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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


2004 Libya Special Weapons News



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

    December

  • US / LIBYA / SAUDI ARABIA VOA 22 Dec 2004 -- The State Department said Wednesday allegations of a Libyan plot against Saudi Arabia's de facto ruler, Crown Prince Abdullah, have slowed the growth of U.S.-Libyan relations. Saudi Arabia has withdrawn its ambassador from Libya in connection with the plot charges, which Libya denies.
  • LIBYA/OIL COMPANIES VOA 01 Dec 2004 -- Several months after President Bush lifted sanctions on Libya, as a result of the North African country abandoning its nuclear weapons' program, the process of restoring full relations between Washington and Tripoli has slowed. Still, major U.S. oil companies are exploring opportunities in Libya and Libyan officials are encouraging their return.

    November

  • LIBYA / GADHAFI VOA 24 Nov 2004 -- Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi says the international community should have offered Tripoli a better payback for renouncing its efforts to acquire weapons of mass destruction. Mr. Gadhafi's remarks were published in a French newspaper on Wednesday.
  • FRANCE/LIBYA VOA 24 Nov 2004 -- French President Jacques Chirac is in Libya for the first visit by a French head of state since the North African country achieved independence, in 1951. Mr. Chirac's groundbreaking trip also marks a turning point in long-contentious French-Libyan relations.

    October

  • Analysis: Suspected Al-Qaeda Links Emerge In Egypt, Libya RFE/RL 15 Oct 2004 -- Disturbing reports of suspected Al-Qaeda activity have begun popping up throughout the Middle East and North Africa, with suspected terrorists in Lebanon and Libya being linked to the terrorist network and suspicions of its involvement in bombings in Egypt.
  • United States Supports Libyan Weapons Plant Conversion Plan Washington File 13 Oct 2004 -- The United States supports Libya's request to convert a former chemical weapons plant into a pharmaceutical plant, a U.S. ambassador says.
  • EU: Arms Embargo On Libya Lifted, But Decision On China Delayed REF/RL 12 Oct 2004 -- EU foreign ministers, meeting in Luxembourg yesterday, brought a formal end to the bloc's economic sanctions against Libya. The move, which included the lifting of an 18-year-old arms embargo, follows a decision by Libya last year to give up its pursuit of weapons of mass destruction. EU officials say a desire to enlist Libyan help in combating illegal immigration was also a key factor in their decision. Meanwhile, the EU foreign ministers were unable to reach an agreement to lift the bloc's arms embargo on China following intense pressure from the United States.
  • EU / LIBYA / BURMA VOA 11 Oct 2004 -- The European Union has ended more than a decade of sanctions against Libya and eased an arms embargo to reward Tripoli for giving up programs to develop weapons of mass destruction. The move follows a decision by the United States last April to lift most of its commercial sanctions after Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi announced he was scrapping his weapons programs.
  • Iraqi minister: Libyan government involved in Iraq unrests IRNA 09 Oct 2004 -- Iraqi Defence Minister Hazim al-Shalaan in an unprecedented statement accused Libyan government of being involved in Iraqi unrests.

    September

  • POWELL/LIBYA VOA 24 Sep 2004 -- Secretary of State Colin Powell said Friday that Libya's alleged role in a plot against Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Abdullah remains an obstacle to further normalization of U.S.-Libyan relations. Mr. Powell met Thursday in New York with Libyan Foreign Minister Abdel-Rahman Shalgham.
  • Powell Meets with Libyan Foreign Minister Washington File 24 Sep 2004 -- Secretary of State Colin Powell and Libyan Foreign Minister Mohamed Shalghem met for more than 30 minutes September 23 in the first such meeting between top officials of the two countries in more than a quarter of a century.
  • Energy Secretary Welcomes Nonproliferation Efforts by Libya Washington File 21 Sep 2004 -- U.S. Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham praised Libya for embracing the principles of nuclear nonproliferation following a September 20 meeting with Maatoug Mohammed Maatoug, the head of Libya's nuclear program, on the sidelines of a conference at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, Austria.
  • State Department Highlights Positive Developments in Libya Washington File 21 Sep 2004 -- The State Department issued a fact sheet September 20 documenting the measures that Libya has taken over the past nine months to terminate its weapons of mass destruction programs and rid itself of weapons systems.
  • Bush Lifts Trade, Transportation Sanctions on Libya Washington File 20 Sep 2004 -- President Bush has lifted trade, commercial and travel sanctions on Libya with an executive order declaring an end to the national emergency declared by former president Ronald Reagan in January 1986.
  • U.S. / LIBYA SANCTIONS VOA 20 Sep 2004 -- President Bush Monday lifted sanctions barring most U.S. trade with Libya. The move clears the way for compensation payments to families of victims of the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103, for which Libya has taken responsibility.
  • Transcript of the Director General´s Press Statement on IAEA Inspection in Iran, Libya & the Republic of Korea International Atomic Energy Agency 13 Sep 2004
  • Bush Authorizes U.S. Ex-Im Bank to Support U.S. Exports to Libya Washington File 10 Sep 2004 -- The Bush administration has authorized the U.S. Export-Import Bank to support U.S. exports to Libya after receiving reliable assurances that Libya will not acquire or develop nuclear weapons or assist other nations in doing so.
  • Iran and Libya figure high on agenda of upcoming UN atomic agency meeting UN News Centre 02 Sep 2004 -- The United Nations nuclear watchdog agency will have a full agenda when its Board of Governors begins a three-day meeting in Vienna on 13 September with issues ranging from forestalling nuclear terrorism to the latest status of the verification of atomic programmes in Iran and Libya.

    August

  • IAEA/LIBYA VOA 30 Aug 2004 -- The International Atomic Energy Agency has released a report praising Libya for its cooperation in reporting on its discontinued secret atomic-weapons program. Marlene Smith reports from IAEA headquarters in Vienna, the agency says it needs more information on the suppliers of nuclear equipment.
  • Certain Restrictions on U.S.-Libya Air Service Removed Washington File 09 Aug 2004 -- The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) lifted some restrictions upon air services between the United States and Libya, according to an August 10 DOT press release.

    July

  • Lessons from Libya and North Korea's Strategic Choice US Dept. of State 21 Jul 2004 -- John R. Bolton, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, at Yonsei University, Graduate School of International Studies
  • U.S. Supports Libya, Albania Bids for Weapon Deadline Extensions Washington File 08 Jul 2004 -- The United States supports requests by Libya and Albania to extend deadlines for destroying chemical weapon stockpiles, says U.S. Ambassador Erik Javits.

    June

  • Possible Links Between Libyan Leaders, Saudi Dissidents Probed Washington File 29 Jun 2004 -- U.S. officials have questioned Libyan leaders about alleged contacts with Saudi dissidents seeking to topple the Saudi royal family and have received assurances that Libya "would not support the use of violence for settling political differences with any state," according to a June 28 State Department statement.
  • US / LIBYA VOA 28 Jun 2004 -- The State Department says the United States and Libya have formally re-established diplomatic relations after a 24-year break. The announcement came at the end of a two-day visit to Tripoli by a senior-level U.S. delegation headed by Assistant Secretary of State William Burns.
  • U.S., Libya Renew Direct Diplomatic Ties Washington File 28 Jun 2004 -- The United States and Libya have formally renewed direct diplomatic ties with the June 28 opening of a U.S. Liaison Office in Tripoli. The move ends a 24-year hiatus in official ties between the two countries.
  • US Raises Concern with Libya over Reported Plot to Assassinate Crown Prince Abdullah VOA News 10 Jun 2004 -- The State Department said Thursday the United States has raised concern with Libya "at the highest levels" about reports that country may have been involved in a plot to assassinate the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia, Crown Prince Abdullah. It said Libya has responded with an assurance that it would not use violence to settle disputes with any state.

    May

  • IAEA/LIBYA VOA 29 May 2004 -- The International Atomic Energy Agency is planning further investigation into Libya's nuclear weapons program, following the discovery of weapons-grade uranium on centrifuges.
  • Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement of the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya International Atomic Energy Agency Report by the Director General 28 May 2004 (GOV/2004/27) [PDF]
  • New York Times Report - North Korea Supplied Nuclear Material to Libya VOA News 23 May 2004 -- A published report says international inspectors have found evidence North Korea secretly supplied Libya with almost two tons of uranium in early 2001.
  • U-S / LIBYA ARMS VOA 13 May 2004 -- Libya has announced it will halt all military trade with countries considered to be proliferators of weapons of mass destruction, including North Korea, Syria and Iran. The United States hailed the Libyan move as a "productive example" for other countries around the world.

    April

  • EU/Libya: Ghaddafi Visits Brussels In Tripoli's Latest Step Coming In From The Cold RFE/RL 27 Apr 2004 -- Libya's leader has been welcomed in Brussels on his first trip to Europe in 15 years -- the latest step in Tripoli's transformation from pariah to Western partner.
  • GADHAFI / EUROPE VOA 27 Apr 2004 -- Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi has hailed his first visit to Europe in 15 years as historic, and followed up his renunciation of weapons of mass destruction with a pledge to work for world peace.
  • Libya Europe React VOA 27 Apr 2004 -- Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi has declared Libya is committed to playing a major role in seeking to achieve world peace. He spoke today (Tuesday) as he arrived at European Union headquarters in Brussels on his first visit to Europe in 15 years.
  • GADHAFI/EUROPE VOA 27 Apr 2004 -- Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi is in Brussels, seeking to improve relations with the European Union. It is his first trip outside of Africa and the Middle East in 15 years. It is being seen as one more step in Libya's retreat from pariah status, and re-entry into the international community.
  • LIBYA/SANCTIONS VOA 24 Apr 2004 -- Libya is welcoming the U-S decision to ease economic sanctions. Analysts say the development is likely to have a limited impact on global oil markets.
  • United States Lifts Majority of Commercial Sanctions on Libya Washington File 23 Apr 2004 -- The White House has lifted sanctions imposed on Libya under the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act of 1996 in recognition of numerous steps taken by the Libyan government to terminate its weapons of mass destruction program since December 2003.
  • UN Security Council commends Libya for decision to abandon WMD programmes UN News Centre 22 Apr 2004 -- The United Nations Security Council today welcomed Libya's decision to cooperate with the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and abandon its programmes to develop weapons of mass destruction (WMDs), along with the means to deliver them.
  • LIBYA/HUMAN RIGHTS VOA 19 Apr 2004 -- Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi says he wants to end human rights violations in his country -- starting by abolishing so-called exceptional courts and putting an end to the torture of prisoners. Human rights campaigners are encouraged, but not entirely convinced.
  • PENTAGON / LIBYA / AFRICA VOA 02 Apr 2004 -- A senior U-S military commander says Libya could become a partner in North Africa's efforts to combat terrorism, especially the activities of an al-Qaida linked organization called the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat.

    March

  • Oil behind rehabilitation of Libya, says former UK minister IRNA 27 Mar 2004 -- Britain`s former Environment Minister Michael Meacher suggested Saturday that the rehabilitation on Libya, led by Prime Minister Tony Blair, was based on a "cynical strategy" of the west`s desire for energy security.
  • BRITAIN / LIBYA VOA 26 Mar 2004 -- British Prime Minister Tony Blair's groundbreaking trip to Libya Thursday is drawing mixed reviews from his fellow politicians and the British media.
  • Libya/U.K.: Blair Hails 'New Partnership' On Landmark Trip RFE/RL 25 Mar 2004 -- British Prime Minister Tony Blair is hailing what he calls a "new partnership" with Libya, after historic talks with the country's leader today.
  • LIBYA/BRITAIN VOA 25 Mar 2004 -- British Prime Minister Tony Blair said Libya can be an important partner in the fight against international terrorism. He spoke after meeting with Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.
  • U-S / LIBYA VOA 24 Mar 2004 -- The State Department Wednesday hailed progress made in restoring U-S-Libyan relations but said where the process ends up depends on further steps by Libya on disarmament and cutting residual ties with terrorism. U-S Assistant Secretary of State William Burns met Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi in Tripoli Tuesday in the highest-level contact in more than two decades.
  • BRITAIN / LIBYA VOA 24 Mar 2004 -- British Prime Minister Tony Blair is defending his decision to visit Libya from criticism by his political opponents.
  • State's Burns Visits Libyan President Moammar Qadhafi Washington File 23 Mar 2004 -- Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs William Burns paid a visit to Libyan President Moammar Qadhafi March 23 to discuss the future of U.S.-Libyan relations.
  • Conservative leader questions timing of Blair`s visit to Libya IRNA 24 Mar 2004 -- Britain`s opposition Conservative leader Wednesday questioned the timing of Prime Minister Tony Blair`s expected visit to Libya this week immediately after attending a memorial service for the terrorist victims in Madrid.
  • LIBYA / BLAIR VOA 23 Mar 2004 -- British Prime Minister Tony Blair is scheduled to visit Libya this week, making him the first British leader to visit Tripoli in modern history. The visit follows Libya's decision last December to give up its weapons of mass destruction program.
  • LIBYA WMD: 'CAUTIOUS' OPTIMISM TOWARDS TRIPOLI AND 'MULTILATERALISM' US Dept. of State IIP, Foreign Media Reaction 16 Mar 2004
  • LIBYA / NUCLEAR VOA 16 Mar 2004 -- The U-S government has displayed equipment from Libya used in that country's nuclear program.
  • Press Briefing, Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN US Dept. of Energy 15 Mar 2004 -- Remarks By United States Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham
  • U.S. Energy Secretary Displays Libyan Nuclear Arms At Oak Ridge Washington File 15 Mar 2004 -- Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham showed reporters nuclear weapons material retrieved from Libya at a Department of Energy facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, on March 15.
  • LIBYA / NUCLEAR VOA 15 Mar 2004 -- The U-S government has displayed equipment from Libya used in that country's nuclear program. The White House brought reporters for a first-hand look at what it calls "declassified" weapons of mass destruction.
  • PAKISTAN/LIBYA VOA 15 Mar 2004 -- Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf says a Libyan member of the al Qaida terror network was behind two attempts on his life in December.
  • U.S., Libya Gradually Move Toward Normal Relations Washington File 11 Mar 2004 -- The United States and Libya are on a "a path of gradual, step-by-step normalization" provided Libya continues to implement its commitments to eliminate weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and renounce terrorism, says Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs William Burns.
  • Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement of the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya International Atomic Energy Agency 10 Mar 2004 -- Resolution adopted by the Board on 10 March 2004 [PDF]
  • IAEA/NUCLEAR VOA 10 Mar 2004 -- VOA 10 Mar 2004 -- A U-S official says Libya's cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency sets a good example for Iran that is in breach of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
  • LIBYA / WEAPONS VOA 10 Mar 2004 -- -S officials are praising the steps Libya has taken to get rid of its weapons of mass destruction, and are predicting the day will not be far off when the United States and Libya again have full diplomatic relations. But there are also concerns that Libya is getting freedom from U-S sanctions, while personal freedoms continue to be denied its citizens.
  • Libya signs accord for enhanced inspections by UN nuclear watchdog agency UN News Centre 10 Mar 2004 -- Less than three months after renouncing all programmes leading to the production of internationally proscribed weapons, Libya today signed an agreement granting the United Nations atomic watchdog agency enhanced access to verify that its nuclear activities are for peaceful purposes only.
  • LIBYA/AMERICANS VOA 09 Mar 2004 -- Last month, the United States lifted a ban on travel to Libya by Americans. That followed Libya's efforts to get rid of its weapons of mass destruction programs. U-S business executives, especially from the oil industry, are rushing to the oil-rich North African state. But Libyans are hoping that American tourists will discover their country as well.
  • Iraq war did not force Libya to disarm, says former US minister IRNA 09 Mar 2004 -- Former US assistant secretary of state Martin Indyk Tuesday disputed claims that the war against Iraq forced Libya to abandon its weapons of mass destruction programmes.
  • LIBYA/ NUCLEAR VOA 08 Mar 2004 -- Libya stunned the world last December when it announced that it was terminating its weapons of mass destruction program and inviting international inspectors to dismantle its arsenal of unconventional arms. While many observers believe that Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi acted to avoid a fate like that of Iraq's fallen dictator Saddam Hussein, others believe Colonel Gadhafi's motives for renouncing nuclear and chemical weapons are more complex.
  • LIBYA/ NUCLEAR VOA 08 Mar 2004 -- Libya stunned the world last December when it announced that it was terminating its weapons of mass destruction program and inviting international inspectors to dismantle its arsenal of unconventional arms. While many observers believe that Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi acted to avoid a fate like that of Iraq's fallen dictator Saddam Hussein, Others believe Colonel Gadhafi's motives for renouncing nuclear and chemical weapons are move.
  • UN: IAEA Opens Session On Iranian, Libyan Nuclear Programs RFE/RL 08 Mar 2004 -- The board of governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) today opened its meeting focusing on violations by Iran and Libya in pursuing their nuclear programs. Iran's top national security official yesterday called on the UN's nuclear watchdog to finish its probe of Iran's nuclear activities and confirm that the country has not secretly pursued a nuclear weapons program.
  • BUSH/LIBYA VOA 06 Mar 2004 -- The White House says U-S officials are now in possession of all known remaining equipment associated with Libya's nuclear weapons program. Libya agreed to end its nuclear, chemical and biological weapons programs in December, after months of secret talks with U-S and British officials.
  • IAEA/LIBYA/IRAN VOA 06 Mar 2004 -- The International Atomic Energy Agency opens several days of top-level meetings Monday, and Iran and Libya will be high on the agenda. The agency's board of governors also is expected to discuss the nuclear technology network run by Pakistan's top nuclear scientist, Abdul Qadeer Khan.
  • Libya submits report on its chemical arms scheme, setting stage for probe - UN UN News Centre 05 mar 2004 -- Meeting its obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention, Libya today submitted a complete initial declaration on those arms to the treaty's watchdog agency, a United Nations spokesman reported.
  • LIBYA / WEAPONS VOA 05 Mar 2004 -- Libya has revealed to international chemical weapons inspectors the existence of a stockpile of about 23 tons of mustard gas. The acknowledgment is part of Libya's efforts to normalize relations with the West.
  • Libya: Is This Former 'Rogue State' Now A Model For Others? RFE/RL 02 Mar 2004 -- Libya appears to be making further sustained efforts to rejoin the international community. First it settled its compensation cases for terrorist actions. Then it moved to give up all programs of weapons of mass destruction. Now it is moving to become a full member of the European Union's partnership with Mediterranean-rim nations. It has even cooperated with a delegation from the human-rights group Amnesty International. Is Libya proving a model for the rehabilitation of a former "rogue state?"
  • State's Burns Says Libya Taking Significant Steps to Eliminate WMD Washington File 01 Mar 2004 -- Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs William Burns told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that Libya had taken "significant and, in some cases, irreversible steps" towards fulfilling its December 19 commitment to eliminate its weapons of mass destruction and delivery systems.
  • LIBYA / U-S VOA 01 Mar 2004 -- The leader of a U-S congressional delegation visiting Libya says he thinks full diplomatic relations between Washington and Tripoli will be restored by the end of this year. Congressman Curt Weldon says the group is on a people-to-people mission to enhance understanding between the two countries.
  • Libya calls for WMD-free Africa PLA Daily 01 Mar 2004 -- Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi said on Saturday that all African countries should abandon weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) in order to realize stability and peace in the continent.

    February

  • LIBYA/ SUMMIT/ ARMS VOA 28 Feb 2004 -- Libyan leader Muammar Gadhafi says he gave up his plans to develop weapons of mass destruction, because such weapons would have exposed Libya to danger, rather than protect it.
  • State Department Officials Optimistic About Libya's Sincerity Washington File 27 Feb 2004 -- In testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, State Department officials said that in pledging to forsake terrorism and weapons of mass destruction (WMD), Libya has made a choice for improved relations with the United States and the international community.
  • UN inspectors to supervise Libya's destruction of chemical weapons stockpile UN News Centre 27 Feb 2004 -- Libya has announced it will today begin destroying more than 3,300 unfilled bombs, intended for the delivery of chemical weapons, under the supervision of outside inspectors, a United Nations spokesman reported.
  • Libya to destroy chemical weapons as of Feb. 27 PLA Daily 27 Feb 2004 -- Libya will begin to destroy over 3300 unfilled bombs intended for delivery of chemical weapons on Feb. 27, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) announced Thursday.
  • Treasury Department Clarifies New Policies Regarding Libya Washington File 26 Feb 2004 -- The United States government lifted its travel ban on Libya February 26, permitting U.S. citizens to engage in transactions related to travel to and sojourns in Libya.
  • United States Lifts Travel Ban on Libya Washington File 26 Feb 2004 -- President Bush has authorized the lifting of a U.S. travel ban on Libya and seeks enhanced diplomatic and commercial ties, as well as greater citizen exchange between the two countries.
  • LIBYA / U-S VOA 26 Feb 2004 -- With its announcement of the removal of its travel ban on Libya, the Bush administration has taken another step toward rapprochement between the United States and a nation once viewed as an outlaw state. The United States is offering step-by-step rewards for Libya's cooperation in dismantling weapons programs.
  • CONGRESS - LIBYA VOA 26 Feb 2004 -- A top Bush administration official is calling on Libya to repudiate terrorism as the next step toward normalizing U-S - Libyan relations. Assistant Secretary of State William Burns issued the appeal as Washington lifted a travel ban against Tripoli as a reward for progress made by Libya toward dismantling its weapons of mass destruction programs.
  • LIBYA SANCTIONS REACT VOA 26 Feb 2004 -- There's been mixed reaction to the decision by the White House to lift some of the long-standing sanctions against Libya. While American oil companies welcome potential business opportunities, some of the relatives of those killed in a 1988 terrorist attack blamed on the Libyan government are not so happy.
  • BUSH / LIBYA VOA 26 Feb 2004 -- The White House is lifting a ban on U-S travel to Libya to reward the country for agreeing to give up weapons of mass destruction. From the White House, SU-S businesses that operated in Libya before the sanctions are free to return.
  • IAEA to help Libya develop nuclear technology for civilian use PLA Daily 26 Feb 2004 -- Mohamed ElBaradei, chief of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), said on Tuesday that the IAEA will help Libya develop nuclear technology for civilian purposes after Libya dismantles its weapons of mass destruction (WMD), according to reports reaching here from Libyan capital Tripoli.
  • LIBYA/LOCKERBIE VOA 26 Feb 2004 -- Libya's foreign minister says a dispute with the United States over Tripoli's responsibility for the bombing of a U-S airliner over Scotland in 1988 has now been cleared up.
  • U-S / Libya VOA 25 Feb 2004 -- The Bush administration says it is examining a Libyan government statement that aims to end a dispute that erupted Tuesday when the country's prime minister appeared to deny Libyan responsibility for the 1988 Pan Am jetliner bombing over Scotland. A U-S official says an initial look at the document indicates Libya has made the retraction demanded by Washington.
  • UK `assured` Libya accepts responsibility for Lockerbie, Fletcher IRNA 25 Feb 2004 -- Prime Minister Tony Blair`s office said Wednesday that it had been privately assured by Libya that it stands by statements accepting responsibility for the Lockerbie air disaster and death of British policewoman Yvonne Fletcher.
  • U-S / LIBYA VOA 24 Feb 2004 -- The United States is demanding a retraction of a statement by Libya's Prime Minister that the government in Tripoli has not accepted responsibility for the 1988 bombing of a U-S Pan Am jetliner over Scotland. The statement by the Libyan official, Shokri Ghanem, prompted the Bush administration to call off a planned announcement that it was relaxing restrictions on travel to Libya.
  • IAEA Chief ElBaradei Cites Libya's Cooperation IAEA 24 Feb 2004 -- During his visit to Libya 23-24 February 2004, IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei briefed members of the international press corps on the IAEA's verification of Libya's nuclear programme.
  • UN nuclear watchdog report chief hails Libyan cooperation UN News Centre 24 Feb 2004 -- The Director-General of the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), who just wrapped up a two-day trip to Libya, has hailed the country's cooperation in efforts to shed light on its former clandestine activities.
  • IAEA chief arrives in Libya for visit on non-proliferation PLA Daily 24 Feb 2004 -- The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Mohammed ElBaradei, arrived Monday in Libya to review progress in verifying that all of Libya's nuclear activities are placed under safeguards and designed exclusively for peaceful purposes, according to reports reaching here.
  • LIBYA / NUCLEAR VOA 24 Feb 2004 -- head of the U-N nuclear watchdog agency says he expects all traces of Libya's nuclear weapons program will be eliminated by June of this year. Mohammed ElBaradei says his agency is willing to help Libya develop nuclear energy for peaceful uses, once its weapons program has been completely dismantled.
  • U-S / LIBYA VOA 23 Feb 2004 -- Officials say the Bush administration will announce on Tuesday the lifting of the long-standing ban on the use of U-S passports for travel to Libya. The move is the first tangible step to reward Libya for its decision in December to dismantle its nuclear program and halt other weapons-of-mass-destruction activity.
  • LIBYA NUCLEAR VOA 23 Feb 2004 -- The head of the United Nations' nuclear watchdog agency says that his organization needs to find out whether countries other than Libya attained nuclear warhead designs from a smuggling network headed by Pakistan's top nuclear scientist. Mohammed ElBaradei told reporters in Tripoli he hopes Libya's own nuclear weapons program will be dismantled later this year.
  • LIBYA/NUCLEAR VOA 23 Feb 2004 -- The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency has started a two-day visit to Libya where he will meet senior officials and discuss progress on dismantling the country's nuclear-weapons program. Libya says it wants to keep one facility that experts say could be used to make material for nuclear bombs.
  • Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement of the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: Report by the Director General International Atomic Energy Agency 20 Feb 2004 [PDF]
  • IAEA / LIBYA VOA 20 Feb 2004 -- A report by the International Atomic Energy Agency shows that Libya had the capability to produce plutonium, suggesting its nuclear program was further advanced than first believed. The greatest worry for the I-A-E-A is how Libya was able to obtain the technology.
  • UN nuclear watchdog chief to visit Libya again to verify non-proliferation UN News Centre 17 Feb 2004 -- The head of the United Nations nuclear watchdog agency will visit Libya at the beginning of next week to review progress in verifying that all of the North African country's nuclear activities are placed under safeguards and designed exclusively for peaceful purposes.
  • IAEA / LIBYA VOA 16 Feb 2004 -- The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency will go to Libya next week to discuss work on dismantling Tripoli's nuclear-arms program.
  • Bush calls Russian, Italian leaders over proliferation, Libya PLA Daily 16 Feb 2004 -- US President George W. Bush on Saturday called Russian President Vladimir Putin and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi over telephone to discuss issues including nonproliferation and Libya, a White House spokeswoman said.
  • Libya's decision to dismantle WMD makes world safer: UK FM PLA Daily 11 Feb 2004 -- British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw on Tuesday hailed Libya's decision to give up weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs as "courageous", saying it would make the world a safer place.
  • LIBYA / ITALY VOA 10 Feb 2004 -- The Italian prime minister on Tuesday became the first Western head of state to meet with Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi since Libya announced plans to abandon all its weapons of mass destruction programs in December. The Italian leader says he will deliver a plan from Libya to Washington on how to improve relations.
  • U-S / LIBYA DIPLOMATS VOA 10 Feb 2004 -- The State Department says a U-S official has been posted in Libya in the first diplomatic presence of its kind since the American embassy in Tripoli was closed in 1980. The action stems from Libya's decision in December to dismantle its weapons of mass destruction program.
  • BRITAIN / LIBYA VOA 10 Feb 2004 -- Britain's Foreign Secretary Jack Straw calls the visit by his Libyan counterpart to London truly historic and offers what he called tangible proof the relations between the two countries are improving.
  • Libyan FM denies WMD agreement related to Iraq war IRNA 10 Feb 2004 -- Libyan Foreign Minister, Abdulrahman Shalgam, denied Tuesday that the agreement by his country to destroy Weapons of Mass Destruction program was due to the US-led war against Iraq.
  • Libyan foreign minister begins landmark trip to London PLA Daily 01 Feb 2004 -- Libyan Foreign Minister Rahman Mohammed Shalgam began a landmark trip to London on Monday, the first to Britain by a Libyan foreign minister since 1969.
  • U.S., Libya Conclude First Round of "Positive" Bilateral Discussions in London Washington File 06 Feb 2004 -- The United States and Libya concluded a beginning round of "very positive and thorough" political discussions in London about the future of their relations.
  • U-S/LIBYA TALKS VOA 06 Feb 2004 -- Senior U-S and Libyan officials held talks in London Friday, and discussed the possibility of an exchange of diplomats and the lifting of the long-standing ban on the use of U-S passports for travel to the North African country. The political talks, the first in many years, follow Libya's decision in December to scrap its weapons of mass destruction programs with U-S and British help.
  • LIBYA / WEAPONS VOA 06 Feb 2004 -- International inspectors have arrived in Libya to begin dismantling the country's chemical weapons capabilities.
  • MALAYSIA / NUKE TRANSFERS VOA 06 Feb 2004 -- Malaysia is downplaying allegations that a company controlled by the prime minister's son has been involved in transferring parts for Libya's nuclear weapons program and is involved in the nuclear black market.
  • EU calls on Libya to sign Additional Protocol to NPT IRNA 05 Feb 2004 -- The European Union welcomed Thursday Libya`s recent declaration to give up its program of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and called on Tripoli to sign the Additional Protocol to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
  • US to begin political dialogue with Libya, says spokesman PLA Daily 04 Feb 2004 -- The State Department said Tuesday that officials from the United States, Britain and Libya will meet in London on Friday to begin a political dialogue about the future relationship.
  • U.S., British, Libyan Officials Meet in London February 6 Washington File 03 Feb 2004 -- U.S. and British officials meet Libyan officials in London February 6 to discuss the possibility of better relations, which have materialized as a result of Libya's moves to eliminate its weapons of mass destruction, State Department Spokesman Richard Boucher said February 3 at the daily media briefing.
  • U-S / LIBYA TALKS VOA 03 Feb 2004 -- Officials from the United States, Britain and Libya will hold talks in London Friday on possible steps to reward Libya for its decision in December to dismantle its weapons of mass destruction programs. The State Department says the steps Libya has taken since then to implement that decision have "fundamentally changed" the relationship with the North African country.
  • OPCW to inspect Libya on chemical weapons PLA Daily 03 Feb 2004 -- The Hague-based Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) said Monday its expert team will inspect Libya starting on Feb. 5, the day when the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) will enter into force for the formerly hard-line country on chemical weapons.

    January

  • Plane with Libyan nuclear equipment arrives in US PLA Daily 29 Jan 2004 -- An American C-17 transport plane carrying components and materials of Libya's nuclear weapons and missiles arrived in Tennessee, in the United States, on Tuesday, the White House announced.
  • State Department Praises Libyan Cooperation on Disarmament Washington File 28 Jan 2004 -- State Department Spokesman Richard Boucher said Libya's cooperation towards fulfilling its December 19 pledge to abandon weapons of mass destruction (WMD) "has been excellent."
  • White House Announces Libyan Cooperation in Elimination of WMD Programs Washington File 27 Jan 2004 -- White House Press Secretary Scott McClellan announced that an American plane carrying components of Libya's weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs arrived in the United States January 27.
  • U-S / LIBYA WEAPONS VOA 27 Jan 2004 -- The United States has airlifted out of Libya components of the nuclear weapons program that country agreed to give up last month. The White House, which made the announcement, hailed Libya for its cooperation and said its good faith in dismantling weapons will be reciprocated.
  • U-N-O-D-C/LIBYA VOA 27 Jan 2004 -- The head of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime says his office is ready to help Libya combat illegal drug trafficking. The U-N official has just returned from Tripoli, where he met with Libyan leaders.
  • LIBYA/NUCLEAR VOA 24 Jan 2004 -- Libya has handed over a design for nuclear weapons to the United Nations nuclear agency. The drawing provides the first hard evidence that Libya was planning to build a nuclear arms.
  • CONGRESS / LIBYA VOA 21 Jan 2004 -- Two U-S congressional delegations, one official and one unofficial, are set to go to Libya. The lawmakers hope to meet Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi and other senior officials.
  • PAKISTAN / NUCLEAR VOA 21 Jan 2004 -- Pakistan has revealed that it sent a team of investigators to Libya and Iran to look into allegations that some of the country's top nuclear scientists may have been involved in the transfer of nuclear weapons technology. Officials say Pakistan launched a probe into the proliferation issue after the International Atomic Energy Agency sent a letter warning of possible technology transfers. The Pakistani statement marks the first time the government in Islamabad has acknowledged a possible unofficial link to Libya's aborted nuclear program.
  • U.S.: Can Bush Claim Credit For Libyan, Iranian Arms Inspections? RFE/RL 21 Jan 2004 -- Two years ago, in his annual State of the Union address, U.S. President George W. Bush called Iraq, Iran, and North Korea an "axis of evil" that threatened their regions, and the world, with unconventional weapons. Since then, the United States has led a war to depose Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, and Libya and Iran have taken concrete steps to cooperate with the international community over nuclear weapons and energy programs. Last night, in this year's State of the Union speech, Bush said his stern policy, realized militarily in Iraq, has had beneficial results beyond the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
  • IAEA, US, Britain reach agreement over Libya nukes PLA Daily 20 Jan 2004 -- The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) agreed on Monday with the United States and Britain on how to dismantle nuclear weapon programs in Libya.
  • UN nuclear watchdog agency, US and UK agree on next steps to disarm Libya UN News Centre 19 Jan 2004 -- The United Nations nuclear watchdog agency agreed today with the United States and the United Kingdom that it will verify Libya is free of weapons of mass destruction while those two countries will remove "sensitive" equipment and material.
  • LIBYA / NUCLEAR VOA 19 Jan 2004 -- The International Atomic Energy Agency says it has agreed with the United States and Britain about how to oversee the dismantling of Libya's nuclear program.
  • US, Britain to hold talks with IAEA over Libya's nuclear issue PLA Daily 18 Jan 2004 -- Senior United States and British officials will hold talks Monday with the United Nations nuclear watchdog in a bid to bridge differences over their roles in disarming Libya, diplomats here said on Friday.
  • LIBYA / TEST BAN VOA 15 Jan 2004 -- Libya has ratified the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty to show it is serious about giving up its weapons of mass destruction.
  • U.S. Welcomes Libya's Commitments to Ban Nuclear, Chemical Weapons Washington File 14 Jan 2004 -- Following is the text of an answer to a question raised at the daily State Department briefing concerning Libya's ratification of the U.N. Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and the U.N. Chemical Weapons Convention
  • UN responsible for verifying Libya WMD declarations, says UK IRNA 14 Jan 2004 -- The British government has moved towards clarifying the dispute over the dismantling of Libya`s weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by saying that UN agencies have the responsibility for verifying Tripoli`s declarations.
  • Annan hails Libyan decision to act on treaties banning nuclear testing, chemical weapons UN News Centre 12 Jan 2004 -- United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today welcomed Libya's decision to take action on international treaties banning nuclear testing and chemical weapons, saying the move would boost worldwide efforts to halt the proliferation of these arms.
  • Powell Foresees Political Dialogue with Libya after Resolution of WMD Washington File 09 Jan 2004 -- Secretary of State Colin Powell praised Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi for making what Powell called "a bold decision" to improve relations with the United States.
  • FRANCE / LIBYA VOA 09 Jan 2004 -- The French government signaled Friday it would help Libya reintegrate into the world community, following Tripoli's agreement to compensate the families of victims of a 1989 airliner bombing. Under the agreement, the families will receive a 170-million dollar compensation package from a private Libyan foundation.
  • FRANCE/ LIBYA VOA 09 Jan 2004 -- Libya has signed a deal to pay one-million dollars to each of the families of 170 people who were killed in the 1989 bombing of a French airliner over the West African state of Niger. The agreement paves the way for the normalization of French-Libyan relations, and furthers Libya's reconciliation with the international community.
  • Pakistan denies helping Libya develop N-plan IRNA 08 Jan 2004 -- Pakistan has denied a US newspaper report, which alleged Islamabad had provided Libya with technology to enrich uranium for use in nuclear weapons.
  • Libya denies secret contacts with Israel PLA Daily 08 Jan 2004 -- Libya on Wednesday denied media reports that Libyan and Israeli officials have held meetings, saying it was "impossible" for Libyans to exchange visits with Israelis.
  • U.S.: Washington Welcomes Encouraging News From 'Rogue Regimes' RFE/RL 07 Jan 2004 -- In the span of just a few weeks, Iran, Libya, and now North Korea have all signaled, in one form or another, a willingness to cooperate on allaying international concern about their alleged programs to produce weapons of mass destruction. The administration of U.S. President George W. Bush is cautiously welcoming the news from the nonproliferation front, though concerns persist about Pakistan.
  • U.S. Demands Verification of Libyan WMDs before Lifting Sanctions Washington File 06 Jan 2004 -- Secretary of State Colin Powell said that prior to reviewing U.S. sanctions against Libya and other bilateral policies that have been in place over the years, the Bush administration will first verify Libya's nuclear program and its weapons of mass destruction arsenal.
  • Powell-Libya Nuclear VOA 06 Jan 2004 -- Secretary of State Colin Powell Tuesday reaffirmed the Bush administration's readiness to consider lifting U-S sanctions against Libya once it carries out its pledge to dismantle its weapons of mass destruction programs. But he offered no timetable for completing the process.
  • PAKISTAN/LIBYA/NUKE VOA 06 Jan 2004 -- Pakistan is strongly denying a published report alleging it supplied nuclear weapons technology to Libya. But nearly six years after Islamabad tested its own nuclear device, whether the South Asian nation is honoring a pledge to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons remains a major issue.
  • Libya's About Face VOA 06 Jan 2004 -- The United States and Britain announced in late December that Libya would abandon its weapons of mass destruction programs. Libya's willingness to give up these banned weapons continues a stunning turnaround that started in the 1990's.
  • U.S. To Continue Libya Emergency Measures Washington File 05 Jan 2004 -- President Bush said the U.S. national emergency with regards to Libya would continue despite recent "positive developments" in the country.
  • BUSH LIBYA VOA 05 Jan 2004 -- President Bush has renewed U-S sanctions on Libya imposed in 1986. V-O-A's Paula Wolfson reports Mr. Bush says despite the fact that recent steps taken by Tripoli are welcome, more is needed before the sanctions can be lifted.



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One Billion Americans: The Case for Thinking Bigger - by Matthew Yglesias