CP OSCAR / Command Post OSCAR
Command Post (CP) OSCAR (Operations Support Center and Rear Command Post) is the warfighting headquarters for Eighth US Army (EUSA) and Armed Services Component Command (ASCC). For the Eighth US Army command staff, being able to communicate using Video Teleconferencing [VTC] in a timely manner from separate strategic locations is critical to the prompt execution of EUSA operations as well as the operation of military units scattered throughout US Forces Korea. The northern hub, based at CP Tango controled and distributed VTC slides and briefings and would then forward them down to the southern hub, based out of Camp Walker, which provided CP OSCAR with the VTC. With up to 15 VTC sites on the Korean peninsula, it was vital that the operators had the VTC equipment operational for every scheduled and unscheduled brief that might arise. During wartime the soldiers in the Provost Marshall Office in Command Post Oscar were to be responsible for the monitoring and coordination of the entire Eighth US Army Military Police Brigade throughout the Korean Peninsula.
It is a 6-hour bus ride from Seoul to Camp Walker. There was a 45-minute C-12 "Chogie" flight running twice a day from K-2 airfield, about 20-30 minutes from CP OSCAR at Camp Walker, to K-16 airfield, about 45 minutes from Yongsan. The aircraft seats 8 people. The flight's mission was to move people, bags and supplies as rapidly as possible. This transportation method was considerably less expensive dollar wise for the military than a C-47 or Blackhawk. These flights were essential for Ulchi Focus Lens with operations out of Command Post Tango, since a transportation link between CPs was important. Also, people went back and forth for meetings and VIPs came down for one day, and it was not always feasible for them to transport back and forth by vehicle. The flight was available to all Department of Defense servicemembers, civilians and family members. Reservations made at least a day in advance were preferable. The flight was space available, and rank had priority.
The dissemination and transmission of information was essential to the successful completion of every wartime mission. The soldiers of Company B, 307th Signal Battalion were responsible for the smooth and reliable transfer of communications in Command Post OSCAR during Ulchi Focus Lens. They provided tactical communication for CP OSCAR, and sent communications to the rear and forward elements. They were responsible for the 140 phone lines operating within CP Oscar.
Eighth US Army Band personnel manned the gate of Command Post OSCAR. Their mission was to control the access of CP OSCAR. They manned the access roster and either let people in or not. They also barred the gate, watching for security violations and stayed alert in case of bomb threats. All forms of recording devices and cellular phones were prohibited in CP unless authorized. The members of the EUSA Band were trained for this purpose before deployment, because this was their wartime mission.
For the Eighth United States Army (EUSA) at Command Post OSCAR, in March, 2004, CCU/SPO provided C4I tools in a "bridge area" for the EUSA Commander, separate from the main operations area, allowing the Commander to conduct conferences and video teleconferences (VTCs) without disruption to daily operations. They completed the project in time to support RSOI (reception, staging, onward movement and integration - tasks units must complete as part of deployment).
In March, 2005, CCU/SPO followed-on the Command Post OSCAR bridge upgrade project by completing an upgrade to the EUSA Operations Center (EAOC) at Command Post OSCAR. According to Kin Chan, CCU/SPO's Assistant Project Manager, TSIO-P, the EAOC upgrade included converting all local area network (LAN) architectures to a gigabit backbone with Fast Ethernet to the desktop; increasing the number of communications outlets available within the compound to one for every 50 square feet; replacing outside cable plant to support the LAN infrastructure and maximize voice/data throughput; upgrading the Command Information Display System (CIDS) to maximize its ability to display the CFC Common Operating Picture (COP) in the EAOC and other buildings at Command Post OSCAR; modernizing the existing VTC system to voice-activated video cameras; and designing and installing a telephonic alert system throughout the compound, to allow broadcasting of pre-recorded alert messages via the telephone system upon entering a code number from the EAOC.
"We basically stripped and completely rebuilt the EAOC," said Chan. "We replaced the old floor and tier system with a dual-level raised metal floor, and changed the room orientation by 90 degrees so personnel could better view the displays, which form a knowledge wall."
The solution was modular, utilized COTS (commercial-off-the shelf) products and open systems architecture and allows surge expansion during exercises and real-world events," said InSeon Lim of the CCU/SPO TSIO-P field office in Seoul, who serves as CCU/SPO's eyes-and-ears on the ground for projects in the Republic of Korea. "That way, it will allow for future technology insertion with relative ease."
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