300th Transportation Group (Composite)
300th Group is one of four USAR Transportation Groups and is located in Butler, PA, about 40 miles north of Pittsburgh. It is part of the 99th Regional Support Command. The group has two battalions and two direct reporting companies in its organization. The 359th terminal battalion is located at Fort Eustis and is commanded by an AC officer. The 313th is a motor battalion and is headquartered in Baltimore. Both battalions have companies located throughout Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. The Group's assigned strength is approximately 2000 of its 2235 authorized.
300th Group conducts an annual deployment exercise [DEPEX] that is evaluated by the 99th RSC.
7th and 300th Trans Groups are two of the five groups in the Army. 7th Group is the only AC transportation composite group. Out of the four USAR transportation groups, 300th has the most robust capability under its peacetime organization. For example, the only other group with watercraft is the 32nd, with LCU 2000s stationed in North Carolina and Florida. 143d TRANSCOM is the wartime higher headquarters for 7th and 300th Groups.
Teaming is a CSA initiative. The 7th and 300th Trans Groups are several of the first CSS units to be teamed as part of a pilot program. There are numerous programs that emphasize oneness of purpose among the components - in support of THE ARMY. Teaming is one of them. Prior to 2000, the only organizations that were Teamed were four AC combat divisions (10th, 1st CAV, 3ID, 4ID) and four ARNG divisions (28th ID, 29th ID, 40th ID, and 49th AR Div). There has been a positive experience with division teaming. As a result, it has been expanded to CS and CSS units in both the ARNG and USAR. Teaming was intended to replicate the cohesiveness of AC/RC relations that existed under CAPSTONE.
The 7th TC Group (AC)/300th TC Group (USAR) is a unique teaming arrangement. Unlike the other three pilot units that have linkage with a corps (through COSCOM or Corps Artillery), these are EAD/EAC units. Both groups have ongoing relationships with 143d TRANSCOM (USAR), as a higher level headquarters, and with each other. Third Army will provide oversight, with 143d TRANSCOM acting as executive agent. The CS/CSS teaming pilot should be solidified within overall policy guidance in FORSCOM Regulation 350-4, Army Relationships. As each relationship is unique, specific details are to be worked by teamed unit commanders, with oversight and direction provided by their higher headquarters.
The Army Reserve conducted its first combat service support (CSS) training simulation system (CSSTSS) simulation exercise (SIMEX) in an inactive-duty-for-training (IDT) status in September 1997. The participating group commanders found that the SIMEX effectively stressed their staffs and provided more effective CSS training than that offered in other simulations used by the Army Reserve. The 78th Division (Exercise) (DIVEX), Edison, New Jersey, was tasked by the Army Reserve Command to conduct a pilot test using CSSTSS to determine its viability for training CSS battalion and group staffs during a weekend drill. Using a modified Prairie Warrior data base, five CSS groups operated at 5 locations in 4 states in the SIMEX: the 475th Quartermaster Group, Farrell, Pennsylvania; the 300th Transportation Group, Butler, Pennsylvania; the 38th Ordnance Group, Charleston, West Virginia; the 390th Personnel Group, Richmond, Virginia; and the 300th Area Support Group, Fort Lee, Virginia. The 310th Theater Army Area Command, Fort Belvoir, Virginia, provided a small group to function as a theater support command at the 78th Division's battle projection center in Fort Dix, New Jersey.
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