US Army Materiel Command (AMC)
AMC is the Army's principal materiel developer. Headquartered in Alexandria, VA, AMC accom-plishes its mission through 11 major subordinate commands (MSCs) that direct the activities of numerous depots, arsenals, ammunition plants, laboratories, test activities, and procurement operations.
AMC is in about 285 locations worldwide, covering more than 42 states and a dozen foreign countries. Manning these organizations is a work force of more than 65,000 employees, both military and civilian, many with highly developed specialties in weapons development and logistics. Although AMC is over 95-percent civilian, thousands of US Army Reserve (USAR) and Army National Guard (ARNG) soldiers train at AMC installations every year. Essential to the success of AMC training efforts is the highly skilled and experienced civilian work force. From warehouses to production lines, from roadways to railways, Reservists test their combat service support (CSS) skills while completing real-world missions for AMC.
AMC's mission is complex and ranges from developing sophisticated weapon systems, to advanced research in such areas as lasers, to maintaining and distributing spare parts. This mission is best summarized by AMC's three core competencies: acquisition excellence, logistics power projection, and technology generation and application. To develop, buy, and maintain materiel for the Army, AMC works closely with industry, colleges and universities, the sister services, and other government agencies to ensure state-of-the-art technology and support are exploited to defend the Nation.
Under Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) directed cuts or reductions at the Industrial Operations Command at Rock Island Arsenal, II, the Industrial Operations Command headquarters lost 278 jobs. As a result of these cuts, the Army Materiel Command directed the major subordinate commands assume responsibility of their maintenance depots. The Communications Electronics Command, at Fort Monmouth, N.J., assumed operational control of Tobyhanna, PA in October 1997, and assumed full command and control 01 October 1998. The depots that maintain aviation and missile systems; Corpus Christi, Texas, aviation depot; and Letterkenny, in Chambersburg, Pa., missile depot, went under the operational control of Aviation and Missile Command [AMCOM] 01 October 1998. The Tank Automotive Command in Warren, Mich., picked up the tank automotive depots at Anniston, AL., and Red River in Texarkana, Texas, and assumed full command and control October 1999. The depots will staid put at their respective locations but answered directly to the major subordinate commands they serve. The commands in turn assumed this additional management role without getting more people. This included responsibility for management of all phases of the depot operations including responsibility for planning, budgeting, workloading, program execution and net operating result. The Industrial Operations Command [later renamed the Operations Support Command (OSC)] kept responsibility for managing the ammunition depots and arsenals. This included the ammunition activity at Letterkenny. So while AMCOM manages the missile depot, the IOC continued to manage Letterkenny's ammunition activity.
AMC also touches every soldier in the Army every day through logistic assistance representatives who work directly with the units in the field. It handles diverse missions that have far-reaching impacts beyond the Army. For example, AMC acquires the ammunition for all of the US military services, manages the multibillion-dollar business of selling Army equipment and services to US friends and allies, and negotiates and implements agreements for foreign nations to coproduce US weapon systems. AMC also provides numerous acquisition and logistics services to the other components within DOD and to many other government agencies.
It has participated in many humanitarian and disaster relief efforts both at home and abroad. Besides providing equipment and supplies, AMC has established and managed distribution centers in the affected areas to expedite getting badly needed supplies to victims.
In its 2005 BRAC Recommendations, DoD would realign Fort Belvoir, VA by relocating Army Materiel Command (AMC) and the Security Assistance Command (USASAC, an AMC major subordinate command) to Redstone Arsenal, AL. The Army Materiel Command (AMC) and the Security Assistance Command would relocate to Redstone Arsenal in order to collocate with one of AMC's major subordinate commands, the USA Aviation and Missile Command. The relocation of AMC and USASAC to Redstone Arsenal would result in the avoidance of future military construction costs; this future cost avoidance would not be reflected in the payback calculation because it was planned for post-FY05. This military construction would provide for a new headquarters building for AMC and USASAC on Fort Belvoir; the majority of AMC's current space on Fort Belvoir was in temporary structures.
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