GRU - Budget and Personnel
According to various sources, the number of staff of the GRU of the GRU is currently 6,000-15,000. In addition to the units and formations of the CPS, the GRU has subordinated special-purpose troops numbering about 25,000.
Cheap special services is the same nonsense as cheap medicine, saving on special services means saving on health of the state. Before the collapse of the Soviet Union, the GRU, at the height of its power, had tens of thousands of agents and soldiers under its command, and its reconnaissance tentacles flew all over the world.
The structure, strength and funding of the GRU refers to information that constitutes a state secret. Residents of military intelligence are not inferior in numbers to the Resident Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation (SVR of Russia), but they have smaller amounts of funding, while acting more rigorously and purposefully.
In 1992 a cadre military intelligence officer, Fyodor Ladigin, came to head the GRU. This was one of the few cases in the entire post-war period, when the GRU was headed by a cadre military intelligence officer. According to Ladigin, the GRU and SVR were equalized for the first time, amounting to approximately 11,000 people. In 1997 it deployed six times as many agents in foreign countries as the SVR, the successor of the KGB's foreign operations directorate (PGU KGB). It also commanded 25,000 Spetsnaz troops in 1997.
In recent years there has been a reduction in the total numerical strength of the GRU, including the central apparatus and apparatuses abroad. But this has not had any significant effect on the results of the GRU's work. Structurally, the GRU remains largely unchanged from the Soviet era and reportedly has greater resources for collecting foreign intelligence than the SVR.
Beginning in 2008, at a time when the budget of the army and security forces was growing at a fast pace, the GRU had to face cuts and staff cuts. Intelligence also lost its "armed wing," or special forces, subordinated to the special forces of the ground forces. The Special Operations Forces (MTR) is a structure uniting the army special forces. It was established in 2013 to effectively carry out "expedition missions". Its formation began in 2009, during the army reform, and was completed in 2013. The basis of the MTR is the staff of the GRU. Of the 14,000 soldiers of the Special Operations Forces, 12,000 are military intelligence officers.
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