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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

Iraq Special Weapons - References

Major Reports


United Nations Documents, Reports, Resolutions on Iraq



  • Claims and evaluations of Iraq's proscribed weapons
  • Now Is a Good Time to Revisit Saddam's Nuclear Capability Paul Leventhal and Steven Dolley, International Herald Tribune, March 5, 1998
  • NCI Report: Iraq and the Bomb: The Nuclear Threat Continues Steven Dolley, NCI Research Director, February 19, 1998 NCI Warns that Saddam May Have Active Nuclear Weapons Program - The Nuclear Control Institute (NCI) warned that contrary to the widespread belief that Iraq's nuclear weapons program no longer poses an immediate threat, evidence collected by United Nations inspectors in fact points to an active, advanced program that poses a clear and present danger.
  • IRAQ's WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AND THE 1997 GULF CRISIS By Laurie Mylroie MERIA Middle East Review of International Affairs ISSUE #4 JANUARY 1998 The crisis precipitated by Iraq's October 29 decision to expel American members of the UN Special Commission [UNSCOM] working there brought to public attention the very serious danger posed by Iraq's continued possession of large stockpiles of biological and chemical agents. As the crisis made clear, Saddam Hussein wants economic sanctions lifted even though he retains those weapons.
  • HOW SADDAM ALMOST BUILT HIS BOMB Al J Venter Janes Intelligence Review December 1997
  • Could Iraq Build an Atomic Bomb Today If It Were Able to Buy Fissile Material? Transcript of Q&A with Ambassador Rolf Ekeus, then-Executive Chairman of UN Special Commission on Iraq, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, DC, June 10, 1997
  • "Iraq: How Close to a Nuclear Weapon?" Edwin S. Lyman, November 14, 1995
  • "Who Says Iraq Isn't Making a Bomb?" Paul Leventhal and Edwin Lyman, International Herald Tribune, November 2, 1995
  • Iraq's Crash Program to Build A-Bomb Should Come as No Surprise, NCI Finds, NCI press release, August 26, 1995
  • Has Iraq come clean at last? by DAVID ALBRIGHT and ROBERT KELLEY Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists November-December 1995 Summary: The past four-plus years have been frustrating for Western nuclear sleuths who have tried to get the whole story of Iraq's nuclear weapons program. The Iraqis have cooperated at times, especially when backed into a corner. But in general, they have stalled, obfuscated, covered up, and even lied about the extent of the program. The latest revelations about the program quickly followed the defection in early August of Gen. Hussein Kamel, a son-in-law of Saddam Hussein.
  • Engineer for Hire By David Albright Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists December 1993 Summary: Iraqi oil money was used to buy both hardware and expertise from Western nations, particularly Germany, in a fruitless effort to build a nuclear weapon. Here is the story of Bruno Stemmler, engineer for hire.
  • A Proliferation Primer By David Albright Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists June 1993 Summary: Iraq's nuclear potential has often been exaggerated, sometimes to justify military action, and at other times to bolster U.N. inspection efforts, but the Gulf War did unmask a determined, well-funded nuclear-weapons program that had largely escaped detection. If the war had not led to the program's destruction, Iraq might soon have had its first nuclear weapon.
  • Myth-Building: The "Islamic" Bomb By Pervez Hoodbhoy Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists June 1993 Summary: The "Islamic bomb" is roughly understood to be a nuclear weapon acquired for broad ideological reasons-a weapon that supposedly belongs collectively to the Muslim ummah or community and, as such, is the ultimate expression of Islamic solidarity. Concern about the Islamic bomb is at the heart of the intense effort to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons to Muslim countries.
  • Supplier-spotting By DAVID ALBRIGHT and MARK HIBBS Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Jan/Feb 1993 Summary: Iraqi officials finally admitted, during the fifteenth inspection visit of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in November, that they had been researching gas-centrifuge enrichment of uranium at Rashidiya, on the northern outskirts of Baghdad, rather than solely at the Tuwaitha nuclear research center, as Iraqi officials had previously insisted.
  • Iraq's shop-till-you-drop nuclear program by DAVID ALBRIGHT and MARK HIBBS Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists April 1992 Summary: Many different companies and individuals were involved. Inwako.   The centrifuge The complex links among companies and individuals are only part of the puzzle. In the background, however, are more important differences about how to get to the bottom of Iraq's nuclear program.
  • IRAQ: It's all over at Al Atheer by DAVID ALBRIGHT and MARK HIBBS Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists June 1992 Summary: Iraq allowed the destruction of Al Atheer, a complex under construction 40 kilometers south of Baghdad, considered the Iraqi equivalent of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, which developed and assembled the first atomic bombs during the Manhattan Project.
  • Iraq's bomb: Blueprints and artifacts By David Albright Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists January-February 1992 Summary: After more than half a year of investigating Iraqs clandestine nuclear program, U.N. and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors found the biggest remaining piece of the puzzle: details of Iraq's effort to design and develop a nuclear explosive device.
  • IRAQ Truth and fiction in the Iraqi nuclear story By DAVID ALBRIGHT and MARK HIBBS Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists October 1991 Reports
  • Iraq's nuclear hide-and-seek. By David Albright and Mark Hibbs Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists September 1991 Vol. 47, No. 7
  • U.N. COMMISSION SIFTS THROUGH RUBBLE By JIM WURST Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists September 1991
  • Hyping the Iraqi bomb. By David Albright and Mark Hibbs Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists March 1991 Vol. 47, No. 2
  • Iraq and the bomb: Were they even close? By David Albright and Mark Hibbs Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists March 1991 Vol. 47, No. 2
  • IRAQ AND THE RULES OF THE NUCLEAR GAME Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists January 1991

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Page last modified: 24-07-2011 04:44:54 ZULU