Experimental Motor-Building Office. The Kaluga Turbine Plant is located nearby.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Turbine engines; SIC Code: 3519, 3724

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: N/A

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Gas-turbine engines for T-80 tanks; aircraft engines.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Engines for airliners, including the Il-114.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The plant is producing agricultural equipment with several different attachments, as well as heat and power generators. It also plans to begin building 15- to 30-horsepower diesel engines using domestically-produced components, with an initial batch of 500 scheduled for production in 1993.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The plant operates an auxiliary farm that breeds pigs.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Shoe-making equipment is being produced through a joint venture with Zarya Moscow Footwear Plant and Company AG of Germany, wherein the Russian firms have 62% of the stock.

ENTERPRISE NAME: KALUGA TURBINE PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Kaluzhskiy turbinnyy zavod"

ADDRESS:

248632, Kaluga, Russia

Ulitsa Moskovskaya, 255

Kaluga Turbine Plant Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-08422) 6-74-94, 6-79-26, 6-71-09, 2-44-98, 7-30-56, 6-73-01; Telex: 183188 ROTOR; Fax: N/A; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kaluga Turbine Plant Production Association produces turbines for naval ships and submarines. It also produces turbines for civilian power plants. It is located near the Kaluga Motor-Building Plant.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Turbines; SIC Code: 3724

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 12,000; Date: 1971

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Valeriy Vladimirovich Pryakhin, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1946

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Turbines for ships; turbines for submarines.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Turbines for power plants.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The association has been involved in food production.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The association operates a fish breeding farm.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The association has been involved in at least one joint venture with Jugoturbina of the former Yugoslavia to produce turbines for power plants. It may also have participated in a joint venture with WSK of Krakow, Poland to produce ship separators. It has also signed an agreement with the Nicaraguan Ministry of Electrical Power to supply five turbine generators in 1994-95.

KASPIYSK

ENTERPRISE NAME: KASPIYSK DAGDIZEL PLANT

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Kaspiyskiy zavod "Dagdizel"

ADDRESS:

368300, Kaspiysk, Russia

Ulitsa Lenina, 1

Kaspiysk Dagdizel Plant

Telephone: N/A; Telex: 175117 SVET; Teletype: 175106 SVET; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kaspiysk Dagdizel Plant, has long produced naval torpedoes, but is now diversifying into production of appliances and machinery for the consumer sector. Civilian output reportedly now accounts for about 80 percent of Dagdizel's production.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Naval munitions; SIC Code: 3365, 3469, 3483, 3822, 3873

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

S. B. Shaumtsiyan, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Torpedoes

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Diesels and diesel generators, shipboard instruments and systems, locks, metal casting and forging, pipemaking.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Rotary mower combines for animal fodder, lawn mowers, stone cutting equipment, and universal cake mixers and dough kneaders.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

KATAV-IVANOVSK

ENTERPRISE NAME: KATAV-IVANOVSK INSTRUMENT-BUILDING PLANT

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Katav-Ivanovskiy priborostroitelniy zavod

ADDRESS:

456110, Katav-Ivanovsk, Russia

Ulitsa Karavayeva, 45

Katav-Ivanovsk Instrument-Building Plant

Telephone: (011-7-35147) 3-21-56, 3-14-68, 7-22-05; Telex: 624315 PRIBOR; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Katav-Ivanovsk Instrument-Building Plant has produced navigational instruments for more than 20 years. More recently, production has included a variety of household items such as sewing machines and dishware.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Navigational instruments; SIC Code: 3364, 3429, 3444, 3469, 3571, 3633, 3639, 3674, 3812, 3914, 3949

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Valeriy Ivanovich Titov, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Navigational and seagoing instruments

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Metal haberdashery items; sewing machines; kitchen dishware, gadgetry, and instruments; non-ferrous castings; spare parts for washing machines; children's personal computers; metal locks; souvenirs; magnetic compasses; navigational and sea-going instruments; technological equipment for the fishing industry.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

KAZAN

ENTERPRISE NAME: KAZAN HELICOPTER PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Kazanskoye Vertoletnoye PO (KVPO); Kazan Helicopter Corporation

ADDRESS:

420036, Kazan, Russia (Republic of Tatarstan)

10 Let Oktyabra, 13/30

Kazan Helicopter Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-8432) 54-45-52, 54-11-33, (011-7-095) 181-92-43 (Moscow Office); Telex: 224848 AGAT SU; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kazan Helicopter Plant is a major producer of Mil-designed helicopters. It was moved to its present location from Leningrad in 1941 to escape wartime destruction. It produced aircraft from September 1941 until the war's end and began helicopter production in the early 1950's. It has produced three separate types of Mil-designed helicopters: the Mi-1, Mi-4, and Mi-8/17, and is currently preparing to produce the Mi-38.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Helicopters; SIC Code: 3721

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 12,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Aleksander Petrovich Lavrentyev, Director General

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1941

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Mi-8/17 helicopters

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Mi-8/17 helicopters

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Mi-38 helicopter, a twin-turbine helicopter designed to transport 30 passengers and compete with the Westland/Augusta EH-101, as well as the proposed Sikorsky S-92).

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Kazan Helicopter Corporation signed an agreement on 18 December 1992 with Eurocopter to co-produce the Mi-38 for the world market. Under the terms of the agreement, Kazan will be responsible for production, customization and domestic marketing; Eurocopter will be responsible for the cockpit, avionics, passenger accommodations, customization for the export market, and export marketing. In 1991, the Kazan Helicopter Corporation and Intertraverz (a Hungarian joint-stock company) collaborated to convert six Mi-17 helicopters into flying ambulances.

ENTERPRISE NAME: KAZAN OPTICAL-MECHANICAL PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: September 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Kazanskiy optiko-mekhanicheskiy zavod"

ADDRESS:

420018, Kazan, Russia (Republic of Taturstan)

Ulitsa Stantsionnaya, 2

Kazan Optical-Mechanical Plant Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-8432) 71-17-43, 76-61-63; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 224140; Fax: (011-7-8432) 76-60-94

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kazan Optical-Mechanical Plant Production Association is one of the largest Russian optical companies. It develops and produces a wide range of optical-electronic and optical-mechanical instruments. The plant has a design bureau.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Optical equipment; SIC Code: 3559, 3652, 3663, 3699, 3823, 3825, 3826, 3827, 3845, 3851, 3861, 3931

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 12,000 (Optical Mechanical Plant); Date: 1991

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Yuriy Belyakov, General Director, Optical

-Mechanical Plant

Neil Gaisen, Director of Marketing, Optical

-Mechanical Plant

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1941

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Submarine periscopes; aerial cameras; satellite cameras; laser rangefinders; night-vision instruments.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Laser cutters; precision lenses; copy machines; spectrum and medical equipment (reflectometers, spectrophotometers, spectrographs, nuclear absorption spectrometers, infrared measuring instruments, medical laser equipment for surgery, heart instruments); microfilm cameras and readers; photo lenses; photo accessories; magnifying lenses; binoculars; microscopes; telescopes; lenses for hunters' sights; slide projectors and musical-light equipment; children's optical equipment; aerial cameras and satellite cameras for surveys, weather forecasting, and oil exploration.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Metal casting; machining; chemical finishing; assembly; optical lens grinding and polishing; electronic design and assembly.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The Optical-Mechanical Plant proposes to produce eyeglasses to Western specifications, and it is investigating production of laser disks, visual cameras, and low-cost night-vision binoculars.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Production Association sells its products in both the domestic and foreign markets and is seeking Western investors; less than 10 percent of its total output is now military production, compared to 70 percent in 1991.

ENTERPRISE NAME: KAZAN SOYUZ EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN BUREAU

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: KMZ "Soyuz", Kazan Experimental-Design Bureau "Soyuz"

ADDRESS:

420036 Kazan, Russia (Republic of Tartarstan)

Ulitsa Dementeva, 1

Kazan Soyuz Experimental Design Bureau

Telephone: (011-7-8432) 54-47-63, 54-11-33, 54-11-54; Telex: 224171 POLYUS; Teletype: KAZAN-36 POLYUS; Fax: (011-7-8432) 56-46-43

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kazan Soyuz Experimental Design Bureau was a key aircraft engine research and development facility that currently develops and produces optics for industrial carbon dioxide lasers and associated components. The plant still develops gas-turbine jet engines, but they are primarily used to generate power for laser systems. Kazan Soyuz also produces a variety of other products relative to laser and engine production.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Laser optics; SIC Code: 3229, 3231, 3542, 3548, 3674, 3699, 3832, 3845, 8731

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Irek K. Fakhrutdinov, General Director/Chief

Designer

Oleg A. Bushnev, Commercial Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1953

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Laser optics

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Kazan Soyuz offers optical elements and technologies for lasers, including metallic mirrors, two-positioned collimating objective (TPCO) devices, beam bending units (BBU); optical systems for sharp laser beam focusing; FORS-1 and FORS-2 focusing elements for high-energy lasers; and laser surface processing units. In addition, Kazan Soyuz produces turbine jet engines and turbine generators, welding equipment, pressed and blown glass, and laboratory equipment. The plant will also conduct commercial physical and biological research.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: In October 1990, at an Asian Pacific optical technology conference in Singapore, Kazan Soyuz director Irek Fakhrutdinov gave a technical presentation on a new gas-dynamic laser in development at his facility. The laser was mounted on a wheeled vehicle, and powered by a modified turbine jet engine. The laser was to be used for cutting structures damaged in earthquakes, hurricanes, or other disasters where external power supplies have been terminated.

ENTERPRISE NAME: STATE INSTITUTE OF APPLIED OPTICS SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: November 1992

ALTERNATE NAMES: NPO "Gosudarstvennyy institut prikladnoy optiki," NPO "GIPO"

ADDRESS:

420075, Kazan, Russia (Republic of Tatarstan)

Ulitsa Lipatova, 2

State Institute of Applied Optics Scientific Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-8432) 74-18-52, 74-35-23, 74-33-52; Telex: N/A; Fax: (011-7-8432) 74-18-03

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The State Institute of Applied Optics in Kazan is one of the leading Russian enterprises involved in the development and production of optoelectronics, optical technology, and optical element bases. It has had a close relationship with the Kazan Optical-Mechanical Plant, both having moved from Leningrad during World War II.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Optical-electronic systems; SIC Code: 3443, 3559, 3674, 3812, 3825, 3826, 3827, 3829, 3845

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 4,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Aleksey Marakov, General Director

Albert Fedorovich Belozerov, First Deputy

Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: World War II

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Infrared thermal imaging systems, specialized optical and laser equipment.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Ground-based, airborne, and space-based devices for environmental monitoring; infrared thermal imaging systems; radiometers; interference, holographic and metrological devices; diffraction, integrated, aspheric and computer optics; diffraction grids and optical coatings; infrared lenses and laser optics.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Medical equipment, including a blood sugar analyzer and a non-invasive laser-based blood analyzer.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

KEMEROVO

ENTERPRISE NAME: PROGRESS PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Progress"

ADDRESS:

650001 or 650048, Kemerovo, Russia

Ulitsa 40-let Oktyabrya, 2

Progress Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-38422) 7-04-22, 7-09-62; Telex: 215140 BEREZA; Fax: N/A; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Progress Production Association is a major Russian producer of high explosives and propellants. It is attempting to compensate for the depressed demand for its military goods by expanding its civilian production.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: High explosives; SIC Code: 2819, 2869, 2892

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Gennadiy Afanasiyevich Solodov, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: High explosives, propellants.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Electric cookers, linoleum, timber, pulp, paper products, oilcloth, sponges, rubber, bleached viscose sulfate, solvents, varnishes, enamels, lacquers, paints, glues

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Kemerovo's Progress Production Association has begun to produce lotion and shampoo and has set up new workshops to manufacture electric cookers and linoleum. The plant has also developed a new floor covering called 'poloplen'. Kemerovo has entered into a joint venture with Novosibirsk's Kometa enterprise to produce microwave ovens.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Kemerovo is considering a joint venture with an Italian firm to produce artificial leather, furniture, and clothes.

KIROV

ENTERPRISE NAME: KIROV LEPSE ELECTRIC MACHINE-BUILDING ENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Kirovskoye elektromashinostroitelnoye predpriyatiye "Lepse". Key facility: Kirovskoye elektromashinostroitelnoye zavod (KEMSZ) imeni Lepse

ADDRESS:

610006, Kirov, Russia

Oktyabrskiy prospekt, 24

Kirov Lepse Electric Machine-Building Enterprise

Telephone: (011-7-83300) 3-23-10, 3-13-21 (Commercial Director), (011-7-8332) 23-74-47, 23-46-01; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 172132, 172164 YAKOR; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kirov Lepse Electric Machine-Building Enterprise produces a wide range of electrical components for aircraft, as well as consumer goods.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Aircraft components; SIC Code: 3365, 3523, 3561, 3612, 3621, 3625, 3651, 3694, 3724

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Eduard Nikolayevich Shabalin, General Director

Boris Maksimovich Bobrov, Commercial Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Aircraft components.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Electric motors, generators, actuating mechanisms, switching devices, various control and regulation instruments, tape recorders, electric pumps, kitchen equipment, spare parts for agricultural equipment

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: The enterprise's instrument and machine-tool building plants develop and produce unique types of auxiliary equipment and electrochemical machine tools, including those using numerical programmed control.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Lepse Enterprise is presently seeking out commercial and intermediary firms as partners in joint production projects.

ENTERPRISE NAME: SELMASH PLANT

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Zavod "Selmash," Kirov Agricultural Machinery Plant

ADDRESS:

610602, Kirov, Russia

Ulitsa Shchorsa, 66

Selmash Plant

Telephone: (011-7-83322) 5-22-22; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 172117 STRELA; Fax: (011-7-8332) 25-33-55

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Selmash Plant in Kirov, which formerly produced artillery projectiles, has moved into production of an extensive line of consumer and industrial goods.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Ammunition; SIC Code: 2514, 2599, 3499, 3523, 3524, 3541, 3556, 3585, 3841

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

V. Pflukh, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Artillery projectiles

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: N/A

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: From almost completely military production, the Selmash Plant has moved into production of 44 types of consumer and industrial products, including drilling and milling machines, rotary mowers, hoists, sophisticated locks, multilocker units, toys, medical instruments, cream-processing tanks, and refrigerator compressors.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The plant is being run on a decentralized basis, with small enterprises, joint ventures, and cooperatives handling much of their business independently.

KLIMOVSK

ENTERPRISE NAME: KLIMOVSK STAMPING PLANT

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Klimovskiy stampovochniy zavod; Klimovsk Press Tool Plant

ADDRESS:

142080, Klimovsk, Russia

Ulitsa Zavodskaya, 2

Klimovsk Stamping Plant

Telephone: (011-7-095) 546-61-61, 546-62-43, 546-62-62; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 205576 LES; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: A producer of small arms ammunition for the military, the Klimovsk Stamping Plant now produces sporting ammunition, coin planchets, tokens, electronic devices, and various industrial and consumer goods

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Ammunition; SIC Code: 2013, 2514, 2599, 3089, 3482, 3499, 3545, 3556, 3559, 3578, 3841

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Sergey Petrovich Averin, Director

Yuriy Matveyevich Baskalov

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled; has applied for privatization

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Small arms ammunition.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: N/A

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Production of sporting/hunting ammunition, planchets for coins, metal tokens, cardiostimulators, photorelays and other electronic instruments, sausage-making machines, parts and assemblies for industrial sewing machines, furniture.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

KOLOMNA

ENTERPRISE NAME: KOLOMNA MACHINERY DESIGN BUREAU

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Kolomna Design Bureau

ADDRESS:

140402 Kolomna, Russia

Oksky Prospect, 42

Kolomna Machinery Design Bureau

Telephone: (011-7-096) 613-75-78, 616-35-78, 613-75-05, 613-74-06; Telex: N/A; Teletype: N/A; Fax: (011-7-096) 613-76-99, 613-30-64

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Kolomna is a missile design bureau dedicated to military projects, designing surface-to-air missile warheads, anti-tank guided missiles, and an active protective system for armored vehicles. The design bureau has also entered the commercial space market, designing geophysics rockets for use in experimental testing.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Missile design; SIC Code: 2819, 2869, 2899, 3443, 3483, 3489, 3663, 3724, 3761, 3764, 3812

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Sergey Pavlovich Nepobedimyy, General Designer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Kolomna engineers designed the Malyutka-2 anti-tank guided missile, the warhead of the hand-held Strela-3 tactical surface-to-air missile, and the "Arena" armored vehicle active protection system, which is designed to destroy anti-tank guided missiles, anti-tank rockets and rocket-propelled grenades before they can strike the target vehicle.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: N/A

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Kolomna has designed the "Sfera" (Sphere), a single stage, solid propellant, geophysical rocket system designated for use as an upper atmosphere, near-space experiment platform. "Sfera" utilizes guidance systems cannibalized from destroyed SS-23 ballistic missiles, and can launch payloads of up to 230 kg to altitudes of 330 km.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

KOVROV

ENTERPRISE NAME: DEGTYAREV STATE ENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Degtyarev Plant, Kovrovskiy zavod imeni V. A. Degtyareva, Degtyarev Motorcycle Plant

ADDRESS:

601904 Kovrov, Russia

Ulitsa Truda, 4

Degtyarev State Enterprise

Telephone: (011-7-09232) 3-03-89 (General Director), 9-10-43 (Deputy Director for Commercial Questions), 3-26-91 (Head of Marketing), 9-19-27 (Marketing Office), 9-17-49, 9-14-60 (Deputy Chief Engineer), 9-10-29; Telex: 218207 VOSKhOD (Marketing Office); Fax: (011-7-09232) 5-35-64 (Marketing Office); E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Degtyarev Plant is a well-known producer of automatic weapons (including machine guns), and missiles, and has exported them to over 50 nations. It is also a major motorcycle production plant, the fourth largest producer in the former Soviet Union in 1989.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Machine guns, missiles; SIC Code: 3463, 3484, 3489, 3546, 3751

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Vladimir Grigoryevich Fedorov, General Director

Igor Dmitriyevich Il'in, Deputy Director for

Commercial Questions

Valeriy Borisovich Martynov, Head of Marketing

A. G. Vorkuyev, Chief Engineer

David Lazarovich Lipsman, Deputy Chief Engineer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled. The plant is being transformed to joint stock ownership, to be completed by the end of 1993. Plans involve the sale of 15% of the plant's shares to major investors, and the sale of another 25% on the open market.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1917

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Automatic weapons (light and heavy machine guns, including those mounted on tanks and aircraft); "Igla" surface-to-air missiles; "Fagot," "Konkurs," Shturm," and "Svir" (AT-4,5,6, and 11) antitank guided missiles; rocket grenade launchers.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Voskhod-ZM-series motorcycles (nearly 140,000 produced in 1989); power tools.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Prototypes of mini-tractors for agriculture, sewing machines, and blood analysis machines have been built at the plant, though shortage of metal is hampering production of these three products. Other conversion items at the plant include electronic information boards and toys.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The plant may have foreign partners for the production of motorcycles and their spare parts, and tractor spare parts. It also has plans to reorganize and modernize its motorcycle production line.

KRASNOYARSK

ENTERPRISE NAME: KRASNOYARSK MACHINE-BUILDING PLANT STATE ENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Krasmash Concern, Krasmash Production Association, Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Production Association

ADDRESS:

660123, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

Prospekt imeni gazety "Krasnoyarskiy rabochiy," 29

Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant State Enterprise

Telephone: (011-7-3912) 33-66-01 (General Director); Telex: 288122 RN; Teletype: 288207 LOS; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Krasnoyarsk Production Association was comprised of the Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant, the Fakel Chemical Plant, the Shtorm Machinebuilding Plant, the Metallist Metallurgical Plant, and the Temp Refrigerator and Technical Equipment Plant. All are in the city of Krasnoyarsk except the chemical plant, which is in Krasnoyarsk-35. The Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant was a leading producer of liquid propellant submarine-launched ballistic missiles in the USSR. It has also produced "Biryusa" refrigerators for many years and has recently converted to the production of a number of new civilian goods. In 1991, the Krasmash Production Association became a Concern and its constituent plants were registered as independent enterprises. All but the refrigerator plant were recombined as a state enterprise upon the order of the Ministry of Defense in late 1992.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Ballistic missiles; SIC Code: 3339, 3429, 3556, 3632, 3721, 3728, 3761, 3812, 3842

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of General Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Viktor Kirillovich Gupalov, General Director,

Krasmash Production Association

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1959

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: SS-N-23 submarine launched ballistic missiles; space system components.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Refrigerators; meat processing equipment; surgical equipment; silicon production units.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant has converted portions of a missile production line to the production of stainless steel meat processing units. The production of freezers with foreign assistance should begin in the near future. The plant also recently began production of a full line of medical and surgical equipment.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The Machine-Building Plant supports 27 day care centers, a vocational-technical school, a hospital, and several youth camps.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Machine-Building Plant began converting to production of a greater range of civilian products in 1988. By 1991, military production had been reduced to account for about 30 per cent of the total output of the plant. Despite the recent recombination of the various Krasmash entities into a single state enterprise, there is at present no indication that Krasmash's expanded range of consumer goods has been curtailed.

ENTERPRISE NAME: YENISEY CHEMICAL COMBINE

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Krasnoyarskiy khimicheskiy kombinat "Yenisey"

ADDRESS:

660004, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

Ulitsa Bakinskikh Komissarov, 1

Yenisey Chemical Combine

Telephone: (011-7-3912) 33-40-09; Telex: N/A; Teletype: N/A; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: One of the largest defense enterprises in Siberia, the Yenisey Chemical Combine, a major producer of solid rocket fuel, is moving into production of household chemicals and other consumer products.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Solid rocket fuel; SIC Code: 2426, 2819, 2821, 2865, 2869, 3272, 3321, 3366, 3441, 3489, 3523, 3559, 3644, 3845

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of General Machine Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Petr Vasilyevich Romanov, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Solid rocket fuel, alcohol.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Production of paints, dyes, lacquers, and solvents; construction materials; furniture and other wood products; iron, steel, and non-ferrous castings; metal structures; chemical and petrochemical equipment; plastics (polyethylene and polystyrene); medical equipment; lighting fixtures; components of sowing/spreading machines; tanning materials.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Production of household chemicals; linoleum.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: In 1990, Yenisey Chemical Combine embarked on a joint program with other Krasnoyarsk firms to open a linoleum production line with a rated capacity of six million square meters per year.

KRASNOYARSK-26

ENTERPRISE NAME: KRASNOYARSK MINING AND CHEMICAL COMBINE

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Gorno-khimicheskiy kombinat

ADDRESS:

660033, Krasnoyarsk-26, Russia

Ulitsa Lenina, 53

Mining and Chemical Combine

Telephone: (011-7-3912) 32-12-51; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 288146 START, 288792 FLORA; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Previously one of the former Soviet Union's leading producers of weapons-grade plutonium, the Mining and Chemical Combine in the city of Krasnoyarsk-26 is presently attempting to convert to production of electronics components and television sets. It also plans to begin production of super-pure materials for the electronics industry and to resume construction of its nuclear fuel rod reprocessing plant. It is subordinate to the Ministry of Atomic Energy.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Nuclear materials; SIC Code: 2819, 3295, 3339, 3341, 3561, 3612, 3671, 3672, 3674

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of Medium Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 16,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Valeriy A. Lebedev, General Director

Yuriy S. Volzhanin, Chief Engineer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1958

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Plutonium for nuclear warheads.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: N/A

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The Combine has begun production of printed circuit boards, transformer units, and television components and has concluded an agreement to produce televisions in a joint venture with the South Korean firm Samsung. It has also received credits from the Russian government to set up production of super-pure materials, such as polysilicon, monosilicon, gallium arsenide, germanium, and tellurium, as well as components for the microelectronics industry made of these materials.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The major portion of the Krasnoyarsk Mining and Chemical Combine is located in a large underground facility in the closed city of Krasnoyarsk-26, which serves as a support base for its operations. The city of Krasnoyarsk-26--sometimes called Atomgrad--is located some 64 km. north of Krasnoyarsk and has a total population of around 100,000. Of the three reactors formerly active at Krasnoyarsk-26, two dedicated solely to plutonium production have been taken off line, leaving one dual purpose (plutonium and heat) reactor operating at the complex; it is scheduled to continue operating through the year 2000. Construction has been suspended at the RT-2 nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, which was designed for recovery of plutonium and uranium contained in spent fuel rods; RT-2 now only stores spent fuel rods. Extensive radiation has been detected in the Yenisey River downstream from the Combine.

ENTERPRISE NAME: SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION FOR APPLIED MECHANICS

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: NPO Prikladnoy mekhaniki

ADDRESS:

660026, Krasnoyarsk-26, Russia

Ulitsa Lenina, 52

Scientific Production Association for Applied Mechanics

Telephone: (011-7-39197) 3-20-32, 3-46-17; (011-7-3912) 32-56-61; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 288794 MORE; Fax: N/A; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Located in the closed city of Krasnoyarsk-26, the NPO for Applied Mechanics is Russia's leading enterprise for manufacture of communications, television, navigation, and geodetic satellites.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Space; SIC Code: 3663, 3761

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of General Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 3000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

M. Reshetnev, General Designer

Viktor Kazantsev, Senior Expert

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Designing, manufacturing, and testing reconnaissance satellites, space vehicles, and special communications systems.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Satellites for the Academy of Sciences; Kosmos space vehicle; communications satellites including the Molniya, Raduga, Gorizont, Ekran, and Luch satellites; radio, navigation (Tsikada and Glonass), and geodesy (Geoik and Etalon) satellites.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: As part of the Rossiya program, the association is developing a new generation of geostationary satellites, including Gals and Express satellites, for television transmission, the Arkos satellite for communications with mobile objects, and the Gonets low-orbit satellite system. It is also involved with U. S. and Russian partners in introducing a new system for worldwide television and radio broadcast using the Luch relay satellites.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Scientific Production Association for Applied Mechanics is a co-founder of the Informkosmos Association, created for the development, manufacture, and commercial operation of an updated satellite communications system, featuring the Express satellite, to replace the Gorizont system. Under an agreement with Canada, the Association is developing the SOVCANSTAR satellite for international communications.

KREMLEV

ENTERPRISE NAME: ALL-RUSSIAN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: Vserossiyskiy nauchno-issledovatelskiy institut eksperimentalnoy fiziki; VNIIEhF; Arzamas-16

ADDRESS:

607200, Kremlev, Russia

Prospekt Mira, 37

All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics

Telephone: (011-7-83130) 5-46-38; 5-69-51; 4-45-43; Commercial Director: 5-18-00, 5-38-08; Telex: 151109 ARSA SU; Fax: 651203 MIMOSA

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEhF) is the former Soviet Union's premier research and development center for nuclear weapons. The first Soviet atomic bomb was developed here in the late 1940s, after which the center continued as a center for nuclear weapons research. Many of the Soviet Union's best physicists were associated with Arzamas-16: Academician Andrey D. Sakharov worked here for nearly 20 years, and Academician Yuliy B. Khariton still serves as the Center's scientific head.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Nuclear research; SIC Code: 1629, 2599, 3291, 3443, 3691, 3699, 3823, 3826, 3841, 3842, 3844, 3845, 3915, 7371, 7373

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Atomic Energy Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 25,000; Date: 1993

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

V. Belugin, Director, VNIIEhF

Yuliy Borisovich Khariton, Chief Scientist

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1947

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Nuclear weapons research, design, and development; nuclear effects research; and advanced weapons research, including lasers.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: N/A

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Among the institute's facilities for advanced physics research are the Iskra-5 iodine laser with which laser fusion experiments have been performed; a six-kilometer-long testbed to study the effects of various physical phenomena on the trajectory of re-entry vehicles or other space vehicles; and a large capacity computer center for calculating complex physical problems.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Scientists at Arzamas-16 have developed a plan for using underground nuclear explosions for destruction of toxic and radioactive waste, nuclear ammunition, chemical weapons, and nuclear fuel elements. The institute is also participating in programs on environmental monitoring, including creation of an all-terrain mobile laboratory capable of analyzing water and land contamination. In the field of medicine, scientists at Arzamas-16 have developed what is described as the smallest X-ray machine in the world, a special bed for trauma and serious burn patients, and ophthalmological surgical instruments. Powerful high-endurance batteries have been developed for possible use in remote areas. The technology for producing industrial diamonds by explosion in sealed chambers is being developed.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: VNIIEhF is located in the formerly secret, closed city of Kremlev, which serves as a support base for its operations. The city of Kremlev, formerly known as Arzamas-16, is located about 200 miles southeast of Moscow and has a total population of about 80,000 people. Among the scientific cadre employed at VNIIEhF are two full members and two corresponding members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, about 50 Doctors of Sciences and 500 Candidates of Sciences (Ph. D. equivalent). In February 1992, Boris Yeltsin issued a decree designating Arzamas-16 one of several Russian Nuclear Centers. The proportion of civilian projects is planned to rise from 30 percent in 1992 to 50 percent in 1995.

KULEBAKI

ENTERPRISE NAME: KULEBAKI METALLURGICAL PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: Kulebakskoye metallurgicheskoye PO; Key facility: Kulebaki Kirov Metallurgical Plant (Kulebakskiy metallurgicheskiy zavod imeni S.M. Kirova).

ADDRESS:

607010, Kulebaki, Russia (Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast)

Ulitsa Vosstaniya, 1

Kulebaki Metallurgical Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-83176) 3-20-88, 3-12-00 (2-U), 3-20-26; Telex: 651405 SVET; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kulebaki Metallurgical Plant was one of a group of metallurgical enterprises subordinate to the now-defunct Ministry of the Aviation Industry which manufactured semi-finished products from steel, aluminum, magnesium, titanium, nickel, and super alloys for use in aerospace systems. It is now offering semi-finished metallurgical products for the civil market.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Metallurgy; SIC Code: 3313, 3316, 3325, 3356, 3429, 3463, 3531, 3556, 5093

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Yuriy V. Zakharov, Manager/Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1940's

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Semi-finished products from iron, nickel, and titanium alloys (including ring billets) and sheet rolling metal for the Russian aerospace industry.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Welded annular billets of high-temperature steel, ring billets, ferroalloys, tractor and bulldozer spare parts, sheets and bar waste, non-ferrous metal chips, and scrap metal.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

KURGAN

ENTERPRISE NAME: KORVET PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: September 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Korvet," Korvet Machine-Building Enterprise

ADDRESS:

640646, Kurgan, Russia

Ulitsa Burova-Petrova, 20

Korvet Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-35222) 3-07-41, 3-43-37, 9-62-09; Telex: 120239 ISKRA; Fax: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Korvet Production Association produces marine valves, pipes and other ship fittings for both military and civil use. Its main production facility, the Korvet Machine-Building Plant, dates from 1950; the iron foundry dates from 1963, and one production section of the plant from 1969. Conversion activity includes the production of washing machines and other household utensils.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 3089, 3429, 3469, 3491, 3494, 3511, 3523, 3556, 3569, 3625, 3633, 3634

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 2,100; Date: 1991

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Anatoliy Vasilyevich Chernov, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1950

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Ships' fittings and accessories.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Industrial valves; electric welding equipment; turbogenerator equipment; ship filters and ship fittings; assemblies and parts; components for agricultural machines; latch bars and door bolts; plastic articles.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Iron foundry

CONVERSION PROJECTS: "Diana" washing machines, household mixers, coffee mills.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

ENTERPRISE NAME: KURGAN MACHINE-BUILDING PLANT PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: April 1993

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Kurganskiy mashinostroitelnyy zavod." Key facility: Kurgan Machine-Building Plant (Kurganskiy mashinostroitelnyy zavod imeni V. I. Lenin, KMZ, Kurganmash)

ADDRESS:

640631, Kurgan, Russia

Prospekt Mashinostroiteley, 17

Kurgan Machine-Building Plant Production Association

Telephone: (011-7-35222) 3-22-44, 9-52-53, 9-52-08, 9-53-09, 3-17-46, 3-61-63, 3-22-05, 3-42-41, 9-53-32, 2-17-75, 9-54-07, 3-14-90, 3-14-97, 3-16-83, 9-52-50, 9-54-14, 7-49-34, 9-52-56; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 120251 VULKAN; Fax: (011-7-35222) 3-39-96, 7-49-98; E-Mail:

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kurgan Machine-Building Plant has been a major producer of armored vehicles since at least 1967. One of the largest facilities in the Urals, it includes over ten large enterprises.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Armored vehicles; SIC Code: 3531, 3711

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Defense Industry

EMPLOYMENT: Total: 17,200; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Valeriy Dmitriyevich Dorodnykh, General Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: BMP-2 and BMP-3 infantry combat vehicles.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Front-end loaders.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: A rotary conveyor line for casting is in use at the plant.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The plant manufactures T-010 mini-tractors, which can be fitted with a number of accessories, including trailers, harrows, plows, cultivators, and mowers. As of June 1991, the plant intended to produce up to 20,000 mini-tractors per year if all the necessary components could be made available.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The association has been discussing a possible joint venture with a German firm to produce diesel engines for automobiles.

ENTERPRISE NAME: KURGAN "RUSICH" WHEELED TRACTOR PLANT JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: June 1994

ALTERNATE NAMES: AO "Rusich" Kurganskiy zavod kolesnykh tyagachey, KZKT, Kurgan D. M. Karbyshev Wheeled Prime Mover Plant

ADDRESS:

640003, Kurgan, Russia

Ulitsa T. Nevezhina, 3

Kurgan "Rusich" Wheeled Tractor Plant Joint Stock

Company

Telephone: (011-7-35222) 92-3-91, 5-68-13; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 120255 or 120262 ALMAZ; Fax: (011-7-35222) 5-80-91

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kurgan Wheeled Tractor Plant produces heavy prime movers, transporters, and engineering equipment for military and civil use. Its main products are based on four-axle transport prime movers with all-wheel drive for towing semitrailers and trailers and two-axle prime movers with all-wheel drive for mounting engineering equipment. The plant is reportedly one of the largest machine-building enterprises in the TransUrals region.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Motor vehicle manufacture; SIC Code: 3523, 3531, 3537

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Motor Vehicle Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 8900; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:

Vladimir Vasilyevich Nechyev, Director

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1950

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Heavy-load wheeled prime movers, transporters, and engineering equipment for military use, including missile systems.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Four-axle prime movers MAZ-537 and KZKT-9101 for towing loads up to 50 tons on semitrailers; four-axle ballasted prime mover KZKT-537L for towing aircraft up to 200 tons and heavy-load trailers up to 75 tons; heavy-load semitrailer KZKT-9101 for loads up to 53.5 tons; two-axle cross-country road construction equipment PKT-2; two-axle trenching machine TMK-2.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The KZKT four-axle prime movers reportedly have operated successfully for many years under harsh climatic conditions in the West Siberian oil and gas region, the regions of the North and Far East and the desert and sandy terrain of Central Asia, among others.




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