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2nd Fires Brigade
Division Artillery (DIVARTY), 2nd Infantry Division
"Warrior Thunder"

In December 2012, the Fires Center of Excellence (FCoE) submitted a Force Design Update (FDU) (Fires HQ FDU) to re-establish fires command headquarters at echelons above brigade (EAB), for consideration in the Total Army Analysis (TAA) process for fiscal years 2016-2020. On Oct. 3, 2013, the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army approved the Fires HQ FDU.

The Army decision to implement DIVARTYs will provide Field Artillery (FA) capabilities (planning, synchronization, and coordination) in order to execute strategic, operational and tactical fires in support of Unified Land Operations (ULO) and to provide effective mission command for the training and readiness of attached FA units. Current Echelon Above Brigade (EAB) mission command FA force structure and organizational design does not sufficiently meet the required capabilities in support of Combatant Commander (CCDR) requirements as part of the Joint force. This results in the inability to effectively integrate and synchronize fires at Division, Corps and Theater Army in support of ULO.

The Fires HQ FDU creates a DIVARTY for each active component Division and will align an active component Field Artillery Brigade (FAB) to each Corps and one to Eighth United States Army (EUSA). The term “Fires Brigade” (FiB) is being replaced with Field Artillery Brigade (FAB). The FDU does not alter the organization of the Army National Guard (ARNG) FABs; however ARNG FABs will be aligned with ARNG Divisions for training affiliation and will be capable of serving as a DIVARTY to support ARNG Divisions during deployment and provide reinforcing and counterfire capability to a Corps or Joint Task Force (JTF). The primary task for the FAB includes coordination, integration, synchronization and employment of fires as well as provides long range precision fires to the Corps through strike operations.

The DIVARTY is a proven force design that will play a key role in reversing the continuing atrophy of FA skills, halt the erosion of professional and leader development in the fires Warfighting Function, and restore the art and science of synchronizing effects for precise and discriminating fires.

The DIVARTY had no organic firing units, but can be provided a variety of FA Battalions (rocket and cannon) and other assets to accomplish its mission for the Division Commander. This may include a combination of one to five rocket/missile (MLRS or HIMARS) and/or FA Cannon Battalions as well as other enablers. The DIVARTY consists of a Headquarters (HHB), a Signal Platoon, and a Target Acquisition Platoon (TAP), initially consisting of two AN/TPQ-37 Radars and over the six years 2014-2020 transitioning to two AN/TPQ-53 Radars. DIVARTYs will provide command oversight for training management and certification of the Brigade Combat Team (BCT) FA Battalions, and Fire Support Cells. DIVARTYs will provide synchronization of sensors such as Sentinel and counterfire radars organic to the Division as well as synchronization of Joint sensors.

As of October 2015, all 10 DIVARTYs had activated. The DIVARTY’s primary role is to ensure readiness of the Fires formations within the divisions by improving the ability to deliver operational and technical Fires. The duties and responsibilities of the DIVARTYs are defined in Field Manual 3-09 and soon to be released Army Training Program 3-09.90, DIVARTY. The United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) commander further defined their roles and responsibilities in Fragmentary Order 1 to the U.S. Army FORSCOM Division Artillery Implementation Order with DIVARTY key tasks:

  1. Improve the division commander’s ability to deliver operational and tactical level Fires.
  2. Serve as the force field artillery headquarters for the division. The DIVARTY commander serves as the division FSCOORD.
  3. Develop standardized approach to training and integrated Fires to ensure accomplishment of operational and tactical level fire support tasks.
  4. Provide support to the brigade combat team (BCT) commanders with FA subject matter expertise. Coach, mentor and develop artillery commanders and leaders, and provide readiness assessment and advice to maneuver commanders.

The bottom line: DIVARTYs are the Fires integrators for the division and BCT commanders. Through stringent training and certification programs they ensure standardization across the division in the employment of Fires assets. Their success is incumbent on building strong relationships across the division and with joint Fires resources to ensure the Fires teams deliver over-match to the division and BCT commanders.

Precision targeting is non-negotiable. So going forward the Army implemented an 80-10-10 or a “Grid Getter Standard.” 80-10-10 is a ratio based on a precision mindset that makes it necessary for Forward Observers and Fire Support Teams to achieve Joint TLE categories while on the battlefield. Specifically, achieving a CAT I (6.0M TLE) and CAT II (15M TLE) “precision grid” 80 percent of the time; achieve a CAT IV (50M TLE) “near precision grid” 10 percent of the time; achieve a CAT V/VI (200M or greater TLE) as a degraded operation, the final 10 percent of the time. This 80-10-10 ratio defines the term Accurate in the First Requirement for Accurate Fires.

Due to the complexities of the operational environment, the requirements for precise and discriminating fires, as well as the restrictions on employment of fires, these demands require that Fires organizations and Fire Supporters be thoroughly trained and certified. The Field Artillery Headquarters facilitates standardized core training throughout the Fire Support chain by ensuring routine training as a complete Fire Support systems, significantly enhancing the maneuvers commanders ability to plan, integrate, task organize, and execute Fires in support of ULO.

TRADOC Pam 525-3-4, the United States Army Functional Concept for Fires, states a responsibility to establish and maintain a fire support system that can, “enable the defeat of a wide range of threats, provide timely and responsive fires in environmental and operational conditions, provide a range of precision to conventional scalable capabilities to engage ground targets, prevent fratricide and minimize collateral damage, and to provide access to and integrate joint, Army, and multinational Fires capabilities at the lowest appropriate levels.” This will allow the commander to achieve his desired effects on the enemy in a manner that does not require detailed integration with the scheme of subordinate maneuver elements.

Operational-Level Fires is the transition from the Theater Joint Force Air Component Command fight to air-ground integration fight. Operational-Level Fires are usually conducted at the operational level of war, but may be conducted at any level of war. Operational-Level Fires generally integrate Army Field Artillery (surface-to-surface) fires with joint and multi-national capabilities but could be conducted by any combination of available fires assets. Field Artillery Brigades and DIVARTYs focus on the conduct of Operational-Level Fires, including the integration of sensors and intelligence assets to support the targeting process, although they can also conduct Close-Support Fires that require detailed integration with the scheme of subordinate maneuver elements. Close-Support Fires are usually planned, coordinated, integrated, synchronized and conducted by BCT Field Artillery battalions.

On 30 November 2006, the Fires Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division was inactivated and personnel reflagged as the 210th Fires Brigade.

Prior to its inactivation, the Fires Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division stood ready, as the most forward deployed Fires Brigade in the world. It had a mission to, on order, conduct counterfire and deep operations in defense of the Republic of Korea.

The Fires Brigade consisted of the 6th Battalion, 37th Field Artillery; 1st Battalion, 38th Field Artillery; and the 702nd Brigade Support Battalion. Both of the artillery battalions were equipped with the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System. The Fires Brigade had been created as part of the transformation of the 2nd Infantry Division to the US Army's new modular force structure. Various assets previously held at division level were made organic to the Division's maneuver brigades under the transformation. Artillery battalions that had previously been habitually task organized with the brigade they were assigned to support were made organic to those brigades. The DIVARTY had employed 3 155mm Direct Support Cannon Battalions, one Multiple Launch Rocket System-Army Tactical Missile System (MLRS/ATACMS) battalion, a separate MLRS/ATACMS battery, a target acquisition battery and a headquarters and headquarters battery.

These units had a total of more than 2,000 highly trained and focused US and Korean Augmentee to the US Army (KATUSA) soldiers and support the Warrior Division from 6 separate camps.

The Fires Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division was originally constituted on 21 September 1917 as the 2nd Field Artillery Brigade. The unit was partially organized in October 1917 at Governors Island, New York, and assigned to the 2nd Division (later redesignated as the 2d Infantry Division). The organization completed on 1 January 1918 in Le Valdahon, France. During World War I, firing in support of both US and Allied Forces, the 2nd Field Artillery Brigade participated in key battles fought at Aisne, Ile de France, Aisne-Marne, Lorraine and Meuse-Argonne. For its actions the unit was awarded the French Croix de Guerre with 2 Palms and the French Fourragere. Following the war the unit returned to Fort Sam Houston and was disbanded on 7 October 1939.

The unit was reconstituted on 10 September 1940 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 2nd Division Artillery and activated on 1 October 1940 at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. The 2nd Division Artillery entered WWII with the Normandy landing on 7 June 1944 and fired in support of the Division through France, Belgium, Germany, and finally into Czechoslovakia. In July 1945 the 2nd Division Artillery departed Le Havre, France for Camp Swift, Texas and began training for operations in the Pacific Theater. The war in the Pacific ended before it could be deployed. For its actions in World War II the unit earned campaign streamers embroidered Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace and Central Europe. The unit was mentioned in official dispatches for action in Ardennes and Elsenborn Crest and was awarded the Belgian Fourragere.

The 2nd Division Artillery moved with the rest of the Division into the Pusan perimeter in August 1950. There the 2nd Infantry Division relieved the 24th Infantry Division. The 2nd Division Artillery fired in support of US, ROK and UN forces until the cessation of the war and deployed back to Fort Lewis, Washington in 1954. For actions in Korea the unit earned ten Campaign Streamers and was awarded 2 Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations.

The 2nd Division Artillery returned to Korea with the Division in July 1965 and and was stationed at Camp McNair in the West Corridor near Pobwoni. When the 7th Infantry Division departed the peninsula in 1971, the Headquarters relocated to Camp Stanley with subordinate units occupying 3 separate garrisons. Approximately 160 Commissioned and Warrant Officers and 2200 enlisted Warriors were assigned to the 4 battalions and 2 separate batteries. Through 2001 and 2002, the Battalion helped expand A Battery, 38th Field Artillery into a full battalion, the 1st Battalion, 38th Field Artillery, adding an additional battalion to the order of battle.

In September 2005, the Headquarters of the 2nd Division Artillery relocated to Camp Casey in September 2005 as part of 2nd Infantry Division Transformation Plan. Under the transformation of the 2nd Infantry Division to the US Army's new modular force structure, the 2nd Division Artillery was inactivated and reactivated as the 2nd Fires Brigade. This unit consisted of a Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 6-37th Field Artillery, and 1-38th Field Artillery, all stationed at Camp Casey and the 702nd Brigade Support Battalion at Camp Castle. Approximately 1300 Warriors were assigned to the 3 battalions and one separate battery. The other artillery battalions previously assigned to the 2nd Division Artillery were made organic to the reorganized Brigade Combat Teams they had previously habitually supported, a key element of the modular force structure.

On 30 November 2006, the Fires Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division was inactivated and personnel reflagged as the 210th Fires Brigade.

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Page last modified: 13-10-2016 19:40:59 ZULU