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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

CHAPTER ONE

CHEMICAL UNIT AND STAFF ORGANIZATIONS

This chapter describes the organization and functioning of chemical units (brigade to team) and chemical staffs (theater army to battalion). The primary focus of this manual is warfighting, however chemical units and battle staffs may be employed in operations other than war (chapter 6)

CHEMICAL UNITS

The mission of chemical units is to provide decon, NBC reconnaissance, large-area smoke, and staff support to commanders to enhance their warfighting capabilities or support contingency requirements. Most chemical units are 100 percent mobile. Basis of allocation is determined on the number and type of units being supported and METT-T. Appendix A provides details of specific unit organization.

CHEMICAL BRIGADE

The chemical brigade normally supports a corps and consists of a brigade headquarters and headquarters company (HHC) and two to six chemical battalions. The brigade HHC consists of the brigade headquarters, containing the commander's immediate staff (S1, S2, S3, S4, and communications) and the headquarters company, which provides administrative and logistical support to the headquarters.

The chemical brigade commander, with the advice of his staff and the corps chemical section, evaluates and determines the chemical unit support requirements for the corps. The brigade commander advises the corps commander concerning the employment of chemical assets. The brigade staff develops the scheme of support based on the NBC situation and METT-T.

The brigade HHC is 50 percent mobile and provides its own organizational maintenance and mess support and establishes and operates internal and external radio and wire communications nets. The chemical brigade headquarters normally receives logistical support from a corps support group (CSG) designated in the corps operations order or plan (OPORD/OPLAN). The corps support command (COSCOM) provides points of contact for all classes of supply, maintenance, and field services.

CHEMICAL BATTALION

The chemical battalion consists of a battalion headquarters and headquarters detachment (HHD) and two to five chemical companies. The battalion headquarters contains the battalion commander's principal staff (S1, S2/3, S4) and the headquarters detachment, which provides administrative and logistical support to the headquarters.

There are two types of chemical battalion headquarters. One is designed to operate as part of a chemical brigade. The other, the chemical battalion (enhanced) (theater army), is designed to be assigned to a theater army area command (TAACOM), and to be the senior chemical headquarters in that command.

The roles, functions, and responsibilities of the chemical battalion are directly affected by the command or support relationship established with the supported unit (see chapter 4, Battle Command). When a chemical battalion is attached or under the operational control of a division, the division chemical officer may relinquish operational control of the division's assigned chemical company to the chemical battalion. This establishes a single point of contact for chemical unit support.

The HHD is 50 percent mobile and provides its own organizational maintenance and mess support and establishes and operates internal and external radio and wire communications nets. The chemical battalion (enhanced)(theater army) will normally receive support from an area support group (ASG). The ASG provides points of contact for all classes of supply, maintenance, and field services.

CHEMICAL COMPANIES

Chemical Decontamination Company

The chemical decon company provides equipment decon support to units. The company consists of a company headquarters, a maintenance section, and five decon platoons. The company is 100 percent mobile. Each decon platoon is organized with a platoon headquarters and three decon squads. The decon squads are equipped with the M12A1 power-driven decon apparatus (PDDA).

The company may provide decon support to units in a corps' rear area, the communications zone (COMMZ), or a division's area of operations (AO). The company may also provide specialized decon support such as aircraft or terrain decon. FM 3-5, NBC Decontamination, provides detailed information concerning decon operations.

Motorized Smoke Generator Company

The motorized smoke generator company provides large-area smoke support for tactical operations. The company consists of a company headquarters, a maintenance section, two smoke platoons, and a support platoon. The company is 100 percent mobile. Each smoke platoon is organized with a platoon headquarters, and three smoke squads. The smoke squads are equipped with the motorized smoke system. The support platoon may operate in a centralized or decentralized mode. When the company is organized to conduct company-level smoke operations, the support platoon operates as a platoon under the control of the support platoon leader. In decentralized operations, smoke platoons operate independently with support squads task-organized to each platoon under control of the smoke platoon leader.

The motorized smoke company is normally assigned to a chemical battalion, but may operate in direct support to a division. Motorized smoke units are less survivable than mechanized smoke units. This must be considered when determining how far forward motorized smoke units will operate.

The smallest deployable element of the company is a platoon. A motorized smoke platoon can create a smoke haze from 1,100 to 2,800 meters in width. FM 3-50, Smoke Operations provides more detailed information concerning smoke operations.

Mechanized Smoke Generator Company

The mechanized smoke company provides large-area smoke support for tactical operations in the forward combat area. The company consists of a company headquarters and two smoke platoons. The company is 100 percent mobile. Each platoon consists of a platoon headquarters, two smoke squads, and a support squad. The smoke squads are equipped with M1059 mechanized smoke vehicles. The M1059 allows them to provide more responsive smoke support to armored and mechanized infantry units.

The smallest deployable element of the mechanized company is a platoon. One platoon can create a smoke haze from 600 to 1,500 meters in width. Survivability of the fuel support platoon/ squads must be taken into consideration during planning. FM 3-50, Smoke Operations provides detailed information concerning smoke operations.

Smoke/Decontamination Company

The smoke/decon chemical company (corps/theater army) provides large area smoke and equipment decon support to divisions, units in the corps rear areas, or COMMZ. The company consists of a company headquarters and four smoke/decon platoons. The company is 100 percent mobile. Each platoon consists of a platoon headquarters, two smoke/decon squads, and a fuel/water support squad. The smoke/decon squads are equipped with M17 lightweight decon systems (LDS) and motorized smoke system. Each support squad can haul 2,400 gallons of water and 1,100 gallons of fog oil.

Each platoon can provide equipment decon and large area smoke generation support, however, the platoons cannot perform these missions simultaneously. Platoons cannot immediately switch from one mission to the other and must plan changes to mission configuration in detail.

A platoon can provide smoke haze from 550 to 1,400 meters in width. When the platoon is configured for decon support it can establish two operational decon sites or one thorough decon site.

NBC Reconnaissance Company

The NBC reconnaissance company provides NBC reconnaissance support through the area of operations to locate, identify, mark, report NBC contamination, and identify bypass routes around contaminated areas. The company has three platoons, each with four recon squads. The company is 100 percent mobile. Each squad contains two recon teams.

The NBC reconnaissance company is normally assigned as a separate company of the chemical brigade, but may be attached to a chemical battalion. The company's platoons can conduct NBC reconnaissance, surveys, surveillance, sampling, and limited conventional reconnaissance missions throughout the corps area of operations. Recon squads may also locate potential decon sites. FM 3-19, NBC Reconnaissance, provides detailed information concerning NBC reconnaissance operations.

Chemical Company (Smoke/Decontamination/Reconnaissance)

This company provides equipment decon, NBC reconnaissance, large-area smoke, and chemical staff support to armored cavalry regiments (ACR). The company consists of a chemical staff section, a company headquarters, one NBC recon platoon, and one smoke/decon platoon. The company is 100 percent mobile.

The company headquarters has a headquarters section and a maintenance section. The NBC reconnaissance platoon is organized with a platoon headquarters and three reconnaissance squads, each with two recon teams. The smoke/decon platoon is organized with a platoon headquarters, two smoke/decon squads, and a support squad. The smoke/decon platoon is equipped with M1059 mechanized smoke vehicles and M17 LDS. The M1059 is in the smoke/decon squads, and the M17 LDS is in the support squad.

The smoke/decon platoon performs missions similar to the platoons of the smoke/decon company with the same considerations for planning. During offensive operations or operations forward in the covering force area or main battle area, thorough decon operations will probably not be conducted; however, assets may be required to augment operational decon operations. Recon assets, operating forward, locate uncontaminated avenues of approach and contaminated areas that need to be reported to and avoided by follow-on forces.

Heavy Division Chemical Company

The heavy division chemical company provides equipment decon, NBC reconnaissance, large-area smoke, and chemical staff support to armored and mechanized infantry (heavy) divisions. The company is organized with a division chemical section, an NBC center, a company headquarters, four decon platoons, a mechanized smoke platoon, and an NBC reconnaissance platoon. The company is 100 percent mobile.

The division chemical officer has operational control (OPCON) of the company and advises the division commander on NBC defense procedures and on the employment of chemical unit assets. The specific responsibilities and functions of the division chemical section are discussed later in this chapter.

The company headquarters contains a headquarters section and a maintenance section. Each decon platoon is organized with a platoon headquarters and three decon squads. The smoke platoon is comprised of a platoon headquarters, two smoke squads, and a support squad. The reconnaissance platoon is organized with a platoon headquarters and three reconnaissance squads, each with two recon teams.

The company must be organized to employ its platoons to permit rapid response to changing situations based on the tactical scheme of maneuver and METT-T.

The decon platoons may conduct thorough decon operations in the brigade and division rear area or they may support operational decon efforts forward of the brigade rear boundary. Decon platoons may be required to operate away from the company headquarters for extended periods of time. It is essential that communications, administration, and logistics be planned in detail to maximize support.

The mechanized smoke platoon supports maneuver forces in the forward combat area. The platoon is equipped with M1059 mechanized smoke vehicles and can provide a smoke haze 600 - l,200 meters in width. If the division is being supported by a mechanized smoke company, the divisional smoke platoon may be placed under the control of the smoke company.

The NBC recon platoon primarily supports efforts for contamination avoidance within the division. The platoon conducts NBC reconnaissance, surveys, surveillance, sampling, and limited conventional reconnaissance missions. The platoon functions are similar to those of platoons in the NBC reconnaissance company.

Chemical Company (Airborne/Air Assault)

The chemical company (airborne/air assault) provides equipment decon, large-area smoke, and chemical staff support to the airborne and air assault divisions. The company is organized with a division chemical section, an NBC center, a company headquarters, and three smoke/decon platoons. The company is 100 percent mobile.

The division chemical officer has operational control (OPCON) of the company and advises the division commander on NBC defense procedures and on the employment of chemical unit assets. The specific responsibilities and functions of the division chemical section are discussed later in this chapter.

The company headquarters contains a headquarters section and a maintenance section. The smoke/decon platoons contain a platoon headquarters, two smoke/decon squads, and a support squad.

Each platoon can provide equipment decon and large-area smoke generation support; however, the platoons cannot perform these missions simultaneously. Platoons cannot immediately switch from one mission to the other and must plan changes to mission configuration in detail.

A platoon can provide smoke haze from 550 to 1,400 meters in width. When the platoon is configured for decon support it can establish two operational decon sites or one detailed equipment decon (DED) station.

GARRISON CONTROL OF DIVISION CHEMICAL COMPANIES

While the division chemical company is a separate divisional company, divisions may chose to attach the company to a subordinate command. Such attachments provide the company additional administrative and logistical resources and support while in garrison. Positioning of the company is the prerogative of the division commander. In deciding where to place the company, the commander should consider that the chemical company is a combat support organization and attachment to a combat support organization would greatly facilitate garrison planning and preparation for battlefield operations. The division engineer, field artillery, aviation, and air defense battalion/brigades operate on similar concepts, albeit on different scales, and share many like pieces of equipment. An administrative/logistical relationship that exists both in garrison and the field is preferred over one that is only shared in garrison. Wherever the chemical company is attached in garrison, the division chemical officer must remain involved in the training, readiness, and employment of the company as well as the assignment and professional development of company officers and NCOs. As the senior Chemical Corps representative in the division, the division chemical officer brings the experience and knowledge that no other officer has in chemical unit operations.

CHEMICAL SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS

Chemical service organizations provide NBC reconnaissance, decon, and staff support to units where these capabilities do not exist or are inadequate. These units are normally assigned or attached to separate brigades, corps, theater army area commands, and theater army units to provide NBC support across a wide range of capabilities. The chemical service organizations are 100 percent mobile using organic vehicles.

Chemical service organizations depend on the supported unit for administrative and logistical support. All of these units are 100-percent air mobile.

Chemical Team FA (Decontamination)

The FA team provides equipment decon support for installations located behind the division rear boundary or to separate brigades. The team is organized with a headquarters section and three decon squads. The squads can operate one detailed equipment decon station collectively or three operational decon sites separately.

Chemical Team JA (NBC Element)

The JA team provides NBC staff support to augment separate brigades, corps, theater defense brigades, theater armies, and unified commands. It is organized to provide staffing for one 12-hour shift. Responsibilities and functions will normally include operating the NBC warning and reporting system (NBCWRS) and monitoring the status of the command's NBC defense procedures and chemical assets. However, the team may also be responsible for coordinating specific actions dependent on the level of command.

Chemical Team JB (NBC Element)

The mission of the JB team is identical with that of the JA team. The JB team is organized to provide two 12-hour shifts. The basis of allocation is one per area support group, TAACOM, and selected separate brigades.

Chemical Team LA (Reconnaissance)

The mission of the LA team is to provide NBC reconnaissance support to separate brigades and theater defense brigades. It collects, examines, and identifies NBC contamination, but has limited capability to evaluate data.

Chemical Team LB (Reconnaissance)(Special Forces)

The mission of the LB team is to provide NBC reconnaissance support to Special Forces (SF) units. This support will be in the form of technical expertise about NBC systems and employment tactics, techniques, and procedures. Each of these airborne qualified special chemical reconnaissance teams is assigned to an SF Group.

The special chemical reconnaissance team is employed in one of three modes--unilaterally in a permissive environment; as an augmentation for a Special Forces Operational Detachment-Alpha (SFODA), or as trainers for SFODAs deploying into denied areas. The special chemical reconnaissance team receives additional chemical reconnaissance and SF-related training and is familiar with SF-unique procedures. The team is uniquely suited for rapid world-wide deployment. See FM 3-18, Special Forces NBC Reconnaissance (LB) Team.

CHEMICAL STAFFS

Chemical staffs focus on assisting and advising the commander. The chemical staff contributes timely decision making and supervises the execution of decisions. Chemical staff sections at corps, division, and separate combat brigades/armored cavalry regiments are organized as part of the commander's special staff. These sections are not an integral part of a coordinating staff section; however, areas of common interest and habitual association exist. In these areas of mutual interest, the chemical section receives guidance, direction, and coordination of actions from the coordinating staff. All chemical staffs must frequently work together to monitor, improve, and sustain NBC training, unit readiness and standing operating procedures (SOPs). Chemical staffs also plan and coordinate the employment of supporting chemical units.

THEATER ARMY

The theater army is normally the Army service component in a unified command. The theater army has both operational and support responsibilities. Its exact tasks are assigned by the theater commander-in-chief (CINC) and may have exclusively operational missions, solely logistical missions, or a combination of both. The chemical staff is a special staff section with no fixed organizational structure.

CORPS

The corps headquarters is supported by a chemical staff section, augmented by a JA Team NBC element (NBCE) (see Figure 1-1). Appendix C presents the duties and responsibilities of chemical personnel in the corps chemical staff section. The corps headquarters has the following positions--

  • The corps chemical Corps chemical staff officer (COL 74A00).

  • Assistant corps chemical officer (LTC 74A00).

  • Three chemical staff officers (MAJ 74B00).

  • NBC officer (CPT 74B00).

  • Senior NBC staff NCO (SGM 54250).

  • NBC staff NCO (SFC 54B40).

  • Three computer-plotters (SSG 54B30).

  • Clerk typist (SPC 71L1O).

  • Two chemical operations specialists (SPC 54B10).

The corps chemical staff section is normally augmented by a JA Team NBCE that establishes the NBC center (NBCC). The JA Team is comprised of--

  • NBC element director (CPT 74A00).

  • Operations sergeant. (SFC 54B40).

  • Two computer-plotters (SSG 54B30).

  • Clerk typist (SPC 7lL10).

Primarily, the corps chemical section advises the corps commander and staff concerning NBC matters. In garrison, the chemical staff provides technical assistance to subordinate chemical staffs and units. The chemical staff works closely with the coordinating staff on issues such as:

  • Assistant chief of staff, G1 (personnel)--chemical casualties, status of chemical personnel, chemical personnel assignments.

  • Assistant chief of staff, G2 (intelligence)--NBC intelligence, enemy NBC capabilities/vulnerabilities, current and projected weather, intent to use NBC weapons.

  • Assistant chief of staff, G3 (operations)--NBC defense training, NBC vulnerability, effects on corps operations, employment of chemical units, smoke employment.

  • Assistant chief of staff, G4 (logistics)--chemical defense equipment and supplies, maintenance of chemical equipment, transportation of chemical assets.

  • Assistant chief of staff, G5 (civil affairs)--host nation decon, recon, and smoke support, locally available industrial decon equipment and suitable equipment for decon operations, training and equipping local nationals for NBC defense.


Field Operations

During field operations, the corps operates three command posts--tactical, (TAC CP) concentrates on the conduct of the corps close operations. The TAC CP main, and rear. The tactical CP consists of one integrated multi-functional cell. The main CP concentrates on the deep battle and plans all future operations. Additionally, the main CP synchronizes the entire corps battle and provides continuity. The main CP has six integrated, multidisciplined cells--headquarters, current operations, plans, CSS, intelligence, and fire support. The cells may be massed at one location or dispersed into four locations. If the main CP is dispersed, the cells are grouped into headquarters/current operations, intelligence, plans/CSS, and fire support. The rear CP conducts rear operations and is normally collocated near the COSCOM CP. The rear CP has three cells--headquarters, operations, and CSS.

The corps chemical staff is split between the TAC and main CPs to provide NBC staff support. Rear CP chemical staff support is provided by organic chemical personnel assigned to the rear tactical operations center (RTOC). Table 1-1 shows the distribution of the corps chemical staff in the CPs.


Tactical Command Post

The TAC CP is positioned well forward and normally near the division main CP of the main effort division. The primary function of the TAC CP is to control the close operation. The entire CP is organized into one integrated cell controlled by the G3. The primary chemical staff functions of the TAC CP are--

  • Assess the status and capability of friendly units to operate in an NBC environment.

  • Coordinate chemical support (decon, recon, and smoke) for close operations.

  • Provide information on the close operation to the NBCC at the corps main CP.

  • Maintain status of supporting chemical assets.

  • Maintain liaison with chemical brigade headquarters.

  • Process reports of NBC attacks and advise on their impact to the current close operation.

Main Command Post

The primary function of the main CP is to synchronize the overall corps operations, conduct deep operations, and plan future operations. The corps chemical staff officer and much of the corps chemical section staff operate from the main CP. While most of the chemical staff operates the NBC center (NBCC) in the current operations cell, there are members of the chemical staff working in other cells in the main CP.

Current Operations Cell. The NBCC is located within the current operations cell. The primary functions of the NBCC are--

  • Advising commander and staff on NBC defense matters.

  • Monitoring subordinate chemical unit status.

  • Operating the NBCWRS for the corps.

  • Conducting vulnerability analysis of friendly forces.

  • Assisting the G2 in identifying NBC-related intelligence requirements.

  • Assisting the G2 in interpreting NBC-related intelligence.

The NBCC's routine operations include calculating, collating, and processing NBCWRS information. The NBCC collects all reported data and evaluates, plots, and places it in appropriate NBC report formats. The NBCC evaluates NBC data received from subordinate units; it plots this data on NBC situation maps or overlays. These maps and/or overlays show the actual areas affected by the contamination at a selected time for a given area of interest. The maps or overlays also show predicted downwind hazard areas. NBCC personnel recompute and adjust the prediction several times daily based on changes, the decay rate, additional contamination, and/or the tactical situation.

The NBCC provides information on enemy NBC activities. NBCC personnel prepare an overlay showing the locations, times, number, and extent of enemy NBC attacks. This overlay provides higher commands data on number of strikes reported and nuclear yields employed. It also gives a brief assessment of the significance of these strikes. The NBCC uses the NBC reports described in FM 3-3 and FM 3-3-1 to distribute and exchange NBC hazard information. It also ensures that the information is provided to the chemical section.

It evaluates the impact of NBC contamination on tactical operations. The evaluation may include information on the degree of contamination at selected points or areas, effects of contamination on tactical units, and protection required by troops operating in designated contaminated areas. The NBCC must be prepared to recommend the length of time troops can safely operate in radiologically contaminated areas. In coordination with the surgeons's staff, it also must be prepared to make recommendations about the psychological aspects of prolonged operations in an NBC environment in MOPP gear.

Once the effects of contamination on tactical operations has been assessed, the NBCC recommends the type and quantity of supplies and equipment required to support decon operations. It balances these recommendations with information received from the COSCOM chemical staff section & G4 on available NBC supplies & equipment.

The NBCC also predicts the casualty-producing effects of enemy nuclear bursts on friendly forces. The NBCC prepares fallout predictions from collected NBC intelligence. It distributes these as prescribed in the SOP or as directed by the G2.

The NBCC receives, processes, and plots radiological monitoring reports from subordinate units. When radiological monitoring information concerning the corps' area of interest is inadequate, the NBCC, in cooperation with appropriate TOC elements, recommends locations for conducting surveys. The NBCC may coordinate and control a corps-level radiological survey if transportation, communications, and personnel assets are available.

If a radiological survey is controlled directly by the corps headquarters, the NBCC acts as the control party. The NBCC briefs the survey parties and designates the areas to be surveyed. Briefing includes the type, the amount, the frequency, and the means of reporting. For detailed procedures pertaining to radiological monitoring and surveys, see FM 3-3-1.

Plans/CSS Cell. The function of the plans cell is to plan future operations and continuously develop feasible options for future execution. The CSS cell provides CSS representation in the main CP to the plans cell to ensure support and integration of CSS into plans. Two members of the chemical staff operate in the plans/CSS cell to ensure chemical support and integration of NBC defense into future plans. They prepare the NBC estimate and integrate NBC defense and smoke operations into future operations. They work closely with the corps chemical officer, corps chemical staff officer, and chemical brigade S3. The chemical plans personnel prepare the NBC and smoke annexes.

Rear Command Post

The rear CP conducts rear area operations. The primary function of this CP is to perform terrain management, plan and control rear security operations, sustain the corps fight, and plan and control corps administrative movements. The rear CP is comprised of three cells--headquarters, operations, and CSS. The rear CP is augmented by a reserve component augmentation TOE (LTOE 52403 L000), an rear tactical operations center (RTOC). The RTOC has its own chemical staff.

The chemical staff is located in the operations cell. Its primary functions are--

  • Assisting in terrain management by maintaining a detailed and current list of all known contaminated areas in the corps area.

  • Assisting subordinate chemical units in coordinating CSS support.

  • Coordinating chemical support for units in the rear area.

  • Monitoring the status of corps chemical units.

  • Assisting in the synchronization of NBC support in the corps rear.

  • Exchanging information with the NBCC.

  • Coordinating host nation NBC support with the G5 in the CSS cell.

  • Receiving and processing NBC reports from rear area units.

  • Act as the corps NBCC when the main CP is moving or has been destroyed.

CORPS SUPPORT COMMAND

The COSCOM has a chemical staff of eight personnel. The staff functions as part of the security, operations, training, and intelligence (SOTI) section with the primary mission of providing NBC staff support. The COSCOM chemical staff section must work closely with the RTOC, the chemical brigade headquarters, and the corps chemical staff.

The COSCOM chemical staff section serves as an intermediate NBC warning and reporting center. It collects data from COSCOM units and passes this information to the corps NBCC. In turn, the corps NBCC evaluates and processes the data. The NBCC then sends the data back to the COSCOM chemical staff section (and RAOC) for distribution to subordinate COSCOM units.

The COSCOM chemical staff assists in planning for the pre-positioning of NBC defense equipment and supplies to support corps decon and smoke operations. In conjunction with this, the staff assesses the operational readiness of NBC defense equipment throughout the COSCOM. The COSCOM chemical staff section makes recommendations to the SOTI officer and the COSCOM commander on contamination avoidance and individual and collective protection.

If a corps chemical company is attached to the COSCOM, the COSCOM chemical officer may have OPCON of it. At a minimum the COSCOM chemical staff section would have the responsibility of advising the SOTI officer on how supporting chemical units should be employed to support rear operations.

Chemical staffing elsewhere in the COSCOM is limited. The corps support group headquarters has a chemical corps captain and a chemical operations NCO (MSG) for the same purposes.

DIVISION

For divisions with organic chemical companies, the division chemical staff section is assigned to the chemical company. For divisions without an organic chemical company (light infantry), the division chemical staff is assigned to the division headquarters. In either case, the functions are identical. The division chemical staff is organized in two sections, the division chemical section and the NBC center (see Figure 1-2).

Appendix C presents the duties and responsibilities of chemical personnel in the division chemical staff section. The division chemical staff section has the following positions--

    Division chemical section--

      Division chemical officer (LTC 74B00).

      Tactical chemical operations officer (MAJ 741300).

      NBC operations NCO (SGM 54Z50).

      NBC staff NCO (SFC 54B40).

      Clerk typist (SPC 71L10).

    NBC Center--

      Chemical officer (CPT 74B00).

      NBC officer (CPT 74B00).

      Chemical operations NCO (MSG 54B50).

      NBC staff NCO (SFC 54B40).

      Operations sergeant (SFC 54B40).

      Computer-plotter (SSG 54B30).

      NBC NCO (SSG 54B30).

      Clerk typist (SPC 71 L10).


The division chemical staff operates similar to the corps chemical staff. The main distinction between the division and corps chemical staff is the scope of the operations. While corps staff focuses on the operational level of war, the division staff is concerned with the tactical level of war.


The division establishes main, tactical, and rear CPs. Additionally, the division may establish an alternate CP. The division chemical staff will position chemical personnel in the main and tactical CPs. The alternate CP may be augmented by personnel from the division chemical staff. The division artillery (DIVARTY) headquarters, which contains a small chemical staff, is normally designated as the alternate CP. An NBC NCO (SFC) from either the division chemical section or NBCC may be sent to the alternate CP for liaison purposes. The rear CP is normally collocated with the division support command (DISCOM) CP. The DISCOM chemical staff provides chemical staff support to the rear CP as necessary. If the rear CP does not collocate with the DISCOM, personnel from the division chemical staff may need to be sent to the rear CP.

The division chemical staff is split between the TAC and main CPs to provide NBC staff support. NBC staff support is provided to the rear CP by chemical personnel assigned to the DISCOM. Table 1-2 shows the distribution of the division chemical staff in the CPs.


TAC CP. The TAC CP contains only those elements and information that directly contribute to the conduct of the current close operation. The TAC CP is comprised of four elements--G-2, G-3, G-3 mobility /countermobility (M/CM), and fire support element (FSE). The chemical staff works in the G-3 M/CM element (Figure 1-3). The chemical staff coordinates and integrates chemical operations in support of the close operation.

    The primary functions of the TAC CP chemical staff--

      Advise the division commander and G3 on the impact of enemy NBC attacks and friendly operations in an NBC environment.

      Coordinate chemical support (decon, recon, and smoke) for close operations.

      Maintain the status of contaminated areas in the division area.

      Maintain status of supporting chemical assets.

      Maintain liaison with subordinate/supporting chemical unit headquarters.

      Provide information on the close operation to the NBCC at the division main CP.

The TAC CP chemical section does not normally establish priorities or allocate resources for chemical support, but may be required by the situation to do so.



Main CP. The main CP has three functional cells--command, G3, and G2. The division chemical staff constitutes the NBCC in the G3 cell (Figure 1-4). The primary functions of the main CP is to--

  • Recommend allocation of resources to the deep, close, and rear operations.

  • Establish priorities for deep, close, and rear operations.

  • Plan future operations.

  • Coordinate, integrate, synchronize available assets to support current and future operations.

The primary functions of the NBCC are to--

  • Coordinate, integrate, and synchronize the employment of all organic and supporting chemical units to support the division fight.

  • Recommend allocation chemical resources and establish priorities for chemical support to support the division's deep, close, and rear operations.

  • Operate the division's NBCWRS.

At the division level chemical personnel normally work with the G2 and G3 cells. The NBCC maintains close coordination and liaison with these cells. Additionally, the division chemical officer provides assistance to the planning cell to prepare the NBC estimates and the NBC support plans and annexes.

The NBCC maintains the status of all subordinate/supporting chemical units as well as critical NBC logistic items. The NBCC also maintains close liaison with supporting and subordinate chemical units.



BRIGADE

The brigade chemical section advises the brigade commander on all NBC matters. The section coordinates with the other staff sections as necessary. The section also operates an NBC sub-collection center (NBSCC). The NBSCC collects, consolidates, and distributes all NBC reports from subordinate, adjacent, and higher organizations. The organization of the brigade chemical section varies with the type of brigade. Normally, the brigade chemical section operates out of the main CP. The brigade chemical officer is a member of both the current operations and plans sections. They work in close coordination with the intelligence and fire support sections. The brigade's army airspace command and control (A2C2) section requires information concerning chemical hazard areas and planned and current smoke operations. The brigade chemical staff also will coordinate and assist the operations support section on NBC logistics matters.

During garrison operations, the chemical staff section provides training to subordinate chemical personnel and advises the brigade commander on NBC training requirements. The section also conducts training visits and evaluations.

The chemical staff section is responsible for developing the NBC support plan for the brigade. The NBC support plan may be included in the basic OPLAN/OPORD or as an annex to the OPLAN/OPORD. The brigade chemical section prepares the NBC support plan in conjunction with the basic plan/order. Formats for an NBC support plan are included in Appendix F. The role of the chemical staff officer in the planning process is described in detail in Appendix D.

Separate Combat Brigades

The separate brigade's chemical section is staffed with more personnel than a divisional brigade. The duties and responsibilities are very similar to those of the division chemical staff section. Figure 1-5 shows an organizational diagram of the separate brigade chemical section.

Armored Cavalry Regiments

The chemical section in the armored cavalry regiments is part of the regiment's chemical company. The section is staffed with more personnel than a maneuver brigade and functions like a division chemical section.


BATTALION

The battalion chemical personnel functioning similar manner to the chemical personnel of the brigade section. The only real difference is their scope. The battalion chemical officer functions as the battalion commander's primary advisor on NBC matters and as an assistant S3. Battalion chemical personnel also include the battalion chemical NCO (SSG) and decon specialist (SPC).

The battalion chemical officer participates in the planning effort and prepares a chemical support plan. The chemical support plan is typically included in the basic OPLAN/OPORD.

In garrison, the battalion chemical personnel assist in training and conduct inspections of subordinate units to ensure all NBC defense equipment and supplies are being maintained.



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