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FM 101-5-1/MCRP 5-2A

and Graphics

30 September 1997

Headquarters, Department of the Army

U.S. Marine Corps

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.
*This publication supersedes FM 101-5-1, 21 October 1985.

FM 101-5-1
Field Manual
No. 101-5-1
Department of the Army
Marine Corps Reference Publication
No. 5-2A
U. S. Marine Corps
Washington, DC, 30 September 1996

Operational Terms and Graphics



Chapter 1 Operational Terms
Chapter 2 Operational Acronyms and Abbreviations
Chapter 3 Graphic Control Measures
Graphic Overlays
Use of Graphics
Fire Support
Command and Control
Mobility and Survivability
Combat Service Support
Chapter 4 Unit Symbols

Icon-Based Symbols

Building Unit Symbols
Symbols For The Ground Environment
Unit Symbol Modifiers
Combat Arms
Combat Support
Combat Service Support
Special Operations Forces (SOF)
Chapter 5 Equipment Symbols
Equipment Symbol Labeling
Building an Equipment Symbol
Composite Weapon System Symbols
Mobility Modifiers
Types of Ground Equipment
Vehicle Symbols
Aircraft/Aerial Vehicles
Appendix A Friendly Unit and Equipment Symbols
High Level Commands
Headquarters Types
Example Units in Divisions
Supply Sites
Example Combat Service Support Units
Labeling Fields
Appendix B Enemy Unit and Equipment Symbols
Appendix C Military Decision-Making Process and Tactical Mission Graphics
Bar Chart
Gumball Chart
Combat Effectiveness Graphics
Composition Graphics
Decision Graphics
Tactical Mission Graphics
Appendix D Stability and Support Operations (SASO) Symbology
Friendly Activities
Hostile Activities
Neutral Activities
Unknown Activities
Graphic Control Measures
Appendix E Multiservice Tactical Brevity Codes



This manual sets forth doctrine for the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps in the use of land-based warfighting symbology. The manual is a dictionary of operational terms and military graphics. It is designed for commanders and staffs from company through corps to communicate instructions to subordinate units.

This manual describes symbols for use in the force domain (maneuver command and control) but does not supersede the military standards which describe symbols for use in the engagement domain ("radar" tracking, evaluation, engagement, or engagement system directing). Military standards established for air defense engagement and systems control and aircraft "heads up" displays are to be used. When information is transferred from an engagement domain system to force domain command and control system, it will be automatically or manually converted to the force domain symbols in this publication.


This doctrine applies to all Army and Marine Corps commanders and staffs. For overseas theaters, the procedures govern US unilateral operations only. For combined operations, applicable multinational procedures apply. This manual does conform to the appropriate NATO requirements.


Definitions and terms used in this manual agree with those expressed in Joint Publication (JP) 1-02, Army Regulation (AR) 310-25, and Fleet Marine Force Reference Publication (FMFRP) 0-14. This manual agrees with MILSTD 2525A, subject to its approval by all services. The provisions of this manual are the subject of international agreement(s):

1059 National Distinguishing Letters for Use by NATO Armed Forces
2019 Military Symbols for Land Based Systems
2022 Intelligence Reports
2961 Classes of Supply of NATO Land Forces
3680 NATO Glossary of Terms and Definitions (AAP-6)
4420 Display Symbology and Colors for NATO Maritime Units


The proponents of this manual are HQ TRADOC and Marine Corps Combat Development Command (MCCDC). HQ TRADOC and MCCDC will review and update this manual as necessary. Send all comments and recommended changes to:

US Army Combined Arms Center
Ft Leavenworth, KS 66027-6900
or Commanding General
Doctrine Division (C42)
3300 Russell Rd
Quantico, VA 22134-5021

Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.

Updated by CPT Philip A. Dupont, 27 July 1997.

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