KGB - Organization - 1960s
In January 1962, the independent KGB Directorates in Moscow and the Moscow Region that existed since May 1956 were reunited. The change in the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in October 1964 did not affect the KGB, since the leadership of the special service acted on behalf of LI. Brezhnev, who came to power in the party and the country.
Until 1967, there were no major changes in the structure of the KGB under the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Only in the autumn of 1966 the Accounting and Archival Department became the 10th department; The group, under the chair of the KGB, to study and summarize the experience of the work of the state security bodies and data on the enemy, was transformed into a group of assistants under the chairman of the KGB, an 11th department was created responsible for coordinating communications with the security agencies of the socialist countries.
In addition to the KGB Board in 1961, regional and regional departments created permanent councils with the heads of departments. Gradually, the competence and rights of local security agencies were expanded. For example, the chiefs of operational divisions of the central apparatus and heads of local bodies were given the right to authorize measures to recruit and discredit foreigners who do not enjoy diplomatic immunity, as well as seamen and fishermen entering without permission into the territorial waters of the USSR.
KGB bodies under the Council of Ministers of the USSR have worked out an effective system of measures to uncover spy activities, revealed, exposed and arrested a large number of agents of foreign special services. The greatest success of Soviet counterintelligence in those years is considered to be the opening of an espionage activity of an employee of the State Committee for the Coordination of Scientific Research Oleg Penkovsky, a colonel of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the USSR Ministry of Defense. The criminal activities of Penkovsky and his accomplice, the English merchant Wynne, have been fully proved. On May 16, 1963, on the verdict of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, Oleg Penkovsky was shot. Wynna in 1964 was exchanged for a Soviet intelligence officer arrested abroad. However, the identification, exposure,
To increase the level of counterintelligence work among foreigners in 1965, a plan for operational-operational activities "Operation 100" was developed. Initially, it covered the European part of the country and the Caucasus, and then spread to Central Asia. The purpose of this plan was to coordinate the actions of counterintelligence units on the scale of almost the whole country according to a single plan. Based on the experience of Operation 100, in 1967 a prospective counterintelligence work plan was developed called Operation Horizon. In the same year of 1967, more than 250 officers and agents of special services of foreign states were identified among foreigners who had come to the USSR for a short time. More than 100 of them were exposed and expelled from the USSR.
In 1965, the KGB board decided on measures to strengthen the work of the correspondence scanning service. In the course of implementing these measures, a unified plan was prepared for the PC service (Operation Almaz), which provided for selective concentration of funds on those international mail flows that were most likely to be used for espionage communications.
November 28, 1967, was issued an instruction on the unofficial control of postal and telegraphic dispatches by the KGB. These measures facilitated the identification of agents of foreign special services. Another important aspect of the KGB's work was the search for state criminals. Only in 1959-1963, a total of 4165 people were found, who committed serious crimes during the Great Patriotic War.
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