Battle Group Tasks
Achieve and maintain a comprehensive operational picture of the littoral environment including surface, undersea, air, and relevant land areas of interest.
- Using organic assets in conjunction with theater and national systems, collect, fuse, analyze, and disseminate intelligence necessary for indications and warning, targeting of hostile forces, battle damage assessment (BDA), and maintenance of current tactical plots which also include friendly and neutral forces.
- Undertake all source surveillance of surface, subsurface, air, and land based targets of interest. Maintain full spectrum (e.g., visual, electromagnetic, acoustic) surveillance of enemy harbors, coastline, airfields, and other key installations including coastal cruise missile and theater ballistic missile sites.
- Have the capability to take a slice of the battle group (a scouting force, as defined by current North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) tactical publications) in order to extend air, surface, and subsurface surveillance utilizing surface combatants, attack submarines, and organic aircraft. Maintain access to national and theater intelligence systems. Exploit threat emissions to determine locations, intentions, and dispositions of potentially hostile forces.
- Conduct covert surveillance operations and tactical reconnaissance for tactical, operational, and theater commanders as well as for the National Command Authorities (NCA).
COMMAND AND CONTROL (C2)
Exercise command and control of assigned U.S. and multinational forces. Coordinate tasking of space-based surveillance and communications systems during the enabling phase of a major regional conflict.
- Ensure readiness to exercise initial command and control over organic, joint, and multinational forces assigned.
- Be capable of functioning as a naval forces (NAVFOR) component commander for a Joint Task Force Commander; in this capacity be capable of commanding an integrated task force consisting of a CVBG, Amphibious Ready Group (ARG), Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) Special Operations Capable (SOC), and other attached naval units (i.e., mine countermeasure forces).
- Be capable of functioning as both a joint force commander afloat and an expeditionary Joint Force Air Component Commander (JFACC) afloat when the CVBG constitutes the preponderance of power that can be brought to bear in the theater.
- Be capable of ensuring a seamless transfer of command from afloat to ashore and from ashore to afloat as the preponderance of combat power in the theater shifts.
- Be capable of functioning as an Area Air Defense Commander (AADC) against both air-breathing and ballistic missile threats.
- Have the capability to cooperate and interoperate with other U.S. armed forces and allied forces using joint and combined systems, doctrine, and procedures.
- Maintain capability to share a picture with other forces (joint and ashore).
- Integrate operations security, psychological operations, electronic common battlespace tactical multinational) afloat and military deception, warfare, and physical destruction, supported by intelligence, in order to deny information to influence, degrade, or destroy adversary C2 capabilities, while protecting friendly C2 capabilities against such actions. Integrate with joint C2W.
Seize and maintain control of designated airspace.
- Detect, monitor, and maintain readiness to intercept aerial contacts.
- Establish and enforce "no-fly zones" employing organic air-to-air refueling as necessary.
- Detect and defeat a coordinated, multi-axis attack by advanced cruise missiles.
- Project a region of air superiority over littoral landmasses by detecting, intercepting, and destroying hostile aircraft (employing organic air-to-air refueling as necessary).
- Integrate sea-based and land-based air superiority efforts.
- Have the capability to take a slice of the battle group (a scouting force) in order to provide fomard Anti-Air Warfare (AAW) cueing and engagement.
In a multi-threat environment, control maritime areas including coastal regions, bounded seas, choke points, as well as the open ocean.
- Overtly and covertly detect, identify, monitor, track, and intercept special/threat shipping in coastal and open ocean sea routes.
- Restrict and/or deny transit in a designated area through enforcement of maritime exclusion zones (e.g., quarantine or blockade operations). Board and inspect suspect merchant traffic and neutralize hostile naval vessels as necessary.
- Deny enemy surface ships, amphibious units, sustainment or sea lift assets use of sea space (Regional sea denial) .
- Detect and engage both nuclear and advanced diesel attack submarines in open ocean and shallow water.
- Maintain readiness to detach forces as necessary to extend a Protective cover around detached formations such as strateqic sealift, ARGs, maritime propositioned squadrons, groups, and mine countermeasures forces.
- Detect, track, and engage conventional and surface threats.
- Have the capability to take a slice of the combat logistics unconventional battle group (a scouting force) in order to provide forward anti-surface-cueing and engagement and/or to conduct precursor operations.
Project power ashore, on short notice, against a wide range of strategic, operational, and tactical targets in the face of sophisticated air defense systems, during day and night, in all weather conditions.
Following augmentation to 62 strike/fighter A/C:
- Conduct coordinated Tactical Air (TACAIR) strikes from multiple axes to achieve tactical surprise and destroy limited target sets, employing organic air-to-air refueling as necessary.
- Generate up to 170 total initial crisis response tactical aviation (including close air support (CAS), air superiority, airborne early warning, surface search coordination, and organic tanking) sorties per day for surge operations.
- Generate up to 140 strike and/or close air support sorties per day for surge operations over a 3- to 5-day period, and up to 90 strike and/or close air support sorties per day for sustained operations.
- Provide close air support sorties against hostile targets in proximity to friendly forces.
- Integrate each air mission with the fire and movement of friendly forces.
- Provide forward air control for CAS missions.
- Conduct coordinated cruise missile strikes.
- Conduct naval surface fire support.
- Conduct strikes against relocatable targets.
- Deliver ordnance with sufficient accuracy to avoid an effect on friendly forces, neutrals, and non- combatants.
- Integrate TACAIR and other strike operations with joint and multinational forces under an Air Tasking Order (ATO).
- Have the capability to forward position a slice of the battle group (a scouting force) to conduct cruise missile strikes and naval surface fire support.
During the March 1997 NATO exercise INVITEX 97-1, USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) airwing (CVW-3) launched 189 sorties over an 18 hour period called a "crisis flex." Some of the sorties simulated enemy aircraft attempting to target U.S. forces. Other aircraft sought out enemy surface units and an enemy SCUD facility.
THEATER BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE (TBMD)
Provide defense of littoral areas and selected theater wide areas against attack by tactical ballistic missiles.
- Project a ballistic missile defense envelope over designated land and sea zones.
- Integrate sea-based and land-based missile defense efforts.
- Provide Theater Ballistic Missle (TBM) cueing and tracking information to forces afloat and ashore.
- Have the capability to take a slice of the battle group (a scouting force) in order to provide forward TBMD.
OPERATIONS IN SUPPORT OF THE PEACETIME PRESENCE MISSION
Support U.S. diplomacy through cooperative engagement with designated allied forces, normal peacetime operations, and shows of force.
- Conduct protocol visits in selected foreign ports.
- Conduct Freedom of Navigation Exercises.
- Conduct interoperability operations (bilateral and multilateral exercises/training) .
- Conduct humanitarian assistance operations.
- Conduct peace support and civic action operations.
- Conduct CVBG-only permissive evacuation of non-combatants.
AMPHIBIOUS FORCE OPERATIONS
As NAVFOR, Joint Task Group Commander, or Officer in Tactical Command (OTC) of a task force including the CVBG and an ARG, MEU, SOC, execute missions involving projection of power ashore (i.e., amphibious raids, non-combatant evacuation operations, security operations, tactical recovery of aircraft and personnel, direct action, and humanitarian/civic assistance). As CVBG commander, extend maritime and air superiority sufficient to cover a Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) operation against air, surface, undersea, and ground opposition. Provide close air support to MAGTF .
INSERTION AND WITHDRAWAL OF LAND-BASED FORCES INTO UNCERTAIN AND HOSTILE ENVIRONMENTS
Provide cover and support to enable the delivery of joint and/or multinational ground forces/equipment, the arrival of land-based air expeditionary tactical units onto a littoral, and their subsequent removal/departure.
- Provide the Command Controlled Communications Connectivity and Intelligence (C41) required to stand up joint and/or multinational operations in a region.
- Extend air superiority over a littoral landmass to permit introduction of joint and/or multinational forces onto that landmass.
- Be prepared to host joint and/or multinational forces for the accomplishment of limited objectives on a littoral landmass.
- Extend air superiority over a littoral landmass to permit the safe withdrawal of joint and/or multinational forces from that landmass.
Execute overt or clandestine insertion/extraction by air, surface, or subsurface means and support Special Operations Forces (SOF) in order to conduct surveillance or special tasking in hostile or potentially hostile environments.
COMBAT SEARCH AND RESCUE
Locate and rescue downed air crews and other personnel over water and inland. Be capable of functioning as a joint rescue coordination center/search and rescue center.
Employing organic and attached forces, conduct offensive mining and mine countermeasure operations.
- Control or deny enemy use of a strait, channel, or harbor area by means of covert/overt offensive mining.
- Detect and destroy mine laying surface craft.
- Detect and plot the location of threat mines.
- Support attached forces conducting mine clearing operations.
Sustain combat and peacetime operations through the use or organic sustainment levels supplemented by underaay replenishment.
- Be capable of replenishing with both U.S. and multinational assets.
- Be capable of increasing the range and endurance of organic by using organic, joint, and multinational air-to-air refueling assets.
- Be capable of providing air-to-air refueling services to appropriately-equipped joint and multinational assets.
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