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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

APPENDIX C

NBC STAFF RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES

Chemical staff officers and NCOs have many responsibilities and duties. At corps and division levels the duties and responsibilities are very similar. From brigade down to company level, chemical responsibilities and duties are also very closely aligned. The brigade and battalion chemical staff sections frequently work together to monitor, improve, and sustain NBC training, unit equipment readiness, and SOPS at unit level.

The various chemical staff sections must know their supporting chemical unit's organization and functions. This requires chemical staffs to coordinate and plan with chemical units designated in the various operational and contingency plans to support them. Both chemical staffs and units should establish habitual relationships.

CORPS CHEMICAL STAFF

CORPS CHEMICAL OFFICER

Advises the corps commander and staff on all matters pertaining to NBC defense and the concept for chemical unit support of corps operations. Has overall supervisory responsibility for the chemical staff (corps chemical section and NBC element). Relies on subordinate chemical staff personnel to collect, collate, evaluate, and distribute NBC data. Recommends NBC defensive posture and operations. Supervises and monitors NBC training throughout the command. Provides technical supervision of all NBC activities.

This officer, jointly with the corps surgeon, verifies enemy first use of biological/chemical weapons. The verification is passed to the National Command Authority (NCA) by the most expeditious means.

Assists the chemical brigade commander in making recommendations to the corps commander and the G3 on organizing and employing corps chemical units.

Evaluates the nature and extent of contaminated terrain and units. Formulates plans for NBC recon, decon, and/or smoke support. Conducts liaison with a host nation for NBC decon, recon, and smoke support.

ASSISTANT CORPS CHEMICAL OFFICER

Act for the corps chemical officer in his absence. Stays abreast of all NBC situations and matters. Assists the corps staff in planning defensive operations and formulating the NBC portion of plans and orders. Prepares NBC estimates and SOPs for defense against NBC attacks. Gives planning guidance to the two chemical staff officers supervising the corps chemical section and NBC element activities. Specifically, he gives guidance on what NBC information needs to be obtained and where it is to be distributed. Normally is located in the NBCC of the corps main CP.

CHEMICAL STAFF OFFICER

There are three chemical staff officers assigned to the corps chemical staff. Each officer works in a different CP or cell during field operations.

TAC CP Chemical Staff Officer

Located at the corps tactical CP. Primary duty is to monitor current NBC operations and the execution of the current corps plan. Keeps the chemical staff at the corps main CP informed on NBC matters. Stays abreast of the corps commander's intent and advises him on the employment of chemical units. Specifically focuses on--

  • The operational status and location of corps chemical units, including those task-organized to subordinate units.

  • Current NBC situation.

  • The location of contaminated units and terrain.

  • Assisting in issuing warning orders and fragmentary orders to chemical units in support close operations.

  • Synchronizing NBC defense and chemical units in support of close operations.

  • Maintaining liaison with supporting chemical unit headquarters (brigade or battalion).

Plans Chemical Staff Officer

Works in the main CP plans cell. Responsible for the integration of NBC defense and chemical of unit operations in all plans and orders. Prepares the NBC estimate and the NBC/chemical support annex to plans and orders. Receives guidance from the corps chemical officer, chemical brigade commander, and chemical brigade S3 on the employment of chemical units in support of future corps operations.

Intelligence Chemical Staff Officer

Works in the main CP current operations cell. Responsible for coordination with the intelligence cell Conducts vulnerability analysis based on the latest intelligence. Provides input on priority information requirements and information requirements. Assists the plans chemical officer on developing the enemy situation for estimates, plans, and orders.

NBC STAFF OFFICER AND NBC ELEMENT DIRECTOR

Both located at the corps main CP in the NBCC. Each functions as a 12-hour shift supervisor of the NBCC. They work closely with the G2 element to develop plans to gather intelligence, analyze enemy NBC capabilities, and determine if the enemy plans to use NBC weapons. They supervise the collection, collation, evaluation, and dissemination of NBC reports and data, These officers predict the effects of enemy NBC weapons on corps operations and supervise the maintenance of the NBC situation map. In addition, they assist in the planning and coordination for logistical support requirements of subordinates. Additionally they --

  • Perform continuous NBC IPB for impacts on current and future operations.

  • Maintain NBC threat information.

  • Provide current and anticipated enemy NBC situation information to the NBCC.

  • Maintain the status of NBC equipment and CDE.

  • Track NBC equipment and CDE consumption rates.

  • Forecasts NBC equipment and CDE requirements.

  • Assist in coordinating host nation NBC support.

  • Assist in the coordination of reconstitution operations when chemical assets are required or involved.

SENIOR NBC STAFF NCO (SGM)

The senior chemical NCO on the corps staff. Responsible for the training of all enlisted soldiers on the corps chemical staff and supporting JA Team. During field operations, he works in the main CP in the NBCC and functions as a 12-hour shift NCOIC. As the shift NCOIC, he assists the shift OIC. Supervises the processing of NBC attack information, coordinates with other staff sections, prepares and disseminates CDM/EDM messages, and manages the NBCWRS. Ensures that all staff journals, files, and records are maintained. Supervises maintenance of the section's vehicles. Advises the corps chemical officer on the distribution of chemical personnel within the corps and training and readiness issues.

NBC STAFF NCO (SFC)

Assists the chemical staff officer in the TAC CP. He normally works the shift in the TAC CP opposite of the chemical staff officer. Duties are identical with the chemical staff officer's duties.

OPERATIONS SERGEANT

NCOIC of the JA Team, acting as a 12-hour shift NCOIC in the NBCC. Works opposite the senior NBC staff NCO. Supervises the processing of NBC attack information, coordinates with other staff sections, prepares and disseminates CDM/EDM messages, and manages the NBCWRS. Ensures that all staff journals, files, and records are maintained. Supervises maintenance of the section's vehicles.

COMPUTER-PLOTTER

There are five computer-plotters and they work in various CPs and cells during field operations.

NBCC Computer-Plotter

Four of the NCOs work at the NBCC in the main CP to receive, process, and plot NBC attack information. Determine downwind hazard predictions of enemy chemical and biological agent clouds and radioactive fallout. Prepare and disseminate the appropriate NBC reports. Maintain the visual displays and the staff journals as required. Maintain the NBC situation map in the NBCC. They gather NBC information from the subordinate command's situation reports. Operate the MCS terminal and use ANBACIS to maintain an NBC information database. They send and receive messages as needed. Transmit detailed instructions to radiological survey parties and survey operations. Calculate transmission or correlation factors as required from reports provided by radiological monitoring or survey parties. Prepare and disseminate EDMs and CDMs. Select correction factors for radiological decay from tables, graphs, or nomograms. Convert radiological contamination data to ground dose rates at a reference time. Maintain radiation status reports of subordinate corps units. Perform detailed vulnerability analysis.

Plans Computer-Plotter

Assists the chemical staff officer in the plans cell at the main CP. Assists in the preparation of the NBC/chemical support plans.

Clerk-Typist

Performs general administrative support functions for the NBCC in the main CP. Acts as the radio-telephone operator. Preparess and dispatches messages and maintains the daily staff journal/message file. Receives and records NBC messages and helps to prepare NBC contamination overlays for transmission.

DIVISION CHEMICAL STAFF

DIVISION CHEMICAL OFFICER

A special staff officer who functions with the primary staff responsibility of the G-3. Advises the division commander on NBC defense measures, employment of chemical units, smoke, and flame. Exercises OPCON of the divisional chemical company. Supervises the division chemical staff. Coordinates and provides technical expertise to subordinate chemical staffs and units. The staff assists him in supervising and monitoring NBC training throughout the command and technical supervision of all NBC activities.

Coordinates with supporting chemical units. Recommends to the division commander and the G3 on how supporting chemical units should be task-organized, employed, and supported.

Evaluates the nature and extent of contaminated terrain and units. Formulates plans for NBC recon, decon, and/or smoke support. Conducts liaison with a host nation for NBC decon, recon, and smoke support.

TACTICAL CHEMICAL OPERATIONS OFFICER

Acts for the division chemical staff officer in his absence. Tracks all NBC situations and matters. Assists the division staff in planning operations and formulating the NBC portion of plans and orders. Prepares NBC estimates and SOPs for defense against NBC attacks. Operates from the division TAC CP and monitors current NBC operations and the execution of the current division plan. Keeps the chemical staff at the division main CP informed on NBC matters. Stays abreast of the division's intent and advises on the employment of chemical units. Specifically focuses on--

  • The operational status and location of supporting chemical units including those task organized to subordinate units.

  • The current NBC situation.

  • The location of contaminated units and terrain.

  • Assisting in issuing warning orders and fragmentary orders to chemical units in support of close operations.

  • The synchronization of NBC defense and chemical units in support of close operations.

  • Maintaining liaison with support chemical unit headquarters.

CHEMICAL OFFICER AND NBC OFFICER

Located at the division main CP, where each functions as a 12-hour shift supervisor of the NBCC. They work closely with the G2 element to develop plans to gather intelligence, analyze enemy NBC capabilities, and determine if the enemy plans to use NBC weapons. Supervise the collection, collation, evaluation, and dissemination of NBC reports and data. Predict the effects of enemy NBC weapons on division operations and supervise the maintenance of the NBC situation map. Plan and coordinate for logistical support requirements of subordinate chemical units.

NBC OPERATIONS NCO (SGM)

The senior chemical NCO in the division. Trains all enlisted soldiers on the division chemical staff. Functions as a 12-hour shift NCOIC, assisting shift OIC. Supervises the processing of NBC attack information, coordinating with other staff sections, preparing and disseminating of CDM/EDM messages, and the managing of the NBCWRS. Ensures that all staff journals, files, and records are maintained. Supervises maintenance of the section's vehicles. Advises the division chemical officer on the distribution of chemical personnel within the division and training and readiness issues.

CHEMICAL OPERATIONS NCO (MSG)

Acts as a 12-hour shift NCOIC of the division NBCC in the main CP, working opposite the NBC operations NCO. Supervises the processing of NBC attack information, coordinating with other staff sections, preparating and disseminating of CDM/EDM messages, and the managing the NBCWRS. Ensures that all staff journals, files, and records are maintained. Supervises maintenance of the section's vehicles.

NBC STAFF NCO

Assists the tactical chemical operations officer in the TAC CP. Duties are very similar to those of the tactical chemical operations officer.

The other works in the division NBCC. Assists in the processing of NBC attack information, coordinating with other staff sections, preparing and disseminating of CDM/EDM messages, and the managing the NBCWRS. Ensures that all staff journals, files, and records are maintained.

OPERATIONS NCO

Works in the TAC CP with the NBC staff NCO on a 12-hour shift opposite of the NBC staff NCO. Duties are identical with those of the NBC staff NCO.

COMPUTER-PLOTTER AND NBC NCO

They perform identical functions, but on opposite shifts. Receive, process, and plot NBC attack information and determine downwind hazard predictions of enemy chemical and biological agent clouds and radioactive fallout. Prepare the appropriate NBC reports and distribute them. Maintain the visual displays and the staff journals as required. Maintain the NBC situation map in the NBCC. They gather NBC information from the subordinate command's situation reports. Operate the MCS terminal and use ANBACIS to maintain an NBC information database. Send and receive messages as needed. Transmit detailed instructions to radiological survey parties and survey operations. Calculate transmission or correlation factors as required from data provided by radiological monitoring or survey parties. Prepare and disseminate EDMs and CDMs. Select correction factors for radiological decay from tables, graphs, or nomograms. Convert radiological contamination data to ground dose rates at a reference time. Maintain radiation status reports of subordinate division units.

CLERK-TYPIST

Performs general administrative support functions for the NBCC. Acts as the radio-telephone operator. Prepare and dispatches messages and maintains the daily staff journal/message file. Receives and records NBC messages. Prepares chemical and radiological contamination overlays for transmission.

BRIGADE CHEMICAL STAFF SECTION

The brigade chemical staff section serves as a focal point for all NBC matters. Brigade chemical staff monitor the unit NBC readiness status of subordinate battalions. They also plan for and request chemical unit support.

Additionally assist with--

  • Training and evaluation.

  • Logistics.

  • Chemical personnel management.

  • Unit NBC equipment readiness.

This section consists of the brigade chemical officer and the brigade chemical staff NCO. The following paragraphs present their basic operational responsibilities and duties.

BRIGADE CHEMICAL OFFICER

The brigade commander's chief advisor on all NBC matters. Makes recommendations on chemical unit employment. Assists in preplanning and coordinating logistical requirements for supporting chemical units. Provides NBC staff assistance to subordinate battalions.

Informs the brigade commander of threat NBC capabilities relevant to the brigade's area of operations. Ensures that PIR and threat information are reflected in unit operation plans and SOPs. Assists subordinate units in disseminating NBC threat information to key and newly assigned personnel.

Assists the battalion chemical staff officer in determining battalion-level training requirements. Formulates training recommendations through frequent staff visits, evaluations received from field training missions, and SDT and ARTEP results. Ensures quotas are provided to subordinate battalions for post or area NBC defense schools.

Reviews subordinate unit NBC equipment status. Assists subordinate units to determine NBC equipment authorizations. Forecasts NBC equipment requirements to support future training and war reserve stockage.

Recommends to the division chemical staff and brigade S1 concerning the assignment of chemical personnel within the brigade. Assists the division chemical staff with monitoring utilization of chemical personnel within the brigade.

Writes and updates the NBC annex to the brigade SOP. Maintains and requisitions required NBC publications.

Assists the brigade S4 in identifying CDE and NBC equipment requirements. Ensures that adequate quantities of CDE and NBC equipment are identified and requisitioned to support NBC training. Assists the brigade S4 in planning the rotation of forward pre-positioning stocks of NBCDE, decontaminants, and fog oil.

Prepares and distributes NBC reports received from the battalions and division. Advises the commander on NBC defensive measures. Recommends to the brigade S3 and the commander the employment of supporting NBC recon, smoke, and decon units. Consolidates battalion radiation status reports (see FM 3-3-1) and transmits this information to the division chemical staff section.

Establishes and supervises the brigade NBC subcollection center. Coordinates NBC support activities with appropriate host nation territorial organizations.

The brigade chemical staff NCO works closely with the brigade chemical officer and with battalion NBC NCOs. Through periodic staff visits, this NCO closely evaluates NBC defense training, to include integration of NBC defense tasks during field training exercises. Ensures that all individuals and units can perform common individual and collective NBC tasks.

Inspects the rotation of shelf-life items and load plans for NBC war reserve stocks. Conducts periodic inspections of unit NBC equipment to ensure authorized equipment is on hand and serviceable.

BATTALION CHEMICAL STAFF

The battalion chemical staff consists of--

  • An assistant S3/chemical officer (1LT or 2LT).

  • An NBC staff NCO (SSG),

Their responsibilities and duties parallel those of the brigade chemical staff section. There are two main differences. First, a decon specialist is on the battalion chemical staff (except in the light infantry divisions). Second, the battalion chemical officer is the assistant S3.

COMPANY NBC NCO

Works in company operations where he is immediately available to the company commander. Advises on NBC matters that affect company operations.

Provides assistance and guidance during company NBC training operations. The company NBC NCO recommends the NBC training program. Sources are SDT and ARTEP results and guidance from the battalion chemical staff NCO. Training areas include--

  • Ensuring NBC common task training is being sustained by first line supervisors.

  • Ensuring that leader NBC tasks are sustained.

  • Integrating NBC collective tasks into unit training.

  • Integrating NBC as a condition for the performance of METL tasks.

Reports NBC equipment status to the battalion chemical staff section. Periodically inspects and supervises the operations and team maintenance of NBC equipment. NBC equipment responsibilities include--

  • Coordinating the requisition of NBC equipment (classes II and IV) and repair parts (class IX).

  • Coordinating the turn-in of unserviceable NBC equipment with the supply NCO.

  • Turning-in radiac instruments that need to be calibrated.

  • Rotating NBC equipment that contains expiration dates.

  • Performing protective mask organizational maintenance.

  • Conducting training on the use and employment of MTOE NBC equipment.

Advises the commander on decon, smoke, combat flame, and NBC recon support requirements. Recommends the location for operational decon operations. Supervises and assists in the conduct of operational decon. During either operational or thorough decon operations, ensures contaminated personnel are briefed on the operation and their responsibilities.

Operates out of the company CP. Monitors reports of NBC attacks and advises the commander on their impact. Receives NBC3 and NBC5 reports from battalion and plots the information. Recommends and advises the commander on--

  • Contamination avoidance.

  • Protective posture.

  • Decon operations.

  • Decon (including NBC sampling, radiological survey, and chemical agent identification).

  • Smoke and flame field expedients.

UNIT PDDE OPERATOR

Operates and maintains the two light decon systems (LDSs) to support battalion operational decon operations. Receives mission guidance from the battalion chemical officer or NCO. May be attached to a company. Receives assistance from the supported company's NBC NCO in planning and conducting a platoon-size operational decon missions. Also assists the battalion NBC staff NCO in inspecting NBC equipment and evaluating battalion NBC training and readiness.



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