143rd Transportation Command [143d TRANSCOM]
143d TRANSCOM, Army Reserve, mobilizes and deploys to establish the theater level transportation system. Establish aerial and sea ports of debarkation and inland motor and rail operations. The Army Reserve has about 70 percent of all the Army's transportation assets.
143d TRANSCOM is the FORSCOM / USARC action agent for transportation operations and exercises, and chairs the Transportation Training Advisory Board (TTAB). 143d TRANSCOM provides command, control, and base ops support for 41 units and 2500 USAR and AC soldiers in the southeast United States, and provides oversight function for Army watercraft training, operations, and planning requirements.
The TRANSCOM mission is broken down into several primary areas of responsibility. The Reception, Staging, and Onward Movement challenge is to ensure that the incremental buildup of combat power proceeds according to the CINC's plans.
143rd TRANSCOM is the EAC Transportation operator. All rail, coastal & inland waterway systems, and highway operations will be operated by subordinate units of this Command.
This Command is WARTRACED to both MTWs. In order to accomplish our mission, it has established Liaison Officer positions with G-4, 3rd Army and G-4, 8th Army. The Liaison Officers maintain continuity, exchange information, and coordinate training missions with the respective Commands. WARTRACE units are located throughout CONUS, and 143rd TRANSCOM provide METL guidance, mission statement, and technical expertise to these units, through day-to-day contact, conferences, and exercises. There are 5 TC Groups WARTRACED to the command: 32d GP, Tampa FL (USAR); 300th GP, Butler, PA (USAR); 336th GP, Sheridan, IL (UASR); 375th GP, Mobile, AL (USAR); 7th TC Gp, Ft. Eustis, (AC)
The MTW Conference is an annual event. The purpose of the conference is to bring together the 143d TRANSCOM with its subordinate WARTRACE Commands and discuss transportation and support related issues from at Theater perspective.
Transportation Operations (TO)is responsible for developing plans, policies, and procedures for transportation service support of a Theater Army (TA) and external transportation exercises and operations. Provide input to structure, materiel, and planning initiatives affecting OPLANS / TPFFDs.
Security, Plans, and Operations (SPO) is responsible for strategic planning, mobilization, physical security, intel, force protection, nuclear / biological / chemical, signal, rear battle planning. Provides oversight for safety, force integration, and internal exercises / operations. FORSCOM / USARC action agent for watercraft operations and exercises. Assists AMC w/watercraft prepo planning.
Supply, Services, and Maintenance (SSM) is responsible for planning, directing, and supervising logistical activities to include supply, service, maintenance, transportation and other logistics functions necessary to support TRANSCOM missions. Coordinate logistical requirements for force integration and force modernization initiatives.
Personnel and Administration (P&A) is responsible for Personnel Service Support Systems to include the Adjutant General, administrative support, and personnel management necessary to support TRANSCOM missions.
As the demands for the Army increase on its ever-shrinking workforce, teamwork has increased between active and reserve component soldiers as well as with other services.
In 1996 the unit moved the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment from Fort Bliss to Fort Carson, Colo. Soldiers from the 143rd also have helped transport medical supplies to American Indians in Utah, ship equipment to and from Saudi Arabia, and operate air fields and ports in support of Operation Joint Endeavor.
When the 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade moved from Washington state to Texas beginning in February 1997, the unit did so with the help of the 143rd Transportation Command, an Army Reserve unit. The 35th Brigade moved to Fort Bliss as part of the consolidation of ADA assets, joining units that moved there from Fort Polk, La., and Fort Hood, Texas. As executive agent for transportation for the US Army Reserve Command and the only unit of its type in the Army Reserve, the 143rd TRANSCOM had the expertise to pull off the move. The multimodal move was in three phases-by sea, rail and highway, and was completed by April 5. Four sites -- Fort Lewis, Wash.; Port Hueneme, Calif.; Phoenix, Ariz.; and Fort Bliss -- were used. It involved nine boats carrying about 260 pieces of wheeled equipment; some 150 tractor-trailer loads; 240 vehicles and 90 containers shipped by rail; and more than 1,000 people, from almost 36 Active and Reserve component units. Coordination also was made through the state officials, who approve convoys through the areas.
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